Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 12, 2010
Low vitamin D levels associated with cognitive decline
Older adults with low levels of vitamin D appear more likely to experience declines in thinking, learning and memory over a six-year period, according to a report in the July 12 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

George to receive GSA's 2010 Distinguished Career Contribution to Gerontology Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Linda George, Ph.D., of Duke University as the 2010 recipient of the Distinguished Career Contribution to Gerontology Award.

Hopkins faculty lead development of report to FDA on ethical, scientific issues related to 'post-market' clinical trials
Amid growing concerns about clinical trials for drugs that have been approved by the FDA but are later linked to serious health risks, an independent committee at the Institute of Medicine led by two professors from Johns Hopkins University has developed a conceptual framework to guide the agency through the tough decision of ordering such controversial

3 former Latin American presidents sign Vienna Declaration, join global call to action for science-based drug policy reform
Former Presidents Fernando Henrique Cardoso (Brazil), Ernesto Zedillo (México) and César Gaviria (Colombia) today announced their endorsement of the Vienna Declaration, the official declaration of the XVIII International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2010).

The biology of fungi -- 1.5 million species -- 1 congress
The British Mycological Society, in association with Elsevier, the world-leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information, today announced the final programme for the 9th Mycological Congress IMC9: The Biology of Fungi.

New vitamin D guidelines from Osteoporosis Canada
Comprehensive updated guidelines for vitamin D supplementation from Osteoporosis Canada provide physicians with the latest information, including new safe dose levels, in the latest online issue of CMAJ.

Pain, dry mouth may play role in sleep quality of head and neck cancer patients
Head and neck cancer patients who reported poor sleep quality one year after diagnosis had more symptoms of chronic pain and complaints of dry mouth related to radiation treatments, according to a recent study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Experimental obesity drug avoids brain effects that troubled predecessors
A second-generation experimental anti-obesity and diabetes drug has shown promise in reducing body weight in rodents just as effectively as the predecessor rimonabant while avoiding the risk of psychiatric side effects that led to the withdrawal of rimonabant from the market and stopped further development of other brain-penetrating drugs of its type.

The hormone IGF-1: A trigger of puberty
Puberty is triggered by pulsatile release of GnRH from specific nerve cells in the the brain.

Anti-cancer effects of broccoli ingredient explained
Light has been cast on the interaction between broccoli consumption and reduced prostate cancer risk.

DOE awards NJIT $468,495 grant to create courses to train energy auditors
The US Department of Energy has awarded NJIT $468,495 to create a comprehensive series of four courses to train and teach mechanical engineers in the New York Metropolitan Region how to improve the energy efficiency of existing buildings.

Thesis analyzes factors responsible for the case of Basque natural cider turning bitter
Malolactic fermentation is a key part in the process of cider making, as it reduces acidity.

Online learning supplements watershed program
Researchers conducted an exploratory study on online modules in an extension training program, designed to supplement hands-on classes in watershed stewardship, to help users increase participant's understanding of key concepts.

Pediatric clinical studies appear prone to bias, Hopkins review shows
A Johns Hopkins review of nearly 150 randomized controlled trials on children -- all published in well-regarded medical journals -- reveals that 40 to 60 percent of the studies either failed to take steps to minimize risk for bias or to at least properly describe those measures.

Study: Diversity of grieving among Alzheimer's caregivers
New research from the University of Michigan reveals racial and ethnic differences in the emotional attitudes of caregivers of Alzheimer's disease patients.

New guideline: MRI better than CT scans at diagnosing stroke
Doctors should use a diffusion MRI scan to diagnose stroke instead of a CT scan, according to a new guideline from the American Academy of Neurology.

For speediest athletes, it's all in the center of gravity
In the record books, the swiftest sprinters tend to be of West African ancestry and the faster swimmers tend to be white.

The proton -- smaller than thought
An international team measures the charge radius of the hydrogen nucleus and stumbles across some mysteries of physics.

Staggering tree loss from 2005 Amazon storm
A single, huge, violent storm that swept across the whole Amazon forest in 2005 killed half a billion trees, a new study shows.

