Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 06, 2010
Caught on tape: Muscle stem cells captured on video by MU researcher
Now, University of Missouri researchers have used time-lapse photography to document satellite cell movements and behaviors when they interact with their

New laser hall opened -- welding for research
A new hall with a semi-industrial laser system has been built at the GKSS Research Centre, Geesthacht, in collaboration with Airbus Deutschland GmbH.

Hepcidin-25 in human saliva, bile, ascitic and pleural fluid
A research team from United Kingdom described the use of radioimmunoassay to demonstrate and measure hepcidin-25 in various biological fluids.

NIH awards $2.7-million grant to Kent State to study cognitive impairment in heart failure patients
The National Institutes of Health has awarded a $2.7-million grant to Kent State University for a collaborative research project with Case Western Reserve University School of Nursing, Summa Health System in Akron and University Hospitals Case Medical Center in Cleveland to study cognitive impairment in heart failure patients.

Lake-bed trails tell ancient fish story
The wavy lines and squiggles etched into a slab of limestone found near Fossil Butte National Monument are prehistoric fish trails, made by Notogoneus osculus as it fed along a lake bottom, says Emory University paleontologist Anthony Martin.

CSHL team helps Neandertal Genome Project compare differences between Neandertals and modern humans
A CSHL team has succeeded in obtaining important information from a tiny quantity of contaminated Neandertal DNA, amplifying and sequencing only those portions (exons) that code for proteins.

Springer buys book portfolio from Praxis Publishing
In an asset deal that consists of over 300 titles, Springer is buying the book contracts portfolio from Praxis Publishing Ltd., a scientific publisher located in Chichester in the UK.

Olympus develops world's fastest, most compatible endoscope reprocessor
Olympus today announced the launch of the OER-Pro, the fastest technology in automated endoscope reprocessing and the only reprocessor on the market designed by an endoscope manufacturer.

Jefferson: Mechanical bowel preps offer no clinical benefit for pancreaticoduodenectomy
A research team from the department of surgery at Jefferson Medical College of Thomas Jefferson University has concluded MBPs offer no clinical benefit to patients undergoing a pancreaticoduodenectomy.

Age, ethnicity and environment impact on risk of falls in elderly men
A study presented today at the World Congress on Osteoporosis 2010 shows that among elderly men the risk of falling, and thereby breaking a bone, is influenced by age.

Mayo researchers find candidate gene culprits for chronic pain
Chronic pain severely limits patients' quality of life and is among the cost drivers in US health care.

Endometrial stem cells restore brain dopamine levels
Endometrial stem cells injected into the brains of mice with a laboratory-induced form of Parkinson's disease appeared to take over the functioning of brain cells eradicated by the disease.

Milk and risk of renal cell cancer: Genetic research sheds new light
While previous research had suggested that drinking milk was related to factors that may increase the risk of renal cell cancer, results of a recent study exploiting the genetic contribution to variation in milk consumption suggest that this may not be the case.

New genes involved in human eye color identified
Three new genetic loci have been identified with involvement in subtle and quantitative variation of human eye color.

Genome breakthrough allows scientists to identify and profile tumor cells from very small samples
Researchers in the USA have developed a powerful new technique for analyzing the genome of single tumor cells.

Preoperative MRI assists in surgical planning and helps spare erectile function after RALP
Preoperative prostate magnetic resonance imaging can help urologic surgeons spare the neurovascular bundle (which controls a man's erectile function and continence) during a robotic assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy for the treatment of prostate cancer, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2010 Annual Meeting in San Diego, Calif.

MU awarded $8.5 million to explore tiny vessels' role in cardiovascular diseases
One of the largest medical research grants ever awarded to the University of Missouri was announced today by MU scientists and administrators.

Wash away your doubts when you wash your hands
Washing your hands

ORNL technology raises bar, lowers cost for groundwater contaminant sensors
Long-term continuous monitoring of groundwater where contaminants are present or suspected could be streamlined with a technology developed at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Trapping giant Rydberg atoms for faster quantum computers
In an achievement that could help enable fast quantum computers, University of Michigan physicists have built a better Rydberg atom trap.

