Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 22, 2010
University Hospitals Case Medical Center implements AutoLITT system for treatment of brain tumors
University Hospitals Case Medical Center is offering new hope for patients with inoperable brain tumors or lesions previously diagnosed as untreatable through a revolutionary technology called AutoLITT which

Electricity collected from the air could become the newest alternative energy source
Imagine devices that capture electricity from the air -- much like solar cells capture sunlight -- and using them to light a house or recharge an electric car.

Researchers crack cuckoo egg mystery
Researchers at the University of Sheffield have discovered that cuckoo eggs are internally incubated by the female bird for up to 24 hours before birth, solving for the first time the mystery as to how a cuckoo chick is able to hatch in advance of a host's eggs and brutally evict them.

Elsevier launches International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Elsevier, the world-leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information products and services together with Surgical Associates Ltd the Owner of the International Journal of Surgery, announced today the launch of the International Journal of Surgery Case Reports a new author-pays online general surgical journal dedicated to publishing case reports only.

Funding for 'Waste the Waist' pilot study
A pilot study designed to evaluate a new approach to weight loss and physical activity in people with increased cardiovascular risk has been funded by the National Institute for Health Research, the Department of Health's national health research funding scheme.

Carnegie Mellon will lead HP-sponsored consortium developing new ways of measuring learning
Educators at Carnegie Mellon University will lead a global consortium funded by the HP Catalyst Initiative to develop new technologies for measuring students' competency in science, technology, engineering and mathematics.

Clinical trial establishes catheter-based aortic valve replacement as new standard of care for patients
One-year data from the PARTNER clinical trial, published today in the New England Journal of Medicine, demonstrate that transcatheter aortic-valve implantation, compared with standard therapy, resulted in significantly lower rates of death among patients who cannot undergo surgery for aortic stenosis.

A scientific research study analyzes when to buy airline and theater tickets
Do you fancy watching a musical in London? Then, according to a research study at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, if you want to save money you should buy your airlines long in advance, but postpone the purchase of your theater ticket until the last minute.

Losing your religion deemed unhealthy
People who leave strict religious groups are more likely to say their health is worse than members who remain in the group, according to a Penn State researcher.

Huge post-tropical Hurricane Igor drenched Newfoundland, Canada
Hurricane Igor may have transitioned into a post-tropical hurricane late yesterday, but when he approached Newfoundland, Canada and merged with an area of low pressure it resulted in heavy rainfall throughout the region.

AstraZeneca joins Rochester initiative to further cardiac safety
AstraZeneca purchased a one-year membership to gain access to an international repository of data designed to aid industry and academic researchers developing new technologies to improve cardiac safety.

Cocaine and ecstasy detected in waters of the L'Albufera in Valencia
The water in the canals and irrigation channels in the L'Albufera Natural Park in Valencia contain cocaine, ecstasy and a further six drugs.

UT researcher links maternal genes to selfish behavior
Francisco Ubeda, professor at the University of Tennessee, examined the consequences of ancestral women's tendency to follow their mates and raise their children among people they are not related to, and found this behavior spurs a conflict between maternal and paternal genes in a juvenile over how it should act in society.

GOES-13's wide view of Atlantic's Tropical Storm Lisa and low, Pacific's Georgette
The GOES-13 satellite may be stationed in orbit over the eastern US, but it has a wide field of view from the eastern Atlantic to the eastern Pacific, and today it captured three tropical cyclones in one image.

Mayo Clinic finds inflammation causes some postsurgical neuropathies
A new Mayo Clinic study found that nerve inflammation may cause the pain, numbness and weakness following surgical procedures that is known as post-surgical neuropathy.

Humanized mice may provide clues to better prevent and treat typhoid fever
Better treatments and prevention of typhoid fever may emerge from a laboratory model that has just been developed for the disease.

Northwestern first site open for spinal cord stem cell trial
Northwestern Medicine is the first site open for enrollment in a national clinical research trial of a human embryonic stem cell-based therapy for participants with a subacute thoracic spinal cord injury.

MIT neuroscientists reveal how the brain learns to recognize objects
Understanding how the brain recognizes objects is a central challenge for understanding human vision, and for designing artificial vision systems (no computer system comes close to human vision).

Breaking waves in the stellar lagoon
A spectacular new NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope image reveals the heart of the Lagoon Nebula.

NYU Langone researchers present at Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics scientific symposium
Researchers from the Cardiac & Vascular Institute at NYU Langone Medical Center will present at the Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics 2010 scientific symposium, Sept.

Space-age device to deliver more efficient health care on Earth and above
How does space research benefit humans on Earth? Improved health care.

Video simulations of real earthquakes made available to worldwide network
A Princeton University-led research team has developed the capability to produce realistic movies of earthquakes based on complex computer simulations that can be made available worldwide within hours of a disastrous upheaval.

