Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

May 28, 2010
Journal of Polymer Science editor, Craig Hawker, elected as Royal Society Fellow
John Wiley & Sons Inc. is pleased to announce that Professor Craig Hawker has been elected to the Fellowship of the Royal Society.

Deep subduction of the Indian continental crust beneath Asia
Geological investigations in the Himalayas have revealed evidence that when India and Asia collided some 90 million years ago, the continental crust of the Indian tectonic plate was forced down under the Asian plate, sinking down into the Earth's mantle to a depth of at least 200 km.

Empathy: College students don't have as much as they used to
Today's college students are not as empathetic as college students of the 1980s and '90s, a University of Michigan study shows.

Consent forms for research: Have they improved in 25 years?
Consent forms that people sign before participating in research are widely considered difficult to understand and sometimes inaccurate.

New source of stem cells form heart muscle cells, repair damage
A new and noncontroversial source of stem cells can form heart muscle cells and help repair heart damage, according to results of preliminary lab tests reported in Circulation Research: Journal of the American Heart Association.

New blood thinners can cause dangerous drug interactions
Three new blood thinning drugs are more convenient than Coumadin, but can cause dangerous drug interactions.

Zeroing in on quantum effects
US and Chinese physicists are zeroing in on critical effects at the heart of the newest high-temperature superconductors, the family of iron-based compounds called

Circulating tumor cells correlate with poorer survival in pancreatic cancer patients
Fox Chase Cancer Center investigators find that pancreatic cancer patients who have circulating tumor cells tend to have worse outcomes than patients without circulating tumor cells.

Experts gather as volcanic dust settles
Following the eruption of Iceland's Eyjafjallajoekull volcano that spewed huge amounts of ash and grounded numerous flights, more than 50 experts from around the world gathered at a workshop organized by ESA and EUMETSAT to discuss what has been learned and identify future opportunities for volcanic ash monitoring.

NAE announces winners of national essay contest
The National Academy of Engineering's EngineerGirl! website announced today the winners of the 2010 EngineerGirl!

Time is money: SIM time network has far-reaching benefits
Clocks in the Americas and the Caribbean Islands are now ticking in unison thanks to the work of the Sistema Interamericano de Metrologia (SIM), a regional metrology organization that works to promote accurate measurements throughout the Americas.

Prenatal exposure to BPA and DES may increase breast cancer risk
Exposure in the womb to chemicals like Bisphenol-A (BPA) and Diethylstilbestrol (DES) can increase an offspring's risk of breast cancer, researchers at Yale School of Medicine report in a study published in current issue of Hormones and Cancer, a journal of the Endocrine Society.

Ultrasound identifies symptom-free patients at higher risk of stroke that may benefit from surgery
Carotid stenosis, or narrowing of the carotid artery, is a cause of stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA).

Vanderbilt researchers play major role in new center on electronic health information privacy
Slowly but steadily the US health-care community is moving into the digital age: shifting their medical records from paper to electronic information systems.

Post-mortem of a comet
Researchers at the University of Leicester are examining extraterrestrial material from a comet to assess the origins of our solar system.

Oak Ridge National Lab to lead Reactor Simulation Innovation Hub
A team led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory has received $122 million and access to the world's most powerful computers to speed the development of the next generation of nuclear reactors.

First horned dinosaur from Mexico
A new species of horned dinosaur unearthed in Mexico has larger horns that any other species -- up to 4 feet long -- and has given scientists fresh insights into the ancient history of western North America, according to a research team led by paleontologists from the Utah Museum of Natural History at the University of Utah.

Yale researchers develop test to identify 'best' sperm
Researchers at Yale School of Medicine have discovered a method to select sperm with the highest DNA integrity in a bid to improve male fertility.

MSU team studies connection between statins, tendon ruptures
Michigan State University researchers are studying the role that statins -- lifesavers for tens of millions of Americans trying to lower their cholesterol -- play in causing disabling tendon ruptures.

Drum rhythm on song for World Cup success
A song promoting a

Rutgers cell biologist pinpoints how RNA viruses copy themselves
Nihal Altan-Bonnet, assistant professor of cell biology, Rutgers University in Newark, and her research team have made a significant new discovery about RNA (Ribonucleic acid) viruses and how they replicate themselves.

Robots big and small showcase their skills at NIST Alaskan events
Two robotics events hosted by NIST were designed to prove the viability of advanced technologies for robotic automation of manufacturing and microrobotics.

Secure system developed for monitoring transport of goods in real time
Monitoring goods at all times, from point of origin to destination, in a secure way and in real time.

'Academic detailing' effective way to educate doctors about treatment guidelines
A good way to educate doctors about new treatment guidelines is to use the same marketing techniques employed by pharmaceutical companies.

UC Riverside botanist receives Botanical Society of America's highest honor
Darleen DeMason, a professor of botany at the University of California, Riverside, has been elected as one of this year's six Botanical Society of America Merit Award recipients.

Materials Design and Texas Instruments at VLSI Symposia
Materials Design announces a joint presentation with University of Texas at Dallas, KAUST and Texas Instruments at the 2010 Symposia on VLSI Technology and Circuits on June 17 in Honolulu, Hawaii.

UBC researcher decodes Rembrandt's 'magic'
A University of British Columbia researcher has uncovered what makes Rembrandt's masterful portraits so appealing.

The deep voice of alpha male
Men with a deep, masculine voice are seen as more dominant by other men but a man's own dominance -- perceived or actual -- does not affect how attentive he is to his rivals' voices.

Comparision of overall survival for non-small cell lung cancer patients
Patients with early stages of NSCLC are typically treated with surgery, but those with stage IIIA present more of a challenge because they are such a diverse group.

