Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 16, 2010
Scientists identify nature's insect repellents
Two compounds emitted by mosquito predators that make the mosquitoes less inclined to lay eggs in pools of water may provide new environmentally friendly tactics for repelling and controlling disease-carrying insects.

The protective brain hypothesis is confirmed
An international team led by researchers from CREAF and CSIC has analyzed 493 species of mammals to confirm that animals with the largest brains live for longer.

Swallowing safely is no choke
That's the message of Drs. Roya Sayadi and Joel Herskowitz.

Scientific coral reef survey to be conducted in Bonaire
Starting Monday, July 19, through Tuesday, July 27, 2010, the Khaled bin Sultan Living Oceans Foundation will conduct a scientific coral reef survey in Bonaire, Netherlands Antilles.

Scientists mount a 'sting operation' in Thailand to tackle a devastating pest outbreak
In the start of a carefully crafted emergency campaign to thwart a pest outbreak that is wreaking havoc on Thailand's vital cassava production, agricultural researchers will release a quarter of a million parasitic wasps in the northeastern part of the country.

Findings overturn old theory of phytoplankton growth, raise concerns for ocean productivity
A new study concludes that an old, fundamental and widely accepted theory of how and why phytoplankton bloom in the oceans is incorrect.

Concentration, timing and interactions are key when it comes to dietary compounds
Agricultural Research Service chemist Thomas Wang, who specializes in cancer prevention research, has reported evidence that for some dietary compounds, length of exposure over time may be key to whether or not ingestion leads to a beneficial, or detrimental, effect.

New discovery brings hope to treatment of incurable blood cancer
Multiple myeloma is one of the most common blood cancers, and at present considered to be incurable.

New research finds major activation themes in denture-stomatitis
Today during the 88th General Session & Exhibition of the International Association for Dental Research, in Barcelona, Spain, S.

Astronomers discover an unusual cosmic lens
Astronomers at the California Institute of Technology and Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne in Switzerland have discovered the first known case of a distant galaxy being magnified by a quasar acting as a gravitational lens.

Scientists gathering in Dakar to assess threats to the survival and production of cowpea
Hundreds of experts from around the world will gather in Dakar, Senegal Sept.

Tecnalia investigates ecological cement that cuts CO2 emissions by up to 100 percent
The Tecnalia Construction Unit, within the framework of its commitment to sustainability, has developed a new generation of environmentally friendly cements that enable cutting direct CO2 emissions to the atmosphere by up to 100 percent.

SNM honors outstanding contributors
SNM -- an international scientific and medical organization -- recognized the contributions and work to the field of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging during its 57th Annual Meeting in Salt Lake City.

Program focuses on anti-cancer stem cell therapies
Cancer and stem cell biology researchers at the University of Colorado are launching the nation's first program focused on identifying and testing drugs that target and destroy cells thought to be at the root of cancer -- cancer stem cells.

Herschel: The first science highlights
This week, Astronomy & Astrophysics is publishing a special feature devoted to the first science results obtained with Herschel, an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA.

Advanced weapon system helps ONR respond to Navy needs
Managed by the Office of Naval Research's Naval Air Warfare and Weapons Department as a Future Naval Capability, the Low-Cost Imaging Terminal Seeker equips the unguided Hydra-70 rocket with a low-cost imaging infrared guidance solution to more accurately strike an intended target.

Chemists grow crystals with a twist -- and untwist
Chemists from New York University and Russia's St. Petersburg State University have created crystals that can twist and untwist, pointing to a much more varied process of crystal growth than previously thought.

Once a depression, 6E now a remnant, NASA imagery shows little strength left
The storm known formerly as Tropical Depression 6E, or TD6E, has been downgraded into a remnant low pressure system in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.

Researchers find mice cages alter brains
Researchers at the University of Colorado's Anschutz Medical Campus have found that the type of cage lab mice are kept in can physically change their brains and dramatically alter test data.

International AIDS Society and partners recognize outstanding researchers from around the world at AIDS 2010
The International AIDS Society announced today the ten winners of four prestigious scientific awards, to be presented at plenary sessions during the XVIII International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2010).

Novel microfluidic HIV test is quick and cheap
UC Davis biomedical engineer Alexander Revzin has developed a

New recommendations issued for use of cetuximab in colon cancer therapy
In a report published in the July 2010 issue of the American Society for Clinical Oncology Post, new recommendations on the use of the drug cetuximab have been issued after officials halted enrollment in a phase III clinical trial in patients with spread of colon cancer into regional lymph nodes whose tumors had been surgically removed. ongoing analysis during the clinical trial found that patients receiving the combination therapy had no significant improvement in survival compared to standard therapy.

National Physical Laboratory scientist wins photographic award
An NPL imaging scientist Agnieszka Bialek won the Royal Photographic Society's Selwyn Award for her outstanding work in multi spectral imaging.

$31 million biotech center to benefit crops, food, energy
Crop and food industries will benefit from a new $31 million biotechnology Center of Excellence to be headquartered at the University of Adelaide's Waite Campus.

Leopoldina advising Namibia in founding an Academy of Sciences
Along with the Academy of Science of South Africa and the Network of African Science Academies, the German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina is advising Namibia in founding its own Academy of Sciences.

Mayan king's tomb discovered in Guatemala
A well-preserved tomb of an ancient Mayan king has been discovered in Guatemala by a team of archaeologists led by Stephen Houston of Brown University.

New joint program for high-risk pregnant women and their babies
The Children's Hospital and the University of Colorado Hospital have finalized an agreement to jointly establish a center for advanced maternal fetal medicine offering state-of-the-art care for high-risk pregnant women and their babies.

WSU researchers find way to make cancer cells more mortal
Washington State University researchers have discovered a way to help cancer cells age and die, creating a promising avenue for slowing and even stopping the growth of tumors.

Redundant genetic instructions in 'junk DNA' support healthy development
New findings from a Princeton-led team of researchers suggest that repeated instructional regions in the flies' DNA may contribute to normal development under less-than-ideal growth conditions by making sure that genes are turned on and off at the appropriate times.

Kavli Prize Science Forum
Global leaders critical to shaping science policy in the US, Europe and Asia will gather in Oslo for the first Kavli Prize Science Forum -- a new biennial international meeting to facilitate high-level, global discussion of major topics on science and science policy.

Insecurities plague electronic health care
Information security and privacy in the health care sector is an issue of growing importance but much remains to be done to address the various issues raised by health care consumers regarding privacy and security and the providers' perspective of regulatory compliance.

Vitamin deficiency after weight loss surgery can cause vision loss in newborns
Biliopancreatic diversion surgery for morbid obesity is known to cause multiple vitamin deficiencies that may worsen during pregnancy.

NIH scientists find a new toxin that may be key to MRSA severity
A research project to identify all the surface proteins of USA300 -- the most common community-associated strain of the methicillin-resistant form of the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus -- has resulted in the identification and isolation of a plentiful new toxin that laboratory studies indicate is a potent killer of human immune cells.

Licensed Florida Tech research makes lab work easier
Associate Professor Nasri Nesnas was familiar as a chemist with the chemical compound CDNI-Glu, a commonly used laboratory research tool.

7 California universities/NOAA to study climate, marine ecosystems
NOAA has selected Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UC San Diego, to lead a new federal/academic research partnership, called the Cooperative Institute on Marine Ecosystems and Climate to study climate change and coastal ecosystems.
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