Albert Einstein College of Medicine researcher to brief Congressional staffers on global diabetes
Researchers from Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University will hold a congressional briefing in Washington, D.C., aimed at focusing attention on the alarming global diabetes epidemic.

Talking while walking puts Parkinson's patients at risk for falls
We've all heard the saying about people who can't walk and chew gum at the same time, but it turns out that walking and talking is difficult enough, especially for people with Parkinson's disease who are at increased risk for falls with injury.

Gladstone scientists identify strategy to reduce toxic proteins associated with Alzheimer's disease
This study suggests that interfering with tau acetylation may be a new approach for reducing tau-related pathology.

Cardiovascular Innovation Institute researchers receive over $2 million grant from NIH
Researchers in the Cardiovascular Innovation Institute, a partnership between the University of Louisville and Jewish Hospital, in collaboration with researchers at Indiana University and Purdue University, have received a $2,027,059 grant from the National Institutes of Health to further develop an implantable pump that could dramatically improve the lives of patients with single ventricle heart disease.

New luggage inspection methods identify liquid explosives
Liquid explosives are easy to produce. As a result, terrorists can use the chemicals for attacks -- on aircraft, for instance.

UMCES Chesapeake Biological Laboratory to rebuild historic research pier
The National Science Foundation has awarded the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science Chesapeake Biological Laboratory $1.7 million to repair and rebuild its historic 750-foot research pier on Solomons Island.

Aeras and Crucell announce Phase II clinical trial start in Kenya
Aeras and Crucell announce the start of a Phase II clinical trial in infants of the jointly developed TB vaccine candidate, AERAS-402/Crucell Ad35.

Deepwater Horizon committee hears from oil industry executives -- Sept. 26 public meeting
A committee of the National Academy of Engineering and National Research Council that is conducting an analysis of the causes of the Deepwater Horizon explosion and oil spill will hold a public meeting to hear from Mark Bly, group head of safety and operations for BP, and other company representatives about BP's recently released accident investigation report.

Study: Doctors overprescribe antibiotics for respiratory infections
Doctors frequently misuse antibiotics when treating patients hospitalized with respiratory tract infections, according to a study to be published in the November issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.

Ingredient in soap points toward new drugs for infection that affects 2 billion
The antibacterial ingredient in some soaps, toothpastes, odor-fighting socks and even computer keyboards is pointing scientists toward a long-sought new treatment for a parasitic disease that affects almost 2 billion people.

Chromium picolinate may lessen inflammation in diabetic nephropathy
Taking chromium picolinate may help lessen inflammation associated with diabetic nephropathy (kidney disease), say researchers.

An elegant galaxy in an unusual light
A new image taken with the powerful HAWK-I camera on ESO's Very Large Telescope at Paranal Observatory in Chile shows the beautiful barred spiral galaxy NGC 1365 in infrared light.

NC State research grant will help military combat infections
A new $1.8 million grant from the US Department of Defense will allow North Carolina State University researchers to work with the Walter Reed Institute of Research to further test the effectiveness of molecules that have shown great promise in combating antibiotic-resistant infections.

Coral bleaching likely in Caribbean this year
According to the NOAA Coral Reef Watch monitoring system, coral bleaching is likely in the Caribbean in 2010.

LSU researchers receive 2 NSF grants to study oil and dispersant contamination
Since the Deepwater Horizon disaster in the Gulf of Mexico, experts have debated the potential impact of oil and dispersants used to break it up.

Largest genetic study of asthma points towards better treatments
An international study looking at DNA from over 26,000 people has identified several genetic variants that substantially increase susceptibility to asthma in the population.

Getting off tract: Polyglutamine disease involves other regions of protein
Many genes code for proteins that have a

Less pain for learning gain
Scientists have long agreed that perceptual skills related to language learning and reading can be enhanced through practice.

'Dry water' could make a big splash commercially
An unusual substance known as

Building language skills more critical for boys than girls
Developing language skills appears to be more important for boys than girls in helping them to develop self-control and, ultimately, succeed in school, according to a study led by a Michigan State University researcher.

Gum disease found to be significant public health concern
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and American Academy of Periodontology suggest more American adults may have gum disease; previous estimates underestimate periodontal disease in the US population.

$12 million grant to study young adult smoking behaviors
UIC's Institute for Health Research and Policy has received a $12.4 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to study the predictors of smoking patterns from adolescence through young adulthood.

David Cheresh receives top award for cancer metastasis research
David A. Cheresh, Ph.D., professor of pathology at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and associate director for translational research at the Moores UCSD Cancer Center, has been named the 2010 recipient of the Paget-Ewing Award, the highest prize bestowed by the Metastasis Research Society, an international, nonprofit organization that promotes scientific research involving metastasis.

Acetylation may contribute to dementia and Alzheimer's disease
A new study uncovers a protein modification that may contribute to the formation of neuron-damaging neurofibrillary tangles in the human brain.