If only a robot could be more like a cockroach
Case Western Reserve University researchers record neural activity in an insect for the first time, and find a link between the part of the brain that processes outside information and changes in behavior.

Raised triglycerides in the blood could raise risk of coronary heart disease
New genetic research suggests that raised levels of triglycerides, a type of blood fat, may be an important cause of heart disease.

New atherosclerosis vaccine gives promising results
A new study by researchers at the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet shows that the immune defense's T cells can attack the

More than half of liver patients experience neurocognitive impairments
Fifty-four percent of liver patients also display neurocognitive impairments such as short term memory loss, a study found.

Banks and intelligence services are recommended to communicate to detect Al Qaeda's financing
A study conducted at the University of Granada revealed that the measures established by the Security Council of the United Nations -- based on asset freeze orders -- failed to disrupt Al Qaeda's financing.

Researchers create software for robot to improve rescue missions
In disaster emergencies, such as the recent West Virginia mine explosion or the earthquake in Haiti, it is often unsafe for responders to enter the scene, prolonging the rescue of potential survivors.

Doctors use ultrasound to diagnose possible muscular trauma in professional athletes on-site
Doctors can use ultrasonography (ultrasound) to evaluate and diagnose muscular trauma in professional athletes on-site, which helps them to determine whether or not a player's injuries are severe enough to take them out of the game, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2010 Annual Meeting in San Diego, Calif.

High-res US: First-line imaging choice for the evaluation of patients with foot drop?
High resolution ultrasound should be the imaging test of choice when evaluating patients with foot drop (an inability or difficulty in moving the ankle and toes causing uncontrolled slapping of the foot while taking a step), according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2010 Annual Meeting in San Diego, Calif.

Stem cells: In search of a master controller
With thousands of scientists across the globe searching for ways to use adult stem cells to fight disease, there's a growing emphasis on finding the

Feeling stressed? So is the poplar
Research led by Michigan Technological University scientists has identified the molecular mechanism that poplar trees use to adapt to changing soil conditions, as well as some of the genes that turn the process on or off.

Virginia Tech mathematician wins international award
John A. Burns will receive the W. T. and Idelia Reid Prize in Mathematics from the Society of Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

Pluripotent and differentiated human cells reside in decidedly different epigenomic landscapes
Human embryonic stem cells possess remarkable properties of self-renewal and pluripotency, the ability to become almost any kind of cell within the body.

Herschel reveals the hidden side of star birth
The first scientific results from ESA's Herschel infrared space observatory are revealing previously hidden details of star formation.

Experiences to learn from the volcanic eruption
On May 2-7, 7,000 researchers from all of Europe gather in Vienna for European Geosciences Union.

A medicine 'classic' goes online and far afield
Oxford University Press has launched, for the first time online, the prestigious Oxford Textbook of Medicine.

Carnegie Mellon's Shaw receives IEEE Award for Software Engineering Education
Mary Shaw, the Alan J. Perlis Professor of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University, has been selected by the IEEE Computer Society's Technical Council on Software Engineering as the first recipient of its Distinguished Educator Award.

Estrogen receptor status of HER2+ breast cancer correlates with response to anti-HER therapies
An international team of researchers has discovered molecular evidence that may explain why some women with HER2 over-expressing breast cancer do not respond to drugs designed to target this important molecule.

Newborn and carrier screening for spinal muscular atrophy now possible, claim scientists
Scientists in Ohio studying spinal muscular atrophy have concluded that the technology now exists to carry out nationwide screening of newborn children and pregnant mothers.

Envisioning the future of neuroscience
Today, SNM's Molecular Imaging Center of Excellence kicked off a two-day symposium bringing together individuals from multiple scientific disciplines -- including chemistry, engineering, physics, molecular biology, neurosciences and imaging sciences -- to promote the emerging field of molecular neuroimaging.

Neandertal genome sequence published in Science
An international research team has sequenced the Neandertal genome, using pill-sized samples of bone powder from three Neandertal bones found in a cave in Croatia.

Clarian announces bold vision that clearly defines statewide focus
Clarian Health will change its name to Indiana University Health effective early 2011.

