Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 21, 2010
MIT researchers develop better way to detect food allergies
MIT chemical engineer Christopher Love believes he has a better way to diagnose such allergies.

Corporate health program reduces employee CVD medical, hospital costs
A comprehensive health promotion program reduced cardiovascular disease-related medical and hospital costs, according to a new study.

Scientists need to be more proactive, effective at public communication
Scientists are a valuable and trusted source of information, researchers say in a recent report, but too often do an inadequate job of bringing that information to those who need it in a factual, non-technical, credible and neutral format.

New blood test for newborns to detect allergy risk
A simple blood test can now predict whether newborn babies are at high risk of developing allergies as they grow older, thanks to research involving the University of Adelaide.

Scientists select new species for top 10 list; issue SOS
The International Institute for Species Exploration at Arizona State University and an international committee of taxonomists today announce the top 10 new species described in 2009.

Scientists make important step toward stopping plaque-like formations in Huntington's disease
Research published in the journal Genetics describes a laboratory test that allows scientists to evaluate large numbers of fruit fly genes for a possible role in the formation of plaque-like protein aggregates within cells.

To publish or not to publish? That is the question
A study published in PLoS ONE investigates reviewers' recommendations and their influence on medical journal editors who are the ultimate arbiters of whether the research is published or not.

MSU researchers testing vaccine to help people quit smoking
In a unique twist to a decades-old health crisis, Michigan State University researchers are testing a new vaccine to help people quit smoking and avoid relapses.

Contaminants in groundwater used for public supply
More than 20 percent of untreated water samples from 932 public wells across the nation contained at least one contaminant at levels of potential health concern, according to a new study by the US Geological Survey.

Springer to publish Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Starting in January 2011 Springer will publish the Journal of The American Society for Mass Spectrometry, the society's official journal, which was previously published by Elsevier.

Increased cancer risk of people with type 2 diabetes
Scientists of the German Cancer Research Center have published the largest study worldwide on the combined risk of diabetes and cancer.

Food insecurity increases risk of weight gain and complications during pregnancy
A recent research study has shown that food insecurity, a person's inability to obtain adequate amounts of food due to resource constraints, can lead to greater weight gain and increased complications during a woman's pregnancy.

NYU Cancer Institute experts present at American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting
Experts from the Cancer Institute at NYU Langone Medical Center will present new research findings at the 46th Annual Meeting of The American Society of Clinical Oncology in Chicago, Illinois.

Meaner than fiction: Reality TV high on aggression, study shows
Researchers looked at five reality shows and five nonreality shows and found 52 acts of aggression per hour on reality TV compared to 33 per hour for the nonreality programs.

Decreased food intake during hospital stays is an independent risk factor for hospital mortality
New and universally applicable definitions of malnutrition are published in the current issue of Clinical Nutrition.

Using remote sensing to track invasive trees
A team of Agricultural Research Service scientists has refined remote sensing tools for identifying invasive Ashe juniper shrubs and trees in central Texas and nearby regions.

Home monitoring, Web-based tool improves blood pressure control
A pharmacist-led home blood pressure monitoring program supported by the American Heart Association's Heart 360 website dramatically improved blood pressure control for patients with uncontrolled hypertension, according to a study.

UCLA engineer gets $4 million from Department of Energy to convert CO2 to liquid fuel using electricity
Due to the fundamental need of the country to change the way in which it uses and produces energy as well as the need to drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions, in particular carbon dioxide, James C.

First-ever World Health Assembly resolution to fight childhood pneumonia
Today, the World Health Assembly passed a resolution focused on the prevention and treatment of pneumonia, the world's leading killer of children.

Sexual activity declines for heart attack patients not getting doctors' advice
Less than half of heart attack patients received information about resuming sex before discharge.

Systems biology helps to understand hematopoiesis
After blood loss, large amounts of the hormone Epo flood the hematopoietic system in the bone marrow.

UM receives 5th consecutive Howard Hughes Medical Institute grant for science education
The University of Miami has been selected to receive a $1.4 million grant from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute to strengthen the UM undergraduate science education program.

