Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 14, 2010
Individuals confess alcohol abuse to clergy
Persons with alcohol problems are finding comfort in speaking about their situation to clergy, a new study shows.

Blind mice can 'see' thanks to special retinal cells
Study shows mice without rods and cones function can still see -- and not just light, but also patterns and images -- thanks to a third kind of photosensitive cell in the retina.

Supercharged proteins enter biology's forbidden zone
Scientists are reporting discovery of a way to help proteins such as the new generation of protein-based drugs -- sometimes heralded as tomorrow's potential

Fossil find puts a face on early primates
When paleontologist Iyad Zalmout went looking for fossil whales and dinosaurs in Saudi Arabia, he never expected to come face-to-face with a significant, early primate fossil.

Mayo Clinic researchers find dementia in diabetics differs from dementia in nondiabetics
Researchers from Mayo Clinic's Florida campus say that dementia in some diabetics appears to be caused often by vascular disease in the brain, and the dementia that develops in people without diabetes is more likely associated with deposition of the plaque seen in people with Alzheimer's disease.

Tea contains more fluoride than once thought
Black tea, a Southern staple and the world's most consumed beverage, may contain higher concentrations of fluoride than previously thought, which could pose problems for the heaviest tea drinkers, Medical College of Georgia researchers say.

Scientists' work improves odds of finding diamonds
While prospectors and geologists have been successful in finding diamonds through diligent searching, one University of Houston professor and his team's work could help improve the odds by focusing future searches in particular areas.

New treatment for crippling diabetic Charcot foot
The alarming increase of morbidly obese diabetics is causing more new cases of a debilitating foot deformity called Charcot foot.

Graphic partnership brings life to Council data
Data visualization techniques that generate sophisticated graphics could bring a fresh dimension to communications and decision-making by public bodies like local councils, according to research completed for the Economic and Social Research Council.

U of M study finds fast food chains have significantly decreased trans fats in cooking oils
Five major fast food chains have significantly decreased trans fats in the oils they use to cook food, according to new research from the University of Minnesota School of Public Health.

Colt McCoy teams with Scott & White to build children's hospital
Former University of Texas great Colt McCoy is teaming up with Scott & White Healthcare as part of a philanthropic initiative to raise $50 million for a planned regional children's hospital.

Mercury levels are increasing in popular species of game fish in Lake Erie
Mercury levels in a popular species of game fish in Lake Erie are increasing after two decades of steady decline, scientists are reporting.

NTU's solar car wins Solar Grand Prize at the inaugural Shell Eco-marathon Asia 2010
NTU's Nanyang Venture III took home the Solar Grand Prize and was ranked 14th out of 29 entries in the Prototype category based upon measurement units of kilometer per liter of fuel at the Shell Eco-marathon Asia 2010.

NIH expands national network for transforming clinical and translational research
Nine health research centers have received funds to develop ways to reduce the time it takes for clinical research to become treatments for patients.

A safe room? Or a new home entertainment center?
For 18 horrific hours on April 3, 1974, a cataclysmic group of tornados spun through and sacked 13 states and one Canadian province, ravaging some 900 square miles and killing 148 people.

Food for our future -- it's more than what's for dinner
Many of society's most challenging health issues, including obesity, nutritional shortages and chronic disease, are related to food.

New role for the JNK protein
New findings show that JNK, a protein already well known for other duties, also regulates the cell cycle.

The GOES-11 Satellite sees System 96E getting tropically organized
System 96E appears to be getting organized, and that's apparent in the latest visible imagery from the GOES-11 satellite.

Study shows that major Alzheimer's risk gene causes alterations in shapes of brain protein deposits
Researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine have used a newly discovered class of biomarkers to investigate the possibility that the shape of brain protein deposits is different in people with Alzheimer's who have the highest-risk gene type than in those with the condition who have a neutral risk gene type.

Researchers study relationship of oral cancers and periodontal disease
Today during the 88th General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research, in Barcelona, Spain, presenting author J.

Footloose glaciers crack up
Glaciers that lose their footing on the seafloor and begin floating behave very erratically, according to a new study led by a Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego researcher.

Does the existing standard of care supply energy sources to brain tumor cells?
Examining a decade's worth of research, Boston College biochemists write in Lancet Oncology that the medical standard of care for the most common form of brain cancer may actually feed tumor cells the energy sources they need to survive or recur.

