Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 26, 2010
SSRIs and cardiovascular health
A class of antidepressants known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors may provide a boost to cardiovascular health by affecting the way platelets, small cells in the blood involved in clotting, clump together.

Stealthy leads to healthy in effort to improve diet, Stanford study shows
How do you get college students to eat better? A new study from the Stanford University School of Medicine suggests that a

Botulinum injection provides relief of tennis elbow
An injection of botulinum toxin can provide relief for

Nano-infused filters prove effective
Rice University researchers and their colleagues in Finland and Hungary have found a way to make carbon nanotube membranes that could find wide application as extra-fine air filters and as scaffolds for catalysts that speed chemical reactions.

Scientists get bird's-eye view of how cuckoos fool their hosts
Using field experiments in Africa and a new computer model that gives them a bird's-eye view of the world, Cambridge scientists have discovered how a bird decides whether or not a cuckoo has laid an egg in its nest.

Gene expression test reduces need for invasive heart muscle biopsy
Monitoring rejection in heart transplantation patients with a simple blood test co-developed by NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia University Medical Center physician-scientist Dr.

Massive Southern Ocean current discovered
A deep ocean current with a volume equivalent to 40 Amazon Rivers has been discovered by Japanese and Australian scientists near the Kerguelen plateau, in the Indian Ocean sector of the Southern Ocean, 4200 kilometers south-west of Perth.

Immune cells predict success of head and neck cancer treatment, U-M study finds
Levels of a key type of immune cell are higher in head and neck cancer patients whose tumors are linked to the human papillomavirus, or HPV, according to researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Nutrition education at WIC influences participants to consume more healthful foods
With more than 8.2 million low-income women and children receiving services from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children in 2009 alone, it is imperative that nutrition education, required as part of WIC services, effectively encourages healthful eating.

Fox Chase researchers identify early ovarian cancers
Ovarian cancer kills nearly 15,000 women in the United States each year, and fewer than half of the women diagnosed with the disease survive five years.

CEOs who look the part earn more
There were no evening gowns, swimsuits or artistic talents on display, but a corporate beauty contest staged by Duke University researchers nevertheless revealed strong ties between appearance and success in the business world.

Public lecture at UC Riverside to highlight California's environment
Conservation biologist Michael Allen will give a free, public lecture at the University of California, Riverside at 7 p.m., May 6, titled

Caucasian teenagers more damaged by family change than African-American peers
A new study from the Journal of Marriage and Family reveals that teenagers who have experienced several family changes are more likely to engage in delinquent behavior.

Where comets emit dust
Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research identify the active regions on the surface of comets.

Human brain recognizes and reacts to race
The human brain fires differently when dealing with people outside of one's own race, according to new research out of the University of Toronto Scarborough.

Cuckoo chicks in zebra finches
Some female zebra finches foist a part of their eggs on their neighbors.

USGS to award $4 million in earthquake research grants
Earthquake research will receive approximately $4 million in grants from the US Geological Survey in 2010, with support going to 47 universities, state geological surveys and private firms.

Promotion of communication technologies in Catalonia and the Basque Country are compared
Words like innovation, interaction and 2.0 have ample repercussion today.

Dynamic Nimbus cloud deployment wins Challenge Award at Grid5000 conference
The Nimbus toolkit, developed by researchers at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago as an open source set of software tools for providing cloud computing implementations, played a major role at the Grid5000 conference in France.

Study: Colleges suffer when endowment values wane
University investment decisions can deepen job losses and other financial cuts when market collapses carve into budget-supporting endowment funds, a new study by the National Bureau of Economic Research found.

Scientists favor needles over tablets for global vaccinations
According to the World Health Organization, 2 billion people around the globe suffer from chronic parasitic worm infections, which, in addition to causing illness and developmental delay, are also suspected to interfere with the effectiveness of ordinary vaccines, making their victims more vulnerable to life-threatening diseases.

New requirements for male fertility
Two independent groups of researchers have identified distinct roles for two proteins in a family of proteins known as PLA2s as crucial for sperm function and fertility in mice.

A new device helps monitor low-level physical activity with a cell phone
Researchers have developed a program that helps people monitor their normal day-to-day physical activity using an everyday device like a cell phone or mp3 player.