A 'fat forward' research tool
A new software-based tool from Tel Aviv University's Prof. Amit Gefen fits onto a microscope like a pair of goggles, allowing a scientist to measure a broad number of physical parameters in the Petri dish while investigating fat cells.

Shape up the quick way
If you thought the best way to lose and maintain weight was the slow and steady approach, think again.

Biologist Carla Finkielstein receives Minority Scholar Award
Assistant Professor Carla Finkielstein has been presented with a Minority Scholar Award in Cancer Research.

Leading international climate experts build food security in the face of climate change
Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security is a large-scale 10-year research initiative which, from its start in 2010, will seek solutions to how to adapt the world's agricultural areas to a different climate with new conditions for production and agriculture and help reduce agriculture's emission of greenhouse gases.

Breast cancer metastasis increases after estrogen and progestin hormone therapies, MU study finds
In studies sponsored by the National Institutes of Health, evidence has been found that estrogen and progestin in hormone therapies increase the risk of breast cancer in post-menopausal women.

Rutgers and the Prostate Net host prostate cancer symposium, May 15
Rutgers School of Public Affairs and Administration and the Prostate Net will host a prostate cancer symposium on May 15, 2010.

Simple gene test identifies clinically important subtypes of breast cancer
A simple genetic test that uses just three genes is among the most effective means of classifying breast cancer into subtypes.

The biggest winners: Summer campers
A residential summer weight-loss camp markedly improved obese children's health, a study in the April edition of Pediatrics reports.

Neanderthal genome yields insights into human evolution and evidence of interbreeding
After extracting ancient DNA from the 40,000-year-old bones of Neanderthals, scientists have obtained a draft sequence of the Neanderthal genome, yielding important new insights into the evolution of modern humans.

Peruvian tectonic plates move by earthquakes and non-seismic slip
Just a few years ago, Dan Farber happened to be doing field work in Peru with students when the 8.0 Pisco earthquake struck.

New 'metamaterial' device may lead to see-through cameras and scanners
Devices that can mimic Superman's X-ray vision and see through clothing, walls or human flesh are the stuff of comic book fantasy, but a group of scientists at Boston University has taken a step toward making such futuristic devices a reality.

Nationwide study: 1 in 4 women show ambivalence toward pregnancy
The results surprised researchers, and could reshape how doctors approach women's health care.

New understanding of dengue fever could help with vaccine
Some of the human immune system's defences against the virus that causes dengue fever actually help the virus to infect more cells, according to new research published today in the journal Science.

ARS scientists in North Dakota help improve potato storage capabilities
Agricultural Research Service scientists in North Dakota are evaluating the storage properties of promising new potato varieties that could greatly improve potato quality for growers throughout the United States.

Study looks at gorillas, elephants and logging in Congo
The Wildlife Conservation Society announced the results of the first-ever evaluation of a large,

LA BioMed to honor its 2010 legends
LA BioMed will honor legendary physician-researchers, including the creator of the program that virtually eliminated Tay-Sachs disease among Ashkenazi Jews.

Social context may be a better indicator of obesity disparities than race
When analyzing obesity disparities among women, socioeconomic status and social context may be more important than race, according to a study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health's Hopkins Center for Health Disparities Solutions.

Americans missing out on phytonutrients associated with bone health
Americans who fall short in meeting their daily fruit and vegetable intakes based on government guidelines are also likely to fall short in common bone-building nutrients like calcium and vitamin D, according to a newly released report by the Nutrilite Health Institute called America's Phytonutrient Report: Bone Health by Color.

University experts prove British summer is advancing
The onset of summer in England has been advancing since the mid 1950s, research from a pair of University of Sheffield geographers has shown.

Peptides may hold 'missing link' to life
Emory University scientists have discovered that simple peptides can organize into bi-layer membranes.

Ancient leaves help researchers understand future climate
Potential climate change caused by rising levels of carbon dioxide might be better understood by examining fossil plant remains from millions of years ago, according to biogeochemists.

Radio tags could save lives after earthquakes
Radio frequency identification, RFID, could be used in the immediate aftermath of a major earthquake to save lives, according to new research published in the International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development.

