Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 13, 2010
Prediction tool helps estimate local recurrence in patients with noninvasive breast cancer
In an attempt to help physicians and patients weigh the risks and benefits of the available options for treatment following breast-conserving surgery for patients diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in-situ, researchers from Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center are reporting in the Journal of Clinical Oncology on the development of a new prediction tool that calculates a patient's individualized risk for recurrence five and 10 years after surgery.

Researchers envision better disease surveillance to improve public health
With current public health threats ranging from swine flu to bioterrorism to environmental contamination, innovations that better predict disease outbreaks have vast potential to protect the public.

See what's brewing in 'hurricane alleys' live online, on iPad and iPhone via GOES satellite
Scientists working for NASA's Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite Project at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md., have developed continually updating

Entitled workers are more frustrated on the job and more likely to abuse co-workers
Employees who feel entitled in the workplace are more apt to be frustrated on the job and lash out at their co-workers, according to new research from the University of New Hampshire.

LSUHSC awarded $2 million dollar grant to prevent pneumonia linked to immune deficiency
Dr. Jay Kolls, Professor and Chairman of Genetics at the LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Medicine, has been awarded a $2.1 million grant over five years by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health to determine the role and identify which T-helper cells fight the opportunistic infection, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, which can be a complication of HIV/AIDS, cancer or transplantation.

Foreign homestay students exposed to major health risks; need better safety net: UBC study
Foreign homestay students who come to Canada to attend high school without their parents are exposed to major health risks such as smoking, drug use and early sexual intercourse, according to University of British Columbia research.

Keep your fingers crossed: How superstition improves performance
Don't scoff at those lucky rabbit feet. New research shows that having some kind of lucky token can actually improve your performance -- by increasing your self-confidence.

Medications found to cause long term cognitive impairment of aging brain
Drugs commonly taken for a variety of common medical conditions including insomnia, allergies, or incontinence negatively affect the brain causing long term cognitive impairment in older African-Americans, according to a study appearing in the July 13, 2010, print issue of Neurology which reported that taking one anticholinergic significantly increased an individual's risk of developing mild cognitive impairment and taking two of these drugs doubled this risk.

New vitamin D guidelines
New and updated guidelines on recommended vitamin D intake have been published this week in the online issue of the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

NJIT licensee invents industrial process for grinding cement and other cementitious materials
Flyanic, a cementitious mineral processing technology company and licensee of NJIT, has developed an industrial scale and affordable process for grinding cement, fly ash and other cementitious materials to a median particle size of one micron.

Substantial regional differences exist in the treatment for end-stage kidney disease in older adults
There is substantial regional variation in treatment practices for care of older adults with end-stage renal disease, including receipt of hospice care and discontinuation of dialysis before death, according to a study in the July 14 issue of JAMA.

NASA releases GOES-13 satellite movie of the life and times of Hurricane Alex
NASA's GOES Project has just released a

Could our minds be tricked into satisfying our stomachs?
Research to be presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior, the foremost society for research into all aspects of eating and drinking behavior, suggests that the key to losing weight could lie in manipulating our beliefs about how filling we think food will be before we eat it, suggesting that portion control is all a matter of perception.

Space 2010 Conference set for August 30-Sept. 2 in Anaheim
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics will hold the AIAA SPACE 2010 Conference & Exposition August 30-Sept.

Improving clinical use of stem cells to repair heart damage
Presenting at the UK National Stem Cell Network annual science conference July 13, Professor Michael Schneider describes a new approach to treating heart attack and cardiomyopathy using stem cells.

A new generation of biological scaffolds
Professor John Fisher from the University of Leeds is speaking July 14 at the UK National Stem Cell Network Annual Science Meeting in Nottingham about his team's research into how biological scaffolding will pave the way for off-the-shelf tissue transplants.

Skin cells could help discover cause of Parkinson's disease
Researchers are applying new stem cell technology to use skin samples to grow the brain cells thought to be responsible for the onset of Parkinson's disease, the UK National Stem Cell Network annual science meeting will hear today.

Case Western Reserve University-led team takes high resolution photo of a K+ channel
Using chemical labeling and mass spectrometry-based techniques, a Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine-led team for the first time, was able to take a high resolution picture of the open state of a K+ channel, allowing them to comparatively analyze gating mechanisms important to heart function and nerve signaling.

Innovation and current status of prostate cancer gene therapy featured in Human Gene Therapy
Improved delivery methods and better testing systems are needed to advance promising gene therapy strategies for treating prostate cancer, according to a series of review articles in Human Gene Therapy, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert Inc.

Tropical Storm Conson sweeping through the Northern Philippines
Tropical Storm Conson became a typhoon overnight with maximum sustained winds near 75 mph, and NASA's Aqua satellite captured an image of the storm as it was making landfall in Luzon, the Philippines.