Civil society and local partners for XIX International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2012) announced
The International AIDS Society, conveners of the International AIDS Conference, along with permanent partners, the Global Network of People Living with HIV, the International Council of AIDS Service Organizations, the International Community of Women with HIV/AIDS and the United Nations Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS, are pleased to announce the new civil society and local partners for the XIX International AIDS Conference which will be held in Washington, D.C., in July 2012.

Study makes exciting progress in elucidating the mechanisms of bortezomib in lymphoma
A new study by researchers from the John Theurer Cancer Center at Hackensack University Medical Center sheds light on how bortezomib, the first in a new class of cancer drugs known as proteasome inhibitors, works in mantle cell lymphoma.

Solving art's mysteries
Henri Matisse was a painter of vivid colors. From 1913 to 1917, however, he radically changed his style and palette.

High-performance engineering used to design facial bone replacements
Scientists are using the engineering technology behind the creation of high-performance aircraft components to design 3-D models for the replacement of delicate and complex facial bones lost to cancer surgery or trauma.

Tropical Storm Conson forms in northwestern Pacific
Tropical Storm Conson formed in the northwestern Pacific Ocean over the weekend, and is now poised to bring rainfall and gusty winds to the northern Philippines.

Stem cell transplantation of therapy-resistant chronic leukemia successful
The transplantation of stem cells from a healthy donor (allogeneic) offers the chance of cure for patients with an aggressive form of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), irrespective of genetic prognostic factors and the prior course of the disease.

Key milestone towards the development of a new clinically useful antibiotic
Scientists have identified the genes necessary for making a highly potent and clinically unexploited antibiotic in the fight against multiresistant pathogens.

New evidence shows low vitamin D levels lead to Parkinson's disease
A new study on vitamin D levels and Parkinson's disease risk points to the need for further research on whether vitamin D supplements can protect against the movement disorder.

Green goes mainstream: Biodiversity is climbing the corporate agenda
One in four global CEOs sees biodiversity loss as a strategic issue for business growth: Latin American and African CEOs are most concerned about impacts of biodiversity loss on business growth prospects -- European CEOs are least concerned.

Origin of key cosmic explosions still a mystery
When a star explodes as a supernova, it shines so brightly that it can be seen from millions of light-years away.

Avatars as lifelike representations and effective marketing tools
It is predicted that 80 percent of active Internet consumers and Fortune 500 companies will have an avatar or presence in a virtual community, including social networks, by the end of 2011.

WPI computer science professor receives HP Labs Innovation Research Award
Elke Rundensteiner, professor of computer science at Worcester Polytechnic Institute, has received a second year of funding from the prestigious HP Labs Innovation Research Program, which provides colleges, universities and research institutes around the world with opportunities to conduct breakthrough collaborative research with HP.

Larger head size may protect against Alzheimer's symptoms
New research shows that people with Alzheimer's disease who have large heads have better memory and thinking skills than those with the disease who have smaller heads, even when they have the same amount of brain cell death due to the disease.

Women with gestational diabetes have increased risk of recurrence in subsequent pregnancies
There is an increased risk of recurring gestational diabetes in pregnant women who developed gestational diabetes during their first and second pregnancies, according to a Kaiser Permanente study appearing online in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Mui to receive GSA's 2010 Minority Mentorship Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Ada C.

Case Western Reserve University named International Center of Excellence for Malaria Research
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health has named Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine as the lead institution of an International Center of Excellence for Malaria Research.

Why Parkinson's disease patients aren't walking tall
Drugs that target the mediator of nerve cell communication dopamine alleviate many of the symptoms of Parkinson's disease but not the gait disorders and falls that affect those with severe disease.

LSUHSC study finds early predictors of metabolic syndrome in healthy 7-9-year-olds
Melinda Sothern, Ph.D., director of health promotion at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans, will present evidence supporting relationships seen in adolescents between insulin sensitivity and fatty liver, belly fat and total body fat and identifies additional potential early markers of insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome in healthy 7-9-year-olds, including fat in muscle cells, blood pressure, physical activity and birth weight at the International Congress on Obesity in Stockholm.

