Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 18, 2010
Lessons from 9/11: Psychiatrists are indispensible in first-response teams
Psychiatrists should be included in disaster first-response teams because survivors have immediate need for help in alleviating early trauma symptoms ranging from sleeplessness to constant anxiety, says a new study of 9/11 survivors and victims' family members published today in the Journal of Psychiatric Practice.

Consumer confidence: When our choices makes the most sense
Why do we feel confident about some choices while we question others?

Oxford University Press supplies research journals to Indian colleges
Oxford Journals, a division of Oxford University Press, has announced a new partnership to supply 206 journals to 6,000 colleges in India.

University of Utah afib specialist, Marcos Daccarett, M.D., wins Young Investigator Award
Dr. Marcos Daccarett, an assistant professor at the University of Utah School of Medicine, won the Young Investigator Award at the Heart Rhythm Society's annual scientific sessions in Denver, May 12-15.

Finding the soft spot
Prof. Amit Gefen of Tel Aviv University's department of biomedical engineering has developed the prototype for a new device he calls the Soft Tissue Stress Monitor, designed to alleviate some of the deep-tissue damage and problems suffered by the amputated and infirm.

Supramolecular architecture explains the incredible strength of fibrin blood clots
A new study unlocks the previously unknown structural features that underlie the incredible elastic resilience of fibrin, the main protein in blood clots.

Gold Standard/Elsevier offers timely, reliable drug pricing data, including average wholesale price
Amidst industry unrest due to drug pricing benchmark upheaval, Gold Standard/Elsevier to continue publishing AWP and other pricing standards.

Demoting a dinosaur
Once thought to be a dinosaur, Azendohsaurus is now considered a very early and unusual plant-eating reptile.

Early pandemic influenza (2009 H1N1) in Ho Chi Minh City
Rogier van Doorn, Maciej Boni and colleagues analyze the initial H1N1 influenza outbreak in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

Smallest waterlily in the world brought back from the brink of extinction at Kew Gardens
The world's smallest waterlily -- a rare species from Rwanda -- has been brought back from the brink of extinction at Kew Gardens; a fitting success story to celebrate International Day for Biological Diversity on May 22, 2010.

U of Minn. study finds rising levels of dioxins from common soap ingredient in Mississippi River
Specific dioxins derived from the antibacterial agent triclosan, used in many hand soaps, deodorants, dishwashing liquids and other consumer products, account for an increasing proportion of total dioxins in Mississippi River sediments, according to University of Minnesota research.

Astroglia reprogrammed to generate synapse-forming neurons
The research team led by Professor Magdalena Goetz of Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen and Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Munich reports a major step forward in discovering a therapy for neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's or stroke.

Significant number of fathers experience prenatal, postpartum depression
About 10 percent of fathers experience prenatal or postpartum depression, with rates being highest in the three to six month postpartum period, according to an analysis of previous research appearing in the May 19 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on mental health.

Guy Rouleau wins NARSAD Distinguished Investigator grant
Guy Rouleau has been recognized with a major award from NARSAD, the world's leading foundation dedicated to mental health research.

Greenland rapidly rising as ice melt continues
Scientists at the University of Miami say Greenland's ice is melting so quickly that the land underneath is rising at an accelerated pace.

Bank relationships matter
University of Missouri researcher Tansel Yilmazer studied the impacts that relationships between businesses and banks had on loan approvals.

I like it, but I don't know why: How does conditioning affect consumer choice?
Even when they are exposed to conflicting information about products, consumers are greatly affected by images attached to brands, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

New vision needed for combating and preventing TB among migrants
Tuberculosis is an enormous global public health problem. Migration and failure by governments and the public health community to adequately treat and prevent TB among migrants is an important barrier to TB control.

MBL scientist awarded next-generation DNA sequencer to monitor water quality
Mitchell Sogin of the Marine Biological Laboratory has been awarded the Dr.

Early vs. late tracheotomy does not reduce mortality in ICU patients
Early tracheotomy in ICU patients on mechanical ventilation did not reduce mortality when compared to later tracheotomy in a study of cardiac surgery patients requiring prolonged ventilation in a Paris study.

Preserving our heritage
New approaches to preserving and storing heritage iron ranging from archaeological objects through to ships such as the SS Great Britain are to be examined as part of a major multidisciplinary project led by Cardiff University.