Gene therapy breakthrough heralds treatment for beta-thalassemia
Italian scientists pioneering a new gene transfer treatment for the blood disorder beta-thalassemia have successfully completed preclinical trials, claiming they can correct the lack of beta-globin in patients' blood cells which causes the disease.

Collexis launches community feature for academic customers
Elsevier, a world-leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, today announced that Collexis, an Elsevier business and leading developer of semantic technology and knowledge discovery software, has launched its community module for their Expert Profiling application.

Moving polymers through pores
The movement of long chain polymers through nanopores is a key part of many biological processes, including the transport of RNA, DNA, and proteins.

Rainbow trapping in light pulses
Now a group of scientists at Nanjing University in China have shown how a rather wide spectrum of light -- a rainbow of radiation -- can be trapped in a single structure.

Smoking mind over smoking matter
Dr. Reuven Dar of Tel Aviv University's Department of Psychology found that the intensity of cravings for cigarettes had more to do with the psychosocial element of smoking than with the physiological effects of nicotine as an addictive chemical.

UNC Lineberger scientists identify molecular predictor of prognosis for pancreatic cancer patients
Pancreatic cancer is one of the most challenging tumors to treat.

Depressed men with ED at risk for cardiovascular problems
A new study in the Journal of Sexual Medicine found that the presence of depressive symptoms in men with erectile dysfunction constitutes a risk factor for a major cardiovascular event.

Interferon might help asthma patients breathe easier, UT Southwestern study suggests
An immune-system protein already used to treat diseases like multiple sclerosis, hepatitis C and a variety of cancers might also aid asthma patients, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have found.

University of Mississippi Medical Center to lead in nationwide NIH-funded Alzheimer's study
In the new Alzheimer's study investigators will combine 20 years of data from 16,000 participants in the ARIC study with new data to track cognitive and brain-structure changes.

Online release of North American industrial pollution data reveals significant reporting gaps
Taking Stock Online presents the latest integrated data set from North America's pollutant release and transfer registers and features an integrated, multiyear database covering over 500 toxic substances and almost 100 major industrial sectors reporting to the PRTRs of Canada, Mexico and the United States.

Sea levels rising in parts of Indian Ocean, according to new study
Newly detected rising sea levels in parts of the Indian Ocean, including the coastlines of the Bay of Bengal, the Arabian Sea, Sri Lanka, Sumatra and Java, appear to be at least partly a result of human-induced increases of atmospheric greenhouse gases, says a study led by the University of Colorado at Boulder.

HIV care providers and researchers applaud release of national HIV/AIDS strategy
The HIV Medicine Association applauds the Obama administration's release of a National HIV/AIDS Strategy that signals a strengthened national commitment to real and sustained success in the battle against HIV/AIDS.

Progress made in addressing food marketing to children, but challenges remain
The last six years have seen significant progress in efforts to curb the marketing of unhealthy food to children, with an increasing number of governments taking on the issue, but considerable challenges remain.

Telephone-based care management program helps cancer patients with pain, depression
Cancer patients receiving care in geographically dispersed urban and rural oncology practices who participated in a program that included telephone-based care management and home-based automated symptom monitoring had greater improvement in pain and depression compared to patients who received usual care, according to a study in the July 14 issue of JAMA.

Ancient birds from North America colonized the South
Scientists studying ancient species migration believe northern birds had the ability to colonize continents that southern species lacked.

Brookhaven Lab and BioSET Inc. patent improved growth factor technology
Brookhaven Science Associates, the company that manages the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, and Biosurface Engineering Technologies Inc.

Are teen binge drinkers risking future osteoporosis?
Binge-drinking teenagers may be putting themselves at risk for future osteoporosis and bone fractures.

Professionals think that there aren't criteria for certifying that an illness is terminal
A research conducted at the University of Granada revealed that emotions play an important role when health professionals have to certify that a patient is in terminal stage.

Report proposes new research agenda on pregnancy intentions of HIV-positive women
A report issued by the Program on International Health and Human Rights at the Harvard School of Public Health proposes a new research agenda to address the sexual and reproductive health and rights of HIV-positive women.

Consumers under-predict learning curve following initial experience with product
A new study found that consumers often quit using products that would be beneficial for them in the long run because they experience a short period of pessimism during their initial encounter with skill-based products as varied as knitting needles and mobile devices.

Locker room talk: How male athletes portray female athletic trainers
A college quarterback coming into the locker room with a dislocated shoulder wouldn't care whether the athletic trainer taking care of him is male or female -- or would he?

Help is on the phone: Reducing pain and depression of cancer
Pain and depression associated with cancer -- symptoms often unrecognized and undertreated -- can be significantly reduced through centralized telephone-based care management coupled with automated symptom monitoring, according to researchers from the Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University School of Medicine.