Computerized monitoring systems enable hospitals to more aggressively combat infections
Hospitals that adopt advanced computer technology to identify health care-associated infections are more likely to have implemented best practices to prevent such infections, according to research presented today at the 37th Annual Conference and International Meeting of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

Dogs may help collar Chagas disease
Chagas disease affects 10 to 12 million people in Latin America, killing more than 15,000 a year.

Engineering could give reconstructive surgery a facelift
Facial reconstruction patients may soon have the option of custom-made bone replacements optimized for both form and function, thanks to researchers at the University of Illinois and the Ohio State University Medical Center.

Vitamin D deficiency increases the risk of cognitive decline in the elderly
A research team from the Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, has established the first clear link between vitamin D deficiency and the development of cognitive problems that are a key feature of dementia.

JCI online early table of contents: July 12, 2010
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, July 12, 2010, in the JCI: Why Parkinson's disease patients aren't walking tall; 'TIMely' intervention for asthma; The hormone IGF-1: a trigger of puberty; Drugs for high blood pressure of benefit in multiple sclerosis?; Targeting malaria-causing parasites in the blood; Protein mislocalization gets nerve cells all excited; and others.

Expecting the unexpected does not improve one's chances of seeing it
A new study finds that those who know that an unexpected event is likely to occur are no better at noticing other unexpected events -- and may be even worse -- than those who aren't expecting the unexpected.

Adolescent vision screenings may miss farsightedness and astigmatism
Among adolescents, visual acuity tests appear to reliably detect vision problems caused by nearsightedness but not farsightedness or astigmatism, according to a report in the July issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Why (smart) practice makes perfect
A study in Nature Neuroscience demonstrates neural basis for observation that practicing several skills in single session works better than narrow drills on one skill.

New research can spot cloud computing problems before they start
Large-scale computer hosting infrastructures offer a variety of services to computer users, including cloud.

The brain of the fly -- a high-speed computer
The minute brains of flies process visual movements in only fractions of a second.

Preventable bloodstream infections still a problem in hospitals, infection prevention group finds
Hospitals still struggle to prevent avoidable healthcare-associated infections, according to a survey of infection preventionists released today by the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

Unique program boosts safe-sex habits among high-risk African-American couples
A new study has found that heterosexual African American couples in which only one partner is HIV-positive practiced safer sexual behaviors after participating in a culturally specific intervention program designed to reduce the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.

Committee chair named for analysis of Gulf oil spill
The National Academy of Engineering and the National Research Council have named Donald C.

Plant 'breathing' mechanism discovered
A tiny, little-understood plant pore has enormous implications for weather forecasting, climate change, agriculture, hydrology, and more.

NIH genetic collaboration brings new meaning to the Silk Road
Researchers with the National Institutes of Health have found susceptibility to Behcet's disease, a painful, inflammatory condition, to be associated with genes involved in the body's immune response.

Yield projections for switchgrass as a biofuel crop
A team of researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Dartmouth College studied reports from scientific journals and evaluated yield of switchgrass as a function of site location, plot size, stand age, harvest frequency, fertilizer application, climate and land quality.

Couple-focused intervention appears effective in reducing HIV risk behaviors among African-Americans
A risk reduction program focused on African-American heterosexual couples appears to diminish risky sexual behaviors among couples in which one partner is HIV-positive and the other is not, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the Sept.

Doctors can influence when parents wean children from bottle, study finds
Family doctors and pediatricians can influence when parents wean their children from the bottle, thereby helping to reduce tooth decay, obesity and iron deficiency, according to a new study by researchers at St.

Researchers witness overnight breakup, retreat of Greenland glacier
NASA-funded researchers monitoring Greenland's Jakobshavn Isbrae glacier report that a 7 square kilometer (2.7 square mile) section of the glacier broke up on July 6 and 7, as shown in the image above.

