Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

September 27, 2010
Quarks 'swing' to the tones of random numbers
Quarks are found in protons and are bound together by forces which cause all other known forces of nature to fade.

Preventive care poses dilemma for emergency departments, Stanford study finds
A new study from the Stanford University School of Medicine finds that 90 percent of emergency departments nationwide also offer preventive care services.

Wider statin use could be cost-effective preventive measure, Stanford study finds
A new analysis suggests that broader statin use among adult patients may be a cost-effective way to prevent heart attack and stroke.

The GW Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology to host Nobel Laureate Dr. Ferid Murad
The George Washington University Medical Center's Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology welcomes the Nobel Laureate in Physiology or Medicine, Ferid Murad, M.D., Ph.D., as the inaugural speaker for the Nobel Laureate Distinguished Lecture Series.

No cardiovascular benefit observed for pine-bark extract
Use of pine-bark extract, at a dose of 200 milligrams per day, appears safe but did not improve risk factors for heart disease, according to a report in the Sept.

2010 AAO-HNSF miniseminars: Monday, Sept. 27, 2010
The 2010 Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO of the American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery Foundation, the largest meeting of ear, nose and throat doctors in the world, will convene Sept.

Acupuncture not effective in stroke recovery
Acupuncture does not appear to aid in stroke recovery, according to a new study published in CMAJ.

Interaction with neighbors: Neuronal field simulates brain activity
The appearance of a spot of light on the retina causes sudden activation of millions of neurons in the brain within tenths of milliseconds.

Medical profession needs special training to handle self-harm, says international review
Providing healthcare professionals with special self-harm training helps to counteract negative attitudes.

Risk model based on Get with the Guidelines analysis can help
A new study finds a risk model developed using Get with the Guidelines-Stroke data is a practical bedside tool that can identify patients at the highest risk for dying when hospitalized after a stroke.

VCU study: Researchers discover a drug combination that shrinks tumors in vivo
Virginia Commonwealth University School of Medicine and VCU Massey Cancer Center researchers have shown that the impotence drug Viagra, in combination with doxorubicin, a powerful anti-cancer drug, enhances its anti-tumor efficacy in prostate cancer while alleviating the damage to the heart at the same time.

No link between genetic ancestry, asthma response in African-Americans
Genetic ancestry has no discernible influence on how African American patients with asthma respond to medication, according to a Henry Ford Hospital study.

Exercise associated with lower rate of fractures in elderly women
Home-based exercises followed by voluntary home training seem to be associated with long-term effects on balance and gait, and may help protect high-risk, elderly women from hip fractures, according to a report in the Sept.

How injured nerves grow themselves back
Unlike nerves of the spinal cord, the peripheral nerves that connect our limbs and organs to the central nervous system have an astonishing ability to regenerate themselves after injury.

A study analyzes consumer protection laws in Spain
There is a growing need to standardize the laws regulating consumer protection.

Elevated nitrogen and phosphorus still widespread in much of the nation's streams and groundwater
Elevated concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus, nutrients that can negatively impact aquatic ecosystems and human health, have remained the same or increased in many streams and aquifers across the Nation since the early 1990s, according to a new national study by the US Geological Survey.

Obama to appoint ASU professor to national committee
President Obama announced his intent to nominate mathematical epidemiologist Carlos Castillo-Chavez, an Arizona State University professor, to the President's Committee on the National Medal of Science.

Type 1 diabetes research at UC San Diego gets $5 million boost
Maike Sander, M.D., associate professor of pediatrics and cellular & molecular medicine at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine has been awarded nearly $5 million by the Beta Cell Biology Consortium to lead an interdisciplinary team in cell therapy research for type 1 diabetes.

Scientists arrive in Senegal to give African hunger a black eye
A long neglected crop with the potential to halt hunger for millions in Africa, sustain the livestock revolution underway in developing countries, rejuvenate nutrient-sapped soils, and even feed astronauts on extended space missions, is attracting scientists from around the world to Senegal this week for the 5th World Cowpea Research Conference.

