Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

July 30, 2010
Pilot study supports adolescent diabetes patients through personalized text messages
Jennifer Dyer, M.D., M.P.H., an endocrinologist at Nationwide Children's Hospital, has developed and completed a pilot study that uses weekly, customized text messages to remind adolescent diabetes patients about their personal treatment activities.

Bacteriolytic therapy may be a promising treatment strategy for advanced pancreatic cancer patients
Pancreatic carcinoma is only rarely curable. A German research group investigated an alternative treatment using spores of the bacterium Clostridium novyi in an animal model.

Bringing academic insights to the software industry
Model-based testing at an industrial scale offers a time-saving and cost-effective approach to software development.

From the heart: How cells divide to form different but related muscle groups
Using the model organism Ciona intestinalis, commonly known as the sea squirt, researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, have uncovered the origins of the second heart field in vertebrates.

California is the primary US stop for LHC's ALICE data
One month a year, the nuclei of lead atoms traveling near the speed of light will collide in the Large Hadron Collider's ALICE experiment.

Intervention effort cuts HIV incidence among female sex workers
A team of researchers from the University of California, San Diego, and Mexico has found that even a modest behavioral intervention program averaging just 35 minutes can measurably reduce the incidence of HIV and sexually transmitted infections among female sex workers in the US-Mexico border region -- and that the program succeeds at comparatively little expense.

Kinked nanopores slow DNA passage for easier sequencing
In an innovation critical to improved DNA sequencing, a markedly slower transmission of DNA through nanopores has been achieved by a team led by Sandia National Laboratories researchers.

Agreement signed for the IAU Office for Astronomy Development
The President of the South African National Research Foundation, Dr.

New 'armor' developed to avoid infection from AIDS virus
The doors are closing on the AIDS virus. A study by the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas has developed a method of attack against the AIDS virus The method involves creating a prevention system, i.e. an

Oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy may protect women against brain aneurysms
Results from a new study suggest that oral contraceptives and hormone replacement therapy may yield additional benefit of protecting against the formation and rupture of brain aneurysms in women.

Reforestation projects capture more carbon than industrial plantations, reveals new research
Australian scientists researching environmental restoration projects have found that the reforestation of damaged rainforests is more efficient at capturing carbon than controversial softwood monoculture plantations.

Clinical trials can be improved by managing the learning curve
Researchers at Duke University Medical Center looked for a learning curve phenomenon in the data record of a large, multisite clinical trial.

Transforaminal steroid injection for lumbar radicular pain proves superior to placebo
A recent study from Australian researchers determined that transforaminal injection of steroids was a viable alternative to surgery for lumbar radicular pain due to disc herniation.

Reality TV, cosmetic surgey linked, says Rutgers-Camden researcher
Research by a Rutgers-Camden psychologist suggests that teens fond of reality TV programs are more likely to join the millions who go under the knife each year.

Do soy isoflavones boost bone health?
Scientists already know much about the more than 200 bones that make up your body.

UCLA Engineering gets $7.5M from NSF to create state-of-the-art sustainability labs
The National Science Foundation has awarded the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science $7.5 million to renovate current infrastructure for use in sustainability research.

'Path of mental illness' follows path of war, 20 years after conflict ends
Researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health assessed the geographical distribution of the long-term burden of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a region of Liberia and report that the prevalence of PTSD remains high nearly two decades after the principal conflict there and five years after war in Liberia ended entirely.

Proton pump inhibitors are a risk factor for C. difficile reinfection
Clostridium-difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) is the most common cause of hospital-acquired diarrhea.

MSU targets women's health research with $2.5 million grant
With the help of a $2.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, Michigan State University is creating a cross-discipline, mentored program designed to increase the number and diversity of researchers in women's health.

Effective inducing systems of hepatic differentiation from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent non-hematopoietic cells capable of differentiating into hepatocytes.

New theory of why midcontinent faults produce earthquakes
A new theory developed at Purdue University may solve the mystery of why the New Madrid fault, which lies in the middle of the continent and not along a tectonic plate boundary, produces large earthquakes such as the ones that shook the eastern United States in 1811 and 1812.

