Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 17, 2010
Teenagers are more sedentary on weekends
The new school year has started and the school routine is back.

Women with diabetes having more C-sections and fetal complications: study
Nearly half of women with diabetes prior to pregnancy have a potentially-avoidable C-section and their babies are twice as likely to die as those born to women without diabetes, according to the POWER study.

ORNL strengthens DOE-funded clean vehicles team
As a member of the recently announced clean vehicles consortium, part of the US-China Clean Energy Research Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers are focusing on a suite of technologies to put more electric and hybrid vehicles on the road.

Light is the friend of lovers
The increase of artificial night lighting is only one of the consequences of intense urbanization.

Marshall University researchers awarded more than $1 million for breast cancer studies
Two researchers at Marshall University have been awarded federal funds totaling more than $1 million to assess the effects of omega-3 fatty acids on breast cancer development.

Researchers at SUNY Downstate find drug combination may treat traumatic brain injury
Currently, there are no drugs available to treat TBI: a variety of single drugs have failed clinical trials, suggesting a possible role for drug combinations.

Less is more in the fight against terrorism
Terrorist networks are complex. Now, a mathematical analysis of their properties published this month in the International Journal of Networking and Virtual Organisations, suggests that the best way to fight them is to isolate the hubs within the network rather than trying to destroy the network as a whole through short-term battles.

NASA eyes Typhoon Fanapi approaching Taiwan
Infrared satellite data from NASA's Aqua satellite revealed strong convection and a tight circulation center within Typhoon Fanapi as it heads for a landfall in Taiwan this weekend.

Research could improve detection of liver damage
Research at the University of Liverpool could lead to faster and more accurate diagnoses of liver damage.

At the crossroads of chromosomes
One hundred billion cells in the human body divide over the course of a day.

Springer editor awarded Volvo Environment Prize
Springer editor Harold A. Mooney has been named the recipient of the 2010 Volvo Environment Prize.

World conference on biology behind food security
More than 220 international scientists will meet at a conference in Adelaide, Australia next week (Sept.

Pazopanib shows highest response of any treatment to date for advanced thyroid cancer
Results of a phase 2 trial show that a high number (49 percent) of patients with advanced differentiated thyroid cancers responded to treatment with pazopanib, a drug that works by stopping tumour blood vessel growth.

New clean energy initiative to include UChicago, Argonne National Laboratory
The Clean Energy Trust has received a $1 million grant from the US Department of Energy to help transfer research from the University of Chicago, Argonne National Laboratory, and other Illinois universities and science labs into clean-energy technologies and viable businesses.

Regional universities selected by US Department of Energy to help bring renewable energy technologies to the market
San Diego university and industry leaders will work to accelerate the transfer of energy efficiency and renewable energy innovations from university laboratories into the marketplace under a new three-year, $1.05 million Grant from the US Department of Energy.

When the Earth mantle finds its core
The Earth's mantle and its core mix at 2900 km under our feet in a mysterious zone.

Standardized violence-prevention programs may not prevent teen fighting, findings suggest
UT Southwestern Medical Center investigators have uncovered new insights on adolescent fighting: what triggers it, and how to stem it.

Emotional robot pets
Designers of robot pets are fighting a never-ending battle with consumers to provide entertaining and realistic gadgets that respond to human interaction in ever more nuanced ways, mimicking the behavior of real pet animals or even people.

Nobelist Walter Kohn to receive 2010 Prange Prize
Walter Kohn, who invented the density-functional theory of matter, has been named the 2010 recipient of the Richard E.

NASA sees record-breaking Julia being affected by Igor
Julia is waning in the eastern Atlantic Ocean because of outflow from massive Hurricane Igor, despite his distance far to the west.

Progress against child deaths will lag until family, community care prioritized
Global efforts to tackle millions of preventable child and maternal deaths will fail to extend gains unless world leaders act now to pour more health-care resources directly into families and communities, according to a new World Vision report launched today.

Tick tock: Rods help set internal clocks, biologist says
Rod cells -- one of three kinds of exquisitely photosensitive cells found in the retina of the eye -- are surprisingly found to be the only ones responsible for setting our internal

Research team assesses environmental impact of organic solar cells
To better understand the energy and environmental benefits and detriments of solar power, a research team from Rochester Institute of Technology has conducted one of the first life-cycle assessments of organic solar cells.