Between the genes -- a making sense of genomic 'dark matter'
A group of University of Toronto scientists have uncovered some of the secrets behind what molecular biologists call

Learning from experience? Multisensory tools create discerning wine lovers
Wine aficionados are better able to resist misleading advertising if they are provided with accurate sensory descriptors, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Overcoming anthrax bacterium's natural defenses could hold key to new treatments
Army scientists have discovered a way to

Book on landmark labor conflict earns national awards
A book co-written by a University of Illinois professor that provides an insider's look at a touchstone US labor conflict has earned two national awards.

System that predicts protein structures could help researchers design drugs
The National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the National Institutes of Health recently granted University of Missouri researchers $1.18 million to further develop and improve their protein prediction software system called MULTICOM.

Genetics of children's brain tumor unlocked
Researchers have identified an important cancer gene that could lead to more effective drugs being developed to fight pediatric high-grade glioma, a disease which currently has a poor prognosis.

Universities Australia provides Scopus access to 39 local institutions
Elsevier and Universities Australia have reached a three-year agreement that will provide researchers in 39 Australian universities with access to Scopus, the company's flagship product and the world's largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature.

Good results of bad habits? U-M research explains paradox
When people are under chronic stress, they tend to smoke, drink, use drugs and overeat to help cope with stress.

WHOI study calculates volume and depth of the world's oceans
How high is the sky? Scientists have a pretty good handle on that one, what with their knowledge of the troposphere, stratosphere an the other

Web- and phone-based counseling work well to quit smoking with Chantix
A randomized trial compared three ways to deliver a behavioral smoking cessation program using varenicline (Chantix): by phone, Web, or both.

Results of physician cost profiling can vary widely, study finds
Profiles created for physicians based on the cost of the care they provide can vary widely depending upon the methods used by insurance companies to create the profiles, according to a new RAND Corporation study.

Majority of young victims of unintentional shootings shot by another youth
Over three-quarters of youths under age 15 who die in firearm accidents are shot by another person, usually another youth, according to new research from the Harvard School of Public Health.

Hope for patients with mild idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
A new therapy shows promise for patients with mild idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

J.C. Seamus Davis elected to the National Academy of Sciences
J.C. Seamus Davis, a senior physicist at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and Director of DOE's Center for Emergent Superconductivity at Brookhaven Lab, has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences.

What is the role of focal therapy in low-risk prostate cancer?
In the July issue of European Urology, the scientific journal of the European Association of Urology, S.

New nanoscale electrical phenomenon discovered
At the scale of the very small, physics can get peculiar.

Boehringer Ingelheim announces new data on flibanserin in pre-menopausal women with HSDD
Boehringer Ingelheim today announces new data from pivotal Phase III flibanserin trials in pre-menopausal women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder.

Older Chinese consumers perceive themselves younger than actual age
University of Missouri researcher Rui Yao studied how older Chinese consumers perceived their age.

Study finds high prevalence of depression after traumatic brain injury
During the year following hospitalization for a traumatic brain injury, a majority of patients experienced major depression, according to a study in the May 19 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on mental health.

ASM launches new open access journal
The American Society for Microbiology today launched the inaugural issue of mBio, a new open access online journal designed to make microbiology research broadly accessible.

Young infants are not sufficiently protected against measles
Young infants appear to have a gap in their protection against measles, from around two to three months old until they are vaccinated at 12 months of age, finds new research published on bmj.com today.

Behavior therapy effective in reducing tics in children with Tourette syndrome, study finds
A multisite study led by UCLA has developed an effective, non-medication treatment for children and adolescents with Tourette syndrome and related tic disorders that shows improvement similar to that found in recent anti-tic medication studies.

Combined effect of new drugs, vaccines, biomarkers and diagnostics could reduce TB incidence by 94 percent by 2050
Papers four, five and six in the Lancet Series on Tuberculosis look at effect of drugs, vaccines, biomarkers and diagnostics -- with estimates that the combined effect of all four could reduce TB incidence by 94 percent by 2050.

Scientists use biomedical technique to image marine worm
Scientists have, for the first time, successfully imaged the internal tissues of a soft-bodied marine worm at high resolution using a technique borrowed from biomedical science.

Taking the final step from the bench to the hospital or clinic bedside
A new Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University Center for Aging Research study provides effective strategies to help hospital systems, physicians and other care providers to overcome end zone hurdles and actually take evidence-based research to the patient's hospital or clinic bedside.

