Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 01, 2010
Giving birth many times linked to increased risk of heart disease
Palestinian women frequently give birth many times. This has given researchers in the oPt a unique opportunity to study the effects of numbers of births per woman (parity) on risk of coronary heart disease, since previous studies have lacked high numbers of women giving birth more than six times.

Increasing fertility threefold
Prof. Adrian Shulman of Tel Aviv University's Sackler Faculty of Medicine has found a statistical connection between the vitamin supplement DHEA, used to counter the effects of aging, and successful pregnancy rates in women undergoing treatment for infertility.

Story tips from the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory July 2010
People recovering from injuries could from a gait analysis technology being developed by a team at ORNL.

For female baboons, too, it's good to have friends
Female baboons that maintain closer ties with other members of their troop live substantially longer than do those whose social bonds are less stable, a recent study has found.

Reprogrammed human blood cells show promise for disease research
Cells from frozen human blood samples can be reprogrammed to an embryonic stem-cell-like state, according to Whitehead Institute researchers.

Study explains science of soccer
With the attention of sports fans worldwide focused on South Africa and the 2010 FIFA World Cup, US scientist John Eric Goff has made the aerodynamics of the soccer ball a focus of his research.

Why are blacks more likely to die from cancer diagnosis?
While disparities exist for nearly every common cancer type, the largest differences occur among cancers that benefit most from treatment -- suggesting that black patients are not getting needed lifesaving treatments, according to a review from researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Treating tongue tie could help more babies breastfeed
When the connective tissue under a newborn's tongue is too tight, it prevents the baby from being able to breastfeed properly.

Pups sign up for bid to boost pet health
Thousands of Labrador Retriever owners are being asked to help find out how a dog's lifestyle affects its health.

Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation awards $3.1M to 8 top young clinical investigators
The Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation named five new Damon Runyon Clinical Investigators at its April 2010 Clinical Investigator Award Committee review.

Mountain mice show adaptation to altitude
Mice at altitude have adapted to use oxygen more efficiently during exercise than their low-altitude counterparts by showing a fuel preference for carbohydrates over fats, Canadian and Peruvian scientists reveal.

Can money buy happiness? Gallup poll asks, and the world answers
A worldwide survey of more than 136,000 people in 132 countries included questions about happiness and income, and the results reveal that while life satisfaction usually rises with income, positive feelings don't necessarily follow, researchers report.

Work-life balance: Brain stem cells need their rest, too
Stem cells in the brain remain dormant until called upon to divide and make more neurons.

Damon Runyon and Doris Duke Foundations announce partnership to support physician-scientists
The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation and the Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation are pleased to announce their partnership in supporting an early career physician-scientist.

Bringing the woods to kids: the Richmond Edible Forest Project
The Richmond Edible Forest Project is a joint venture between the USDA Forest Service's Pacific Southwest Research Station, and the Urban Tilth of West Contra Costa County, a nonprofit agency.

Stanford stem cell scientist leads effort to prevent fraudulent treatment
Leading stem cell researchers from institutions around the world are issuing warnings about unproven stem cell therapies being marketed on the Internet and have launched a website to educate and protect patients seeking such treatments.

Stem-cell therapy may provide new approach to fight infection
A new study shows that treatment with mesenchymal stem cells can triple survival rates in mice with sepsis, a deadly condition that can occur when an infection spreads throughout the body.

Arizona Myeloma Network presents 'Special Award' to TGen president
The Arizona Myeloma Network has presented a

Knowledge workers divulge trade secrets at Global Intelligence Forum
Leading intelligence practitioners across multiple disciplines from national security to business to medicine meet in Dungarvan, IE, to share best analytic practices.

New book offers at-a-glance overview of business world
A new book co-written by a University of Illinois professor provides a wide-ranging overview of the business world, offering quick-read lessons to guide people looking for a crash course as well as those who just need to brush up.

Lymphoma patients with cardiovascular disease have increased risk of cardiac hospitalization
Older patients with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and a history of heart disease face a high risk of hospitalization for cardiac complications after completing treatment, according to research published online today in Blood, the journal of the American Society of Hematology.