Navy supports ASU mobile communications research
Researcher Dijiang Huang's advances in mobile cloud computing help earn a naval research grant to further his efforts to produce more reliable and secure computing and communications networks, which would be adapted for national defense purposes.

How chimps deal with death: Studies offer rare glimpses
Two studies in the April 27 issue of Current Biology, a Cell Press publication, offer rare glimpses into the ways that chimpanzees deal with the deaths of those closest to them.

Alperujo -- a beneficial complement in diet of dairy sheep during nongrazing periods
The Basque Neiker-Tecnalia technological center, in collaboration with the Faculty of Pharmacy at the University of the Basque Country, has demonstrated the benefit of alperujo as a supplement to the diet of dairy sheep during periods when grazing is not available.

Patients, clinicians favor disclosure of financial ties to industry
A review and analysis of previously published studies finds that patients, research participants and journal readers believe financial relationships between medicine and industry should be disclosed, in part because those financial ties may influence research and clinical care, according to a report in the April 26 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Greater chocolate consumption may be associated with higher depression scores
Individuals who screen positive for possible depression appear to consume more chocolate than those not screening positive for depression, according to a report in the April 26 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

New technique reinforces immune cells that seek and destroy cancer, says Stanford researcher
In what could be a shot in the arm for adoptive immunotherapy, new Stanford University research shows promise in enhancing and controlling the growth of T cells in living mice and in human cell cultures, potentially overcoming one of the therapy's drawbacks.

Keeping kids away from R-rated movies may prevent early drinking
Middle-school children whose parents restrict access to R-rated movies are substantially less likely to start drinking than their peers who are allowed to see such films, a new study suggests.

Planck highlights the complexity of star formation
New images from ESA's Planck space observatory reveal the forces driving star formation and give astronomers a way to understand the complex physics that shape the dust and gas in our galaxy.

Elsevier launches Carpentier's reconstructive valve surgery book
Elsevier, the world-leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, proudly announces the release of a brand-new single volume comprehensive book on reconstructive techniques for degenerative mitral valve disease by the internationally renowned cardiac surgeon and educator, Dr.

PECASE award winner's research likely to improve commercial technologies
Air Force Office of Scientific Research-sponsored scientist Dr. Rashid Zia is leading cutting-edge research to enhance higher order emission processes in lanthanide ions.

Understanding how folic acid might help heal brain and spinal cord injuries
Babies born to women who do not consume enough folic acid are at high risk of developing neural tube defects.

A therapy for cocaine toxicity
Researchers have developed and tested a modified enzyme that can break down cocaine into inactive products nearly 1,000 times faster than the human body does regularly.

MDS, a blood cancer, strikes nearly 5 times more Americans than previously thought
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) -- a group of serious blood cancers -- are nearly five times more common in seniors than previously thought, according to a new study by researchers from the John Theurer Cancer Center at Hackensack University Medical Center.

Cellular mechanical forces may initiate angiogenesis
Pericytes, cells surrounding capillaries, may use mechanical forces to initiate blood vessel

Predicting risk for high blood pressure
Researchers have found there are racial differences in the activity of enzymes that make or breakdown a major regulator of blood pressure.

New study: The kitchen-counter diet
Eating less -- up to 29 percent less -- can be as simple as leaving serving dishes on the stove and off the table, according to a team of researchers from Cornell University.

Keynote speakers to explore challenges of green aerospace and effective climate monitoring
The aerospace industry's impact on energy use and Earth's environment; the challenges the United States faces in establishing an effective climate monitoring system; and the possible national security implications of climate change, will be among the subjects covered by keynote speakers at

New tool may help improve organ donation rates
A new tool may help neurologists predict which coma patients may be candidates for organ donation, according to a study published in the April 27, 2010, print issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Springer Asia launches Chinese medicine textbook series in English
The Baptist University of Hong Kong and Springer Science+Business Media have launched a new textbook series entitled Essentials of Chinese Medicine.

86 percent of disadvantaged preschoolers lack basic motor skills
Disadvantaged urban preschoolers aren't only at risk for failure in the classroom -- they are likely to struggle on playgrounds and athletic fields as well, research suggests.