Sustainable use of our seas needs an integrated view of humans and nature
Food from fisheries, trade and transport through shipping, income from tourism and recreation -- we rely on our seas.

Garden birds shun organic
When given free choice, wild birds opt for conventional food over organic, a new study shows.

Cover crops reduce erosion, runoff
Research finds that cover crops planted after harvesting instead of rough tillage reduce soil erosion and runoff during the winter and the next season.

Progress in exploring new avenues for brain repair
A research team led by Professor Magdalena Götz and Dr.

Consumers and their rights: A new study from Australia
Consumers tend to be cynical about the motivations of credit card companies, yet they lack the time or motivation to engage in political action to protect their rights, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Nanotech discovery at Rensselaer could lead to breakthrough in infrared satellite imaging technology
Researchers from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have developed a new nanotechnology-based

New ways to tackle neglected tropical diseases
A debate published this week in PLoS Medicine examines new approaches to tackling neglected tropical diseases, with three viewpoints from experts in the field arguing which approach shows most promise.

EU gives green light for while-you-wait hepatitis B test
An inexpensive new test for the detection of hepatitis B virus has been given regulatory approval for use in the European Union.

Gene fusions may be the 'smoking gun' in prostate cancer development, U-M study finds
Prostate cancer treatments that target the hormone androgen and its receptor may be going after the wrong source, according to a new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Study finds 2 sling surgeries equally effective for bladder control in women
Two common operations for stress urinary incontinence help women achieve similar levels of dryness, according to a team of urologists and urogynecologists who compared the treatments in a large US trial supported by the National Institutes of Health.

How grazing lands influence greenhouse gas
Scientists estimated net global warming potential for three grazing management systems located in central North Dakota.

Brand attitudes: How companies can avoid the 'Tiger Woods' effect
When a company drafts a single celebrity to represent a brand, it can backfire -- in the way Tiger Woods' indiscretions affected Accenture.

Comments with the series: Including age and TB, migration and TB, and community response to TB
In the first comment with the Lancet Series on Tuberculosis, Lancet Editor-in-Chief Dr.

Autism Speaks to play key roles at the 2010 International Meeting for Autism Research
Autism Speaks, the world's largest autism science organization, is a major sponsor and scientific participant in the 2010 International Meeting for Autism Research which brings together 1800 participants to hear about the latest research into autism's causes, treatments and diagnoses.

National Geographic names University of Chicago researcher an 'Emerging Explorer for 2010'
Herpetologist and toxinologist Zoltan Takacs, Ph.D., who combines his interest in drug development with exotic travel, venomous snakes and professional photography, has been named a National Geographic Emerging Explorer, one of 14

NASA's Terra sees ash plume pulled to the northeast by a low
NASA's Terra satellite continues to provide visible and infrared imagery of Iceland's Eyjafjallajokull Volcano ash plume, and the most recent imagery showed the plume being pulled in a northeasterly direction over the island nation.

Shyness negatively affects marital quality
Shyness can influence the quality of an ongoing relationship -- even one as important as marriage -- according to a study in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin (published by SAGE).

Large test bench to run new Danish wind adventure
Risoe DTU and Lindoe Offshore Renewables Center, LORC have signed a historic cooperation agreement that will ensure the development of the Danish wind turbine industry at sea.

NASA's Aqua satellite sees Tropical Storm 1B form in Bay of Bengal
NASA's Aqua satellite captured a visible image of Cyclone 1B from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer at 7:25 UTC (12:25 p.m.

Mysterious ball lightning: Illusion or reality?
Ball lightnings are circular light phenomena occurring during thunderstorms and there are a large class of reports by eyewitnesses having experienced such events.

New book summarizes research on symmetry breaking in biology
A new book from Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press,

TB can no longer be the neglected sister of HIV and malaria
In the eighth and final paper on the Lancet Series on Tuberculosis, a call to action is made to a wide range of sectors to assist scale-up TB service delivery, research and control.

Mayo Clinic researchers find genetic secrets to common kidney cancer
By examining expression of every human gene in clear cell renal cell carcinoma compared to normal kidney cells, researchers at Mayo Clinic's campus in Florida have discovered gene signatures they say explain much of the biology of this common and difficult-to-treat kidney cancer.

