Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 09, 2010
New UC Davis study finds early Alzheimer's identification method
Abnormal brain images combined with examination of the composition of the fluid that surrounds the spine may offer the earliest signs identifying healthy older adults at risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, well before cognitive problems emerge, a study by researchers at UC Davis has found.

New virus may pose risk to wild salmon
Epidemics of infectious disease are threatening the farmed fish industry, including one of its most popular products: farmed Atlantic salmon.

Extremely obese children have 40 percent higher risk of reflux disease of esophagus
A study of 690,000 children found extremely obese children have a 40 percent higher risk of gastroesophageal reflux disease and moderately obese children have a 30 percent higher risk of GERD compared to normal weight children.

Nano Letters publishes Dr. Yong Shi's energy harvesting technology
Dr. Shi's research focuses on miniature energy harvesting technologies that could potentially power wireless electronics, portable devices, stretchable electronics and implantable biosensors.

Pfizer Hemophilia presents new data at the World Federation of Hemophilia 2010 Congress
Pfizer today announced that the results of a number of hemophilia studies will be presented at the World Federation of Hemophilia 2010 Congress taking place July 10-14, 2010, in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Online coverage of XVIII International AIDS Conference to include daily webcasts, live coverage, podcasts and news recaps
The International AIDS Society and the Kaiser Family Foundation will provide worldwide online access to the XVIII International AIDS Conference taking place in Vienna, Austria, July 18-23, 2010.

MERMAID opens prospect of cleaner seas with pollution early warning system
Alarm at the massive oil plume in the Gulf of Mexico emphasizes the problem of marine pollution and how difficult it is to evaluate.

Genome signatures enable tracking of algal complexity
In the July 9 issue of Science, researchers led by the DOE Joint Genome Institute and the Salk Institute present the 138 million nucleotide genome of the multicellular alga Volvox carteri.

Flemish researchers provide the first experimental evidence of dynamic allostery in protein regulation
The brand-new Jean Jeener Bio-NMR Center at the VIB Department of Molecular and Cellular Interactions, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, has already played a role in a scientific breakthrough that made it into the leading science journal Cell.

NASA satellites see high, cold thunderstorm cloud tops in Tropical Depression 2
NASA's Aqua and TRMM satellites confirmed that Tropical Depression Two had some strong, high thunderstorms a day after its center made landfall.

A new spin on drug delivery
Chang Lu and his chemical engineering research group at Virginia Tech have discovered how to

Universal HIV testing and immediate treatment could reduce but not eliminate HIV/AIDS epidemic
Implementing a program of universal HIV testing and immediate antiretroviral treatment for infected individuals could have a major impact on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Washington, D.C., but a new study finds that it would not halt the epidemic, something that a previous report had projected.

Barrow vision researchers provide content for entire special issue of Scientific American Mind
Scientific American Mind has dedicated its entire issue to vision researchers Susana Martinez-Conde, PhD, and Stephen Macknik, PhD. at Barrow Neurological Institute in Phoenix, Arizona.

Genetic ancestry data improve diagnosis in asthma and lung disease
Researchers at National Jewish Health and several other institutions found that patients' precise genetic background told far more about their potential lung function -- and therefore any damage that has occurred -- than the self-identified racial profile commonly used in such tests.

Preliminary highlights of the AAPM 52nd Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, Pa., July 18-22, 2010
At the 52nd meeting of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, which convenes from July 18-22, 2010 in Philadelphia, Pa., thousands of scientists and board-certified health professionals will gather to share the latest developments in medical imaging and radiation therapy, examine new clinical and laboratory data, and discuss many of the ethical and regulatory issues that face the field today.

Talking touchscreens aid patients
Multimedia talking touchscreens, housed in computer kiosks at clinics and hospitals, are helping researchers at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and clinicians at local health care centers enhance patient-centered care for patients with diverse language, literacy and computer skills.

Study: Medicare policy may account for growing length of hospice stays in nursing homes
Hospice care, certified and reimbursed by Medicare, offers specialized end-of-life care in the nursing-home setting.

Biofuels sustainability: JRC designs methodology to calculate carbon stock changes
The European Commission's Joint Research Centre has substantially contributed to the new EU system established to ensure that European biofuels and bioliquids come from sustainable sources and meet the highest environmental standards.

Executives who take the fewest risks have the most negative emotions
Researchers from the University of Burgos have studied the influence of emotional traits of the character in directors of Spanish banks and savings banks when making strategic decisions.

DNA through graphene nanopores
A team of researchers from Delft University of Technology announces a new type of nanopore devices that may significantly impact the way we screen DNA molecules, for example to read off their sequence.

An HPV vaccine cheap enough for the developing world? Could be
Vaccine manufacturers in India and other developing countries may be able to produce a lower-cost HPV vaccine in spite of the complicated array of patent protections on the technology, say researchers at the Duke Institute for Genome Sciences & Policy.

Scientists use computer algorithms to develop seasonal flu vaccines
A University of Miami computer scientist, Dimitris Papamichail, and a team of researchers from Stony Brook University have developed a rapid and effective approach to produce vaccines for new strains of influenza viruses.

AGU journal highlights -- July 9, 2010
The following highlights summarize research papers that have been recently published or are

Farmers to get rice-growing advice via text messages
Farmers in the

Drug study shows improvement in major orthopedic surgery care
An ultra-low-molecular-weight heparin called semuloparin has been found to reduce the incidence of venous thromboembolism in orthopedic surgery patients

Researchers apply computing power to crack egg shell problem
Researchers at the University of Warwick and the University of Sheffield have applied computing power to crack a problem in egg shell formation.

Better barriers can help levees withstand wave erosion
A new barrier design could protect reservoir levees from the erosive forces of wind-driven waves, according to studies by Agricultural Research Service scientists and partners.
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