Boston University researchers identify genetic signatures of human exceptional longevity
In a study released July 1 online by the journal Science, a team of researchers from Boston University Schools of Public Health and Medicine and the Boston Medical Center have identified a group of genetic variants that can predict exceptional longevity in humans with 77 percent accuracy -- a breakthrough in understanding the role of genes in determining human lifespan.

Authoritative parenting style influences family eating behavior and better nutrition in adolescents
Investigators from the University of Minnesota have found a direct association between parenting style and the frequency of meals eaten together as a family and that an authoritative parenting style was associated with more frequent family meals.

Low vitamin D linked to the metabolic syndrome in elderly people
A new study adds to the mounting evidence that older adults commonly have low vitamin D levels and that vitamin D inadequacy may be a risk factor for the metabolic syndrome, a condition that affects one in four adults.

Scrubbing CO2 from atmosphere could be a long-term commitment
With carbon dioxide in the atmosphere approaching alarming levels, even halting emissions altogether may not be enough to avert catastrophic climate change.

AAO-HNS releases consensus statement: diagnosis and management of nasal valve compromise
Today, the American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery announced the release of a consensus statement to address ambiguities and disparities in the diagnosis and management of nasal valve compromise.

Discovery of a hepatitis C-related virus in bats may reduce outbreaks in humans
Viral hepatitis affects more than 500 million people worldwide and while vaccines are available for hepatitis A and B, this is not the case for hepatitis C, which affects as much as 2 percent of the population in the US.

Study suggests more fish than thought may thrive in the ocean's depths
A baited video lander recorded the presence of more than 10 individual liparid fishes in just 5 hours at a depth of 7,703 meters, in the so-called hadal zone.

New research model of human prostate cancer shows cancer development
Progress toward understanding the role of sex hormones in the growth of prostate cancer -- the most common cancer in US men -- has been hindered by the lack of a suitable laboratory research model.

18 months on from the Lancet series on health in the occupied Palestinian territory
In a fourth and final comment, Lancet Editor Dr. Richard Horton says:

How fast can microbes break down oil washed onto Gulf beaches?
A new Florida State University study is investigating how quickly the Deepwater Horizon oil carried into Gulf of Mexico beach sands is being degraded by the sands' natural microbial communities, and whether native oil-eating bacteria that wash ashore with the crude are helping or hindering that process.

Caltech biologists discover how T cells make a commitment
When does a cell decide its particular identity? According to biologists at the California Institute of Technology, in the case of T cells -- immune system cells that help destroy invading pathogens -- the answer is when the cells begin expressing a particular gene called Bcl11b.

Study shows devastating impact of 2009 Israel attack on Gaza Strip
The devastating impact of the 2009 Israeli attack on the Gaza Strip is detailed by one of the abstracts published online by the Lancet this week, written by Dr.

Parkinson's Disease Foundation announces research awards totaling $1.2 million
The Parkinson's Disease Foundation is pleased to announce awards totaling $1.2 million for research projects designed to understand the cause(s) of and find a cure for Parkinson's disease.

Study shows short-term kidney failure in heart patients may not be as detrimental
New research led by UC Health cardiologists shows that while short-term worsening kidney function is frequent among patients with heart failure, these patients also have better outcomes than those who have persistent kidney failure.

NASA TRMM satellite data show areas of Alex's heavy rainfall
Areas of northeastern Mexico were slammed with heavy rainfall, and NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission Satellite estimated more than 10 inches of rainfall fell in various locations and that data was used to create a rainfall map.

Mass production of polymer solar cells is within reach
Ten years of intensive research and development at Risoe DTU is now materialized in a fully operational production line for polymer solar cells at the Danish company Mekoprint A/S.

CryoSat-2 exceeding expectations
Today, participants at the Living Planet Symposium have been hearing about ESA's most recently launched mission, CryoSat-2.

Study finds new key to corneal transplant success
Although already one of medicine's most successful transplant procedures, doctors continue to seek ways to improve corneal transplants.

Ultrafine particles in air pollution may heighten allergic inflammation in asthma
A new academic study found that even brief exposure to ultrafine pollution particles near a freeway is potent enough to boost the allergic inflammation that exacerbates asthma.

