Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 02, 2010
Apologies may fuel settlement of legal disputes, study says
Apologies can potentially help resolve legal disputes ranging from injury cases to wrongful firings, giving wounded parties a sense of justice and satisfaction that promotes settlements and trims demands for damages, a study found.

Nanoparticle PSA test predicts if prostate cancer will return
Conventional PSA tests aren't sensitive enough to show if men are cured after having a cancerous prostate gland removed.

Dr. Mitola delivers keynote address and leads workshop at International Software Radio Conference
On June 7-8, 2010, at the Crowne Plaza Hotel in St James, London, United Kingdom, Dr.

NHLBI to hold workshop on health consequences of sickle cell trait
Scientists from across the nation will gather June 3-4 to discuss what is known about sickle cell trait and the potential health implications related to this genetic blood condition.

Larson, McBride named 2010 ASTRO Gold Medalists
David Larson, M.D., Ph.D., FASTRO, and William McBride, D.Sc., Ph.D., have been chosen to receive the American Society for Radiation Oncology's most prestigious award, the Gold Medal.

New medics in death spike
Are new medical residents a threat to patients? According to Dr.

Scientists clarify origins of potato germplasm Neo-Tuberosum
A recent study conducted by scientists with the Agricultural Research Service and cooperators shows the potato germplasm Neo-Tuberosum, used by potato breeders to develop new cultivars, has origins that can be traced to Chile, not to the Andes as previously believed.

$1.3 million NSF grant won by Rensselaer professor will establish historic US-China partnership
A $1.3 million National Science Foundation grant awarded to Heidi Newberg, associate professor of physics, creates a ground-breaking partnership between US scientists and the new Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope in China.

AMIA members manage HITECH stimulus grant awards
Numerous grants funded by the US economic stimulus program Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act, to advance the use of health information technology and to ready a professional informatics work force, have been awarded to leading members of the American Medical Informatics Association.

Risoe's next energy conference takes hold of the big issues on energy and climate
Risoe DTU's next energy conference will deal with the pressing large, long-term energy issues.

National Association of Black Accountants honors UAB business student group
The University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Business student chapter of the National Association of Black Accountants earned a ranking No.

Nature cover study provides new standards for reliable fisheries
The many populations of sockeye salmon in Bristol Bay, Alaska, act like a diversified portfolio of investments, buffering fisheries from the ups and downs of particular stocks.

Sociological study reflects high financial malfeasance rates in largest US corporations
The need to

Innovative MSU research makes lake and stream conservation more effective
Michigan State University scientists have developed a pioneering, comprehensive approach that makes conserving and managing freshwater lakes, streams and wetlands more integrated and effective.

Tropical Cyclone Phet intensifies, coastal Oman bracing for strong winds, heavy rains
Tropical storm Phet intensified over the last 24 hours and has grown into a full-blown and powerful cyclone.

ORNL sows seeds with new agricultural carbon accounting tool
Carbon dioxide emissions from agricultural activity in the United States can now be tracked with unprecedented resolution because of a method developed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

Arctic ice at low point compared to recent geologic history
Less ice covers the Arctic today than at any time in recent geologic history.

NC State to play key role in DOE team on nuclear energy innovation
Experimenting with new designs and operation techniques for nuclear power plants is a tricky business, since even small changes can pose significant safety and financial risks.

Despite efforts, not all Latino immigrants accepted as 'white,' sociological study shows
While some Latino immigrants to the United States may be accepted as

BP oil spill on their minds
Researchers, government agencies, land managers, environmentalists and energy industry come together at the International Association for Society and Natural Resources conference.

Community interventions and in-home visits may slow excess weight gain in American Indian children
Community intervention can help American Indian families change behavior related to early childhood weight gain and obesity, according to a new Kaiser Permanente and Northwest Portland Area Indian Health Board study.

Bone drug suppresses wandering tumor cells in breast cancer patients
The bone-strengthening drug zoledronic acid (Zometa) can help fight metastatic breast cancer when given before surgery, suggests research at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Ablation proved as effective as traditional surgery in treating kidney cancer
A minimally invasive technique used to destroy kidney tumors with an electrically controlled heating probe showed similar effectiveness as surgical removal of tumors in curbing cancer recurrence rates for up to five years after treatment.

Applied nuclear physics for biomedicine, nuclear security and basic science
The Applied Nuclear Physics program in Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Nuclear Science Division takes equipment created for basic research and develops it into tools that can address practical needs like cancer therapy and homeland security.

Grassroots programs to encourage minority organ donation prove successful
Minority organ donations have more than doubled since the institution of grassroots awareness and education programs, according to a new retrospective study published in the May issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

Survey highlights major Canada-US differences in people in middle age
Middle-aged Canadians are much less worried about the future than their American counterparts, some of whom are close to panic, says an Alberta researcher who has just finished a survey in both countries.

