Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 26, 2010
Special news media briefing and reception during American Chemical Society national meeting
Two world-renowned food chemists -- Sara Risch, Ph.D., and Shirley Corriher (also an award-winning cookbook author) -- will present a briefing on the Chemistry of Stadium Foods during the American Chemical Society's 240th National Meeting Aug.

Hot topic: Improving communications to fight wildfires
Wildfires can be deadly, as well as causing millions of dollars worth of damage to homes, businesses and natural resources.

Preventing heart problems while keeping a cool head
Max Planck researchers explain the cause of the flushing effect arising from cholesterol treatment with nicotinic acid.

Many knee and hip replacement patients experience weight decrease after surgery
A Mount Sinai School of Medicine study has found that patients often exhibit a significant decrease in weight and body mass index (BMI) after undergoing knee or hip replacement surgery (arthroplasty).

Researchers uncover biological rationale for why intensive lupus treatment works
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have uncovered the biological rationale for why large doses of corticosteroids given repeatedly over several weeks may help individuals with lupus, a chronic inflammatory disease that affects more than 1 million people in the US.

Seeing the forest and the trees reveals heart problems
A statistical analysis of publicly available heart rate data using three classification tools -- Random Forests, Logistic Model Tree and Neural Network -- could lead to a rapid and precise way to diagnose heart problems, according to research in the International Journal of Electronic Healthcare.

New research: What does your avatar say about you?
Old or young, beautiful or sinister -- the choices are endless when designing an avatar or a virtual alter ego.

New invention at the Weizmann Institute
Weizmann Institute neurobiologists and electrical engineers have invented a new technology that lets the severely disabled communicate or steer a wheelchair by sniffing.

Certain epilepsy drugs may increase risk of suicide
While the Food and Drug Administration requires a warning of an increased risk of suicide for all epilepsy drugs, a new study shows that only certain drugs may increase the risk.

BU wins $1.6M NIH grant to target protein-protein interactions
An interdisciplinary team of Boston University professors is launching a project to develop new ways to target protein-protein interactions with synthetic organic drugs.

Most men with low-risk prostate cancer receive aggressive treatment
Most men who are diagnosed with prostate cancer appear to under undergo aggressive therapy, even if they have a low prostate-specific antigen level and low-risk disease, according to a report in the July 26 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

University of Colorado joins forces with major research affiliate
The University of Colorado's Anschutz Medical Campus joins forces with CPC to speed up time between lab research and clinical trials.

New mathematical model could aid studies of cardiac muscle
Researchers have developed a new mathematical model that may provide a simpler and better way of predicting ventricular function during the cardiac cycle.

New approach which can help to predict neurodegenerative diseases
New investigations, initiated by research workers at CIC bioGUNE and led by Dr.

Rest requirements for residents unlikely to improve outcomes in 2 common surgeries
As the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education seeks to further limit residents' work hours, a new study reports that outcomes in two common surgeries were similar among residents who had worked less than 16 hours and those who had worked more than 16 hours.

Media registration for 22nd EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium
Journalists can register now for the 22nd EORTC-NCI-AACR Symposium on

U of I research seeks to improve sensors that monitor diesel fuel quality
Sensors currently used to monitor the quality of diesel fuel and biodiesel blended fuels during engine operation are unable to adequately detect certain important fuel quality concerns.

American Chemical Society, Royal Society of Chemistry jointly launch sustainability websites
Two of the world's largest chemical societies today unveiled a new website showcasing cutting-edge scientific research that could help corral climate change, curb the depletion of vital natural resources and ensure global sustainability for future generations.

Stanford engineers use rocket science to make wastewater treatment sustainable
Stanford engineers are developing a new sewage treatment process that would increase the production of two greenhouse gases -- nitrous oxide and methane -- and use those gases to power the treatment plant.

Malaspina expedition 2010
Next November, the Malaspina expedition 2010 will set sail from the city of Cadiz.