Shao wins grant from Research to Prevent Blindness organization for dry eye research
Hui Shao, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor of ophthalmology and visual sciences at the University of Louisville School of Medicine, has received a $60,000 Lew R.

Canada needs a policy for rare disease treatment
Canada needs a national approach to funding drugs for rare diseases and can learn from other countries, states an analysis article in CMAJ.

Medicine quality in Philippines and region strengthened with Philippine FDA's accreditation
In an effort that will contribute to raising the quality of medicines in the Philippines and surrounding regions, the Laboratory Services Division of the Philippine Food and Drug Administration has attained the internationally recognized accreditation for testing and calibration laboratories, International Organization for Standardization/International Electrotechnical Commission (ISO/IEC) 17025:2005.

A person's language may influence how he thinks about other people
The language a person speaks may influence their thoughts, according to a new study on Israeli Arabs who speak both Arabic and Hebrew fluently.

Vitamin D levels associated with Parkinson's disease risk
Individuals with higher levels of vitamin D appear to have a reduced risk of developing Parkinson's disease, according to a report in the July issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Mezey wins GSA's 2010 Donald P. Kent Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Mathy Mezey, Ed.D., R.N., F.A.A.N., of New York University as the 2010 recipient of the Donald P.

UCI to get $4.7 million to fight malaria in Southeast Asia
UC Irvine public health professor Guiyun Yan will lead groundbreaking malaria field research in impoverished reaches of China, Myanmar and Thailand, thanks to new federal funding.

Enhancer of prostate cancer risk located in gene desert
A genetic variant implicated in several cancers by genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has been found to drive increased expression of a known oncogene in the prostate.

Obstructive sleep apnea linked with later risk of heart disease
Severe obstructive sleep apnea may raise the risk of heart failure in middle-aged and older men.

A*STAR scientists score 'hat-trick' against cancer
Scientists from Singapore's Agency of Science, Technology and Research have made three successive breakthroughs in key areas of cancer research.

Chen wins GSA's 2010 Robert W. Kleemeier Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Yung-Ping Chen, Ph.D., of the University of Massachusetts Boston as the 2010 recipient of the Robert W.

New discovery in nerve regrowth
Faculty of Medicine scientists have discovered a way to enhance nerve regeneration in the peripheral nervous system.

Artificial intelligence for improving team sports
Researchers at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid are participating in a study to develop a system for evaluating sport performance through application of Artificial Intelligence techniques to automatically analyze the development of plays.

Health care research: $1.6 million in new funding for University of Montreal
University of Montreal scientists have received $1.6 in new funding to advance health care research over the next three years, as part of a Government of Canada announcement to support 31 research projects at 12 universities across the nation.

Oldest written document ever found in Jerusalem discovered by Hebrew University
A tiny clay fragment -- dating from the 14th century B.C.E.

How prostate cancer packs a punch
A team of investigators has identified a series of proteins that might make it easier for doctors to better diagnose the more metastatic forms of prostate cancer.

Open golfers should putt with a 'Quiet Eye'
Studies by researchers at the University of Exeter in the UK have shown how using a technique called the

Eating foods rich in vitamin E associated with lower dementia risk
Consuming more vitamin E through the diet appears to be associated with a lower risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease, according to a report in the July issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Study implicates new epigenetic player in mental retardation and facial birth defects
A subtle mutation affecting the epigenome -- a set of dynamic factors that influence gene activity -- may lead to an inherited form of mental retardation that affects boys, find researchers at Children's Hospital Boston.

1 in 4 not covering coughs, sneezes
Approximately one out of every four people observed in a public setting failed to cover their mouth when they coughed or sneezed according to research presented today at the International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Mayo Clinic study finds apathy and depression predict progression from mild cognitive impairment
Next, researchers will study whether treating neuropsychiatric symptoms in MCI can delay the onset of dementia.