A doctor's referral for better fitness
Should questions about physical activity be a part of doctors visits -- every time?

Retirees in Mexico cut off, study says
Baby boomers retiring in Mexico may find it's cheaper to live there than in Canada or the US, however, a study suggests retirees are often isolated both from their families back home -- and from the mainstream of Mexican life.

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute professor Patrick Underhill receives NSF CAREER award
Patrick Underhill, assistant professor in the Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, has won a prestigious Faculty Early Career Development Award from the National Science Foundation.

IEEE touts NJIT professor for expertise in underwater acoustic communication
If you want to know more about underwater acoustic communication, ask NJIT Associate Professor Ali Abdi, Ph.D.

Meditation reduces the emotional impact of pain
People who meditate regularly find pain less unpleasant because their brains anticipate the pain less, a new study has found.

Neural tissue contains imbalanced levels of proteins, U-M study finds
Why do some diseases affect only specific organs, leaving others invulnerable?

Tidy house, fitter body?
A study that examined the relationship between physical activity and a range of variables involving urban residents' homes and neighborhoods found that the inside of their homes had more to do with higher physical activity levels than sidewalks, lighting and other elements.

Findings suggest optimal dose
A national study involving a UT Southwestern Medical Center neonatologist provides new insight into how much oxygen preterm infants should receive as well as the optimal way to deliver it to them.

2010 Meeting of the Americas, Brazil: News media registration open
News media registration is now open for the 2010 Meeting of the Americas (August 8-12, Foz do Iguaçu, Brazil), where more than 2,200 scientists are expected to present new findings in the Earth and space sciences.

Visual system interprets sign languages
Spanish sign language is used by over 100,000 people with hearing impairments and is made up of hundreds of signs.

Study: Prostate cancer patients' weight linked to tumor size
The size of tumors in prostate cancer patients is directly linked to their weight, according to a new six-year study conducted by researchers at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

Drug and therapeutics bulletin
The use of synthetic testosterone to combat symptoms of the so-called

Peaches, plums induce deliciously promising death of breast cancer cells
Breast cancer cells -- even the most aggressive type -- died after treatments with peach and plum extracts in lab tests at Texas AgriLife Research recently, and scientists say the results are deliciously promising.

Scientists capture secret dance of electrons that causes them to change form
Scientists have captured the first images of electrons that appear to take on extraordinary mass under certain extreme conditions, thus solving a 25-year mystery about how electrons behave in metals.

Arthur E. Bryson to receive Daniel Guggenheim Medal
The Guggenheim Board of Award is pleased to announce that the 2010 Daniel Guggenheim Medal has been won by Arthur E.

Atmospheric scientists start monthlong air sampling campaign
More than 60 scientists from a dozen institutions have converged on this urban area to study how tiny particles called aerosols affect the climate.

Einstein awarded NIH grant to study drug-resistant TB
The National Institutes of Health has awarded scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University a five-year, $3.9 million grant to study how extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) is transmitted in rural South Africa.

Sun-induced skin cancer: new discovery permits doctors to assess genetic risk
As people head to the beach this summer, very few if any, really know how likely they are to develop skin cancer from their outdoor fun.

New culture dish could advance human embryonic stem cell research
A new synthetic Petri dish coating could overcome a major challenge to the advancement of human embryonic stem cell research, say University of Michigan researchers.

Telecommuters with flextime stay balanced up to 19 hours longer
Compared to their office-bound peers, employees with a flexible schedule and the option to telecommute can work 19 hours more per week before experiencing conflict between work and personal life.

Harvard's Wyss Institute uses nature's design principles to create specialized nanofabrics
Bioengineers at Harvard's Wyss Institute have developed a new technology based on nature's design principles for self assembly and self organization.

Age gap really does matter
A Northwestern University study of mentor-protégé relationships has found that the generation gap is real and it matters.

The knee at cosmic ray spectra is explained due to interactions at the sources
The collaborators in the Key Laboratory of Particle Astrophysics, Institute of High Energy Physics and Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing provided an original model to explain the knee at the cosmic ray spectra, which has been the puzzle for half a century in cosmic ray physics

John Theurer Cancer Center leading urologist presents research abstracts at AUA's 2010 Meeting
Ihor S. Sawczuk, M.D., co-chief of the Division of Urologic Oncology at John Theurer Cancer Center at Hackensack University Medical Center, internationally recognized for his work in urologic oncology, will be among physicians from the cancer center presenting research abstracts at the American Urological Association's 2010 Annual Meeting.

