Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

June 25, 2010
New research questions dominance of larger charities in the charity sector
The University of Southampton has played a key role in a major new piece of research that challenges the belief that the biggest charities are becoming increasingly dominant in financial terms -- a development sometimes known as

US Frontiers of Engineering symposium
Eighty-six of the nation's brightest young engineers have been selected to take part in the National Academy of Engineering's 16th annual US Frontiers of Engineering symposium.

Climate change scientists turn up the heat in Alaska
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are planning a large-scale, long-term ecosystem experiment to test the effects of global warming on the icy layers of arctic permafrost.

If we build 'walkable' neighborhoods, will people walk?
Stakeholders in neighborhood development in Edmonton, Alberta, said societal norms, such as a pervasive car-dependent culture, the desire by consumers for single family homes, and financial constraints all played key roles in neighborhood development -- and whether people would walk if the neighborhood were built that way.

Bird flu: In the plumage the secret of virus spread success
Scientists discovered that the preen oil gland secretions, by which all aquatic birds make their feathers waterproof, support a natural mechanism that concentrates AIVs from water onto birds' bodies.

International liver cancer congress provides possible solutions to reduce significant burden
Today, world renowned experts have assembled in Dubrovnik, Croatia to discuss the latest trends in treatment and cutting edge research in diagnostic techniques that will shape the future management of hepatocellular carcinoma -- the third most common cause of cancer-related death globally, and a leading cause of death among patients with liver cirrhosis.

How not to blow up a molecule
Can single-shot imaging with femtosecond X-ray pulses from powerful new free electron lasers really work, or will the beam damage the sample too quickly?

Students receive scholarships for public health systems research
AcademyHealth and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation have awarded 10 scholarships to graduate students who demonstrate outstanding potential to contribute to the field of public health systems research.

Really smart card project scoops EUREKA 2010 Innovation Award
A French-led EUREKA smartcard project has scooped this year's Innovation Award, announced in a ceremony in the German capital yesterday evening.

India joins Thirty Meter Telescope project
The Minister of Science and Technology of India, Mr. Prithviraj Chavan, announced today the decision of India to join the Thirty Meter Telescope Project as an Observer.

World Vision on the underfunded G8 Muskoka Initiative
The G8 leaders inch toward progress, yet leave millions of children out in the cold with the underfunded Muskoka Initiative for Maternal and Child Health, says international Christian humanitarian organization World Vision, after heads of state meeting in Canada today announced a pledge of $5 billion over five years for maternal and child health programs globally.

Large-scale genomic analysis of prostate cancer unveiled
A unique collaboration among physician-scientists at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center has yielded the most comprehensive genomic analysis of prostate cancer to date.

NASA infrared imagery shows well-defined eye in Category 5 Celia
Celia has exploded into a monster hurricane in the Eastern Pacific, and is now a Category 5 storm over open waters.

Rushing too fast to online learning?
A new study suggests simply putting traditional classes online may have negative consequences, especially for lower-performing and minority students.

Glasgow's high mortality rates are not explained by deprivation alone
New research, published by Elsevier in the Royal Society for Public Health's journal Public Health, provides compelling evidence that deprivation alone cannot explain the poor health experienced by Glasgow's residents.

Tropical biodiversity is about the neighbors
Rare plant species are much more negatively affected by the presence of their own species as neighbors than are common species.

July 2010 Geology and GSA Today highlights
The July issue of Geology presents several studies on various aspects of temperature and climate change; a new river dataset examining whether the sedimentological record can help document floods; new data estimating motion of the Sagaing fault; active development of the NW British continental margin; how rivers react to earthquakes; and enigmatic volcanism of the Colorado Plateau.

Ascension Island 'extinct' parsley fern rediscovered during International Year of Biodiversity
The rediscovery of a fern, long thought to be extinct, is part of a rescue effort to save the highly threatened, endemic plants of the tiny UK overseas territory of Ascension Island in the South Atlantic.

Soil-borne pathogens drive tree diversity in forests, study shows
Researchers have identified soil-borne pathogens as one important mechanism that can maintain species diversity and explain patterns of tree abundance in a forest.

Testing the best-yet theory of nature
Scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of California at Berkeley have tested one of the major theoretical pillars of quantum field theory, the spin-statistics theorem.

Messenger RNAs are regulated in far more ways than previously appreciated, CSHL team finds
One way of regulating protein levels in cells is to shorten the lifespan of messenger RNAs (mRNAs), intermediary molecules that get translated into proteins.

GOES-13 captures 2 major hurricanes: Darby trailing Celia
There are now two major hurricanes in the Eastern Pacific Ocean and they appear to be chasing each other in imagery from the GOES-13 satellite.

Aggressive action to reduce soot emissions needed to meet climate change goals
Without aggressive action to reduce soot emissions, the time table for carbon dioxide emission reductions may need to be significantly accelerated in order to achieve international climate policy goals such as those set forth in last December's Copenhagen Accord, according to a study published online June 21 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Deep impact spacecraft to make last swing by Earth on way to second comet
On Sunday, the historic Deep Impact spacecraft will fly past Earth for the fifth and last time on its current University of Maryland-led EPOXI mission.

Fung to receive GSA's 2010 Baltes Foundation Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Helene Fung, Ph.D., of the Chinese University of Hong Kong as the 2010 recipient of the Margret M. and Paul B.

Vitamin D and mental agility in elders
At a time when consumer interest in health-enhancing foods is high, Agricultural Research Service-funded scientists have contributed to a limited but growing body of evidence of a link between vitamin D and cognitive function.

