Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 04, 2010
Researchers use X-ray diffraction microscope to reveal 3-D internal structure of whole cell
3-D imaging is dramatically expanding our ability to examine biological specimens enabling a peek into internal structures.

Cyclone Phet weakens after Oman landfall, headed to Pakistan
Tropical Cyclone Phet made landfall in Oman on June 3 and is now back in the Arabian Sea and headed toward a second landfall in Pakistan this weekend.

Gulf oil spill could widen, worsen 'dead zone'
While an out-of-control gusher deep in the Gulf of Mexico fouls beaches and chokes marshland habitat, another threat could be growing below the oil-slicked surface.

Climate change linked to major vegetation shifts worldwide
Vegetation around the world is on the move, and climate change is the culprit, according to a new analysis of global vegetation shifts led by a UC Berkeley ecologist in collaboration with researchers from the US Forest Service.

Gene related to aging plays role in stem cell differentiation
A gene shown to play a role in the aging process appears to play a role in the regulation of the differentiation of embryonic stem cells, according to researchers from the Center for Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine and the department of medicine at Thomas Jefferson University.

Vandetanib shows clinical benefit when combined with docetaxel for lung cancer
When combined with standard chemotherapy, an international Phase III trial has shown that the oral targeted therapy vandetanib improves progression-free survival for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer, according to research from the University of Texas M.D.

New rust resistance genes added to common beans
New cultivars of common bean developed by Agricultural Research Service and university scientists could shore up the legume crop's defenses against the fungal disease common bean rust.

Manufacturing facilities release pharmaceuticals to the environment
Pharmaceutical manufacturing facilities can be a significant source of pharmaceuticals to surface waters, according to a new study by the US Geological Survey and the State of New York.

Status symbols of house sparrows
The size of the black breast bib -- the badge -- and bill color of male House Sparrows change over the course of the year.

Acute toxicity predicts overall survival in high-grade gliomas
Patients with high-grade gliomas who experience acute (early) neurological toxicity during their treatment were more likely to experience chronic (late) neurological toxicity and shortened overall survival, according to researchers from the Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson.

Interleukin-10 a prognostic factor in treatment with autologous melanoma vaccine
Scientists from the Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson have found that interleukin-10 production in tumor cells is a possible prognostic factor in patients with advanced melanoma who are treated with autologous melanoma cell vaccine.

ESO telescope designer Raymond Wilson wins prestigious Kavli Award for astrophysics
Raymond Wilson, whose pioneering optics research at ESO made today's giant telescopes possible thanks to

West coast's log, lumber exports increase in first quarter of 2010
A total of 208.5 million board feet of softwood logs and 119.5 million board feet of softwood lumber was exported from Washington, Oregon, northern California, and Alaska in January, February, and March of this year, according to the US Forest Service's Pacific Northwest Research Station.

UT Southwestern scientists uncover protein that thwarts tumor invasion
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have determined that cancer cells lacking a key protein are more invasive and more likely to metastasize, providing a possible drug target to combat certain tumor types.

Treatment for headaches and dizziness caused by traumatic brain injury appears promising, study says
A recent retrospective study by four Michigan physicians shows strong evidence that symptoms of headache, dizziness and anxiety in some patients with traumatic brain injury potentially could be alleviated or even eliminated with specialized eyeglass lenses containing prisms.

Stroke prevention study in children with sickle cell anemia, iron overload stopped early
The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute has stopped a clinical trial evaluating a new approach to reduce the risk of recurrent stroke in children with sickle cell anemia and iron overload because of evidence that the new treatment was unlikely to prove better than the existing treatment.

The quest for the modern day Methuselah
A team of researchers tracked down the oldest of the old -- people living beyond their 110th birthday.

Hip exercises found effective at reducing, eliminating common knee pain in runners
A twice weekly hip strengthening regimen performed for six weeks proved surprisingly effective at reducing -- and in some cases eliminating -- knee pain referred to as patellofemoral pain in female runners.

teachHOUSTON receives grant, ownership of Bernard Harris Science Camp
As recently as 2007, teachHOUSTON, a math and science teacher-preparation program at the University of Houston, was an emerging pilot program hosting 14 students.

UM and Lockheed Martin launch strategic relationship
The University of Maryland and Lockheed Martin Corporation have opened a major new chapter in their six-decade history, agreeing to create a unique, strategic relationship.

How smarter school lunchrooms increase fruit sales
Led by Professor Brian Wansink, researchers from Cornell's Smarter Lunchrooms Initiative observed a 58 percent increase in fresh fruit sales at one Upstate New York school simply by moving the fruit from a stainless steel tray and into a basket lit by an ordinary desk lamp.

Introducing the good food guide for cockroaches
Ever wondered how cockroaches seem to know the best place to grab a meal?

Could life survive on Mars? Yes, expert says
Researchers at McGill's department of natural resources, the National Research Council of Canada, the University of Toronto and the SETI Institute have discovered that methane-eating bacteria survive in a highly unique spring located on Axel Heiberg Island in Canada's extreme North.

Green tea extract appears to keep cancer in check in majority of CLL patients
An extract of green tea appears to have clinical activity with low toxicity in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients who used it in a Phase II clinical trial, say researchers at Mayo Clinic.

MSU researchers discover potential genetic factor in eating disorders
For the first time, scientists have discovered a possible biological culprit in the development of eating disorders during puberty: a type of estrogen called estradiol.

Addition of vandetanib improves progression-free survival in patients with the most common form of lung cancer
Vandetanib given in addition to a standard chemotherapy regimen of docetaxel prolongs progression-free survival and improves response rates compared with standard chemotherapy alone in patients with previously treated advanced non-small cell lung cancer.

Study of microRNA helps NIH scientists unlock secrets of immune cells
With the rapid and continuous advances in biotechnology, scientists are better able to see inside the nucleus of a cell to unlock the secrets of its genetic material.

U. of I. professor honored as rising star in finance
University of Illinois finance professor Murillo Campello has been named a rising star in finance by a panel of scholars from the nation's top business schools.

International Polar Year Oslo Science Conference, Norway: 'Polar Science -- Global Impact'
In June, teams of scientists from more than 60 countries will share the first results of their studies carried out during a major international effort to understand the polar regions and their impact on global issues such as climate change, biodiversity and health.
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