Gigantic mirror for X-radiation in outer space
It is to become the largest X-ray telescope ever: The International X-Ray Observatory, or IXO, will be launched into space in 2021 and provide the world with brand new information about about the origin of the universe.

Xiaoguang Meng receives honorary master of engineering from Stevens
For his significant and global contributions to clean water and environmental causes, his dedication as an outstanding educator, and his commitment to invention and the pursuit of discovery, professor Xiaoguang Meng received an honorary master of engineering degree from Stevens Institute of Technology at the university's annual convocation ceremony on Sept.

Quantum physics: Flavors of entanglement
The entanglement of quantum objects can take surprising forms. Quantum physicists at the University of Innsbruck have investigated several flavors of entanglement in four trapped ions and report their results in the journal Nature Physics.

Mayo collaboration finds source of breast drug side effect
Mayo Clinic researchers and their international colleagues have discovered genetic variants that lead to severe arthritis for a subset of women when taking aromatase inhibitors to treat their breast cancer.

Outcomes of communication about end-of-life care appear to differ between black and white patients
While both black patients and white patients appear to benefit from end of life discussions with their physician, black patients are less likely to experience end-of-life care that accurately reflects their preferences, according to a report in the Sept.

Rensselaer's Jim Hendler to help lead discussion on Web science -- live webcast available
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Constellation Professor James Hendler is in London this week to help lead an important two-day discussion on the future development of the World Wide Web.

Baby boomers raise midlife suicide rate
Baby boomers appear to be driving a dramatic rise in suicide rates among middle-aged people.

International Robotic Urology Symposium+2011
The International Robotic Urology Symposium+2011 will take place Jan. 13-16, 2011, at the Wynn Las Vegas.

LIMK plays a key role in cancer metastasis
Researchers have shown that LIM kinase, or LIMK, an important regulator of actin cytoskeleton dynamics, plays a key role in cancer metastasis.

Cedars-Sinai Pathology and Laboratory Medicine chair recognized with 2 of the field's top honors
The College of American Pathologists has honored Mahul B. Amin, M.D., F.C.A.P., chairman of the Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, with two awards for outstanding leadership and contributions in the field of pathology.

2010 AAO-HNSF new research daily highlights: Monday, Sept. 27, 2010
Featuring more than 305 scientific research sessions, 594 posters, and several hundred instruction course hours for attendees, the annual meeting is a unique opportunity for journalists from around the world to cover breaking science and medical news.

Right or left? Brain stimulation can change which hand you favor
Each time we perform a simple task, like pushing an elevator button or reaching for a cup of coffee, the brain races to decide whether the left or right hand will do the job.

Novel mechanism discovered for communication between proteins that cause 'cell suicide'
A recent study undertaken by investigators at five research centres, amongst which is the CSIC-University of the Basque Country Biophysics Unit, provides new clues for the understanding of the

NIH scientists freeze virus fragment in shape recognized by immune system
One strategy for designing an HIV vaccine involves identifying the key viral surface structures, snipping them off and developing a method to present these fragments to the immune system.

A shot to the heart: Nanoneedle delivers quantum dots to cell nucleus
University of Illinois researchers have developed a tiny needle to deliver a shot of quantum dots right to a cell's nucleus.

Professor Rajeshwar Dayal Tyagi of INRS wins major international award
Rajeshwar Dayal Tyagi, research professor at INRS, has won the International Water Association's 2010 Global Honor Award for Applied Research in recognition of his work on the bioconversion of waste water and sewage sludge into high-value-added products.

UCLA develops combat casualty care educational program for US armed forces
UCLA has helped develop a first-of-its-kind educational program to train US armed forces medical personnel in critical combat casualty care.

Onconova Therapeutics presents new data demonstrating radioprotection by Ex-RAD at RRS annual meeting
Onconova Therapeutics Inc. is presenting new data in five posters and an oral presentation this week summarizing several studies with the company's radioprotectant Ex-RAD at the 56th Annual Meeting of the Radiation Research Society, Sept.