Wining and dining your way to better eyesight
Current research suggests that resveratrol, a naturally occurring compound found in red wine, grapes, blueberries, peanuts, and other plants, inhibits pathogenic new blood vessel growth.

APS urges greater federal investment in energy research
The American Physical Society, a leading organization of physicists, presses congressional leaders to increase research investments for future energy technologies that will strengthen energy security and reduce the likelihood of disastrous effects associated with fossil fuel exploration as evidenced by the BP oil spill.

New ISHLT cardiac allograft vasculopathy standardized nomenclature
Cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV), the major limitation to long term survival after heart transplantation, can lead to dysfunction of the heart muscle or sudden death.

Down with jet lag
The active agent metyrapone influences corticosterone synthesis and enables faster adaptation to altered circadian rhythms.

Answer to what ended the last ice age may be blowing in the winds, paper says
Scientists still puzzle over how Earth emerged from its last ice age, an event that ushered in a warmer climate and the birth of human civilization.

Biodiversity's holy grail is in the soil
The answer to one of life's great unsolved mysteries lies underground, according to a study published in the journal, Nature based on work at the Smithsonian's Barro Colorado Island in Panama.

Quantifying human behavior one MoCap data point at a time
Two actors wrapped in motion sensors circle each other, as engineering researchers stand at the perimeter of a USC Viterbi School of Engineering laboratory, taking note.

Antioxidants may help prevent malaria complicaton that leads to learning impairment
Using an experimental mouse model for malaria, an international group of scientists has discovered that adding antioxidant therapy to traditional antimalarial treatment may prevent long-lasting cognitive impairment in cerebral malaria.

AMP asks FDA to address barriers to device innovation
AMP commends the Federal departments and agencies that compose the Council on Medical Device Innovation for making efforts to identify and remove barriers to innovation and progress in transitioning basic and transitional research findings into routine clinical practice.

WSU breaks ground on school for global animal health building
Officials from Washington State University and the Gates Foundation broke ground on a 62,000-square-foot, three-story flagship research building for a new School for Global Animal Health.

New diagnostic test for bladder cancer
Researchers from the Danish Cancer Society and the Herlev University Hospital of Copenhagen have developed a novel assay to test for multiple tumor markers in bladder cancer.

Scientific expertise lacking among 'doubters' of climate change, says Stanford-led analysis
An analysis of the scientific prominence and expertise of climate researchers shows that the few who are unconvinced of human-caused climate change rank far below researchers who are convinced.

Wet era on early Mars was global
Conditions favorable to life may once have existed all over Mars.

Psychotropic medications can cause birth defects
A new study shows that use of psychotropic medications during pregnancy increase the probability of birth defects.

Expecting Tropical Depression Alex in the Caribbean
Forecasters on June 25 had given System 93L in the western Caribbean an 80 percent chance of developing into Tropical Depression Alex, and weekends seem to always birth tropical depressions.

Ingredient in red wine may prevent some blinding diseases
Resveratrol -- found in red wine, grapes, blueberries, peanuts and other plants -- stops out-of-control blood vessel growth in the eye, according to vision researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Friendships, family relationships get better with age thanks to forgiveness, stereotypes
Part of what makes those relationships so golden during the golden years is that people of all ages are more likely to forgive and respect one's elders, according to research from Purdue University.

Points system used in football matches encourages dirty play
A study by the University of Oviedo has shown that the change in the system used to reward wins in the European leagues, going from two to three points, has led to an increase in dirty play in football matches.

UCLA researchers, US military collaborate to open center for traumatic brain injury
David Hovda, Director of the UCLA Traumatic Brain Injury Research Center, was instrumental in helping to create the National Intrepid Center of Excellence, a new, 72,000 sq. ft. medical facility in Bethesda, Maryland that will help research, diagnose and treat traumatic brain injury in military personnel.

Ronin recruits protein 'allies' to sustain embryonic stem cell growth
Ronin, crucial to the self-renewal of embryonic stem cells, and a co-regulator called Hcf-1, binds to a small strand of DNA called a hyperconserved enhancer element to control a gene

Chromosomal variations found in early passage female embryonic stem cells
Scientists at the UCLA Broad Stem Cell Research Center have uncovered that variations in X chromosome inactivation take place in very early passages of female human embryonic stem cells lines, information that will play an important role in ensuring the safety of cells grown for therapeutic use and a discovery that also may have implications in the development of cancer.

Tips from the American Journal of Pathology
The following highlights summarize research articles that are published in the July 2010 issue of the American Journal of Pathology.

Proposed rules would allow metric only labeling for some products
The National Institute of Standards and Technology has issued two publications calling for the amendment of labeling laws to allow the voluntary use of only metric units on some consumer products.

A life-changing partnership
Researchers at EMBL Heidelberg identified a novel regulatory protein complex in Drosophila that explains another protein's double life, and which likely plays an important role in mammals, too.

Epidemic played large role in shift of attitudes on abortion, author says
Ten years before the 1973 Supreme Court decision legalizing abortion, German measles probably played the biggest part in starting to shift public attitudes about the criminal abortion laws, University of Illinois historian Leslie J.

NTU hosts major conference on Victorian studies, the first outside Australia & New Zealand
Leading lights of Victorian literary, historical, and cultural studies are converging in Singapore for a major international conference that begins today.

Mechanism that may trigger degenerative disease identified
A mechanism that regulates stem-cell differentiation in mice testes suggests a similar process that may trigger degenerative disease in humans, according to a Penn State College of Agricultural Sciences reproductive physiologist.
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