In-store slack: Consumers often plan for unplanned purchases
Straying from the grocery list can yield some surprises in your shopping cart, but not necessarily in your wallet, according to University of Pittsburgh researchers and a coresearcher from Baylor University who have coauthored a new study.

ESCEO-AMGEN Osteoporosis Fellowships awarded in Florence
Four ESCEO-AMGEN Osteoporosis Fellowships, each valued at $50,000, were awarded to young researchers working in Belgium, Canada, UK and Switzerland.

Potential new drug target to combat Kaposi's sarcoma
Research from the University of Leeds has identified how the virus which causes Kaposi's sarcoma replicates and spreads -- opening a door to a possible new treatment for the disease.

World record in current intensity achieved with distribution cables
Researchers at Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, ICMAB-CSIC, and the firms Labein Tecnalia and Nexans, coordinated by Endesa, have developed the most advanced and powerful conductivity cable in the world.

USGS science picks
In this edition of Science Picks, learn why it seems like the world is experiencing more earthquakes than normal.

New book surveys research on molecules that help determine cell fate during embryogenesis
A new book from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press,

Clues to neuronal health found in tree-like nerve cell structures
Using the small, round worm C. elegans, researchers have discovered how elaborate dendritic trees (tree-like nerve structures) are formed and maintained.

Biologists discover an extra layer of protection for bacterial spores
Bacterial spores, the most resistant organisms on earth, carry an extra coating of protection previously undetected, a team of microbiologists reports in the latest issue of the journal Current Biology.

Same disease, different stem cell models
In the last three years, a new technique for reprogramming adult cells has given scientists an easier and less controversial way to harness the power of embryonic-like stem cells to study human disease from its earliest beginnings in hopes of gleaning new insights into the root causes of disease and developing new therapies.

Science closing in on mystery of age-related memory loss, says UAB neurobiologist
The world's scientific community may be one step closer to understanding age-related memory loss, and to developing a drug that might help boost memory.

Young people with inflammatory bowel diseases are at increased risk of fracture
A team of scientists from the University Hospitals of Geneva and Lausanne have shown that young people with inflammatory bowel diseases have low bone mass and poor bone architecture compared to healthy people of the same age, placing them at increased risk of fracture.

MUHC/McGill Ocular Pathology Laboratory celebrates a decade of progress
The Burnier International Ocular Pathology Society is holding a Scientific Colloquium in Montreal today to mark the tenth anniversary of the McGill University Health Centre's Henry C.

255 members of the National Academy of Sciences defend climate science integrity
Two-hundred and fifty-five members of the National Academy of Sciences, including 11 Nobel laureates, joined together to defend the rigor and objectivity of climate science.

Endometrial stem cells could repair brain cells damaged by Parkinson's disease
Stem cells derived from the endometrium (uterine lining) and transplanted into the brains of laboratory mice with Parkinson's disease appear to restore functioning of brain cells damaged by the disease, according to a new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers.

HealthMap surveillance efforts illustrate global epidemiology of H1N1 spread
An article in the New England Journal of Medicine reviews the H1N1 surveillance efforts of HealthMap -- an online disease-tracking and mapping tool developed by researchers in the Informatics Program at Children's Hospital Boston -- and details the ability of the technology to support traditional public health infrastructures.

Information on development cooperation occupies 3.5 percent of the contents of European newspapers
Contrary to what is widely believed, leading newspapers do regularly publish information on development cooperation, although the space dedicated to these issues is generally small in relation to the total of news published since it only occupies 3.5 percent.

Teen girls talk more to parents about their dating habits than do boys
When it comes to talking to parents about most dating issues, teen girls tend to disclose more than boys, and both sexes generally prefer to talk to their mothers.

Simple reduction technique decreases radiation dose associated with CT scans of the head
Z-axis modulation can significantly reduce the radiation dose associated with unenhanced computed tomography (CT) scans of the head, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2010 Annual Meeting in San Diego, Calif.