Antibiotics improve survival but not comfort for terminal dementia patients with pneumonia
A new study by scientists at the Institute for Aging Research of Hebrew SeniorLife says the use of antibiotics to treat pneumonia in terminal dementia patients presents a

Salsa and guacamole increasingly important causes of foodborne disease
Nearly one out of every 25 restaurant-associated food-borne outbreaks with identified food sources between 1998 and 2008 can be traced back to contaminated salsa or guacamole, more than double the rate during the previous decade, according to research released by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention today at the International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Double-teaming a whole-genome hunt
By inspecting the sequence of all 3 billion

Study shows anonymous whistle-blowers less likely to be believed
According to a new study, corporate directors, who are ultimately responsible for internal whistle-blowing systems, often do not take action at all regarding anonymous allegations, even when the allegation involves very serious accounting breaches.

Arsenic shows promise as cancer treatment, Stanford study finds
Miss Marple notwithstanding, arsenic might not be many people's favorite chemical.

Weight loss reduces hot flashes in overweight and obese women
A new UCSF study shows that overweight and obese women who suffer from hot flashes can reduce the severity of their hot flashes if they lose weight through diet or exercise.

University of Toronto chemists make breakthrough in nanoscience research
A team of scientists led by Eugenia Kumacheva of the department of chemistry at the University of Toronto has discovered a way to predict the organization of nanoparticles in larger forms by treating them much the same as ensembles of molecules formed from standard chemical reactions.

'Dawning of a new age' in bacteria research
Lowly bacteria are turning out to be much more complex than previously thought.

First of its kind: WSU led Bio-Jet fuel project officially gets off the ground
A major Washington State University effort to develop aviation bio-fuel is underway with the announcement of a strategic initiative called the

Children and teens with Tourette syndrome find relief with self-hypnosis
A new study of children and adolescents with Tourette syndrome finds that self-hypnosis taught with the aid of videotape training reduced their symptoms and improved their quality of life.

Discovery points to new approach for diabetes therapy
Nutrition experts at Oregon State University have essentially

New research finds no evidence that popular slimming supplements facilitate weight loss
New research evaluating the effectiveness of a broad selection of popular slimming supplements sold in pharmacies and health food shops has found no evidence that any of them facilitate weight loss.

Baby brain growth mirrors changes from apes to humans
A study undertaken to help scientists concerned with abnormal brain development in premature babies has serendipitously revealed evolution's imprint on the human brain.

Radiation device allows for targeted breast radiation to control cancer
A new study of breast cancer patients at the Moores UCSD Cancer Center and the Arizona Oncology Services shows that after almost two years, the radiation given with the Strut-Adjusted Volume Implant (SAVI) controls the rate of cancer and may reduce the complications seen with alternate types of brachytherapy.

UCLA scientists create army of tumor-fighting immune cells and watch as they attack cancer
Researchers at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center created a large, well armed battalion of tumor-seeking immune system cells and watched, in real time using Positron Emission Tomography, as the special forces traveled throughout the body to locate and attack dangerous melanomas.

Modulator of fetal hemoglobin switch may target sickle cell disease
A retired but well-preserved mechanism for regulating viruses that has worked its way into the human genome appears to modulate a switch between adult and fetal hemoglobin production, Medical College of Georgia researchers report.

Making the invisible visible: Verbal -- not visual -- cues enhance visual detection, says Penn researcher
Cognitive psychologists have shown that an image displayed too quickly to be seen by an observer can be detected if the participant first hears the name of the object.

'TIMely' intervention for asthma
TIM1 has been identified as a susceptibility gene for asthma.

Mayo Clinic Proceedings: Sexual abuse survivors have increased of psychiatric disorders
New research finds that a history of sexual abuse, regardless of the victim's gender or age when the abuse occurred, correlates strongly with a lifetime diagnosis of multiple psychiatric disorders.

Disruption of circadian rhythm could lead to diabetes
Disruption of two genes that control circadian rhythms can lead to diabetes, a researcher at UT Southwestern Medical Center has found in an animal study.

Fungi's genetic sabotage in wheat discovered
Using molecular techniques, Agricultural Research Service and collaborating scientists have shown how the subversion of a single gene in wheat by two fungal foes triggers a kind of cellular suicide in the grain crop's leaves.

