Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 23, 2010
When the quiet logo speaks volumes
The logo on your designer handbag or sports car may say far more about your social status and social aspirations than the brand name itself, according to a new study from the USC Marshall School of Business, which finds that luxury brands charge more for

ACCORD eye study finds 2 therapies slow diabetic eye disease progression
In high-risk adults with type 2 diabetes, researchers have found that two therapies may slow the progression of diabetic retinopathy, an eye disease that is the leading cause of vision loss in working-age Americans.

GOES-13 sees new Tropical Storm Bonnie raining on south Florida
Tropical Depression 3 strengthened into tropical storm Bonnie at 6:15 p.m.

Study recommends that parents, physicians share decisions in sex development disorder surgery
A shared decision-making process would assist doctors and parents who are facing the extraordinarily complex, challenging and controversial choices presented when infants are born with genetic or anatomical anomalies in sexual development and are being considered for elective corrective surgery, a new research paper suggests.

Cedars-Sinai recognized for high standards in protecting the welfare of research participants
Cedars-Sinai Medical Center has received its third consecutive full accreditation from the Association for the Accreditation of Human Research Protection Programs Inc., whose goal is to ensure that research institutions meet the highest standards in respecting and protecting individuals who participate in research.

Report calls for coordinated information on climate change
A comprehensive national response to climate change should be informed by reliable data coordinated through climate services and a greenhouse gas monitoring and management system to provide timely information tailored to decision makers at all levels, says a report by the National Research Council.

ONR researcher wins prestigious Delores M. Etter Award
US Office of Naval Research scientist is honored with the prestigious 2009 Dr.

European Society of Cardiology launches heart-friendly cookery book
The European Society of Cardiology today announces the upcoming launch of its all-new

Arizona State University Mars camera yields best Red Planet map ever
The best Mars map ever made is now available online for planetary scientists and armchair astronauts alike.

Getting young scientists into the science teacher pipeline
Producing science teachers who can keep up with rapidly advancing fields and can also inspire students is not an easy task.

Relationships hold key to spiritual care
Relationships hold the key to giving terminally ill patients the spiritual care they need.

Investigations into unintended acceleration should include engineers
Because of the electronic complexity of modern passenger vehicles, investigations into sudden, unintended acceleration should draw upon the expertise of a broad array of electrical, electronics and software engineers and computer professionals.

New hydrolysis model promising tool in cellulosic biofuel studies
UC Berkeley chemical engineers has come up with an improved model for how cellulase enzymes degrade cellulose, a critical step in liberating sugars that can be fermented into biofuels.

Geological Society of America honors diversity
The Geological Society of America announces its Subaru Outstanding Woman in Science Award and Bromery Award for the Minorities recipients, two individuals who exemplify GSA's commitment to excellence and opportunity through diversity in the geosciences.

Hijacked supplies for pathogens
Legionnaire's disease bacteria tap into the material transport in immune cells.

Gene may hold key to reducing spread of oral cancers
The spread of cancer cells in the tongue may be reduced if a gene that regulates cancer cell migration can be controlled, according to new research at the University of Illinois at Chicago.

Strong scientific findings presented at AIDS 2010 point to promise ahead and underscore the need to stay the course
The biennial meeting of the global AIDS community concluded today with clear evidence of tangible progress in HIV research and program scale up, yet facing an urgent need for increased resources, the protection of human rights, and broader use of scientifically sound prevention strategies.

Report finds bioenergy production can expand across Africa without displacing food
Crops can be produced for bioenergy on a significant scale in west, eastern and southern Africa without doing damage to food production or natural habitats, according to a report produced by the Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa, Imperial College London and CAMCO International.

Family feud: US parents more likely to have conflict with adult children than European parents
Tolstoy wrote that every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way, and a new study in the August 2010 issue of the Journal of Marriage and Family finds significant national differences in the degree of conflict between older parents and their adult children.

Boost for world-leading microscopy project
A Cardiff University researcher has secured a highly sought-after leadership award which could propel her research onto the world stage.

Diagnostic 'guidelines' a barrier to prompt relief for some back pain
Slavishly following long-held guidelines for diagnosing the cause of arthritis-related back pain is resulting in excessive tests, delays in pain relief and wasteful spending of as much as $10,000 per patient, new Johns Hopkins-led research suggests.

Diabetes monitoring device benefits man and man's best friend
A University of Missouri researcher is using a continuous glucose monitoring device -- commonly used in humans with diabetes -- to help treat dogs and other animals.

RNA offers a safer way to reprogram cells
For the first time, MIT researchers have shown that they can deliver those same reprogramming genes using RNA, the genetic material that normally ferries instructions from DNA to the cell's protein-making machinery.

The healing effects of forests
Forests -- and other natural, green settings -- can reduce stress, improve moods, reduce anger and aggressiveness and increase overall happiness.

CO2 reduction policies in Spain strengthen the services sector
A study by the Basque Center for Climate Change has analyzed the expected economic impact in Spain of the reduction of greenhouse gases set by the Kyoto Protocol for the period 2008-2012 and for the phase afterward or post-Kyoto phase.

Geological Society of America honors service to the public and the profession for 2010
Awards recognizing outstanding service in accordance with the mission and values of the Geological Society of America will be presented at the GSA Annual Meeting in Denver, Colo., on Oct.

No firm conclusions about HDL cholesterol can be drawn from JUPITER sub-analysis
The European Society of Cardiology is concerned that interpretations of a paper about cholesterol, published in the Lancet, could act to deter ongoing research efforts into developing new therapeutic strategies to increase high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol.

Einstein receives $4 million to test HPV microbicide
The National Cancer Institute has awarded Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University $4.1 million to test the microbicide Carraguard against the human papillomavirus, which causes cervical cancer.

Inhibiting fatty acids in immune cells decreases atherosclerosis risk
Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found a way to significantly reduce atherosclerosis in mice that does not involve lowering cholesterol levels or eliminating other obesity-related problems.

Noninvasive MR imaging of blood vessel growth in tumors using nanosized contrast agents
In the work published in the August issue of EBM, Kessinger and coworkers have incorporated nanotechnology, material science and the clinical imaging modality MRI, to create a nanosized probe capable of noninvasively visualizing and quantifying the blood vessel growth in tumors in a preclinical model.

Sickle cell treatment developed at LA BioMed enters Phase 3 clinical trial
An experimental treatment for sickle cell disease developed at the Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute has entered Phase 3 clinical trials.

Geological Society of America announces gold medalists for 2010
The Geological Society of America will honor influential contributors to the geosciences at its 2010 Annual Meeting in Denver, Colo.

Neiker-Tecnalia study use of oilseedrape and sunflower oils to produce fuel and feed for herds
The oil extracted from oleaginous plants can be used as a fuel for agricultural vehicles without any reduction in their performance -- thus enabling farmers to have greater energy self-sufficiency.

2 Americans launch idea after viewing Afghan farms
In the most foreign of countries, following a misunderstood industry, and in the middle of war, two Americans met recently and realized they shared a dream: Helping farmers patch up their land, produce better crops and deliver them safely to hungry people.

'Super socks' help stem pollution runoff
Agricultural Research Service scientists and their collaborators have improved on an existing method for removing contaminants from storm water runoff.

Michael K. Miller named UT-Battelle Corporate Fellow
UT-Battelle has appointed Michael K. Miller of the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory a UT-Battelle Corporate Fellow.
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