Cooperation between Boehringer Ingelheim and Eurofins Medigenomix GmbH
Boehringer Ingelheim and Eurofins Medigenomix cooperate in the areas of DNA banking and pharmacogenetics/pharmacogenomics.

New species of sea slug discovered by UCSB marine scientist
Sometimes, treasures can be found in your own backyard -- especially if you know what to look for.

NYC public school students have high levels of access to convenience stores with unhealthy food
A new study by researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health examined the patterns of exposure to a broad range of food outlets for school children in New York City.

New treatment for severe aortic stenosis shown to save lives, Stanford researchers say
Implantation of a new bioprosthetic-tissue valve into the hearts of patients who have severe aortic stenosis and are too sick or too old for open-heart surgery has been found to both save lives and improve the quality of those lives, according to a new multicenter study.

Human-powered ornithopter becomes first ever to achieve sustained flight
Aviation history was made when the University of Toronto's human-powered aircraft with flapping wings became the first of its kind to fly continuously.

Biography captures Sydney Brenner's unflagging scientific curiosity and lively personality
The new book

UN Summit launches drive to save lives of more than 16 million women and children
Culminating a global summit on the Millennium Development Goals, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and heads of state and government, along with the private sector, foundations, international organizations, civil society and research organizations, kicked off a concerted world-wide effort to save the lives of more than 16 million women and children.

Amazing horned dinosaurs unearthed on 'lost continent'
Discovery of two new horned dinosaurs in southern Utah are part of an entirely new assemblage of dinosaurs found in the Grand Staircase-Escalante Monument, and which confirm that dinosaurs living in the area called Laramidia were divided into at least northern and southern provinces.

Cell division typically associated with cancer may also protect the liver from injury
Oregon Health & Science University researchers have found that the liver, which is known to have a tremendous capacity for regeneration, also has an amazing degree of diversity.

Fruit flies help Yale scientists sniff out new insect repellents
By following the

Mercury found to have comet-like appearance by satellites looking at sun
Scientists from Boston University's Center for Space Physics reported today that NASA satellites designed to view the escaping atmosphere of the Sun have also recorded evidence of gas escaping from the planet Mercury.

New computer-tomography method visualizes nano-structure of bones
A novel nano-tomography method developed by a team of researchers from the Technische Universitaet Muenchen, the Paul Scherrer Institute and the ETH-Zurich opens the door to computed tomography examinations of minute structures at nanometer resolutions.

Toward the first nose drops to treat brain cancer
Scientists are reporting the development and successful initial testing of a new form of methotrexate -- the mainstay anticancer drug -- designed to be given as nose drops rather than injected.

Pitt researchers lead $2 million effort to revamp scientific method behind green construction
Pitt researchers will lead a four-year, $2 million federally funded project to improve sustainable construction by redesigning the scientific method that guides sustainable construction.

For sufferers of an early-onset dementia, career choice may determine location of disease in brain
In an international study of patients with a devastating type of dementia that often strikes in middle age, researchers have found intriguing evidence that career choice may influence where the disease takes root in the brain.

Discovery may pave way for new approaches to prevent infections in the womb
Researchers funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council have established in mice the mechanism that detects and responds to the presence of bacteria in the womb -- a discovery that opens up the possibility of new preventative treatments for diseases like pelvic inflammatory disease and chlamydia.

Portable laser devices to improve disease diagnosis
Portable devices that use a laser beam to probe bones, teeth and other parts of the body for early signs of diseases like osteoporosis and tooth decay may seem like something out of science fiction.

Microbiologists find source of fungus's damaging growth
Scientists at the UT Health Science Center San Antonio uncover a mechanism by which a fungus becomes much more deadly.

Researcher seeks to create 'citizen scientists' to help in response to environmental disasters
A Virginia Tech College of Engineering faculty member wants to put the task of data collection during a catastrophe such as the recent Gulf Coast oil spill into the hands of ordinary citizens.

Athletes face tough hits, players susceptible to concussions
With the recent deaths of football players top of mind, parents and coaches should always be mindful of the risks of concussions.

New from AAAS: A guide for parents on talking to kids about alcohol
Science can be a powerful tool for parents and educators seeking to persuade middle-school students not to drink alcohol, says a new book from the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Ocean cooling contributed to mid-20th century global warming hiatus
The hiatus of global warming in the Northern Hemisphere during the mid-20th century may have been due to an abrupt cooling event centered over the North Atlantic around 1970, rather than the cooling effects of tropospheric pollution.

Putting on the pounds after weight loss? Hit the gym to maintain health gains
Although obesity is a major risk factor for disease, much of the threat may be associated with the metabolic (or cardiometabolic) syndrome, a cluster of risk factors related to diabetes and heart disease.

