Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 10, 2010
NYU researchers identify new neurological deficit behind lazy eye
Researchers at New York University's Center for Neural Science have identified a new neurological deficit behind amblyopia, or

AgriLife Research project aims at decreasing corn irrigation requirements
Dr. Wenwei Xu cannot pinpoint a gene that allows drought resistance or water efficiency in corn, but he is definitely drawing nearer to providing producers with corn exhibiting those traits.

World's first transcontinental anesthesia
Videoconferences may be known for putting people to sleep, but never like this.

Flying fish glide as well as birds
How well do flying fish fly? This is the question that puzzled Haecheon Choi from Seoul National University, Korea.

Sizing up stockpiles of children's vaccines
A creative version of a classic engineering technique may improve decisions about building and using supplies of important pediatric vaccines, potentially leading to lower public health costs and healthier children.

Food security
Gebisa Ejeta, winner of the world food prize 2009, will open the International Food Security and Safety Meeting to be held in Lancaster, UK, Sept.

The precious commodity of water
Water is a valuable resource, which is why the Fraunhofer Alliance SysWasser is demonstrating how we can extract precious drinking water from air, discover a leak in pipeline systems and even effectively clean sewage water at the IFAT/Entsorga fair.

Over-the-top grass control in sorghum on the horizon
Apply today's chemicals to a sorghum crop for grass control and the sorghum will be killed off also.

Function found for Alzheimer's protein
In people with Alzheimer's, the brain becomes riddled with clumps of protein, forming what are known as amyloid plaques.

Playing snooker with atoms
Scientists speak of sputtering when energy-rich ions hit a solid object and cause atoms to be released from its surface.

Drug holds promise to halt debilitating condition of diabetes
DPN leads to death of nerves in the extremities of individuals with diabetes.

Scientists of Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen and TU Muenchen elucidate structure details of protein Sam68
Scientists of the Institute of Structural Biology of Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen and the Technische Universitaet Muenchen have succeeded in elucidating the structure of an important region of the Sam68 protein.

Tracking triclosan's field footprint
A study by US Department of Agriculture scientists and cooperators provides new details about how fertilizing soils with biosolids also introduces triclosan -- an antibacterial agent in soaps and other cleaning supplies -- into the environment.

Research shows unemployment programs lacking for people with disabilities
The insufficiency of the programs is striking because about 63 percent of Americans with disabilities are unemployed.

Climate change education partnership program is launched
Introducing cutting-edge science topics can be a challenge, due to the constantly evolving nature of scientific research.

A smart use for wisdom teeth: Making stem cells
A new study appearing in the Sept. 17 Journal of Biological Chemistry shows that wisdom teeth contain a valuable reservoir of tissue for the creation of stem cells; thus, everyone might be carrying around his or her own personal stem-cell repository should he or she ever need some.

Discovery offers hope of saving sub-Saharan crops from devastating parasites
Each year, thousands of acres of crops are planted throughout Africa, Asia and Australia only to be laid to waste by a parasitic plant called Striga, also known as witchweed.

TERMIS-North America announces speakers for annual event
Keynote speakers have been announced for the TERMIS-North America Conference and Expo, set for Dec.

AIAA Foundation announces winners of 2009-2010 Undergraduate Space Transportation Design Competition
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Foundation is pleased to announce that a team from the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va., has won first prize in the Foundation's annual Undergraduate Space Transportation Design Competition.

Special focus on glycomics in OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology
The glycome, encompassing all of the complex sugars produced by an organism, is comprised of multiple families of molecules whose function in the human body is often determined by the structure, composition, and placement of the attached sugars, as explored in a comprehensive look at the field of glycomics in a group of key articles in OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology.

Cilostazol at least as effective as aspirin in preventing secondary stroke, with significantly less major bleeding
The antiplatelet drug cilostazol (which prevents the blood from clotting) works as well as, and might be better than, aspirin in helping to prevent a secondary stroke in Asian patients, but with significantly less major bleeding.