UCLA biologists report how whales have changed over 35 million years
UCLA evolutionary biologists have looked back 35 million years to provide the first test of why whales show such rich diversity.

Researchers find papillary renal cell carcinoma unresponsive to sunitinib
New findings shows that a non-clear cell form of kidney cancer known as papillary RCC, which accounts for 12 percent of all RCC, responds differently to sunitinib -- a standard frontline treatment for RCC.

Bioethicists to develop model for providing care to research subjects in low-resource communities
The National Institutes of Health has awarded a grant to investigators at the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics to study obligations researchers may have to provide ancillary health care unrelated to their study while working in impoverished settings.

Researchers report no difference in breast cancer characteristics after oophorectomy
Investigators at Fox Chase Cancer Center report that women who have had a bilateral oophorectomy tend to have smaller tumors and to have their tumors detected by mammography rather than by physical exam.

Put more nitrogen into milk, not manure
The more efficient dairy farmers are in managing nitrogen, the more milk their cows will produce and the less nitrogen will be wasted in manure and urine, according a study by Agricultural Research Service scientists and cooperators.

Cold sore virus may contribute to cognitive and brain abnormalities in schizophrenia
Exposure to the common virus that causes cold sores may be partially responsible for shrinking regions of the brain and the loss of concentration skills, memory, coordinated movement and dexterity widely seen in patients with schizophrenia, according to research led by Johns Hopkins scientists.

Those with allergic asthma face double trouble during flu season, UT Southwestern findings suggest
New research from UT Southwestern Medical Center suggests that allergic reactions to pet dander, dust mites and mold may prevent people with allergic asthma from generating a healthy immune response to respiratory viruses such as influenza.

Canadian research examines effects of scientific claims on oil
A University of Alberta researcher says people generally do not act on information about the effects fossil fuel-based products are having on the environment.

Response to preoperative therapy may predict survival in pancreatic cancer patients
New research from Fox Chase Cancer Center finds that patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma whose tumors respond most to preoperative chemotherapy and radiation survive four times as long, on average, as those whose tumors respond least.

DFG approves 12 new collaborative research centers
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft has approved the establishment of 12 new Collaborative Research Centers beginning July 1, 2010.

Age is a factor in choosing between two comparable stroke-prevention procedures
A published report provides the final details on how two stroke-prevention procedures are safe and equally beneficial for men and women at risk for stroke, though their effectiveness does vary by age, say researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham who collaborate with other North American stroke investigators.

MU awarded $6.8 million to support use of electronic health records statewide
Considered one the great advances of modern medicine, electronic health records can provide a patient's entire medical history and a wealth of other information at the click of a button.

First Arizona 'Strides for Life' event nets $25,000 for TGen research
Following its first major Arizona fundraising event, the national Lung Cancer Research Foundation will donate $25,000 for lung cancer studies at the Translational Genomics Research Institute.

MBARI sends underwater robot to study Deepwater Horizon spill
MBARI's Division of Marine Operations, under an agreement with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, sent a high-tech robotic submersible to the oily waters of the Gulf of Mexico.

University of Nevada, Reno, video game research project to help blind children exercise
The human-computer interaction research team in the computer science and engineering department at the University of Nevada, Reno, has developed a motion-sensing-based tennis and bowling

Novel protein essential for successful pregnancy
Researchers at Yale School of Medicine and their colleagues at the Society for the Investigation of Early Pregnancy have helped clarify the function of a unique protein called Preimplantation Factor, which is produced by healthy embryos to direct embryo attachment and help the mother adapt to pregnancy.

Student uses pedal power to create novel machine
An innovative bicycle-powered water pump, created by a student at the University of Sheffield, has proved a huge success and is now in regular production in Guatemala, transforming the lives of rural residents.

Many with HIV start care too late
Despite growing evidence that the earlier people are diagnosed with HIV and get access to care, the better their clinical outcomes, many HIV-infected people in the United States and Canada are not receiving the care they need early enough.

Experimental treatment protects monkeys from lethal Ebola virus post-exposure
Scientists using tiny particles of genetic material to interfere in the replication process of the deadly Ebola virus have successfully prevented monkeys exposed to that virus from dying of hemorrhagic fever.

Planetary scientists solve 40-year-old mysteries of Mars' northern ice cap
Researchers have reconstructed the formation of two curious features in the northern ice cap of Mars: a chasm larger than the Grand Canyon and a series of spiral troughs.

Following the sugar right from the start
Berkeley researchers successfully attached imaging probes to glycans -- the sugar molecules that are abundant on the surfaces of living cells -- in the embryos of zebrafish less than seven hours after fertilization.

European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology Annual Meeting
Reproductive medicine is one of today's most exciting scientific and clinical areas.

Cleveland Museum of Natural History scientist announces new horned dinosaur
Michael Ryan, Ph.D., a scientist at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History, announces the discovery of a new horned dinosaur, Medusaceratops lokii.

Study begins on air-sea exchanges and their influence on climate
A two-year project, which will provide vital information on the interaction between the ocean and the atmosphere and its influence on climate, begins this month.

New study maps spawning habitat of bluefin tuna in the Gulf of Mexico
Electronic tagging and fisheries catch data have revealed pronounced differences in preferred habitat of Atlantic bluefin tuna and yellowfin tuna in the Gulf of Mexico, despite their close ancestry, according to a new study published today in the peer-reviewed journal PLoS ONE.

Study finds reforestation may lower the climate change mitigation potential of forests
Scientists at the University of Oklahoma and the Fudan University in Shanghai, China, have found that reforestation and afforestation -- the creation of new forests -- may lower the potential of forests for climate change lessening.
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