Putting color in 'e-reader' displays
Electronic readers (e-readers), those increasingly popular devices that replace ink on paper, may have color displays in the future thanks to new advances in display technology.

Steam process could remove CO2 to regenerate amine capture materials
Researchers have demonstrated a relatively simple regeneration technique that could utilize waste steam to remove carbon dioxide from solid amine materials used to capture the greenhouse gas from the flue gases of coal-burning facilities.

What happens to your genes when you smoke a cigarette?
The effects of smoking cigarettes on gene activity have been investigated in the largest study of its kind.

Cashew seed extract an effective anti-diabetic
Cashew seed extract shows promise as an effective anti-diabetic, according to a new study from the University of Montreal, Canada, and the Universite de Yaounde, Cameroon.

VCU first Virginia institution to join national network of academic research centers
Virginia Commonwealth University announced Wednesday it has received a $20 million grant -- the largest federal award in its history -- from the National Institutes of Health to become part of a nationwide consortium of research institutions working to turn laboratory discoveries into treatments for patients.

Cow's milk does a baby good
Professor Yitzhak Katz of Tel Aviv University's Sackler Faculty of Medicine has found that babies who are fed cow milk protein early, in the form of infant formula, seem to be protected from developing an allergy to the same protein later in life.

Scientists urge formation of global collaboration to avert global aging crisis
The costs associated with the chronic diseases of aging are setting the stage for global economic catastrophe as baby-boomers around the world enter their sixth decade.

Princeton scientists find unusual electrons that go with the flow
On a quest to discover new states of matter, a team of Princeton University scientists has found that electrons on the surface of specific materials act like miniature superheroes, relentlessly dodging the cliff-like obstacles of imperfect microsurfaces, sometimes moving straight through barriers.

Brain fitness program study reveals visual memory improvement in older adults
A commercial brain fitness program has been shown to improve memory in older adults, at least in the period soon after training.

Grant to fund research into eradicating the leukemia stem cell
Now, a three-year grant of $375,000 from the Emerald Foundation, Inc. will further expand the collaboration between researchers from the Samuel Waxman Cancer Research Foundation and researchers at the Shanghai Institute of Hematology in China.

Lu receives grant from Research to Prevent Blindness organization
Qingxian Lu, Ph.D., assistant professor of ophthalmology and visual sciences at the University of Louisville School of Medicine, has received the $60,000 William and Mary Greve Special Scholar Award from the Research to Prevent Blindness organization.

Fascinating images from a new world
The ESA space probe Rosetta flew past the Lutetia planetoid at around 6 p.m.

Meditation helps increase attention span
It's nearly impossible to pay attention to one thing for a long time.

Scientists urge global investment and action plan to avert impending aging crisis
Now that scientists have learned so much about aging through laboratory studies, it's time to translate those findings into medicines that can benefit our aging population.

'Tough love' no good for obesity interventions
Obese people support lifestyle-change interventions, rather than those that purely promote weight loss.

Doctors warn that using domestic spoons to give children medicine increases overdose risk
Parents are being urged not to use domestic spoons to give their children medicine, after a study found wide variations in capacity.

Montana State researchers say Triceratops, Torsaurus were same dinosaur at different stages
A new Montana State University study says that Triceratops and Torosaurus were the same dinosaur at different stages of growth.

Nanotubes pass acid test
Rice University scientists have unveiled a new method for dissolving half-millimeter-long carbon nanotubes in solution, a critical step toward the spinning of fibers from ultralong nanotubes.

A*STAR and Cytos Biotechnology establish influenza vaccine collaboration
Switzerland's Cytos Biotechnology and Singapore's Agency for Science, Technology and Research jointly announced today their first collaboration on a virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine.

Sociologists to explore movement 'toward a sociology of citizenship' at annual meeting in August
About 5,000 sociologists will convene in Atlanta, Ga., this August to explore ideas and scientific research indicative of how sociology can contribute to a more complete understanding of the complexities of citizenship, as part of the American Sociological Association's 105th Annual Meeting.

After 40 years, NIH-supported researchers identify possible new treatment for severe vasculitis
Investigators have made a major advance in treating people with a severe form of vasculitis, anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis, a rare but devastating disease of blood vessels.