Graphene may hold key to speeding up DNA sequencing
Researchers from Harvard University and MIT have demonstrated that graphene can act as an artificial membrane separating two liquid reservoirs.

Mount Sinai researchers analyze impact of chemical BPA in dental sealants used in children
Researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine have found that bisphenol A (BPA) released from some plastic resins used in pediatric dentistry is detectable in the saliva after placement in children's mouths.

Shenk wins AGHE's Friedsam Award
The Association for Gerontology in Higher Education -- the educational branch of the Gerontological Society of America -- has chosen Dena Shenk, Ph.D., of the University of North Carolina at Charlotte as the newest recipient of the Hiram J.

Untiring dedication to solar energy
Prof. Dr. Hans-Werner Schock, department head and spokesman for Solar Energy Research at Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, received the prestigious

Sandia researcher: Amateur astronomers open potential lab in outer space for planetary scientists
Two amateur astronomers who independently observed and videotaped an asteroid striking the giant planet Jupiter on June 3 have opened the possibility, in effect, of a giant research lab in space for planetary scientists.

Lack of trust in hospitals a major deterrent for blood donation among African-Americans
A new study published in Transfusion reveals that there is a significant distrust in the health care system among the African-American community, and African-Americans who distrust hospitals are less likely to donate blood.

AIAA Foundation announces winners of 2009-2010 Undergraduate Team Space Design Competition
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Foundation is pleased to announce that the team from the Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Ga., has won first prize in the AIAA Foundation's annual Undergraduate Team Space Design Competition.

Ansello wins AGHE's Tibbitts Award
The Association for Gerontology in Higher Education -- the educational branch of The Gerontological Society of America -- has chosen Edward F.

AIAA announces winners of 2009-2010 AIAA Foundation Undergraduate Team Aircraft Design Competition
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Foundation is pleased to announce that a team from California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, Calif., has won first prize in the AIAA Foundation's annual Undergraduate Team Aircraft Design Competition.

Scientists gather for symposium on epitaxial graphene
Scientists from around the world will gather next week to discuss the latest research findings at the 2nd International Symposium on the Science and Technology of Epitaxial Graphene.

Many roads lead to superconductivity
In cooperation with an international research group, researchers from Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin have now discovered a magnetic signature that occurs universally among all iron-based superconductors, even if the parent compounds from which the superconductors are made possess different chemical properties.

Mental health leaves most costly disability to Canadian employers
Mental illness is associated with more lost work days than any other chronic condition, costing the Canadian economy $51 billion annually in lost productivity.

AIAA Foundation announces winners of 2009-2010 Undergraduate Individual Aircraft Design Competition
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Foundation is pleased to announce that Lauren Fitzpatrick from the University of Kansas, Lawrence, Kan., has won first prize in the AIAA Foundation's annual Undergraduate Individual Team Aircraft Design Competition.

Program to improve palliative care falls short of hopes
There may be no simple one-size-fits-all approach to improving end-of-life care in ICU settings, according to a recent study from some of the world's leading researchers in palliative care.

IV drips can be left in place
Small intravenous devices commonly used in the hand or arm do not need to be moved routinely every three days.

Dozens of contributions to adaptable and sustainable building, brought together in a book
The 16th International Conference on Open and Sustainable Building was held from May 17-19 this year in Bilbao.

The cost of over-triage on our nation's health system
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have identified

AgriLife Research conducts trials to reach maximum yield with limited water
Agriculture is a primary user of water in this region, and corn requires the dominant share.

Misfolded neural proteins linked to autism disorders
An international team of scientists, led by researchers at the University of California, San Diego, has identified misfolding and other molecular anomalies in a key brain protein associated with autism spectrum disorders.

LiXEdrom: Innovative measuring chamber for X-ray study of liquid jets
At Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin, Emad Aziz, head of a junior research group, has shown that liquids can be investigated by X-ray emission spectroscopy without using membranes after all.
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