30 million women to benefit from health reform law
Thirty million women will benefit from the new health reform law over the next decade, either through new or strengthened insurance coverage, according to a new report from the Commonwealth Fund.

A potential chemotherapeutic drug to treat hepatocellular carcinoma
A research team from China investigated the effect of galangin on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells.

Emerging E. coli strain causes many antimicrobial-resistant infections in US
A new, drug-resistant strain of E. coli is causing serious disease, according to a new study, now available online, in the Aug.

New approach to Alzheimer's therapy
Researchers from the German Centre for Neurodegenerative Diseases and the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat in Munich have shown that the ADAM10 protein can inhibit the formation of beta-amyloid, which is responsible for Alzheimer's disease.

Placement of removable metal biliary stent in post-OLT anastomotic stricture
Benign biliary strictures after liver transplantation are usually treated by repeated endoscopic interventions or surgery.

One more step on the path to quantum computers
Researchers around the world are working on the development of quantum computers that will be vastly superior to present-day computers.

New study: Tools that assess bias in standardized tests are flawed
Overturning more than 40 years of accepted practice, new research proves that the tools used to check tests of

Vanishing bile duct syndrome secondary to anti-retroviral therapy in HIV
Vanishing bile duct syndrome (VBDS) is an important cause of jaundice, and results from destruction of bile ducts in the liver.

Some like it hot: How to heat a 'nano bathtub' the JILA way
Researchers at JILA have demonstrated the use of infrared laser light to quickly and precisely heat the water in

Reading terrorists minds about imminent attack
Imagine technology that allows you to get inside the mind of a terrorist to know how, when and where the next attack will occur.

Research of cell movements in developing frogs reveals new twists in human genetic disease
Mutations in a gene known as

Study finds diet and alcohol alter epigenetics of breast cancer
Researchers from Brown University and the University of California have shown that the epigenetic profiles of breast tumors are related to patient diet and alcohol use as well as tumor size.

New biodegradable compound facilitates bone regeneration in cases of substantial loss
Bones have a capacity to regenerate themselves after suffering partial damage.

Safe and efficient de-orbit of space junk without making the problem worse
Global Aerospace Corporation (GAC) is developing a unique Gossamer Orbit Lowering Device (GOLD) for safe and efficient de-orbit of spent rocket bodies, derelict satellites and retired space platforms.

Case Western Reserve awarded $4.7 million from Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
Jonathan Stamler, M.D., director of the Institute for Transformative Molecular Medicine at the Case Western Reserve University has recently received a $4.7 million contract from the US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency to fund the development of a new class of drugs that will selectively dilate blood cells under hypoxia (lack of oxygen in the body's tissues) and thereby enhance soldiers' performance at high altitude.

Functional magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate pancreatic cancer
In an effort to develop new therapies for pancreatic cancer, models of this disease must be created and characterized.

Body of evidence: New fast, reliable method to detect gravesoil
Finding bodies buried by someone who wanted them to stay undiscovered can be difficult.

Nano 'pin art': NIST arrays are step toward mass production of nanowires
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology have cultivated many thousands of nanocrystals in what looks like a pinscreen or

European project based on ICT to facilitate users creating applications for their city or home
ESI-Tecnalia is taking part in the European DIY Smart Experiences project, based on ICTs and focused on transforming the everyday life of people through the control of their environment, both in their own homes and outside.

Breaking the language barrier: NIST tests language translation devices for US troops
In recent tests evoking visions of the universal translator on

CD74 serves as a survival receptor on colon epithelial cells
CD74 is a protein expressed by cells of the immune system.

A new role of glypican-3 in hepatocellular carcinoma
A study group from Japan analyzed the association of glypican-3 (GPC3) expression with Wnt and other growth signaling molecules in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).

How to detect malnutrition in patients effectively?
Malnutrition is a common problem in patients with cancer and is associated with a poor outcome.
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