NASA's CloudSat satellite and GRIP Aircraft profile Hurricane Karl
NASA's CloudSat satellite captured a profile of Hurricane Karl as it began making landfall in Mexico today.

BioSpace and BioMed Central create global career community
BioSpace and BioMed Central are announcing the launch of the BioMed Central Career Network today, a new online community for life science professionals seeking quality recruitment, job opportunities and industry news.

UCLA's CNSI, Dutch institute sign agreement to collaborate on nanoscience, nanotechnology
Through joint research projects and educational exchanges CNSI and MESA+ will apply nanotechnology to problems of global concern in health and the environment.

Great Lakes water quality is focus of new $5 million grant
How could climate change and our response to it affect the Great Lakes' water quality?

Channeling efforts to fight cystic fibrosis
The lab of Kevin Foskett, Ph.D., the Isaac Ott Professor of Physiology at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, has found a possible new target for fighting cystic fibrosis (CF) that could compensate for the lack of a functioning ion channel in affected CF-related cells.

Study finds possible 'persistence' switch for tuberculosis
A model for the genetic

Pickle spoilage bacteria may help environment
Spoilage bacteria that can cause red coloration of pickles' skin during fermentation may actually help clean up dyes in textile industry wastewater, according to a US Department of Agriculture study.

'Miracle tree' may form basis for low-cost water purification
The moringa oleifera tree, often called the

Looking for secrets to drug addiction in our blood
A new two-year, $850,000 study with the US Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and the Air Force's 59th Medical Wing hopes to find a better indicator of current or past use of illicit drugs.

Father absence linked to earlier puberty among certain girls
Girls in homes without a biological father are more likely to hit puberty at an earlier age, according to a new study led by researchers at UC Berkeley's School of Public Health.

Physicists cross hurdle in quantum manipulation of matter
A collaboration of experimentalists from the Kavli Institute of Nanosciences at Delft University of Technology and theorists at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory made a breakthrough in the area of controlling single quantum spins.

Violent video games increase aggression long after the game is turned off
Playing a violent video game can increase aggression, and when a player keeps thinking about the game, the potential for aggression can last for as long as 24 hours, according to a study in the current Social Psychological and Personality Science.

Gene limits learning and memory in mice
Deleting a certain gene in mice can make them smarter by unlocking a mysterious region of the brain considered to be relatively inflexible, scientists have found.

UCLA conference to address technology's impact on successful aging Oct. 29
The UCLA Center on Aging's third annual

Mechanism behind demethylation pinpointed in APC gene mutants
Researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute at the University of Utah demonstrate in a study featured in Cell the mechanism by which mutation of the APC gene affects a cellular process known as DNA methylation.

Targeted therapy decreases progression rate in thyroid cancer
The drug pazopanib may help revolutionize the care of patients with metastatic, rapidly progressive differentiated thyroid cancers, say researchers at Mayo Clinic who are publishing findings of a phase II clinical trial in the Lancet Oncology.

SHSU to study ballistics database
A Sam Houston State University associate professor of criminal justice has received a $341,807 grant from the National Institute of Justice to study the use and effectiveness of a national database of forensic ballistics evidence.

Report: Tsunami detection improves, but coastal areas still vulnerable
The nation's ability to detect and forecast tsunamis has improved since the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, but current efforts are still not sufficient to meet challenges posed by tsunamis generated near land that leave little time for warning, says a new congressionally requested report from the National Research Council.

More effective weight control strategies are urgently needed
September is National Childhood Obesity Awareness Month, drawing attention to the epidemic of obesity among children and adolescents in the United States.

Prostate cancer community calls for better early detection and treatment
In a presentation today at the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation's Annual Legislative Conference Health Braintrust meeting, Faina Shtern, M.D., president and CEO of AdMeTech Foundation, unveiled overwhelming support from Congressional Black Caucus members and patient advocacy organizations for the Prostate Research, Imaging and Men's Education Act of 2010 (PRIME Act).

Over half-a-million pounds to bring medieval music back to life
The Department of Music at the University of Southampton has been awarded almost £600,000 ($938,000) to research, catalog and create sound recordings of a genre of medieval music which hasn't been performed since the middle of the 13th century.
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