Marmots can teach us about obesity
A Colorado State University professor has discovered that a common nutrient can help stimulate appetite in hibernating marmots, which can help scientists understand more about human metabolism and obesity.

Tobacco tax hike could curb smoking among those with alcohol, drug or mental disorders
A new study suggests that increasing cigarette taxes could be an effective way to reduce smoking among individuals with alcohol, drug or mental disorders.

First paper 'dipstick' test for determining blood type
Scientists are reporting development of the first

Bacterioplankton responses to desert dust in the (sub)tropical northeast Atlantic
Inputs of dust from the Sahara desert could change the composition of microbial communities in the (sub)tropical eastern North Atlantic say Southampton researchers writing this month in the journal FEMS Microbiology Letters.

Prompt gallbladder removal in elderly associated with increased survival, lower costs
New research findings published in the May issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons indicate that delaying cholecystectomy, the surgical removal of the gallbladder, in elderly patients with sudden inflammation of the organ often results in increased costs, morbidity and mortality.

Higher protein breakfasts help teens manage hunger
According to a report in the Journal of the American Medical Association, nearly one in three American children are overweight or obese, which increases their risk for developing obesity-related chronic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease and cancer.

Going underground to monitor carbon dioxide
A technique originally, applied to monitor the flow of contaminants into shallow groundwater supplies, has been repurposed to monitor carbon dioxide pumped deep underground for storage.

OBIS selects OpenGeo for Web-based geospatial mapping
OpenGeo today announced that the Ocean Biogeographic Information System has selected it to replace their existing geospatial mapping tools.

Chemical biologist and entrepreneur Carolyn Bertozzi awarded $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize
Chemical biologist Dr. Carolyn Bertozzi, whose research is applied worldwide in the biopharmaceutical industry, has achieved extraordinary success for pioneering inventions in biotechnology.

Chocolate milk is a 'natural' for post-exercise recovery
One of the best post-exercise recovery drinks could already be in your refrigerator, according to new research presented at the American College of Sports Medicine conference this week.

Pride, prejudice and the 'Darcin effect'
The pheromone that attracts female mice to the odor of a particular male has been identified.

Low-dose combination therapy can stop people progressing to type 2 diabetes
Use of low-dose combination therapy (rosiglitazone and metformin) reduces the risk of progression to type 2 diabetes by two-thirds in people deemed at risk of the disease.

Burger diet boosts kids' asthma and wheeze risk
Eating three or more burgers a week may boost a child's risk of asthma and wheeze -- at least in developed nations -- reveals a large international study, published in Thorax today.

Scientists move closer to pinpointing gene involved in bowel cancer spread
Scientists may be on the cusp of pinpointing a gene that is involved in the progression and spread of bowel cancer, indicates research published ahead of print in the Journal of Medical Genetics.

Like the writer, Agatha was a brief mystery
Tropical Storm Agatha made landfall this weekend in El Salvador and Guatemala, and crossed into the western Caribbean.

Mutant gene link to West Nile virus in horses
The same mutated gene that makes humans more susceptible to the potentially fatal West Nile virus is also responsible for the virus affecting horses, according to scientists at the University of Adelaide.

The dilemma of plants fighting infections
Scientists from Tubingen reveal an evolutionary dilemma: plants that are more resistant to disease grow more slowly and are less competitive than susceptible relatives when enemies are rare.

Researchers pursue plasmonics and photonics technology for optical improvements
US Air Force Office of Scientific Research-funded Professors Mark L.

Basque researchers apply chemistry to restoration of paintings and dating of signatures
The Farmartem Group at the University of the Basque Country's Department of Analytical Chemistry is working on lines of research encompassing pharmaceutical drugs and the environment, and even the fine arts.

US, Ukraine agree to share standards for quality of medicines
With the mutual goal of improving the quality of pharmaceuticals worldwide, the US Pharmacopeial Convention and the Ukraine Scientific Pharmacopoeial Center for the Quality of Medicines have entered into an agreement to share standards for the quality, purity, strength and identity of medicines.

Single-molecule manipulation for the masses
Scientists have developed a new massively parallel approach for manipulating single DNA and protein molecules and studying their interactions under force.

Financial literary bailout for the younger generation
In the aftermath of the global financial crisis, financial literacy is still low among young adults.

Story tips from the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory -- June 2010
Sensorpedia is a significant resource that continues to expand with a network of more than 5,000 sensors.

Life on Mars: University of Leicester to detect clues for alien existence
An engineering model of the Mars Rover, called Bridget, developed by Astrium in the UK, was on display at the University today -- Friday, June 4 -- providing invited schoolchildren as well as staff and students with an exciting glimpse into the shape of things to come.