Spanish public-sector workers complain most about their work environment
Spanish employees from public institutions and companies report higher levels of psychological violence in their place of work than their Finnish counterparts.

Needles improve exercise tolerance in heart patients
Acupuncture can improve exercise tolerance in patients suffering from chronic heart failure.

Scientists uncover novel role for DNA repair protein linked to cancer
Tufts Assistant Professor of Biology Mitch McVey and his research team report that DNA polymerase theta, or PolQ, promotes an inaccurate repair process, which can ultimately cause mutations, cell death or cancer.

Higher testosterone may raise risk of heart disease in elderly men
A large US multicenter study shows that older men with higher testosterone levels are more likely to have a heart attack or other cardiovascular disease in the future.

Genetic regulator opens new avenues to AIDS, immune system research
Researchers have discovered a genetic regulator that plays a key role in the formation of T cells, a type of white blood cell.

High fructose diet may contribute to high blood pressure
People who eat a diet high in fructose, in the form of added sugar, are at increased risk of developing high blood pressure, or hypertension, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology.

Scientists find moon whiskers
Up to now scientists thought that the trace carbon on the surface of the moon came from the solar wind.

Nest incest targets males
Fewer males than females are surviving the negative effects of inbreeding in a reintroduced population of a rare New Zealand bird, reports new research published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B.

Software will cut millions from nuclear clean-up bill
Virtual reality software that plans the safe decommissioning of nuclear power plants and other nuclear facilities could save industry millions of pounds, according to its inventors.

3,200-year-old bronze tablet identified as battle chariot linchpin
A 3,200-year-old round bronze tablet with a carved face of a woman, found at the El-ahwat excavation site near Katzir in central Israel, is part of a linchpin that held the wheel of a battle chariot in place.

Experimental nonsteroidal treatment of asthma shows promise
A new nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory therapy made from a human protein significantly decreases disease signs of asthma in mice, opening the possibility of a new asthma therapy for patients who do not respond to current steroid treatments.

Outstanding high school students receive AGA Foundation 2010 Student Research Fellowship Awards
The American Gastroenterological Association Foundation has announced the 2010 AGA Foundation Student Research Fellowship Award recipients.

Ethical issues ignored in teaching, research of sustainability
Just about everyone agrees that sustainability is a good thing.

Histone H1 regulates gene activity throughout the cell cycle
A protein that helps pack DNA into the cell nucleus has an important role in regulating gene activity, scientists report.

Thermal-powered, insect-like robot crawls into microrobot contenders' ring
Engineers have built an insect-like robot with hundreds of tiny legs.

UVA radiation damages DNA in human melanocyte skin cells and can lead to melanoma
A new study by researchers at NYU School of Medicine found that UVA radiation damages the DNA in human melanocyte cells, causing mutations that can lead to melanoma.

Muscular problems in children with neonatal diabetes are neurological, study finds
The muscle weakness and coordination problems sometimes seen in patients with neonatal diabetes -- a rare, inherited form of diabetes -- are caused by problems in the brain rather than the muscles, according to research published today.

SNM's Technologist Section announces award winners
SNM's Technologist Section -- an international scientific and medical organization -- recognized the contributions and work to the field of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging during its 57th Annual Meeting in Salt Lake City.

'Trophic cascades' of disruption may include loss of woolly mammoth, saber-toothed cat
A new analysis of the extinction of woolly mammoths and other large mammals more than 10,000 years ago suggests that they may have fallen victim to the same type of

Extinction of woolly mammoths may have been due to addition of a predator: Humans
The extinction of woolly mammoths and other large mammals more than 10,000 years ago may be explained by the same type of cascade of ecosystem disruption that is being caused today by the global decline of predators such as wolves, cougars and sharks, life scientists report in the journal BioScience.