Elsevier and Conference of Italian University Rectors provide universities with access to Scopus
Elsevier and the Conference of Italian University Rectors have reached a multiyear agreement that will provide researchers in 60 Italian Universities with access to Scopus, the company's flagship product and the world's largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory May 2010
In combat situations, communication is critical, and a system being developed would put US forces in command.

IMPAKT Breast Cancer Conference press program
The following releases and press conferences will be featured at the upcoming IMPAKT Breast Cancer Conference in Brussels.

Mayo Clinic study reveals neighborhood asthma risks
Mayo Clinic researchers recently released study data showing children who lived near major highway or railroad intersections have higher diagnoses of asthma.

Survival in metastatic breast cancer directly linked to circulating tumor cells
A new study of metastatic breast cancer shows that the number of circulating tumor cells patients have in their blood directly correlates with the length of their survival.

Sequencing of first frog genome sheds light on treating disease
A pair of UH researchers contributed to the assembly of the first comprehensive DNA sequence of an amphibian genome, which will shed light on the study of embryonic development, with implications for preventing birth defects and more effectively treating many human diseases.

Study asks 'Is dark chocolate good for you?'
Volunteers are to have chocolate delivered to their homes and be encouraged to eat 50 grams of it every day for eight weeks as part of a new research study at Queen's University Belfast.

Chromosome 'glue' surprises scientists
Proteins called cohesins ensure that newly copied chromosomes bind together, separate correctly during cell division, and are repaired efficiently after DNA damage.

New nerve cells -- even in old age
Max Planck researchers find different types of stem cells in the brains of mature and old mice.

Lessons from the principal's office
The majority of students (about 80 percent) are never sent out of class to the principal's office or it happens only once in a year and why children are referred changes as they age, according to an article in the April 2010 issue of the Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions (published by SAGE).

Drinking alcohol during pregnancy could lead to acute myeloid leukemia in children
Despite public health warnings, drinking is still high among pregnant women.

LSTM launches €2.75 million African reproductive health program
LSTM has launched a four-year program to improve the delivery of reproductive health services in Tanzania and Niger.

CWRU global TB expert receives prestigious Fulbright Scholar Award
Anna Maria Mandalakas, M.D., M.S.Epi., associate professor of pediatrics, global health and epidemiology & biostatistics at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, has been selected by the J.

Complete Neanderthal genome sequenced
Researchers have produced the first whole genome sequence of the 3 billion letters in the Neanderthal genome, and the initial analysis suggests that up to 2 percent of the DNA in the genome of present-day humans outside of Africa originated in Neanderthals or in Neanderthals' ancestors.

Long-term use of certain contraception injections associated with increased fracture risk
Study shows that DMPA, a commonly used injectible contraceptive, is associated with higher risk of bone fracture when used alone, and not in combination with estrogens.

CT technique eliminates the need for X-rays in trauma patients with possible spinal fractures
When trauma patients receive a computed tomography (CT) scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis, a technique called CT spine reformatting eliminates the need for X-rays of the thoracic and/or lumbar spine to detect spinal fractures.

The LifeGene project provides unique insight into the causes of disease
The unique resources available in the Nordic region, such as civic registration numbers and the registries of genetically informative populations and health outcomes, make it an epidemiological goldmine.

Recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma 12 years after the initial diagnosis
A research team from Hong Kong presented an unusual patient with a solitary recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the right kidney 12 years after the initial diagnosis.

ACS webinar focuses on scientific careers in publishing
News media and others interested in the chemical sciences are invited to join the next in a series of American Chemical Society Webinars, focusing on scientific careers in publishing.

Whole body MRI is highly accurate in the early detection of breast cancer metastases
Whole body magnetic resonance imaging should be the imaging modality of choice for the detection of breast cancer metastases (when the cancer has spread beyond the breast) as it is highly accurate and can detect bone metastases while a patient is still asymptomatic (shows no symptoms), according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2010 Annual Meeting in San Diego, Calif.

X-ray guided steroid injections effectively treat hamstring tendonitis, study suggests
Fluoroscopic (X-ray) guided steroid injections offer a safe and effective alternative to the conventional treatment of hamstring tendonitis, according to a study to be presented at the ARRS 2010 Annual Meeting in San Diego, Calif.
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