NIH study confirms location of stem cells near cartilage-rich regions in bones
Working with mice, a team of researchers has pinpointed the location of bone generating stem cells in the spine, at the ends of shins, and in other bones.

Exercise can forestall osteoporosis
The stage for osteoporosis is set well before menopause -- but exercise can help rewrite the script, according to Medical College of Georgia researchers.

JCI table of contents: April 26, 2010
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for papers to be published April 26, 2010, in the JCI: Understanding how folic acid might help heal brain and spinal cord injuries; New requirements for male fertility; Too hot to handle: how heat causes pain; Mechanisms underlying 2 genetically distinct forms of cleft palate linked; Understanding how a rare genetic mutation causes a severe brain disorder; and Visualizing brain invasion by a fungus.

4 unhealthy behaviors combine to increase death risk
Four unhealthy behaviors -- smoking, lack of physical activity, poor diet and alcohol consumption -- appear to be associated with a substantially increased risk of death when combined, according to a report in the April 26 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Stem cells from surgery leftovers could repair damaged hearts
Scientists from the Bristol Heart Institute at the University of Bristol have for the first time succeeded in extracting vital stem cells from sections of vein removed for heart bypass surgery.

Scientists learn to block pain at its source
Researchers have discovered a new family of fatty acids, produced by the body itself, that play an important role in the biology of pain.

Pennsylvania makes inroads into reducing child obesity
Pennsylvania school districts set goals and improved snacks and a la carte offerings to meet federal legislation for reducing childhood obesity, but opportunities for physical activity did not improve in most schools, according to Pennsylvania nutritional scientists.

Fuel cells get up to speed with a new kind of platinum
A new form of platinum that could be used to make cheaper, more efficient fuel cells has been created by researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and the University of Houston.

A blessing in disguise
One researcher is investigating how specific factors released from the placenta of women with preeclampsia inhibits the growth of breast cancer cells.

Novel nanoparticles prevent radiation damage
Tiny, melanin-covered nanoparticles may protect bone marrow from the harmful effects of radiation therapy, according to scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University who successfully tested the strategy in mouse models.

New research suggests choosing different fruits and vegetables may increase phytonutrient intake
A study, supported by the Nutrilite Health Institute and presented at the Experimental Biology Meeting, April 25, in Anaheim, Calif., found that despite the availability of a wide range of foods that contain phytonutrients, many Americans are getting phytonutrients from a relatively small number of specific foods, which are not necessarily the most concentrated sources.

How grass buffers keep agricultural herbicides at bay
Researchers studied the impact of grass and grass/tree buffer strips on three herbicides commonly used in agriculture.

Defense-scale supercomputing comes to alternative energy research
A new supercomputer that more quickly models the most efficient ways to harness energy from the sun, wind and other renewable resources is now operating at Sandia National Laboratories.

Roof integrated solar energy
Putting solar panels onto houses and offices once seemed good for the environment but a nuisance for architects.

Phosphorous in sodas and processed foods accelerates signs of aging say Harvard scientists
New research published online in the FASEB Journal shows that high levels of phosphates may add more

Is it safe to breathe yet?
Anyone who has ridden behind a truck belching black exhaust knows the smell and discomfort caused by soot, the airborne carbon particles that result from the incomplete combustion of hydrocarbons such as diesel fuel.

EPA awards more than $1 million to college teams for environmental innovation
The US Environmental Protection Agency awarded more than $1 million in grants to 14 college teams across the country who participated in the 6th Annual National Sustainable Design Expo on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.

Researchers develop technique to visualize 'your brain on drugs'
Researchers at the US Department of Energy have developed an imaging protocol that allows them to visualize the activity of the brain's reward circuitry in both normal individuals and those addicted to drugs.

Domestic violence victims have higher health costs for years after abuse ends
Victims of domestic violence endure significantly higher health costs than other women for three years after the abuse ends, a new study finds.

Brown rice and cardiovascular protection
New research suggests a component in a layer of tissue surrounding grains of brown rice may work against angiotensin II.

