Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 23, 2010
Physicians beware: Cholesterol counts in kidney disease patients
To understand the health effects of high cholesterol levels, doctors first need to assess malnutrition and inflammation status in their chronic kidney disease patients, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology.

BUSM researchers to study vitamin D production in fat malabsorption patients
Boston University School of Medicine researchers have been awarded a Small Business Technology Transfer phase one award to develop and test a newly designed fluorescent lamp that is capable of producing vitamin D in the skin.

Genetic switch underlies noisy cell division
While scientists have spent the past 40 years describing the intricate series of events that occur when one mammalian cell divides into two, they still haven't agreed on how the process begins.

Genetic clues to evolution of jaws in vertebrates unearthed by CU-led team
A half-billion years ago, vertebrates lacked the ability to chew their food.

Divisive primaries help challengers and hurt incumbents
Divisive primaries may waste precious campaign resources and damage the primary winner's reputation and chances to win the general election, according to a study in the current American Politics Research.

NSF funds research to enable distributed, fair and privacy-preserving collaboration
Dr. Susanne Wetzel of Stevens Institute of Technology has recently been awarded a $457K research grant from the National Science Foundation to investigate privacy and security in the context of enabling collaboration.

New TB vaccine enters clinical testing
Aeras announced it will initiate a Phase I clinical trial of an investigational live recombinant tuberculosis vaccine at Saint Louis University.

Research!America responds to National Academy's 'Gathering Storm' report
Research!America responded to the National Academy of Sciences report released today,

A drug against AIDS could be effective against the herpes virus
Scientists at the IRB Barcelona headed by the coordinator of the Structural Biology Program, Miquel Coll, have published a study that demonstrates that raltegravir, the drug for the treatment of AIDS that is sold by Merck, cancels the function of an essential protein for the replication of one kind of herpes virus.

Groundwater depletion rate accelerating worldwide
In recent decades, the rate at which humans worldwide are pumping dry the vast underground stores of water that billions depend on has more than doubled, say scientists who have conducted an unusual, global assessment of groundwater use.

Immunology website awarded prestigious prize by Science
Because of its effectiveness at meeting an urgent need and at presenting immunology in an easy-to-use format for all interested users, Immunopaedia has been selected to receive the Science Prize for Online Resources in Education, or SPORE.

Study finds high rate of c-sections after pelvic fractures
Investigators found that women who give birth after suffering pelvic fractures receive c-sections at more than double normal rates despite the fact that vaginal delivery after such injuries is possible.

$1 million awarded to Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing-led research team
Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing professor, Dr. Diane Doran, was awarded more than $1 million for research that will help protect the safety of over 900,000 Canadians who receive health care services in their homes every day.

UAF secures up to $47 million for unmanned aircraft studies
The United States Navy has awarded the University of Alaska Fairbanks up to $47 million to test and evaluate payloads aboard small, unmanned aircraft.

UCSD receives $10 million NIH grant to lead hypoxia tolerance research study
Gabriel G. Haddad, M.D., chair of the Department of Pediatrics at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and physician-in-chief at Rady Children's Hospital -- San Diego has received a $10 million grant from the National Institute of Health's Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.

GOES-13 sees tropical depression 15 form in the south-central Caribbean Sea
The fifteenth tropical depression of the Atlantic Ocean season has formed in the south-central Caribbean Sea, and the GOES-13 satellite captured its swirling mass of clouds and showers in a visible image today.

UH professor developing flood-mapping computer system for EMS
Navigating rain-soaked streets is a familiar experience for Harris County residents.

UCLA cancer researchers discover new signaling pathway that controls cell development and cancer
Researchers at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center have discovered a new cell signaling pathway that controls cell growth and development, a pathway that, when defective, helps promote the formation of several major forms of human cancer, including lymphoma and leukemia.

Study of bloodstream infections reveals inconsistent surveillance methods and reporting
A new study looking at how hospitals account for the number of pediatric patients who develop catheter-associated bloodstream infections found substantial inconsistencies in the methods used to report the number of patients who develop these infections.

Magnetic power offers energy-saving alternative
The US Office of Naval Research Global continues to pursue aggressive energy goals established by Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus, with the design of a system that controls electrical flow for lighting, a highly efficient platform that may spark a new era of power savings.

Surgery: A profession in crisis?
The lead editorial in this week's Lancet discusses the lack of professionalism and leadership within the surgical profession and calls for urgent reform:

Psychotropic medication and youth in foster care report
The Tufts Clinical and Translational Science Institute has issued a landmark report from a multistate study which calls for a national approach and resources for psychotropic medication oversight for youth in foster care.