Negative stereotypes shown to affect learning, not just performance
While the effect of negative performance stereotypes on test-taking and in other domains is well documented, a study by Indiana U. social psychologist Robert J.

UCLA launches first West Coast human hand transplantation program
The UCLA Health System has launched the new UCLA Hand Transplantation Program, the first of its kind on the West Coast and only the fourth such center in the United States.

Heart failure care improved by performance intervention at outpatient cardiology practices
A study led by UCLA tested a new performance intervention to help improve adherence to national guideline-recommended therapies for heart failure patients in an outpatient setting.

U of G research reveals how monarchs fly away home
University of Guelph researchers have revealed that some North American monarchs born in the Midwest and Great Lakes fly directly west over the Appalachians and settle along the eastern seaboard.

Super glaciers leave their mark on the Gondwanan supercontinent
This new Special Paper from the Geological Society of America comprises a wide range of topics related to one of the most extreme paleoclimatic episodes in Earth's history, the Late Paleozoic Ice Age.

The Marilyn B. Gula Mountains of Hope Foundation donates additional research funds to TGen
The Marilyn B. Gula Mountains of Hope Foundation continues its fight against advanced breast cancer with a $50,000 donation to the Phoenix-based Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen), for a total contribution over two years of $300,000.

First step toward electronic DNA sequencing: Translocation through graphene nanopores
Penn researchers have developed a new, carbon-based nanoscale platform to electrically detect single DNA molecules.

Exposure to early evening sunlight in spring creates teenage night owls
In the spring, later sunset and extended daylight exposure delay bedtimes in teenagers, according to researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute's Lighting Research Center.

Obesity rise linked to disability increase among elderly in Latin America and the Caribbean
According to a new study, rising obesity rates in Latin America and the Caribbean are making elderly people there more likely to suffer from disabilities.

University of Washington professor's lifetime efforts receive international recognition
Estella Leopold, a University of Washington professor emeritus of biology, receives the International Cosmos Prize in recognition for 60 years of teaching and pioneering ecosystem research.

A collaboration solves the herpes virus protein structure providing new drug therapy directions
The mechanism by which a herpes virus invades cells has remained a mystery to scientists, but now researchers reveals the unusual structure of a key member of the protein complex that allows a herpes virus to invade cells.

Treatments for blocked carotid arteries vary by US region
Medicare beneficiaries in some parts of the United States appear more likely to receive carotid endarterectomy, a surgical procedure to clear blockages in the artery supplying blood to the head, whereas those in other regions more often receive stents for the same condition, according to a report in the July 26 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

NASA satellite improves pollution monitoring
NASA scientists use satellite precipitation data to improve water pollution monitoring models.

Doctors don't 'get' their patients
US physicians are often poor judges of their patients' health beliefs, according to a new study.

Remembering to forget: The amnesic effect of daydreaming
When your mind drifts, it's hard to remember what was going on before you stopped paying attention.

Predicting drug responsiveness in cancer patients
Drugs that target the protein mTOR are used to treat several forms of cancer, but not all patients respond to the treatment.

Our children aren't sleeping and we're medicating them
A new survey of child psychiatrists indicates that insomnia is a major problem among children in mental health treatment and at least a quarter of these patients are given sleep medication.

Even in good communities, roaming teens a recipe for violence
Even in better neighborhoods, parents should be wary about letting teens gather with nothing to do and with no adult supervision, a new study suggests.

UNC Charlotte researchers awarded national award for industrial innovation
A research team of engineers from the US Department of Energy's Y-12 National Security Complex in Oak Ridge, Tennessee and the University of North Carolina at Charlotte has won a coveted 2010

Group led by UCLA Engineering devises new method for securing location-sensitive data
A research group led by computer scientists at UCLA Engineering has proved that cryptography, the practice and study of hiding information, based solely on location is possible by using quantum mechanics.