Skeleton key for cancer metastasis
Cancer cells need all three of their cytoskeletons -- actin, microtubules and intermediate filaments -- to metastasize, according to a study published online on April 26 in the Journal of Cell Biology.

Mobile devices serve as own mice with optical sensing method from Carnegie Mellon
The same inexpensive, but high-quality optical sensors employed in the common computer mouse can enable small mobile phones and digital music players to be used as their own pointing and gestural input devices, say researchers at Carnegie Mellon University's Human-Computer Interaction Institute.

ONR continues major funding of ACCeSS research center
The Atlantic Center for the Innovative Design and Control of Small Ships (ACCeSS) at Stevens Institute of Technology announced major funding for the next five years worth $4.5 million by the US Office of Naval Research as part of its National Naval Responsibility -- Naval Engineering program.

New hope exists in treating inherited disease by suppressing DNA mutations
Genetic mutation can disrupt the way human cells make proteins, which in turn leads to inherited disease.

Scientists discover final piece in phytate jigsaw
A team of scientists in Spain and the UK have identified the final piece in the jigsaw of how phytate is produced in plants.

First Minnesota initiative on women's heart disease
The Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation, Minneapolis Heart Institute at Abbott Northwestern Hospital, Mayo Clinic and University of Minnesota are convening the Women and Heart Disease Summit in Minneapolis.

Are periodontal disease and prostatitis linked?
Are prostate problems, which impact 8 percent of the population, associated with poor oral health?

Weill Cornell researchers find that a single gene is responsible for OCD-like behaviors in mice
Researchers at the Ansary Stem Cell Institute and the Department of Psychiatry at Weill Cornell Medical College discovered that mice missing a single gene developed repetitive obsessive-compulsive-like behaviors.

Are research participants safe enough?
Rules and regulations are threatening academic clinical trials in Canada which contribute to the public good, states an editorial in CMAJ.

How shape-memory materials remember
X-ray analysis and new computations are helping to explain how shape-memory materials, which change shape in response various types of signals, work at the microscopic level.

E-ELT site chosen
On April 26, 2010, the ESO Council selected Cerro Armazones as the baseline site for the planned 42-meter European Extremely Large Telescope.

Brain tumor growth linked to lowered expression of hundreds of immune function genes
A new study links progression of a lethal type of brain tumor with reduced expression of more than 600 immune system genes, suggesting how complex the immune response is to the cancer and the resulting difficulty in targeting specific immune system proteins for treatment. 

'Volcanoes: Global Perspectives'
Volcano experts Professor John P. Lockwood and Professor Richard W.

Drug may treat cystic fibrosis, other diseases caused by 'nonsense mutations,' UAB researcher says
A renowned researcher on a select group of genetic alterations called nonsense mutations says scientists are now closer to producing drugs that will fix this disruption.

Social networking helps hermit crabs find homes
Biologists at Tufts University and the New England Aquarium discovered that, contrary to their name, hermit crabs may locate new and improved housing using previously unknown social networking skills.

World's largest polar science conference to take place in Oslo
There's still time to register for the International Polar Year conference being held from June 8-12 in Oslo, Norway.

EyeSmart EyeCheck combats undetected eye disease and visual impairment
Today the American Academy of Ophthalmology and its partners launched a new initiative, EyeSmart EyeCheck, to combat undetected eye disease and visual impairment among at-risk populations in the United States.

Understanding causes of cancer and chronic disease: The Canadian Partnership for Tomorrow Project
The urgent need to learn more about the causes of cancer and other chronic diseases is the impetus behind the foundation of a major research platform for the study of disease states an article on the Canadian Partnership for Tomorrow Project in CMAJ.

Inaugural issue of OSA's Energy Express focuses on gaining energy with solar concentrators
New devices that concentrate the sun's rays, increase the efficiency of solar cells, and help lower the cost of solar energy, are featured in the inaugural issue of Energy Express, a new special bimonthly supplement to Optics Express, the open-access journal of the Optical Society.

Breast cancer risk factors differ among races
A new study finds that factors known to increase the risk of breast cancer among white women have less influence in Hispanic women.

Study finds body's response to repetitive laughter is similar to the effect of repetitive exercise
A new study looks at the effect that mirthful laughter and distress have on modulating the key hormones that control appetite.