High pressure experiments reproduce mineral structures 1,800 miles deep
UC Berkeley and Yale scientists have recreated the tremendous pressures and high temperatures deep in the Earth to resolve a long-standing puzzle: why some seismic waves travel faster than others through the boundary between the solid mantle and fluid outer core.

Wheat researchers combine forces to battle major disease
Wheat streak mosaic virus is the most prevalent disease in the southwestern wheat producing region of the US, according to a Texas AgriLife Research scientist.

Nonstick coating of a protein found in semen reduces HIV infection
A nonstick coating for a substance found in semen dramatically lowers the rate of infection of immune cells by HIV a new study has found.

Iowa State, Ames Lab researchers identify structure that allows bacteria to resist drugs
Researchers led by Iowa State's Edward Yu have discovered the crystal structures of pumps that allow bacteria to resist heavy metal toxins and antibiotics.

Earth: Fixing Pakistan's water woes
Pakistan is facing tremendous water issues. This summer's flooding has left millions of people without homes and without access to clean drinking water.

Arctic soil study turns up surprising results
Across the globe, the diversity of plant and animal species generally increases from the North and South Poles towards the Equator but surprisingly that rule isn't true for soil bacteria, according to a new study by Queen's University biology professor Paul Grogan.

Dust models paint alien's view of the solar system
New supercomputer simulations tracking the interactions of thousands of dust grains show what the solar system might look like to alien astronomers searching for planets.

Robotic arm's big flaw: Patients say it's 'too easy'
University of Central Florida researchers thought the ease of the using a robotic arm's automatic mode would be a huge hit.

Imaging study provides new view of multiple sclerosis
Scientists have uncovered an alternative source for some of the damage associated with multiple sclerosis, an incurable neuroinflammatory disorder.

K-State research explains brand reputation's key role in a store-within-a-store
With the concept of a store-within-a-store growing across the country, a Kansas State University researcher's work shows the increasing importance of brand reputation and its strong role in governing decisions.

Scientists recreate extreme conditions deep in Earth's interior
A new study sheds light on the inner workings of the Earth's deep interior by uncovering the structure of a substance called post-perovskite, which makes up most of the core-mantle 1,800 milles below the surface.

Acute pain is eased with the touch of a hand
There may be a very good reason that people naturally clutch their hand after receiving an injury.

NIST pair of aluminum atomic clocks reveal Einstein's relativity at a personal scale
Scientists have known for decades that time passes faster at higher elevations, and more slowly when you move faster, curious aspects of Einstein's theories of relativity.

ICIAM announces prizes for 2011
Awards of five prizes to be presented at the 2011 meeting of the International Council for Industrial and Applied Mathematics in Vancouver, British Columbia, have been announced.

Elsevier congratulates its British Medical Association award-winning medical authors and editors
Two Elsevier books won first prize at the BMA medical book competition.

SAGE and Institution of Mechanical Engineers annouce landmark publishing deal for journals program
SAGE and the Institution of Mechanical Engineers yesterday announced a unique long-term partnership arrangement whereby SAGE will publish all 18 of the institution's academic journals, including the 16 highly respected proceedings of the institution.

Everglades restoration program making tangible progress after 10 years; challenges ahead to meet both water quality and quantity goals
A decade-long, multibillion dollar effort to restore the Florida Everglades has made tangible albeit slow progress.

Parasite investigations breed 3 Tall Poppies
Three researchers from the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute in Melbourne, Australia, who are investigating different aspects of parasite biology have tonight been named Young Tall Poppies by the Australian Institute of Policy and Science.

Team of researchers finds possible new genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease
Researchers have identified a gene that appears to increase a person's risk of developing late-onset Alzheimer's disease, the most common form of the disease.

Rensselaer researchers provide insight into the impacts of too much communication
Individuals within a networked system coordinate their activities by communicating to each other information such as their position, speed or intention.

New gene associated with increased risk of Alzheimer's disease
Researchers have identified a gene that appears to increase a person's risk of developing late-onset Alzheimer disease, the most common type of the disease.

Study affirms Gulf oil spill's vastness
In the first independent paper on the volume of the Gulf oil spill, scientists have affirmed heightened estimates of what is now seen as the largest marine oil accident ever.

Patients with cancer who stop hospice care boost health-care costs
Researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine have found that the costs of care for patients with cancer who cancel hospice were nearly five times higher than for patients who remained with hospice.