Homeless youths most often victims of crime: study led by York U researcher
Homeless youths in Toronto are victims of crime at rates that would be considered unacceptable for any other group, according to a new report led by York University.

Fungal spores travel farther by surfing their own wind
Many fungi, including the destructive Sclerotinia, spew thousands of spores at once to give the spores an extra boost into their host plants.

Study finds brainstorming 'rules' can lead to real-world success in business settings
Researchers have long held that there are steps that can be taken to make brainstorming sessions more productive.

Gut-invading worms turn enemy T cells into friends
Intestinal worms sidestep the immune system by inducing the development of suppressive T cells, according to a study published on Sept.

University of Hawaii at Manoa Pan-STARRS discovers first potentially hazardous asteroid
The Pan-STARRS PS1 telescope on Haleakala has discovered an asteroid that will come within 4 million miles of Earth in mid-October.

GMO research: Report on concrete measures to avoid mixing of GM and conventional maize
In particular, the Best Practice Document, prepared by the European Coexistence Bureau and published by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre, notes that storing seeds adequately and applying spatial isolation are the best ways to limit or avoid co-mingling.

A revolutionary new way of reversing certain cancers
Australian and American scientists have found a way of shrinking tumors in certain cancers -- a finding that provides hope for new treatments.

NCI awards $13.6 million to UNC's Carolina Center of Cancer Nanotechnology Excellence
The National Cancer Institute has awarded a five-year, $13.6 million grant to the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's Carolina Center of Cancer Nanotechnology Excellence based at the UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, for research to improve the diagnosis and treatment of cancer through applying/using advances in nanotechnology.

Family, culture affect whether intelligence leads to education
Intelligence isn't the only thing that predicts how much education people get; family, culture and other factors are important, too.

Lifestyle intervention for overweight patients with diabetes provides long-term benefits
An intensive lifestyle intervention appears to help individuals with type 2 diabetes lose weight and keep it off, along with improving fitness, control of blood glucose levels and risk factors for cardiovascular disease, according to a report in the Sept.

Television drove viewers to the Web to explore Obama-Muslim rumors
A study examining Americans' interest in the rumor that Barack Obama is a Muslim shows that the mainstream media -- particularly television -- still influences the topics that engage the public.

Women & Infants receives $2 million grant from NIH to continue work on perinatal biology
Women & Infants Hospital has recently received a $2.1 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to continue work under the Center of Biomedical Research Excellence for Perinatal Biology.

Pan-STARRS discovers its first potentially hazardous asteroid
The Panoramic Survey Telescope & Rapid Response System (Pan-STARRS) PS1 telescope has discovered an asteroid that will come within 4 million miles of Earth in mid-October.

LSU receives $15 million grant from NIH to build biomedical research pipeline for Louisiana
LSU has received a $15 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, or NIH, IDeA Networks of Biomedical Research Excellence, or INBRE, program.

International conference focusing on women's mental health Oct. 27-30 in Pittsburgh
Nearly 500 researchers, clinicians and mental health advocates are expected to attend the 2010 Marcé Society International Conference,

Diving deeper into the gene pool
New software, called miRNAkey, has been developed by Roy Ronen as part of a team of researchers headed by Dr.

Solar cells thinner than wavelengths of light hold huge power potential
Ultra-thin solar cells can absorb sunlight more efficiently than the thicker, more expensive-to-make silicon cells used today, because light behaves differently at scales around a nanometer (a billionth of a meter), say Stanford engineers.

BMC physicians to lead international research collaboration to curb infectious diseases
Boston Medical Center has been chosen to lead an investigation aimed at developing novel approaches to prevent tuberculosis.

Ecology and Education Summit to address environmental literacy
Registration is now open to the press for the Ecology and Education Summit -- co-organized by the Ecological Society of America and National Education Association, with more than 20 national organizations -- which will be held Oct.