Molecular marker could help spot pancreatic cancer early
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine have identified a molecular marker of pancreatic cancer that may help spot the disease at its earliest stages, when it can be treated more successfully with surgery.

Scientific meeting will host new research in children's ear, nose and throat health
The American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology will hold its annual meeting, April 30-May 2, during the 2010 Combined Otolaryngology Spring Meetings -- a joint meeting of eight otolaryngological societies in Las Vegas, Nev.

Physicists capture first images of atomic spin
Though scientists argue that the emerging technology of spintronics may trump conventional electronics for building the next generation of faster, smaller, more efficient computers and high-tech devices, no one has actually seen the spin -- a quantum mechanical property of electrons -- in individual atoms until now.

New understanding of gating mechanism of CFTR chloride channel
New research advances our understanding of the gating mechanism of the CFTR, the chloride channel mutated in cystic fibrosis patients.

2 professors at UC Riverside receive Guggenheim Fellowships
Faculty members Norman Ellstrand and Juan Felipe Herrera at the University of California, Riverside, have been awarded 2010 Guggenheim Fellowships by the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation.

LA BioMed awarded research grant to study HIV prevention gel
Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute has received a $350,000 grant to study the safety of a gel designed to reduce the heterosexual transmission of HIV from the International Partnership for Microbicides, a nonprofit global initiative to develop products to reduce HIV transmission, and the US Agency for International Development, the Institute announced today.

Tackling blood stem cell heterogeneity
Distinct populations of hematopoietic stem cells that preferentially generate specific types of blood cells can be identified based on abundance of a single surface protein, according to a study published online on April 26 in the Journal of Experimental Medicine.

Interruptions associated with medication errors by nurses
Nurses who are interrupted while administering medication appear to have an increased risk of making medication errors, according to a report in the April 26 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Botox reduces wrinkles even in less frequent doses
Patients can decrease the frequency of Botox Cosmetic injections over time and still receive most of the same wrinkle-smoothing cosmetic benefits, according to new research at Oregon Health & Science University.

Genetics Society of America announces award recipients at 51st Annual Drosophila Conference
The Genetics Society of America names nine postdoctoral, graduate and undergraduate level students as poster award winners at the 51st Annual Drosophila Research Conference in Washington, D.C., April 7-11, 2010.

Baby boomers aging to be self-reliant
Baby boomers are retiring healthy, financially secure and with a desire to travel.

AERA 2010 Public Service Award recognizes Beverly L. Hall, superintendent of Atlanta Public Schools
Beverly L. Hall, superintendent of the Atlanta Public Schools, will receive the 2010 Distinguished Public Service Award from the American Educational Research Association at the Association's 91st Annual Meeting in Denver, Colo.

New monitor lizard discovered in Indonesia
A newly discovered species of monitor lizard, a close relative of the Komodo dragon, was reported in the journal Zootaxa this week by a professor at UC Santa Barbara and a researcher from Finland.

What's motivation got to do with weight loss?
Energy in, energy out, it's the basic equation to weight loss, or is it?

Song receives ACS's Henry H. Storch Award in Fuel Chemistry
Chunshan Song, distinguished professor of fuel science and director of the College of Earth and Mineral Sciences' Energy Institute, Penn State, received the Henry H.

Changing 'channels' to eliminate chronic pain
Dr. Joel Hirsch of Tel Aviv University is developing new computer-derived models of drugs that might affect chronic pain -- such as pain from backaches, sore limbs and arthritis -- which are targeted for calcium channels.

People with depression eat more chocolate, a mood food
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine have found that women and men eat more chocolate as depressive symptoms increase, suggesting an association between mood and chocolate.

Shoe power generator earns Louisiana Tech professor national attention
Dr. Ville Kaajakari, assistant professor of electrical engineering at Louisiana Tech University, is being featured by MEMS Investor Journal, for developing a technology that harvests power from a small generator embedded in the sole of a shoe.

Drinking 100 percent fruit juice is associated with improved diet quality in children
Consumption of 100 percent fruit juice is closely linked to improved nutrient intake and overall diet quality in children and teens, according to new research presented yesterday at the Experimental Biology 2010 meeting.