GSA 2010 Annual Meeting -- media advisory
The 122nd Annual Meeting and Exhibition of the Geological Society of America will be held Oct.

Small investment could save 11 million African lives
In the next five years, 11 million African women and children could be saved by creating near-universal availability of key life-saving interventions, according to the Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health and the Countdown to 2015 Decade Report (2000-2010).

ISHLT issues new guidelines for the care of heart transplant recipients
Medical care of heart transplant recipients has varied from center to center and been guided by the experience of individual clinicians.

New perspectives on local calcium signaling
The latest Perspectives in General Physiology series introduces the newest technologies in the field of calcium signaling, which plays a central role in many cellular processes.

Scots engineers prove space pioneer's 25-year-old theory
When American space pioneer, Dr. Robert L. Forward, proposed in 1984 a way of greatly improving satellite telecommunications using a new family of orbits, some claimed it was impossible.

Scripps research study shows infectious prions can arise spontaneously in normal brain tissue
In a startling new study that involved research on both sides of the Atlantic, scientists from the Scripps Research Institute in Florida and the University College London Institute of Neurology in England have shown for the first time that abnormal prions, bits of infectious protein devoid of DNA or RNA that can cause fatal neurodegenerative disease, can suddenly erupt from healthy brain tissue.

Major funding awarded to improve treatment of drug-resistant tuberculosis and HIV co-infection
For the third time in four months, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the National Institutes of Health has awarded Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University a research grant aimed at helping people infected with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis.

International formula milk marketing code mired in 3 decades of dispute
An international marketing code for formula milk, intended to foster global cooperation among governments, industry and aid agencies, has instead been mired in three decades of often bitter dispute, claims a child nutrition expert in the Archives of Disease in Childhood.

Children with brain injuries have problems with story-telling
Children with brain injuries have difficulty developing story-telling skills even though other language abilities, such as vocabulary, tend to catch up with other children as they mature, research at the University of Chicago shows.

One-size-fits-all approach to child custody can endanger moms and kids
A new University of Illinois study reveals that child custody evaluators' beliefs generally fall into two categories, and one group is far more likely to prioritize safety for women and children when making custody decisions.

Shade-coffee farms support native bees that maintain genetic diversity in tropical forests
Shade-grown coffee farms support native bees that help maintain the health of some of the world's most biodiverse tropical regions, according to a study by a University of Michigan biologist and a colleague at the University of California, Berkeley.

Childhood cancer survivors may have abnormal long-term cardiac function
Childhood cancer survival is associated with increased risk of long-term abnormalities in cardiac function, according to a report in the July 26 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Surgery or stenting for carotid artery disease? Question remains
A review of scientific studies that compares two treatments for preventing strokes due carotid artery disease provides no clear answer on which treatment is better, a UT Southwestern Medical Center physician reports in an editorial in today's issue of the Archives of Internal Medicine.

ASTRO names radiologist, ABR president Society's 2010 Honorary Member
The American Society for Radiation Oncology has named N. Reed Dunnick, M.D., a distinguished leader in the field of diagnostic radiology, as its 2010 Honorary Member, which is the highest honor the Society bestows upon distinguished cancer researchers and leaders in disciplines other than radiation oncology, radiation physics or radiobiology.

Production of radioisotopes for research, medicine and engineering
The short-lived radioactive isotopes used in hospitals and in research in Denmark, are something that the scientists here at Risoe DTU know a great deal about.

Higher risk of infection and death in First Nations people on peritoneal dialysis
First Nations people in Canada on peritoneal dialysis are at increased risk of peritonitis and death, irrespective of whether they live in a rural or urban location, found a study published in CMAJ.

Scientists explain the neurological process for the recognition of letters and numbers
How does the brain link the visual basic traits of letters and numbers to abstract representations and to words?

Reducing the health risks of obesity without serious side effects
The drug rimonabant was developed as a treatment for the myriad of severe health consequences of obesity, but it was never approved for use in the US because of serious neurological side effects including depression and anxiety.