Scientists reveal structure of dangerous bacteria's powerful multidrug resistance pump
A team at the Scripps Research Institute has detailed the structure of a member of the only remaining class of multidrug resistance transporters left to be described.

The psychology of financial decision-making and economic crises
How could the current financial crisis have happened? While fingers have been pointing to greedy banks, subprime-loan officers, and sloppy credit card practices, these are not the only contributors to the economic downturn.

Salmonella creates environment in human intestines to foster its own growth
A study led by researchers at UC Davis has found how the bacteria Salmonella enterica -- a common cause of food poisoning -- exploits immune response in the human gut to enhance its own reproductive and transmission success.

Positive behavioral interventions programs found to improve student behavior and learning
Adopting the evidence-based procedures of School-Wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports helped 21 elementary schools reduce student suspensions, office discipline referrals and improve student academic achievement, according to a study published in the July 2010 issue of the Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions.

ASTRO announces 2010 Annual Meeting awards
The American Society for Radiation Oncology is pleased to announce the recipients of several Annual Meeting awards.

Taste genes predict tooth decay
In an article published in the IADR/AADR Journal of Dental Research titled

Terlipressin treatment for gastrointestinal bleeding reduces serum sodium
A new study published in the October issue of the journal Hepatology found that patients with severe portal-hypertensive bleeding who are treated with terlipressin may experience an acute reduction of sodium in their blood.

IVF does not negatively affect academic achievement
Children conceived by in vitro fertilization, or IVF, perform at least as well as their peers on academic tests at all ages from grade 3 to 12, according to a new University of Iowa study.

Titanium foams replace injured bones
Flexible yet rigid like a human bone, and immediately capable of bearing loads: a new kind of implant, made of titanium foam, resembles the inside of a bone in terms of its structural configuration.

New drug could help stop the spread of disease during cough: U of A research
University of Alberta researchers have worked to create a drug that could completely eliminate airborne disease transmission that occurs when someone coughs.

Could brain abnormalities cause antisocial behavior and drug abuse in boys?
Antisocial boys who abuse drugs, break laws and act recklessly are not just

Smoking during pregnancy may harm the child's motor control and coordination
Women who smoke during pregnancy run the risk of adversely affecting their children's coordination and physical control according to a new study from Örebro University, Sweden, published in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

McMaster, NVIDIA establish first CUDA Teaching Centre in Canada
McMaster University is establishing the first NVIDIA CUDA Teaching Centre in Canada.

China tops world in catch and consumption of fish
China leads the world in tonnage of fish caught annually as well as the amount of fish consumed, according to new findings reported in National Geographic magazine.

Physical limitations of breast cancer survivors
Women who survive breast cancer often suffer from functional limitations that affect motion, strength and dexterity, which may adversely affect all-cause and competing-cause survival but not breast cancer survival, according to a study published online Sept.

Experience, privacy guide how people choose online news
Adjustments, applications and other tools allow users to configure preferences and use services such as iGoogle and Yahoo to control and customize the news they consume online.

Young teens who play sports feel healthier and happier about life
Taking part in sports is good all round for young teens: physically, socially and mentally, according to a new study by Dr.

NTU gathers IT and legal experts to form Singapore's first voluntary Internet advisory powerhouse
Nanyang Technological University has gathered 20 independent information technology and legal experts to come together to form an advisory group to provide voluntary free legal information to Singapore online users of their rights and responsibilities.

Searching in the microbial world for efficient ways to produce biofuel
With the help of genetic materials from a cow's rumen, US Department of Agriculture scientists are developing new ways to break down plant fibers for conversion into biofuel.

Just 2 drinks slow reactions in older people
Blood alcohol levels below the current legal limit for driving have a significant negative effect on a person's dexterity.

White House policy advisor talks about legalized drugs
Topics ranging from the future of addiction research and treatment to the binational implications of Mexico's decriminalization of drugs will be presented at the 10th Annual International Conference of the National Hispanic Science Network on Drug Abuse.

Study links normal function of protein, not its build up inside cells, to death of neurons
A study led by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital investigators links the muscle weakness and other symptoms of a rare neurodegenerative disease to a misstep in functioning of a normal protein, rather than its build-up inside cells.

Genetic factor in osteoporosis discovered
Spanish researchers have confirmed there is a genetic risk factor for osteoporosis and bone fractures.

Penn Vet announces $100,000 winners of 2010 World Leadership Award and Student Inspiration Awards
Mo Salman, professor of animal population health is the 2010 Penn Vet World Leadership Award winner, given annually to a veterinarian who has dramatically changed the practice of the profession and influenced the lives of others.

Taribavirin offers a safe, effective alternative for chronic hepatitis C
Researchers at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center and 50 other centers found that weight-based dosing of taribavirin reduces rates of anemia while increasing sustained virologic response in patients with chronic hepatitis C.
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