Race and empathy matter on neural level
Race matters on a neurological level when it comes to empathy for African-Americans in distress, according to a new Northwestern University study.

Soil microbes produce less atmospheric carbon dioxide than expected
In dark, rich soils on every continent, microbes dealing with the effects of climate change aren't accelerating global warming the way scientists had predicted, a study by researchers at the University of California at Irvine, Colorado State University and Yale University shows.

Soil microbes produce less atmospheric CO2 than expected with climate warming
The physiology of microbes living underground could determine the amount of carbon dioxide emitted from soil on a warmer Earth, according to a study published online this week in Nature Geoscience.

Do the blind have a more acute sense of smell?
An ongoing study by Mathilde Beaulieu-Lefebvre, a graduate student from the Universite de Montreal department of psychology, has debunked the myth that the blind have a more acute sense of smell than the sighted.

EPA and NASA administrators to extend environmental and Earth science agreement
US Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Lisa P. Jackson and NASA Administrator Charles Bolden stressed the importance of science and engineering education at the Howard University Middle School of Mathematics and Science.

Scientists discover underwater asphalt volcanoes
About 10 miles off the Santa Barbara coast, at the bottom of the Santa Barbara Channel, a series of impressive landmarks rise from the sea floor.

Ancient artifacts revealed as northern ice patches melt
An interdisciplinary team of Canadian scientists is discovering a treasure trove of ancient hunting tools high in the Mackenzie Mountains of the Northwest Territories.

ASTRO applauds nomination of Dr. Donald Berwick to head Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
The American Society for Radiation Oncology applauds President Obama's selection of Donald Berwick, M.D., to serve as the administrator of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.

Grapes reduce risk factors for heart disease and diabetes, U-M animal study shows
Scientists at the University of Michigan Health System are teasing out clues to the effect of grapes in reducing risk factors related to cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome.

Study: Celebrity endorsements do not help political candidates
If you're running for office -- and want to shore up support from young voters -- you want Hollywood's support, right?

Moffitt Cancer Center: Growing interest in prognostic test for non-small cell lung cancer
Moffitt Cancer Center announces steadily growing interest in the ERCC1 Analysis, the first test developed for selecting chemotherapy for non-small lung cancer patients.

Periwinkle plants provide ammunition in the war on citrus greening
A team of scientists from the Agricultural Research Service and the University of Florida's Indian River Research and Education Center have turned an ornamental plant into a tool for combating a bacterial disease that threatens the world's citrus crop.

Reward-driven people win more, even when no reward at stake
Whether it's for money, marbles or chalk, the brains of reward-driven people keep their game faces on, helping them win at every step of the way, even when there is no reward at stake, suggests a surprising Washington University in St.

Regular aerobic exercise is good for the brain, Pitt team says
Regular exercise speeds learning and improves blood flow to the brain, according to a new study in Neuroscience led by researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine that is the first to examine these relationships in a nonhuman primate model.

Currency exchange rates in the management of the economic crisis
A study carried out by a Universidad Carlos III de Madrid professor analyzes the importance of the exchange rates of major currencies in dealing with the current economic crisis, which up to now, as far as public opinion is concerned, have stayed in the background.

State biofuel subsidies costly but effective, MSU research shows
States aiming to lead the emerging biofuel industry may need to ante up substantial subsidies and tax incentives to ethanol producers just to get in the game, Michigan State University researchers say.

Pain free treatment of children and adolescents
Properly performed analgesia protects children from pain and traumatization. In the current issue of Deutsches Arzteblatt International.

The billions that bug us: A genomic view of humans and their microbes
A lead researcher with the Human Microbiome Project, an international NIH roadmap initiative to study the impact of microbes on human health and disease, will talk about her research to optimize the beneficial effects of microbiota for each individual.

Smarter lunchrooms lead kids to eat more salad
In a year-long study in an upstate New York middle school, Cornell researchers examined the effect of moving the salad bar to a more prominent location in the cafeteria.

Banking on benefits
People make the decision to use internet banking either because they recognize the benefits or because of peer pressure but rarely because of perceived prestige or celebrity endorsement, a study published in the International Journal of Banking, Accounting and Finance.
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