Jargon-busting software bridges the knowledge gap
Conversations between students and teachers, patients and doctors can suffer because of the difference in knowledge of each party in the conversation.

Record-breaking X-ray blast briefly blinds space observatory
A blast of the brightest X-rays ever detected from beyond our Milky Way galaxy's neighborhood temporarily blinded the X-ray eye on NASA's Swift space observatory earlier this summer, astronomers now report.

Key advance in understanding 'pseudogap' phase in high-Tc superconductors
Scientists have discovered a fundamental difference in how electrons behave at the two distinct oxygen-atom sites in a copper-oxide superconductor.

Mechanism for link between high fat diet and risk of prostate cancer and disorders unveiled
In a study,

SRNL works to decrease hazards from mold in water damaged homes
A team of microbiologists at the US Department of Energy's Savannah River National Laboratory is working with Tuskegee University and Mississippi State University to decrease mold growth in flooded homes through improved prevention and cleanup.

International AIDS Society announces inaugural recipients of innovative HIV research awards
The International AIDS Society today announced the recipients of its first joint research grant program, Creative and Novel Ideas in HIV Research.

Plavix may be treatment for dogs at risk of thromboembolic disease
Companion animals that have a long-term need for anticoagulant drug therapies may soon find help in a top-selling antiplatelet drug marketed to humans: clopidogrel, commonly known by the trade-name Plavix.

Insulin signaling key to caste development in bees
What makes a bee grow up to be a queen?

UCI Healthcare first in the West to use robotic-assisted surgery for thyroid tumor
UC Irvine Healthcare is the first medical center on the West Coast and the only one in California to perform robotic thyroidectomies, a procedure that removes the diseased gland without leaving a visible scar on the neck.

5 awarded ASTRO research grants
The American Society for Radiation Oncology has selected five physicians as recipients of two grants funded by the Radiation Oncology Institute -- the Junior Faculty Career Research Training Award and the Residents/Fellows in Radiation Oncology Research Seed Grant Award.

UC San Diego receives major Clinical and Translational Science Award
The University of California, San Diego Health Sciences and its expanding Clinical and Translational Research Institute have received a five-year, $37.2 million Clinical and Translational Science Award from the National Center for Research Resources, part of the National Institutes of Health.

NIH expands food allergy research program
Today, the National Institutes of Health announce that the Consortium of Food Allergy Research, established in 2005, will be funded for five more years.

Researcher targets gene regulators on link between arsenic, cancer
To determine how arsenic increases the risk of lung cancer and to identify potential treatments, a Michigan State University researcher will use $1.7 million in federal funding during the next five years to examine why certain genes disrupt cells, leading to the disease.

Unravelling the mystery of massive star birth -- all stars are born the same way
Astronomers have obtained the first image of a dusty disc closely encircling a massive baby star, providing direct evidence that massive stars form in the same way as their smaller brethren.

New analysis may help clarify the role of craving in addiction
Just-published research led by a psychologist at the University of Georgia shows that behavioral economic analysis may lead to an improved understanding of craving for alcohol and other drugs.

Study sheds light on how psychiatric risk gene disrupts brain development
Scientists are making progress towards a better understanding of the neuropathology associated with debilitating psychiatric illnesses like bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.

Georgetown University Medical Center and Howard University receive $38.2 million NIH grant
In support of a critical partnership between Georgetown University Medical Center and Howard University, the National Institutes of Health has awarded a $38.2 million Clinical and Translational Sciences Award to aid the universities' effort to transform health care and preventive practices in communities through medical discoveries made in laboratories and clinical settings.

NASA's Aqua Satellite sees Tropical Storm Conson now in South China Sea
NASA satellite imagery confirmed that Tropical Storm Conson is departing the Philippines and is almost entirely in the South China Sea.

CCNY-led team develops nontoxic oil recovery agent
A team of chemists led by Dr. George John, associate professor at the City College of New York, have developed a nontoxic, recyclable agent that can solidify oil on salt water so that it can be scooped up like the fat that forms on the top of a pot of chilled chicken soup.

Waterborne diseases could cost over $500 million annually in US
Hospitalizations for three common waterborne diseases cost the health care system as much as $539 million annually, according to research presented today at the International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Future HIV vaccines: If we build it, will they come?
On the eve of the world's biggest AIDS conference this month in Austria, a new research review shows many people wouldn't get inoculated against HIV even if a vaccine was developed.