Rain or shine, Sandia researchers find new ways to forecast large photovoltaic power plant output
Sandia National Laboratories researchers have developed a new system to monitor how clouds affect large-scale solar photovoltaic power plants.

LA BioMed researcher to receive prestigious honor
LA BioMed principal investigator Richard Casaburi to be honored at the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation Annual Meeting in Milwaukee.

Nanobiotechnology experts join forces to improve TB testing
Two UK companies have been awarded joint funding for a research project that could see significant advances in the quest to aid detection and eradication of tuberculosis, across the world.

Asia Society, IRRI task force outlines strategy to combat hunger in Asia
The number of people suffering from chronic hunger reached a record 1 billion globally in 2009, with Asia accounting for approximately two-thirds of the world's hungry.

UM School of Medicine Center for Celiac Research finds rate of celiac disease is growing
The number of celiac disease cases in the US has doubled every 15 years since 1974, increasing particularly among older people, according to a new study from the University of Maryland School of Medicine's Center for Celiac Research.

Complexity not so costly after all, analysis shows
The more complex a plant or animal, the more difficulty it should have adapting to changes in the environment.

Pine-bark extract has no effect on blood pressure, Stanford study finds
A new study from the Stanford University School of Medicine shows that pine-bark extract had no effect in lowering blood pressure or reducing other risk factors for heart disease.

Study: Electric cars hold greater promise for reducing emissions and lowering US oil imports
Electric cars hold greater promise for reducing emissions and lowering US oil imports than a national renewable portfolio standard, according to research conducted by Rice University's Baker Institute for Public Policy.

Urban gardeners beware: There may be lead in your soil and food
Researchers from the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis are studying the lead level in urban soil and found it raises concern for urban gardeners.

Controlling bone formation to prevent osteoporosis
Recent data have suggested that the imbalance between bone formation and bone destruction that causes osteoporosis is a result of a decrease in formation of bone forming osteoblast cells from mesenchymal cells upon aging.

'Gold' fish thrive, cancers die
Rice University physicist Dmitri Lapotko has demonstrated that plasmonic nanobubbles, generated around gold nanoparticles with a laser pulse, can detect and destroy cancer cells in vivo by creating tiny, shiny vapor bubbles that reveal the cells and selectively explode them.

Dr. Harold G. Koenig to speak at R.J. DeBottis Lecture on Aging, Nov. 8
Dr. Harold G. Koenig, an internationally-recognized expert in spiritually and medicine, will be the featured speaker at the University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work's 13th Annual R.J.

Sugary sports drinks mistakenly associated with being healthy, say UTHealth researchers
Children who practice healthy lifestyle habits such as eating fruits and vegetables and engaging in physical activity may be negatively impacting their health because they tend to consume large amounts of flavored and sports beverages containing sugar, according to research at the Michael and Susan Dell Center for Healthy Living at the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston.

Daycare puts children with lung disease at risk for serious illness
Exposure to common viruses in daycare puts children with a chronic lung condition caused by premature birth at risk for serious respiratory infections, according to a study from Johns Hopkins Children's Center published in the October issue of Pediatrics.

Climate change hits southeast Australia fish species
Scientists are reporting significant changes in the distribution of coastal fish species in southeast Australia which they say are partly due to climate change.

Gold Bulletin to be published as a SpringerOpen journal
Starting in 2011, Springer will publish Gold Bulletin as a SpringerOpen e-only journal through the sponsorship of the World Gold Council.

Rapid test to save Indian vultures from extinction
Vulture population declined at a catastrophic rate on the Indian subcontinent over the past 15 years.

High death and disability rates due to fractures in Russia, Central Asia and Eastern Europe
Preliminary findings from an upcoming new report by the International Osteoporosis Foundation show alarming projections and reveal the poor state of post-fracture care in the Russian Federation and many other countries in the region.

Red light regulates nectar secretion
Plants produce nectar to attract insect pollinators. Some plant species also secrete nectar to attract ants which in turn fend off herbivores.