New scanning technology developed in £7M research center
A University of York research team, led by Professors Simon Duckett and Gary Green, of the Departments of Chemistry and Psychology respectively, has secured a £4.36 ($6.6) million grant from the Wellcome Trust and Wolfson Foundation, as well as financial support from industrial partners and the University, to build the York Centre for Hyperpolarisation in Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

Patients with treatment-resistant CLL respond positively to stem cell transplants
Allogeneic (donor-derived) stem cell transplant may be a promising option for patients with treatment-resistant chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), regardless of the patient's underlying genetic abnormalities, according to the results of a study published online today in Blood, the journal of the American Society of Hematology.

Warmer is better: Invasive cane toads set to thrive under global warming
As global warming threatens many animal species with extinction, the cane toad is set to flourish with increasing temperature.

IRSF lauds record turn-out for annual Rett Syndrome Symposium
IRSF's 11th Annual Rett syndrome Symposium held June 27-29 in Leesburg, Va., brought together leading scientists and researchers in the fields of neurobiology from around the globe who are attempting to demystify Rett syndrome.

1 in 4 Palestinian children goes without breakfast
The eating habits of children and adolescents are studied in one of the abstracts published online by the Lancet, with the disturbing findings that one in four children miss breakfast, one in 10 is anemic, and one in 17 is stunted.

Killer whales and the mystery of human menopause
The evolutionary mystery of menopause is a step closer to being solved thanks to research on killer whales.

High potassium? Check your antibiotic
Older adults taking the antibiotic combination trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) -- widely prescribed for urinary tract infections -- are at increased risk of elevated potassium levels, called hyperkalemia, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Solid oxide fuel cells getting closer to the market
The Danish company Topsoe Fuel Cell A/S and Risoe DTU have received a grant of 54.5 million DKK from the Danish Energy Agency's Programme for Energy Technology Development and Demonstration.

A worm bites off enough to chew
Max Planck researchers have uncovered an ingenious evolutionary trick: a signaling chain is allocated several functions, enabling optimal adaptation to environmental conditions.

Nutrition's potential to save sight
Agricultural Research Service-funded scientists are finding that healthy eating can reduce not only health care costs, but also the decline of quality of life due to these diseases.

CWRU study finds visually impaired people get insulin pen dosages right
Labels on the popular insulin pen used by people with diabetes warn against visually impaired people using pens to measure out and administer their insulin dosage.

Joseph Stalin's rise to power: Facts more intriguing than fiction
More than 57 years after the death of Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, scholars continue to uncover long-hidden truths about his rise to absolute power and the reign of

Cellular and molecular events that restrict HIV transmission identified
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine have identified two molecules that when activated by drugs can inhibit a number of specific aspects of HIV transmission.

Cold Spring Harbor Protocols features Drosophila neurobiology methods
Since the early days of the 20th century and Thomas Hunt Morgan's famous

JCI online early table of contents: July 1, 2010
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, July 1, 2010, in the JCI: Identifying preterm infants at risk of life-threatening conditions; Childhood obesity: possible new insight from mice; A tale of tribbles 3: understanding its role in type 2 diabetes; A Silencing genes that protect from cancer: a role for the protein hNaa10p; TGF-beta a DAB(2) hand at tumor promotion; and others.

Stroke complications may subtract additional 2 years of healthy life
Stroke complications may deprive patients of about two years of healthy life, in addition to three years of healthy life lost due to the stroke, according to a South Korean study.

Tibetan adaptation to high altitude occurred in less than 3,000 years
UC Berkeley's Rasmus Nielsen teamed up with Chinese researchers to compare the genomes of 50 Tibetans living above 14,000 feet to 40 Han Chinese living at essentially sea level.

Planned home births associated with tripling of neonatal mortality rate vs. planned hospital births
In a study published online today by the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, researchers from Maine Medical Center, Portland, Maine, analyzed the results of multiple studies from around the world.

Chromosomal abnormality found for inherited clubfoot
Although clubfoot is one of the most common congenital birth defects, few genetic causes have been found.

American Chemical Society webinar focuses on midyear update on chemicals and the economy
News media and others interested in the chemical sciences are invited to join the next in a series of American Chemical Society webinars, offering a midyear update on chemicals and the economy.