New therapy for vasculitis may help patients avoid infertility and cancer
Researchers have reported that Rituximab, a drug that is FDA approved to treat B cell lymphoma and rheumatoid arthritis, can also treat severe vasculitis as well as the current standard therapy.

NIH awards Scripps Florida scientists $2.3 Million to develop drug addiction treatments
A pair of scientists on the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute has been awarded a $2.3 million grant by the National Institutes of Health to conduct research relevant to developing new treatments for drug addiction.

Experts gather in Ouagadougou to map out agenda to accelerate innovation for African farmers
Over 700 prominent agriculture researchers, policy makers and development experts from around the world along with the President of Burkina Faso and ministers of Agriculture, Science and Foreign Affairs from several African and European countries are gathering July 19-24 in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, for the 5th African Agriculture Science week and General Assembly of the Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa.

World records by UCLA chemists, Korean colleagues enhance ability to capture CO2
UCLA and South Korean chemists report the

First Argentinean study on epidemiology, costs and burden of osteoporosis published
A comprehensive Argentinean epidemiological study reveals the staggering costs of osteoporosis in the country.

Indian Ocean sea-level rise threatens coastal areas
Indian Ocean sea levels are rising unevenly and threatening residents in some densely populated coastal areas and islands, a new study concludes.

Toward making 'extended blood group typing' more widely available
Scientists are reporting an advance toward enabling more blood banks to adopt so-called

New superconductor research may solve key problem in physics
Binghamton University physicist Michael Lawler and his colleagues have made a breakthrough that could lead to advances in superconductors.

Submarines could use new nanotube technology for sonar and stealth
Speakers made from carbon nanotube sheets that are a fraction of the width of a human hair can both generate sound and cancel out noise -- properties ideal for submarine sonar to probe the ocean depths and make subs invisible to enemies.

UC Riverside education school alumus wins national award, will meet president
In the coming months, Sean Nank, an alumnus of the UC Riverside Graduate School of Education, will travel to Washington, D.C., to meet President Barack Obama and receive the nation's highest honor for math and science teachers.

Opening the gate to the cell's recycling center
In cells, as in cities, disposing of garbage and recycling anything that can be reused is an essential service.

UNC scientists author editorial on international trials for vasculitis
Two UNC School of Medicine faculty authored an editorial in the July 15, 2010, New England Journal of Medicine commenting on results from two clinical trials using the drug Rituximab to treat small-vessel vasculitis, a rare autoimmune disease.

Correcting a trick of the light brings molecules into view
Secretary of Energy and former Berkeley Lab Director Steve Chu led the development of a technique that enables the use of optical microscopy to image objects or the distance between them with resolutions as small as 0.5 nanometers -- one-half of one billionth of a meter, or an order of magnitude smaller than the previous best.

Faculty of 1000 welcomes new affiliate publisher
As an F1000 affiliate publisher, the University of Chicago Press will offer their readers free access to a selection of F1000 evaluations of University of Chicago Press journal articles.

Half of swine flu deaths were in previously healthy people, research finds
Over half of UK swine flu hospital admissions and inpatient deaths occurred in people with no underlying health problems or obvious risk factors, research at the University of Liverpool has found.

Children's National Medical Center receives first NIH CTSA given to a children's hospital
Children's National Medical Center, in partnership with The George Washington University Medical Center, has received a prestigious Clinical and Translational Science Award from the National Center for Research Resources of the National Institutes of Health.

UCI receives prestigious federal research award to hasten medical advances
The Institute for Clinical & Translational Science at UC Irvine will get $20 million over five years from the National Institutes of Health to speed the transformation of scientific discoveries into medical advances for patients.

26-year study reveals optimum duration of treatment for Q fever endocarditis
Eighteen months of combined antibiotic therapy with doxycycline and hydroxychloroquine should become the recommended treatment duration for patients with Q fever endocarditis (severe infection of the inner lining of the heart or heart valves), except for patients with prosthetic heart valves who might require two years of treatment.

Obesity harms women's memory and brain function
The more an older woman weighs, the worse her memory, according to new research from Northwestern Medicine.
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