Heart bypass for uncomplicated heart surgery does not reduce neurocognitive function in children
School-aged children who undergo cardiopulmonary bypass during surgery for less complicated congenital heart defects do not appear to suffer any impairments in neurocognitive abilities, such as intelligence, memory, motor skills and behavior.

Study confirms benefit and safety of extending treatment window for stroke to 4.5 hours
Extension of the time frame for alteplase treatment after acute stroke from 3 hours up to 4.5 hours is a safe option and has not resulted in delayed treatment of patients.

ICHEP 2010 conference highlights first results from the LHC
First results from the LHC at CERN1 are being revealed at ICHEP, the world's largest international conference on particle physics, which has attracted more than 1,000 participants to its venue in Paris.

New book offers cutting-edge perspective on causes of schizophrenia; related disorders
About one in 10 people have the potential to develop schizophrenia, but only one in 100 actually end up with this devastating illness.

Max Planck Innovation awards license for actin marker LifeAct
Max Planck Innovation GmbH, the technology transfer organization of the Max Planck Society, awards an exclusive license for LifeAct to ibidi GmbH, a provider of cell analysis products, located in Martinsried near Munich.

First results from Large Hadron Collider announced
A group of University of Toronto high-energy physicists, along with their 3,000 ATLAS colleagues, announced they have broken world records in the search for new particles as the first findings from the Large Hadron Collider were presented this morning in Paris, France.

JCI table of contents: July 26, 2010
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for papers to be published July 26, 2010, in the JCI:

Undergrad engineers research everything from water quality to wildfires this summer
Twenty-one undergraduate students in the UC Riverside Bourns College of Engineering are working with faculty mentors this summer researching everything from water quality to wildfires to materials that could lead to new medical devices.

UC Berkeley psychologists bring science of happiness to China
The ranks of China's millionaires continue to grow, but the increased wealth has done little to boost the country's gross domestic happiness, according to psychologists at the University of California, Berkeley.

Once bitten, twice shy -- a temperature switch triggers aversive memory
Neurobiologists can now activate specific nerve cells to study the association between sensations and negative experiences.

Keeping trains on track
Prof. Lev V. Eppelbaum of Tel Aviv University's Department of Geophysics & Planetary Sciences and his colleagues are collecting high-tech sensing data from satellites, airplanes, magnetic and soil sensors, and unmanned aircraft to devise a solution that will provide a reliable early warning system for train operators.

Not as Web savvy as you think
College students trust Google so much that a Northwestern University study has found many students only click on websites that turn up at the top of Google searches to complete assigned tasks.

Elder care puts strain on adult parent-child relationship
Relationships between elder and younger members of a family can be strained and positive and negative in nature, even when affection is shared.

Converging weather patterns caused last winter's huge snows
The memory of last winter's blizzards may be fading in this summer's searing heat, but scientists studying them have detected a perfect storm of converging weather patterns that had little relation to climate change.

Traveling microorganisms
Every day, millions of microorganisms reach Spain from the Sahara Desert and the Sahel region -- by flying.

Disparities remain a challenge in health care says American College of Physicians
Racial and ethnic disparities remain a challenge for patients in the US health care system, the American College of Physicians said in an updated paper released today.

Plentiful maternal affection in early infancy boosts adult coping skills
Moms who shower their infants with affection equip them to cope well with life stressors as adults, indicates research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Emergency care may be failing to spot future suicidal patients
Emergency care may be failing to spot patients at risk of suicide, many of whom use these services in the year leading up to their death, suggests a small study published online in Emergency Medicine Journal.

Scientists 'reprogram' mouse fat cells into clinically useful stem cells
Australian scientists from the Monash Institute of Medical Research have

Fermilab experiments narrow allowed mass range for Higgs boson
New constraints on the elusive Higgs particle are more stringent than ever before.
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