Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

August 20, 2010
Electronic tracking system can improve follow-up after an abnormal Pap test
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine report that physicians who use an automated, electronic medical record tracking system to follow up on patients with an abnormal Pap test could increase the number of women who achieved diagnostic resolution and have women achieve resolution in less time than using traditional methods.

Pay-for-performance programs improve radiology report turnaround times, study suggests
A pay-for-performance program implemented at one of the nation's largest general hospitals appeared to have a marked effect on expediting final radiology report turnaround times, improving patient care, according to a study in the September issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

Road signs and traffic signals on DNA
The DNA in the cell nuclei of higher organisms is tightly coiled around protein complexes called nucleosomes, which repress gene expression.

Virtual colonoscopies help identify additional cancers outside of the colon, study suggests
Although the medical community has already accepted that colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is cost effective and saves lives, researchers have found that computed tomography colonography (CTC or virtual colonoscopy) not only identifies CRC but also doubles the yield of identifying significant early extracolonic (outside the colon) lesions, resulting in lives saved, according to a study in the September issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

People don't really like unselfish colleagues
Four separate studies led by a Washington State University social psychologist have found that unselfish workers who are the first to throw their hat in the ring are also among those that coworkers most want to, in effect, vote off the island.

A plan to promote sustainable US scientific discovery and innovation in the 21st century is proposed in OMICS
The US needs a comprehensive and transformational policy for the 21st century to ensure that it remains competitive in the global science and technology arena, according to a provocative opinion piece in the latest issue of OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology.

Juelich researchers take a look inside molecules
Looking at individual molecules through a microscope is part of nanotechnologists' everyday lives.

Grant for 'rotten eggs' anti-inflammatory research
A research project at the Peninsula Medical School in Exeter, which will study the effect of hydrogen sulfide (H2S -- the

Big quakes more frequent than thought on San Andreas fault
Earthquakes have rocked the powerful San Andreas fault that splits California far more often than previously thought, according to UC Irvine and Arizona State University researchers who have charted temblors there stretching back 700 years.

Oxytocin: It's a mom and pop thing
The hormone oxytocin has come under intensive study in light of emerging evidence that its release contributes to the social bonding that occurs between lovers, friends, and colleagues.

Male menopause affects more than 5 million men
While most frequently associated with women's health, age-related hormone changes, often dubbed menopause, can occur in men as well, causing symptoms of fatigue, mood swings, decreased desire for sex, hair loss, lack of concentration and weight gain.

Cigarette smoke causes harmful changes in the lungs even at the lowest levels
Casual smokers may think that smoking a few cigarettes a week is

New molecular signaling cascade increases glucose uptake
Scientists have discovered a novel molecular pathway which is activated in muscles during exercise.

ASIR technique significantly reduces radiation dose associated with abdominal CT scans
A new low-dose abdominal computed tomography (CT) technique called adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR) can reduce the radiation dose associated with abdominal CT scans by 23-66 percent, according to a study in the September issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

Drug addicts get hooked via prescriptions, keep using 'to feel like a better person,' research shows
If you want to know how people become addicted and why they keep using drugs, ask the people who are addicted.

Whole-body MRI may help detect suspected child abuse
Whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which is highly accurate at detecting soft-tissue abnormalities, may serve a role in detecting suspected child abuse in infants, according to a study in the September issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

September 2010 Geology and GSA Today highlights
From biofilms to carbon burial, the September Geology covers science all over the map.

Renewed partnership keeps $60 million satellite center in Madison
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration recently announced that the Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies -- formed in Madison in 1980 as a joint venture between the federal agency and the university's Space Science and Engineering Center -- would stay put for at least five more years.

A stable office for the IMU
The Weierstrass Institute at Berlin has been selected to host the permanent office of the International Mathematical Union by a decision taken at the 16th General Assembly meeting held in Bangalore during Aug.

CEAP study examines nitrogen, copper levels in Bay watershed
A comprehensive study of pollutants in a major Chesapeake Bay tributary revealed troublesome levels of nitrogen and copper that could flow into the Bay, according to US Department of Agriculture scientists and their cooperators.

UC Riverside botanist to receive Paul Ecke Jr. Award of Excellence
Jodie Holt, a professor of plant physiology at the University of California, Riverside, and the botanical consultant for James Cameron's film

Pharma and food thought leaders set to converge in Amsterdam next April
Pharma-Nutrition, the new international scientific conference organized by Elsevier, the leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, aims to discuss the latest research, concepts and practical applications of medical nutrition in patient treatments, disease management and patient outcomes.

Is the ice in the Arctic Ocean getting thinner and thinner?
The extent of the sea ice in the Arctic will reach its annual minimum in September.

U of M researchers identify 2 FDA approved drugs that may fight HIV
Researchers at the University of Minnesota Academic Health Center have identified two drugs that, when combined, may serve as an effective treatment for HIV.

ASIR technique reduces radiation dose associated with coronary CTA by 27 percent
A new low-dose coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) technique called adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction can reduce the radiation dose associated with coronary CTA by 27 percent, according to a study in the September issue of the American Journal of Roentgenology.

Female sexual offenders: Unrecognized and underreported
Sexual offenses committed by women, while often unrecognized and underreported, have become the subject of a new book by a University of Montreal professor.

Salaries, demand and career opportunities contribute to global nursing faculty migration
Twenty-one experts from 12 countries convened near Geneva, Switzerland, in late June to explore current patterns, types, and causal and contributing factors of global nurse faculty migration, a phenomenon where nursing faculty leave their country of origin to work elsewhere.

Surfing for earthquakes
A better understanding of the ground beneath our feet will result from research by seismologists and computer scientists.

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology
The following are tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology:

Elsevier partners with Helinet to strengthen consortium's leadership in health sciences education
Elsevier Health Sciences and Helinet, India's premier medical library consortium for e-resources, have announced an agreement that will provide all medical students at Helinet's medical colleges with access to leading international and local medical content through Elsevier's electronic platforms: ScienceDirect and MD Consult.

Iowa State awards grants to develop health, energy and research technologies
Iowa State University has awarded competitive grants totaling $942,389 to 10 research projects that have potential to grow the state's economy.

Street outreach workers an important tool for violence prevention and intervention
A new study describes how using street outreach workers is an effective strategy to reach and engage youth with the goal of violence prevention and intervention.

Researchers advance understanding of enzyme that regulates DNA
Thanks to a single-molecule imaging technique developed by a University of Illinois professor, researchers have revealed the mechanisms of PcrA helicase, an important DNA-regulating enzyme.

Turning school ground natural areas into environmental labs
Public school grounds will become environmental education laboratories when a 20-foot green and blue mobile technology trailer from the innovative, hands-on Discovering the Science of the Environment mobile program from the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis pulls into dozens of elementary and middle schools in nine Indiana counties this fall and spring.

'Rotten eggs' gas and inflammation in arthritic joints
Hydrogen sulfide is a gas more commonly associated with the smell of

Limiting ocean acidification under global change
Emissions of carbon dioxide are causing ocean acidification as well as global warming.

Winners of the 2010 IMU prizes
The following four awards instituted by the International Mathematical Union were given away at the 2010 International Congress of Mathematicians being held during Aug. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to