Munich and Singapore labs steer research toward affordable electric cars
The Technische Universitaet Muenchen has rolled out a comprehensive initiative to accelerate development of electric vehicles as a greener means of mobility.

Success of community interventions for childhood obesity varies depending on the target age group
Community-based interventions for childhood obesity prevention are in their infancy.

Many physicians do not accept responsibility to report incompetent, impaired colleagues
More than one-third of US physicians responding to a survey did not agree that physicians should always report colleagues who are incompetent or impaired by conditions such as substance abuse or mental health disorders.

The meal as medicine: Anti-obesity effects of soy in a rat model of menopause
Research to be presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior, the foremost society for research into all aspects of eating and drinking behavior, finds that a diet rich in soy prevents weight gain in post-menopausal female rats.

Smoking influences gene function, scientists say
In the largest study of its kind, researchers at the Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research have found that exposure to cigarette smoke can alter gene expression -- the process by which a gene's information is converted into the structures and functions of a cell.

New online community launched to help medical practices learn about meaningful use
A new, free interactive website to help medical practices compare, select and implement electronic health records was launched today by AmericanEHR Partners.

Criminalization of drugs and drug users fuels HIV; laws should be reviewed, say experts
Strict laws on the criminalization of drug use and drug users are fueling the spread of HIV and other serious harms associated with the criminal market and should be reviewed, say experts in a series of articles published on bmj.com today to coincide with the 18th International AIDS Conference in Vienna, July 18-23, 2010.

Whisker stimulation prevents strokes in rats, UCI study finds
Talk about surviving by a whisker. The most common type of stroke can be completely prevented in rats by stimulating a single whisker, according to a new study by UC Irvine researchers.

Prompt actions halt alarming infection outbreak at Dallas hospital
Rapid identification and aggressive infection control measures allowed a Dallas hospital to stop the spread of Acinetobacter baumannii, a type of bacteria that has become increasingly prevalent in healthcare facilities and is resistant to most antibiotics.

Penn State to lead new international Center Of Excellence for malaria research
A researcher in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences will lead a seven-year, $14.5 million project to fight malaria in Southeast Asia.

Brooding Russians: Less distressed than Americans
Dostoyevsky and Tolstoy portrayed Russians as a brooding, complicated people, and ethnographers have confirmed that Russians tend to focus on dark feelings and memories more than Westerners do.

High-risk prostate cancer associated with significantly lower bone mineral content loss
Men with prostate cancer lose significantly less bone mineral content (BMC) as they age than men who are free of the disease.

Lessons from efforts to reduce hospital-acquired infections
In health care reform discussions, talk inevitably turns to making hospitals and physicians accountable for patient outcomes.

Obesity is associated with reduced sensitivity to fat
Research to be presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior, the foremost society for research into all aspects of eating and drinking behavior, finds marked differences between obese and lean men in how they respond to the taste of fat.

Greater obesity in offspring of nursing mothers consuming a high-fat diet
The future health of offspring is more negatively impacted when their mothers consume a high fat diet while nursing compared with high-fat diet consumption during pregnancy, according to animal research at Johns Hopkins University.

Report on controlling NASA mission costs
NASA should develop a broad, integrated strategy to contain costs and maintain schedules as earth and space science missions are planned and designed, says a new report by the National Research Council.

New intervention program promotes healthy dietary choices during infancy
Research to be presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior, the foremost society for research into all aspects of eating and drinking behavior, shows that teaching first-time mothers to feed their babies

Supportive community programs can prevent women from gaining weight
Women who attend programs with ongoing support about healthy eating are less likely to gain weight and be more physically active than women who receive a one-off information session on dietary guidelines, finds an Australian study published on bmj.com today.

Divide and conquer: Genes decide who wins in the body's battle against cancer
Researchers funded by the Medical Research Council have discovered for the first time that two proteins called Mahjong and Lgl could be star players in helping to identify how the body's own cells fight back against cancer cells.

US Department of Energy awards $2.04 million to Rensselaer nuclear engineering program
More than $2 million in funding from the US Department of Energy will strengthen nuclear research and education, and help develop the next generation of nuclear technology at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.

'Mahjong' gene is key player when cancer, normal cells compete
A landmark study by Florida State University biologists, in collaboration with scientists in Britain, is the first to identify a life-or-death

Scientists identify new potential biocontrol for skunk vine
A new beetle that could be used to control the invasive weed skunk vine has been identified by Agricultural Research Service scientists and cooperators.

CWRU dental researchers discover human beta defensins-3 ignite in oral cancer growth
Detecting oral cancer in its earliest stages can save the lives of the nearly 40,500 people diagnosed annually.