Families with rare forms of diabetes gather to celebrate progress
Twenty-five families who have overcome diabetes caused by a single-gene defect will gather at

Study finds that simple 2-question survey can better identify hungry children
Asking parents just two simple screening questions could help health care providers and social workers to easily identify families whose young children are suffering from hunger, enabling early interventions that could prevent serious health consequences, according to a new study led by University of Maryland School of Medicine researchers.

CSHL team shows how loss of key protein promotes aggressive form of leukemia
New research by scientists at CSHL illuminates in fine detail one of the genetic paths that leads to a particularly aggressive form of leukemia.

GOES-13 satellite catches Alex as a tropical storm now, after a landfall in northeastern Mexico
Alex made landfall at 10 p.m. EDT in northeastern Mexico, about 110 miles south of Brownsville, Texas.

Optical imaging could create pathway for radiotracers, JNM study finds
A study published in the July issue of the Journal of Nuclear Medicine reports on investigative research of a novel optical imaging technique called Cerenkov luminescence imaging.

Those injured in 2009 Israeli conflict have poorer quality of life; men 4 times more likely to be injured than women
An assessment of nonfatal injuries appears in one of the oPt abstracts published online by the Lancet, written by Dr.

Childhood malnutrition could weaken brain function in elderly
Malnutrition early in life appears to diminish brain function in older adulthood, according to a study led by a Michigan State University researcher that has implications for many poor, developing nations.

Gene regulating human brain development identified
With more than 100 billion neurons and billions of other specialized cells, the human brain is a marvel of nature.

Top down approach helps academic medical center reduce unnecessary emergency department X-rays
An imaging algorithm produced by a radiology department and distributed through the medical director's office, in a top-down fashion, enabled a large, academic medical center to significantly reduce the number of unnecessary cervical spine radiographs (X-rays) in the emergency department, according to a study published in the July issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

The battle to be researchers in the oPt
A third comment documents the struggle of simply holding a research conference in the oPt, told be Professor Rita Giacaman and Dr.

Brain atrophy responsible for depression in people battling multiple sclerosis
Adding to all that ails people managing their multiple sclerosis (MS) is depression, which has a lifetime risk for MS sufferers as high as 50 percent.

RXTE homes in on a black hole's jets
Astronomers using NASA's Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer satellite, together with optical, infrared and radio data, find that, at times, most of the X-rays come from Black Hole jets.

The terror of childbirth under siege
One abstract published online by the Lancet gives the harrowing accounts of women who had to give birth during the Israeli assault on the Gaza strip in December 2008 and January 2009.

Public health students in oPt appeal for end to conflict and advances in research
In a comment, 35 public health masters students from Birzeit Univeristy in the oPt appeal for the end of the conflict, saying that occupation prevents development of a health system suitable for the population.

Cancer stem cells are not 1 size fits all, lung cancer models show
Cancer stem cells have enticed scientists because of the potential to provide more durable and widespread cancer cures by identifying and targeting the tumor's most voracious cells.

A Palestinian perspective on aid
A second comment address the politics behind aid given to the oPt, and is written by Angelo Stefanini of the University of Bologna, Italy, and Enrico Pavignani, independent public health consultant, Bologna, Italy.

DNA mutation rates raise curtain on cause of cancer
What if we could understand why cancer develops? One idea that has emerged is that for a cell to transform into a cancer cell it must suffer a large number of mutations affecting different genes needed to control cell growth.

Can governments prevent terrorism while also respecting human rights?
A new research symposium investigates the interrelationships between terrorism and governmental respect for human rights, regarding both how political authorities respond to terrorist violence and how human rights abuses can predict subsequent terrorist attacks.

First meeting of Presidential Bioethics Commission: Greg Kaebnick to speak on synthetic biology
Synthetic biology is the topic of the first meeting of the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, which will be held on July 8-9 in Washington, D.C.

Identifying preterm infants at risk of life-threatening conditions
Infants born prematurely are highly susceptible to life-threatening conditions that are clinically difficult to detect.

New Study Predicts Yield for Biofuel Jatropha
An article in the current issue of Global Change Biology Bioenergy predicts the yield of the biofuel crop, Jatropha curcas L., for present and future climates.

Recognition at first glance
Max Planck researchers investigate facial recognition.
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