FSU scientist joins global study of decomposing permafrost
Florida State University oceanographer Jeff Chanton is part of an international team embarking on a new study of permafrost decomposition in arctic Sweden.

More predators doesn't equal more danger for urban bird nest
While birds living in urban areas face more predators than do those in rural areas, that doesn't mean urban birds face more danger from nest robbers.

Study reveals stress hormone impacts on alcohol recovery
Scientists at the University of Liverpool have found that high levels of a stress hormone in recovering alcoholics could increase the risk of relapse.

Current decisions shape your future preferences
Psychologists have known for a long time that after you make a choice, you adjust your opinion to think better of the thing you chose.

New invention could improve treatment for children with 'water on the brain'
Van Andel Research Institute scientists participated in a study with researchers from the University of Utah that could help find ways to improve shunt systems used to treat the neurological disorder hydrocephalus, or

NASA satellites help see ups and downs ahead for Depression Lisa
Tropical Depression Lisa has had a struggle, and it appears that she's in for more of the same.

10-year risk of stroke reduced if narrowed neck arteries are safely operated on
Successful surgery for narrowed neck arteries halves the risk of having a stroke over the next five years, and benefit persists for at least 10 years.

ACS applauds new National Academy of Sciences report on education and scientific innovation
American Chemical Society applauded the National Academy of Sciences for releasing a new report,

Inaugural 'Deep Orange' car unveiled at motorsports event
With an electric motor, the inaugural

Increased attention to women's health research has yielded gains on some important conditions, but progress lags on others
A concerted effort to boost research on women's health over the last two decades has lessened the burden of disease and reduced deaths among women.

70 percent of women likely to experience sexual problems after breast cancer
A new study published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine looked at whether women were more likely to experience sexual problems after breast cancer.

$1.2 million grant to support Clemson precision agriculture cotton research
Clemson University will lead a groundbreaking multistate, multidisciplinary study of key precision agriculture technology after receiving a $1.2 million grant from the US Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture.

Trio of PNW universities to develop new tools for climate change planning
The nearly $3.6 million in US Interior Department funding announced today will ramp up efforts already underway at three Pacific Northwest universities to help resource managers tailor the latest climate change findings to forests, waterways, parks and other lands where they work.

Vitamin C rapidly improves emotional state of acutely hospitalized patients, say LDI researchers
Treatment with vitamin C rapidly improves the emotional state of acutely hospitalized patients, according to a study carried out by researchers at Montreal's Jewish General Hospital and the affiliated Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research.

Caltech researchers design a new nanomesh material
Computers, light bulbs and even people generate heat -- energy that ends up being wasted.

New map offers a global view of health-sapping air pollution
In many developing countries, the absence of surface-based air pollution sensors makes it difficult, and in some cases impossible, to get even a rough estimate of the abundance of a subcategory of airborne particles that epidemiologists suspect contributes to millions of premature deaths each year.

Malaria's newest pathway into human cells identified
Development of an effective vaccine for malaria is a step closer following identification of a key pathway used by the malaria parasite to infect human cells.

City living helped humans evolve immunity to TB
New research has found that a genetic variant which reduces the chance of contracting diseases such as tuberculosis and leprosy is more prevalent in populations with long histories of urban living.

NASA sees important cloud-top temperatures as Tropical Storm Malakas heads for Iwo To
NASA's Aqua satellite has peered into the cloud tops of Tropical Storm Malakas and derived just how cold they really are, giving an indication to forecasters of the strength of the storm.

University of Nevada, Reno, demonstrates successful sludge-to-power research
The University of Nevada, Reno, experiment to transform wastewater sludge to electrical power, dwarfed by the million-gallon tanks, pipes and pumps at the Truckee Meadows Water Reclamation Facility, has successfully demonstrated a continuous feed low-cost system to dry sludge for conversion to fuel, which could ultimately supply the plant's electrical power on-site using the process University researchers are developing.

Why are there no hyenas in Europe?
A team from the National Museum of Natural Sciences has analyzed the impact of climate change on spotted hyena survival in Europe over 10,000 years ago.

New species of multihorned dinosaurs unearthed in Utah
Announced today in PLoS ONE, the online open-access journal produced by the Public Library of Science, two new species of horned dinosaurs -- Utahceratops gettyi and Kosmoceratops richardsoni -- have been found in Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument in southern Utah.