Antibiotic resistance lasts up to a year
Patients prescribed antibiotics in primary care may develop a resistance that lasts up to 12 months, according to research published on bmj.com today.

Asking 'why' instead of 'how' helps consumers achieve goals of saving money or losing weight
People who become focused on how to achieve a goal may have a harder time achieving their aims than people who think abstractly about why they want to do something, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Tuberculosis: 6 million lives saved so far but the disease still causes 1.8 million deaths worldwide every year
During the period 1995-2008, 36 million people were cured from tuberculosis (TB) and up to 6 million lives were saved compared to the performance of TB control programs at the start of the DOTS era in 1995.

Oncolytic viruses mediating anti-tumor immunity in human cancer patients
Researchers at the University of Helsinki, Finland, and Oncos Therapeutics, the biotech company developing new cancer therapeutics based on the next generation oncolytic viruses, have published initial results from their Advanced Therapy Access Program in Cancer Research, May 18.

Pandemic flu containment measures bought valuable time, Vietnam study suggests
Containment measures introduced in Vietnam to prevent the spread of the 2009 pandemic H1N1 influenza did not succeed in halting the virus, but may have bought health services and clinical researchers valuable time, according to research.

Strengthen the health system, strengthen the TB response
The seventh paper in the Lancet Series on Tuberculosis shows how health system bottlenecks are impeding global efforts to control tuberculosis.

Computer technique could help partially sighted 'see' better
Thousands of people who are partially sighted following stroke or brain injury could gain greater independence from a simple, cheap and accessible training course which could eventually be delivered from their mobile phones or hand-held games consoles, according to a new study.

Sustainable fishing is possible and necessary
In the 1990s, the European Commission approved a series of management measures to avoid the over-exploitation of fishery resources.

Birds and mammals share a common brain circuit for learning
Bird song learning is a model system for studying the general principles of learning, but attempts to draw parallels between learning in birds and mammals have been difficult because of anatomical brain differences between the two species.

BMJ investigation raises concerns over NHS whistleblowing policies
Despite laws to protect NHS workers who wish to raise concerns about patient care, a BMJ investigation reveals that some NHS trusts still make it hard for staff to speak out.

Multidrug-resistant forms of TB could become dominant strains without significant investment
An estimated 440,000 cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) occurred worldwide in 2008 (3.6 percent of all TB cases that year), but only 7 percent of these cases were identified and treated.

Hammerhead shark study shows cascade of evolution affected size, head shape
The ancestor of all hammerhead sharks probably in Earth's oceans about 20 million years ago and was as big as some contemporary hammerheads, according to a new study led by the University of Colorado at Boulder.

The Alzheimer's solution
As the Boomer generation ages, a staggering number of Alzheimer's cases are expected to develop in the next 10-20 years.

3rd Baltic Congress of Osteoporosis to take place in Riga
Riga, Latvia will be the venue for the 3rd Baltic Congress of Osteoporosis which will take place on Sep.

Heavy exercise may produce asthma-like symptoms even in healthy children
Children who undergo brief periods of intense exercise may exhibit lung dysfunction or other symptoms similar to those experienced by asthma patients, even when no history of asthma exists, according to a study conducted by researchers at the University of California's Irvine and Miller Children's Hospital.

Creativity linked to mental health
New research shows a possible explanation for the link between mental health and creativity.

New book: Everyday intuitions are often wrong
Are you a good judge of character? Are you observant?

Surprising infection inducing mechanism found in bacteria
Research appearing in Nature, with the participation of doctors Susana Campoy and Jordi Barbe from the department of genetics and Microbiology at UAB, demonstrates that bacteria have a surprising mechanism to transfer virulent genes causing infections.

UAB study examines hearing loss, Viagra use
Research from UAB shows an association between hearing loss and the use of the erectile dysfunction drug Viagra.

UBC researchers call for 'social offset' to tackle neglected tropical diseases
Public health and international development experts at the University of British Columbia are calling for a

WHOI's Amy Bower wins Unsung Heroine Award
Inspiration can come from unexpected sources. For Amy Bower, a physical oceanographer at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, it was triggered by a mundane-sounding requirement entitled

Gravity-defying illusion wins international contest
A new illusion proves that defying gravity may be as simple as your point of view.

Receptor variant influences dopamine response to alcohol
Researchers showed that human subjects with the 118G variant of the mu-opioid receptor released dopamine from the ventrial striatum of the brain in response to alcohol, while those with the more common 118A variant of this receptor did not.