Intracellular express -- why transport protein molecules have brakes
Through single-molecule biomechanical experiments, Munich researchers have revealed in unprecedented detail how an intracellular express delivery service works, and why it is so efficient.

Stevens team places third in 2010 IEEE/NIST Mobile Microrobotics Challenge
A team from Stevens Institute of Technology consisting of undergraduate student Sean Lyttle, along with graduate students: Wuming Jing, Xi Chen, and Zhenbo Fu and led by Professors David Cappelleri, Jan Nazalewicz and Yong Shi from the Department of Mechanical Engineering, placed third in the Freestyle Competition of the IEEE/National Institute of Standards and Technology Mobile Microrobotics Challenge.

OU researchers capture impressive tornadic data and images
At the University of Oklahoma, researchers captured unprecedented high-resolution radar data during the May 10, 2010, tornadoes using one of the most advanced weather radars in the world.

International Congress of Mathematicians 2010
India will host the International Congress of Mathematicians Aug. 19-27, 2010.

NIH funds multicenter 'glue grant' to study enzyme function
A multi-institutional team of researchers, including scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, has received a prestigious National Institutes of Health

New initiative aims at safer food imports -- at the source, not our border
A new public-private initiative will advance the US strategy of defending against contaminated food imports at the source, rather than our border.

NASA sees one of Cyclone Laila's thunderstorms almost 11 miles high
A NASA 3-D look inside Cyclone Laila as it made landfall yesterday revealed a towering thunderstorm reaching almost 11 miles high.

Pitt's education of aspiring undergrad, high school biologists rewarded with $2 million
Efforts within the University of Pittsburgh's Department of Biological Sciences to encourage aspiring scientists at the pre-college and undergraduate levels have been rewarded with two prestigious grants totaling $2 million from the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, as well as the renewed appointment of department chair and Eberly Family Professor Graham Hatfull as one of 13 HHMI Professors nationwide and the only one in Pennsylvania.

The benefits of energy crop cultivation outweigh the costs
An article in the current issue of Global Change Biology Bioenergy reveals that Miscanthus x giganteus, a perennial grass, could effectively reduce our dependence on fossil fuels, while lowering atmospheric CO2.

Danger in the Internet cafe?
University of Calgary computer scientists predict a new form of adware may become a threat to computer security through wireless networks.

Endangered African rice varieties gain elite status
As part of a redoubled effort to stave off future food crises by bringing Africa's rice production in line with its rapidly growing consumption, scientists have announced a paradigm shift in rice research for the region, which will give elite status to genetically diverse indigenous varieties.

TEEB study leader emphasizes urgent need for action on biodiversity loss
Activities taking place around the world on the International Day of Biodiversity reflect the growing recognition of the importance of biodiversity to all human well-being and for sustaining the ecosystems we all depend upon.

Silica cages help anti-cancer antibodies kill tumors in mice
Packaging anti-cancer drugs into particles of chemically modified silica improve the drugs' ability to fight skin cancer in mice, according to new research.

A willow plantation in Risoe's fields
An area at Risoe DTU, equivalent to 20 football fields, is being planted with willow trees.

Carnegie Mellon's Lorrie Cranor joins panel about online advertising
Carnegie Mellon University's Lorrie Cranor will join a panel of experts sponsored by the Progress and Freedom Foundation to discuss the privacy issues swirling around the mechanics of online advertising.

Uncovering lithium's mode of action
Though it has been prescribed for over 50 years to treat bipolar disorder, there are still many questions regarding exactly how lithium works.

Temperature and salt levels of the Western Mediterranean are on the increase
Spanish scientists have analyzed the temperature and salt levels of the Western Mediterranean Sea between 1943 and 2000 to study the evolution of each variable.

Prenatal exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals linked to breast cancer
A study in mice reveals that prenatal exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals, like bisphenol-A (BPA) and diethylstilbestrol (DES), may program a fetus for life.

Penn State receives Grand Challenges Explorations grant for innovative global health research
Penn State has received a $100,000 Grand Challenges Explorations grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
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