Cancer-associated long noncoding RNA regulates pre-mRNA splicing
Researchers report this month that MALAT1, a long noncoding RNA that is implicated in certain cancers, regulates pre-mRNA splicing -- a critical step in the earliest stage of protein production.

Black motorcyclists -- even in helmets -- more likely to die in crashes
African-American victims of motorcycle crashes were 1.5 times more likely to die from their injuries than similarly injured whites, even though many more of the African-American victims were wearing helmets at the time of injury, according to a new study by Johns Hopkins researchers.

Researchers find faster, less-intrusive way to identify transplant recipients' organ rejection
A simple, inexpensive blood test could soon help doctors halt organ rejection before it impairs transplanted hearts and kidneys.

Increasing taxes on alcoholic beverages reduces disease, injury, crime and death rates
Increasing the costs to consumers of beer, wine and hard liquor significantly reduces the rates of a wide range of alcohol-related deaths, diseases, injuries and other problems, according to a new study published in today's online edition of the American Journal of Public Health and scheduled for inclusion in the November print edition.

Unprecedented effort to seek, test and treat inmates with HIV
Twelve scientific teams in more than a dozen states will receive National Institutes of Health grants to study effective ways to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS among people in the criminal justice system.

Researchers discover less expensive low-temperature catalyst for hydrogen purification
Engineering researchers from Tufts University, the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Harvard University have demonstrated the low-temperature efficacy of an atomically dispersed platinum catalyst, which could be suitable for on-board hydrogen production in fuel-cell-powered vehicles of the future.

NIEHS to fund $36 million in worker safety training
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences is awarding $36 million in grants to 20 organizations that develop safety and health training for workers involved in hazardous waste operations and transportation, environmental restoration of contaminated facilities, and chemical emergency response.

OU research team uncovers key molecule for keeping other oral microorganisms in check
A University of Oklahoma research team has uncovered a key to arresting the growth of thrush -- a type of oral yeast infection that sickens patients with compromised immune systems, diabetes and newborns as well as healthy individuals, who may contract the disease following antibiotic treatment of an illness.

Anger amplifies clinical pain in women with and without fibromyalgia
Researchers from Utrecht University who studied the effect of negative emotions on pain perception in women with and without fibromyalgia found that anger and sadness amplified pain equally in both groups.

Moffitt Cancer Center and GLG Pharma LLC sign licensing agreement to develop the next generation of targeted anti-cancer therapeutics
Moffitt Cancer Center and GLG Pharma LLC announced that they have entered into a licensing agreement under which GLG Pharma LLC has acquired the exclusive worldwide rights to a technology platform that includes a series of STAT3 inhibitors.

Declining breast cancer incidence in Canada with declining HRT usage
Breast cancer incidence declined among postmenopausal women in Canada as their use of hormone therapy declined, according to a study published online Sept.

African-Americans face kidney disease-related disparities according to 2 new studies
African-Americans face kidney disease-related disparities, according to two upcoming studies in the Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Molecular 'playbook' for halting heart failure risk factor uncovered
Scientists discovered a potential molecular playbook for blocking cardiac hypertrophy, the unwanted enlargement of the heart and a well-known precursor of heart failure.

Partnership to foster research and business opportunities in the Southwest
The US Department of Agriculture today signed an agreement with TechComm, an affiliate of the Center for Innovation in Arlington, Texas, to foster agricultural research opportunities between businesses and universities in the southwestern United States and to help commercialize USDA-developed technologies.

Taking a new look at old digs: Trampling animals may alter Stone Age sites
Stone Age tools discovered embedded in the ground could mislead archaeologists about a Prehistoric site's age.

New technique uncovers hidden insecticide resistance
A new technique pioneered at Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine is improving the detection and monitoring of insecticide resistance in field populations of an important malaria-carrying mosquito.

New findings on multiple sclerosis -- immune cells also attack neurons directly
Researchers in Germany have gained new insight into how the immune system causes damage associated with multiple sclerosis, an incurable neuroinflammatory disorder.

Cilia revolution
University of Southern Mississippi scientists recently imitated Mother Nature by developing, for the first time, a new, skinny-molecule-based material that resembles cilia, the tiny, hair-like structures through which organisms derive smell, vision, hearing and fluid flow.

Dana-Farber and sanofi-aventis establish cancer research alliance
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute's Belfer Institute of Applied Cancer Science and sanofi-aventis announced today that they have entered into a collaboration and license option agreement to identify and validate novel oncology targets for further discovery and development by sanofi-aventis of novel therapeutics agents directed to such targets and related biomarkers.
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