U-M researchers identify gene mutation that causes rare form of deafness
Researchers have identified a gene mutation that causes a rare form of hearing loss known as auditory neuropathy, according to U-M Medical School scientists.

Krause to receive GSA's 2010 Richard Kalish Innovative Publication Award
The Gerontological Society of America -- the nation's largest interdisciplinary organization devoted to the field of aging -- has chosen Neal Krause, Ph.D., of the University of Michigan as the 2010 recipient of the Richard Kalish Innovative Publication Award.

Extra large galactic survey puts limits on ultralight particles
Neutrinos are so numerous that they affected the evolution of the universe in ways that provide an estimate of their masses.

Simple tools help parents understand a child's risk of obesity, make positive changes
According to a study performed in the North Carolina Children's Hospital, researchers confirmed previous reports that parents of overweight or obese children do not recognize their child's weight problem.

New study suggests tart cherry juice can be a natural solution for insomnia
Drinking tart cherry juice daily could help reduce the severity of insomnia and time spent awake after going to sleep, according to a new study published in the Journal of Medicinal Food.

Sewage overflow promotes spread of West Nile virus
Sewage that overflows into urban creeks and streams during periods of heavy rain can promote the spread of West Nile virus, a study led by Emory University finds.

MIT researchers create fibers that can detect and produce sound
In the August issue of Nature Materials, MIT Professor Yoel Fink, and his collaborators, announce a new milestone on the path to functional fibers: fibers that can detect and produce sound.

Prostate cancer risk variant found to be in a functional DNA sequence linked with disease
Recent genetic association studies have uncovered a number of DNA variants associated with prostate cancer.

AAAS Caribbean Division hosts workshop on building Haitian science and science education capacity
Nearly two dozen scientists, science policy experts, and educators have convened here today to explore how collaborative efforts to build Haitian science capacity can help the nation recover from its devastating January earthquake and contribute to its long-term economic development.

Africa's national parks hit by mammal declines
Afrucannational parks like Masai Mara and the Serengeti have seen populations of large mammals decline by up to 59 percent, according to a study published in Biological Conservation.

Weight loss may be associated with improvements in hot flushes in overweight and obese women
Among overweight and obese women with bothersome hot flushes during menopause, an intensive weight loss intervention program may lead to improvements in flushing, according to a report in the July 12 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Archaeology find sheds new light on family pets
Published research provides insights into the early importation of tortoises and the changing attitude of British society towards family pets.

Breaking biomass better
The US Department of Energy is funding several projects focused on identifying enzymes in organisms such as fungi that degrade cellulosic feedstocks.

New book explores the fascinating history behind the elements in the periodic table
The periodic table is one of man's crowning scientific achievements.

UCLA surgeons find new way to shield vision during radiation for eye cancer
Eye cancer patients must enter treatment knowing that their surgeon's strategy to kill the deadly tumor with radiation may also sacrifice their eyesight.

Colorectal cancer screening in Canada is cost-effective
Colorectal cancer screening is cost-effective and offers the best value for provincial health ministries in Canada, states an article in CMAJ.

Springer launches Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Starting in February 2011, Springer will publish a new international, peer-reviewed journal Drug Delivery and Translational Research.

AOSSM presents prestigious research awards at annual meeting
In order to recognize and encourage cutting-edge research in key areas of orthopedic sports medicine, the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine will present eight research awards and two grants during its Annual Meeting, July 15-18, in Providence, R.I.

Healthy made up over half of UK swine flu admissions and inpatient deaths in first wave
Over half of UK swine flu hospital admissions and inpatient deaths occurred in people with no underlying health problems or obvious risk factors, reveals research published in Thorax today.

Combined behavioral interventions best way to reduce heart disease risk
Combining counseling, extended follow-up from a health-care provider and self-monitoring of diet and exercise is the most effective behavioral intervention to reduce risk for heart and blood vessel (cardiovascular) diseases.

Penguin males with steady pitch make better parents
Courtship calls help penguin females decide which males are likely to be devoted dads, says a study in the journal Behaviour.
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