Childhood cancer survivors face higher death risk 25 years later, from cancer, circulatory diseases
Follow-up of a group of British childhood cancer survivors indicates they have an increased risk of death from second primary cancers and cardiac and cerebrovascular causes more than 25 years after their initial cancer diagnosis, according to a study in the July 14 issue of JAMA.

Method of attempted suicide influences risk of eventual suicide
The method that people use to attempt suicide has a large influence on the risk of later completed suicide, according to a new study published on bmj.com today.

Study finds lifelong doubling in death risk for men who are obese at age 20 years
A study tracking more than 5,000 military conscripts from the age of 20 until up to the age of 80 found the chance of dying early increased by 10 percent for each BMI point above the threshold for a healthy weight and that this persisted throughout life, with the obese dying about eight years earlier than the non-obese.

Regional variations in kidney care raise questions about spending, says Stanford nephrologist
The type and intensity of treatment older Americans receive for kidney failure depends on the region where they receive care rather than on evidence-based practice guidelines and patient preferences, according to a study to be published in the July 14 Journal of the American Medical Association.

NASA's 3-D animation of Typhoon Conson's heavy rainfall and strong thunderstorms
Imagine seeing a typhoon from space, and seeing it in three dimensions.

Big science future for Australia
The newly formed Australian Collaboration for Accelerator Science announced today will unite Australia's brightest research talents in accelerator science and help train a new generation of young Australians to contribute further to this critical area.

Common working conditions hurting both workers and employers
New research from North Carolina State University shows that an increase in professional business practices such as outsourcing, hiring temporary workers and focusing on project-based teams is having a detrimental effect on workers and likely poses long-term problems for employers.

Report suggests nearly 5 percent exposed to dengue virus in Key West
An estimated 5 percent of the Key West, Fla., population -- over 1,000 people -- showed evidence of recent exposure to dengue virus in 2009, according to a report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Florida Department of Health.

A simple quantum dynamics problem?
Research reported in the Journal of Chemical Physics, which is published by the American Institute of Physics, provides the first real-time measurements of the time dependence of the individual steps of dissociation of a complex consisting of two rare gas atoms and a halogen molecule.

Noninvasive probing of geological core samples
Tools to measure a core sample's electrical anisotropy have been sadly lacking, says John Kickhofel.

'Econophysics' points way to fair salaries in free market
A researcher has used

Study shows universal surveillance for MRSA significantly decreased HAIs at PCMH
Pitt County Memorial Hospital today announced results of a study demonstrating that universal surveillance for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus decreased health care-associated infections related to devices.

Brain responses of obese individuals are more weakly linked to feelings of hunger
Research to be presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior, the foremost society for research into all aspects of eating and drinking behavior, finds that that feelings of hunger have less influence on how the brain responds to the smell and taste of food in overweight than healthy weight individuals.

Carnegie Mellon launches $7 million initiative to boost computer science majors
A new four-year, $7 million educational initiative by Carnegie Mellon University will leverage students' innate interest in robots and other forms of

Nanotech medicine, tumor tracking, new technologies and more
AAPM is the premier organization in medical physics, a broadly-based scientific and professional discipline encompassing physics principles and applications in medicine and biology.

Most physicians support reporting impaired, incompetent colleagues, but many do not in the situation
A survey of physicians finds that while most support the professional commitment to report other physicians who they feel are incompetent or impaired, such as from alcohol or drug use, when faced with this situation, many did not follow through on making a report, according to a study in the July 14 issue of JAMA.

Hubble snaps sharp image of cosmic concoction
A colorful star-forming region is featured in this stunning new NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image of NGC 2467.

Study examines how sexual agreements affect HIV risk, relationship satisfaction
A new study examining the relationship dynamics of gay male couples finds that couples make

A high-fat diet alters crucial aspects of brain dopamine signaling
Research to be presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior, the foremost society for research into all aspects of eating and drinking behavior, finds that prolonged exposure to a high fat diet is correlated with changes in the brain chemical dopamine within the striatum, a critical component of the brain's reward system.

Carnegie Mellon University to collaborate with Semiconductor Research Corporation to help bring more energy efficient systems and technologies to the marketplace
Carnegie Mellon University will host a new Smart Grid Research Center as part of a $5 million industry-academic partnership with the Semiconductor Research Corporation.

Adiposity hormone, leptin, regulates food intake by influencing learning and memory
This research study finds that the hormone leptin reduces food intake, in part, by activating the hippocampus, an area of the brain that controls learning and memory function.

In the ring: Researchers fighting bacterial infections zero in on microorganism's soft spots
In any battle, sizing up one's opponent is a critical first step.

The Samuel Waxman Cancer Research Foundation awards $1.54 million in research grants for 2010-2011
The Samuel Waxman Cancer Research Foundation has awarded 13 collaborative grants and three individual grants, totaling $1.54 million to some of the best scientific minds in differentiation therapy.
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