Mindfulness meditation may ease fatigue, depression in multiple sclerosis
Learning mindfulness meditation may help people who have multiple sclerosis with the fatigue, depression and other life challenges that commonly accompany the disease, according to a study published in the Sept.

Unique gastroenterology procedure developed in adults shows promise in pediatrics
The use of device-assisted enteroscopy, a technique that allows complete examination of the small bowel, may be just as successful pediatrics as it has been in adult medicine, according to a study from Nationwide Children's Hospital.

JCI table of contents: Sept. 27, 2010
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for papers to be published Sept.

Rethinking renewables: A new approach to energy storage for wind and solar
Funded by a $2 million NSF grant, the four-year study aims to develop novel ceramic materials for use in a new approach to energy storage.

Medical imaging may detect unrelated diseases in research participants
In about 40 percent of research participants undergoing medical imaging, radiologists may detect a tumor or infection unrelated to the study but that may be meaningful to the individual's health, according to a report in the Sept.

New sound recording device helps doctors study link between cough and reflux
Coughing episodes are closely related to gastroesophageal reflux symptoms in patients who experience chronic cough, irrespective of other diagnoses.

Partners of breast cancer patients are at risk of developing mood disorders
A new analysis finds that men whose partners have breast cancer are at increased risk of developing mood disorders that are so severe that they warrant hospitalization.

Friends, family detect early Alzheimer's signs better than traditional tests
Family members and close friends are more sensitive to early signs of Alzheimer's dementia than traditional screening tests, according to researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

New oil detection technique
CSIRO scientists have developed a revolutionary technique for the rapid on-site detection and quantification of petroleum hydrocarbons (commonly derived from crude oil) in soil, silt, sediment or rock.

Surgery found effective for patients with aggressive prostate cancer
In one of the first studies to focus exclusively on the outcomes after treatment for patients with high-risk prostate cancer, researchers have found that surgery provides high survival rates.

Insecticides from genetically modified corn present in adjacent streams
In a paper published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Cary Institute aquatic ecologist Dr.

Study shows patient-specific vaccines for metastatic melanoma may induce durable complete regression
Hoag Memorial Hospital Presbyterian recently announced encouraging clinical study results for patient-specific vaccine therapy to treat metastatic melanoma.

Semiconductor could turn heat into computing power
Computers might one day recycle part of their own waste heat, using a material being studied by researchers at Ohio State University.

Software downloaded during office visits could cut risk of ICD shocks
In a study of patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators, or ICD, downloadable software updates cut the risk of unnecessary shocks in half.

Tile drainage directly related to nitrate loss
A recent study shows that the most heavily tile-drained areas of North America are also the largest contributing source of nitrate to the Gulf of Mexico, leading to seasonal hypoxia.

Computer model shows US vulnerable to MDR-TB epidemic
While the US has made great progress in the prevention and treatment of tuberculosis, the nation has become more susceptible to potential epidemics of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, or MDR-TB, according a study led by Johns Hopkins researchers.

Rewiring a damaged brain
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University and Kansas University Medical Center are developing microelectronic circuits to bypass brain damage and induce the growth of axons, rewiring the lost connections.

Help for new food-zapping process
A collaborative agreement between CSIRO and two German organizations is providing Australian food companies with access to a new processing technology which uses low-energy electron beams rather than heat or chemicals to decontaminate food.

IAVI-led team wins major grant to study HIV-neutralizing antibodies
A team of investigators headed by International AIDS Vaccine Initiative Investigator Pascal Poignard has been awarded a major grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases of the US National Institutes of Health to investigate the biological mechanisms underlying the generation of broadly neutralizing antibodies by HIV positive individuals.

New guideline finds no evidence for a popular back procedure
The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Board of Directors approved and released a clinical practice guideline, which found a strong recommendation against a popular procedure called vertebroplasty as a way to treat fractures in the spine.
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