Depression care program eliminates suicide
A unique program for patients with depression has resulted in two and a half years without a single suicide from Henry Ford's patient population.

Preserving memory with age
If you lived longer, would you still remember everything? It depends.

National registry to track eosinophilic disorders
A new nationwide registry will allow researchers to conduct larger, more effective studies of often misdiagnosed disorders that affect thousands of children in the United States.

Flexible treatment intervention associated with greater improvement in anxiety symptoms
An intervention in primary care settings that allowed a choice of cognitive behavior therapy, medication or both, along with computer-assisted treatment support for patients with common anxiety disorders, resulted in greater improvement in anxiety symptoms and functional disability compared to usual care, according to a study in the May 19 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on mental health.

Team led by Scripps Research scientists discovers body's own molecular protection against arthritis
An international team of scientists from the Scripps Research Institute in California and the National Research Institute for Child Health and Development in Japan has discovered that a natural molecule in the body counters the progression of osteoarthritis.

Suicide risk for seniors moving into residential homes
Whether by choice or necessity, more older adults are now living in residential homes.

Quickly evolving bacteria could improve digestive health
In a scrupulously controlled experiment, Duke and NC State researchers used a colony of mice raised in a completely sterile environment.

Late-breaking clinical trials
The ATS 2010 International Conference in New Orleans will feature a special section of late-breaking clinical trials, to be presented Tuesday, May 18 at 1:30 p.m.

Scientists release biocontrol for water hyacinth
A new insect that will help control the invasive weed, water hyacinth, has been released by Agricultural Research Service scientists and cooperators.

Long-lasting sensory loss in WTC workers
New research from the Monell Center and collaborating institutions reports that workers exposed to the complex mixture of toxic airborne chemicals following the 9/11 disaster had a decreased ability to detect odors and irritants two years after the exposure.

Advancing the nuclear enterprise through better computing
Scientists at the Nuclear Science and Technology Division of the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are merging decades of nuclear energy and safety expertise with high-performance computing to effectively address a range of nuclear energy- and security-related challenges.

Frequent HIV testing, and early start of antiretroviral treatment in those with HIV, would give short- and long-term declines in TB incidence
The epidemic of HIV-associated tuberculosis continues to rage, particularly in southern Africa.

JAMA commentary: Time to rethink causes, possible treatments of mental disorders
It is time to reassess mental disorders, recognizing that these are disorders of brain circuits likely caused by development processes, according to a commentary in the May 19 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on mental health.

Stevens Institute of Technology receives 21st Century Award from USDLA
Stevens Institute of Technology was recently honored by the United States Distance Learning Association with the world's most prestigious award presented for excellence in distance learning.

Cholesterol crystals incite inflammation in coronary arteries
Cholesterol crystals, known to be a catalyst for heart attacks and strokes, also cause cells to send out danger signals that can lead to the inflammation and hardening of arteries, according to a Michigan State University cardiologist.

Genetics Society of America to host Model Organisms to Human Biology Meeting, June 12-15, 2010
The Genetics Society of America will host the GENETICS 2010: Model Organisms to Human Biology Meeting, on June 12-15, 2010, in Boston, Mass.

88 pollutants detected in Madrid's rivers
A team of researchers from IMDEA, the Madrid Institute for Advanced Studies, and the University of Almeria has confirmed the presence of 88 pollutants in river waters in the region of Madrid.

Unique eclipsing binary star system discovered by UCSB astrophysicists
Astrophysicists at UC Santa Barbara are the first scientists to identify two white dwarf stars in an eclipsing binary system, allowing for the first direct radius measurement of a rare white dwarf composed of pure helium.

Even small patches of urban woods are valuable for migrating birds
Even tiny patches of woods in urban areas seem to provide adequate food and protection for some species of migrating birds as they fly between wintering and breeding grounds, new research has found.

University Hospitals Neurological Institute hosts international epilepsy colloquium
About 200 epilepsy specialists, neurosurgeons and pediatric neurologists from around the nation and the world are registered to attend the Third International Epilepsy Colloquium in Cleveland, May 19-22.

New study reveals link between 'climate footprints' and mass mammal
An international team of scientists have discovered that climate change played a major role in causing mass extinction of mammals in the late quaternary era, 50,000 years ago.
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