Deep brain stimulation at 2 different targets gives similar motor benefits in Parkinson's
In a major study, investigators have compared how individuals with Parkinson's disease respond to deep brain stimulation (DBS) at two different sites in the brain.

Results from a study testing methylphenidate for cancer-related fatigue
Cancer-related fatigue is often a major problem for cancer patients, beginning at diagnosis, during treatment and after completing therapy.

NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell physician-scientists present at 2010 American Urological Meeting
Physician-scientists from NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center will present their latest research findings at the American Urological Association's Annual Meeting in San Francisco, May 29-June 3.

Military develops multipurpose 'green' decontaminants for terrorist attack sites
Chemists with the United States military have developed a set of ultra-strength cleaners that could be used in the aftermath of a terrorist attack.

Radiation after mastectomy improves breast cancer survival
Postmastectomy radiation therapy for some breast cancer patients can reduce their risk of recurrence by almost 30 percent and increase their five-year overall survival by almost 50 percent, according to a study in the June 1 issue of the International Journal of Radiation, Oncology, Biology, Physics, the official journal of the American Society for Radiation Oncology.

On a roll: Designing the next rover to explore Mars
The concept of a wind-powered vehicle that can be used to explore the surface of Mars -- a

Nanosponge drug delivery system more effective than direct injection
When loaded with an anti-cancer drug, a delivery system based on a novel material called nanosponge is three to five times more effective at reducing tumor growth than direct injection.

Radiation does not improve survival for rare, invasive bladder cancer
In the largest study to date of a rare and deadly form of bladder cancer, researchers at Henry Ford Hospital found radiation therapy may not improve a patient's chances for survival.

Insurance for all won't solve US health care problems
The current problems of access, affordability and quality in the US health care system won't be solved by providing health insurance to all.

Caltech's Charles Steidel receives $500,000 Gruber cosmology prize
Charles Steidel, the Lee A. DuBridge Professor of Astronomy at the California Institute of Technology, is the recipient of the 2010 Cosmology Prize of the Peter and Patricia Gruber Foundation in recognition of his revolutionary studies of the most distant galaxies in the universe.

Hubble catches stars on the move
By exploiting the exquisite image quality of the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope and comparing two observations made 10 years apart astronomers have, for the first time, managed to measure the tiny motions of several hundred young stars within the central cluster of the star-forming region NGC 3603.

Stanford/Packard study finds surprising disparity in where chronically ill kids hospitalized
Chronically ill children with private insurance are much less likely than those with public insurance, such as Medi-Cal, to be admitted to a California hospital offering specialized pediatric care, according to a new study by researchers at Lucile Packard Children's Hospital and the Stanford University School of Medicine.

BSSA tip sheet for June 2010 issue
The following are articles in the next Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.

Probiotic found in breast milk helps alleviate symptoms of digestive disorders
Here's another reason to breast feed your baby: Canadian researchers have discovered how a probiotic found in breast milk reduces or eliminates painful cramping in the gut.

Red squirrels: Altruists or self-serving survivalists?
U of A researcher Jamieson Gorrell discovered a female red squirrel adopted a newborn foundling.

Nicer than needles: Insulin pills for diabetes finally in clinical trials
After years of research and anticipation, insulin pills that could make it easier for millions of patients worldwide to manage diabetes are finally moving ahead in clinical trials and a step closer to the medicine cabinet.

UTHealth and UH awarded Alzheimer's research grant
Cure Alzheimer's Fund awarded UTHealth and University of Houston a $150,000 grant to fund research on Alzheimer's disease.

Snuffing out smoking in those with HIV
Although researchers have documented the high incidence of smoking among those with HIV/AIDS, few studies have examined ways to help those with HIV/AIDS quit smoking.

First images of heavy electrons in action
Using a microscope designed to image the arrangement and interactions of electrons in crystals, scientists have captured the first images of electrons that appear to take on extraordinary mass under certain extreme conditions.

Flow in Earth's mantle moves mountains
Study in Nature suggests that some mountains in

Fossil-fuel use and feeding world cause greatest environmental impacts: UNEP panel
A panel of 27 of the world's foremost experts assembled by UNEP has synthesized a comprehensive library of the most authoritative global studies to diagnose which of the planet's many ailments cause the greatest harm, and should therefore be accorded priority government policy treatment.

New docs linked to death spike in July
UC San Diego study suggests inexperienced medical residents make fatal medication errors.

UT Southwestern investigators perform head-to-head comparison of incontinence treatments
As part of a national clinical trial, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers found little difference in effectiveness between two popular treatments for one of the most common ailments among American women: stress urinary incontinence. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to