Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 01, 2010
New lung cancer research finds half of advanced lung cancer patients receive chemotherapy
For the first time to date, research published in the October edition of the Journal of Thoracic Oncology sought to determine the use of chemotherapy in a contemporary, diverse non-small cell lung cancer population encompassing all patient ages.

Mayo Clinic review of ethical decision making with end-of-life care
In a review article published in the October issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Mayo Clinic physicians differentiate the ethical and legal permissibility of withholding or withdrawing life-sustaining treatments and accepted comfort measures, specifically palliative sedation, from that of physician-assisted suicide or euthanasia.

Research suggests climate change target 'not safe'
An analysis of geological records that preserve details of the last known period of global warming has revealed

NAE to award innovator in biomedical engineering and defense research leader
During its 2010 annual meeting, the National Academy of Engineering will present two awards for extraordinary impact on the engineering profession.

Parkinson's disease: Excess of special protein identified as key to symptoms and possible new target for treatment with widely used anti-cancer drug imatinib
Johns Hopkins scientists have discovered that the over-activation of a single protein may shut down the brain-protecting effects of a molecule and facilitate the most common form of Parkinson's disease.

Boston Medical Center research study validates the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale
Boston Medical Center doctors have proven the reliability of the Boston Bowel Preparation Scale, a tool that assesses the cleanliness of the colon during colonoscopies.

Research identifies a new bacterial foe in CF
Exacerbations in cystic fibrosis, or CF, may be linked to chronic infection with a bacterium called Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, which was previously thought to simply colonize the CF lung.

OU researchers selected by Navy
A University of Oklahoma research team has been awarded a $4.5 million grant for a three-year period with a two-year option for $2.9 million -- a five-year total of $7.5 million -- from the Office of Naval Research for a multidisciplinary university research initiative to assess the biological stability of current naval fuels and future synthetic fuels and their impact on biocorrosion.

Study shows real partners are no match for ideal mate
Our ideal image of the perfect partner differs greatly from our real-life partner, according to new research from the University of Sheffield and the University of Montpellier in France.

Health information technology is focus of AAP symposium
David Blumenthal, M.D., will discuss the impact of health information technology on pediatric practice during a

American Chemical Society posts new online collection of resources on climate change
The American Chemical Society today posted a new online collection of resources related to climate change, including audio and visual presentations from a recent ACS forum on the science of climate change and video from an ACS press briefing on this forum.

Research becomes a reality for Rett syndrome through new funding
The International Rett Syndrome Foundation announced today that it will award an additional $1.5M in research grants, bringing the 2010 total to $2.15 million for innovative basic and translational research that moves treatments for Rett syndrome a step closer to the clinic.

Researchers find no difference in drugs for macular degeneration
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine and the VA Boston Healthcare System have conducted a study that failed to show a difference in efficacy between Bevacizumab (Avastin) and Ranibizumab (Lucentis) for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration.

New approach for treating dry mouth presented in study published in October 2010 issue of JADA
A newly published study in the October 2010 issue of the Journal of the American Dental Association, conducted at New York University's College of Dentistry, confirms the safety and efficacy of a new novel method for controlling xerostomia, or dry mouth.

Most suicidal adolescents receive follow-up care after ER visits
New research, presented Friday, Oct. 1, at the American Academy of Pediatrics National Conference and Exhibition in San Francisco, looks at what happens to the 30 percent of suicidal adolescents who are discharged from the emergency department and whether they go on to access additional mental health services.

Adults in Puerto Rico aware of genetic testing, but use remains low
Awareness of genetic testing was higher among adults in Puerto Rico compared to previous US population-based studies, while use of genetic testing was lower, according to data presented at the Third AACR Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities.

University of Hawaii at Manoa professor co-authors study on tennis grunting effects
You've heard them at tennis matches -- a loud, emphatic grunt with each player's stroke.

Researchers engineer adult stem cells that do not age
Biomedical researchers at the University at Buffalo have engineered adult stem cells that scientists can grow continuously in culture, a discovery that could speed development of cost-effective treatments for diseases including heart disease, diabetes, immune disorders and neurodegenerative diseases.

Short and long sleep in early pregnancy linked to high blood pressure in the third trimester
A study in the Oct. 1 issue of the journal Sleep found that getting too little or too much sleep in early pregnancy is associated with elevated blood pressure in the third trimester.

Going from strength to strength: effects of growth hormone on muscle
Growth hormone has multiple effects on skeletal muscle, including promoting growth and regeneration.

JCI online early table of contents: Oct. 1, 2010
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, October 1st, 2010, in the JCI: Going from strength to strength: effects of growth hormone on muscle; How the drugs work to reduce mortality in blood vessel disease; Promoting progression to kidney failure; Fanconi anemia cells can't divide; The protein MKP-3: a new drug target for diabetes?; and Profiling key antiviral responders.

UH collaborates on $2M grant for broadband outreach, training
A $2 million federal stimulus grant was awarded to fund an innovative broadband outreach and training program targeting Hispanic and minority populations throughout Texas.

Climate change forcing a 'move it or lose it' approach to species conservation?
What does it take to save a species in the 21st century?

JASH accepted for coverage in MEDLINE
Elsevier announces that the Journal of the American Society of Hypertension has been selected for inclusion in MEDLINE.

Pension reform vital to maintaining Canadians' standard of living
As baby boomers retire in greater numbers, serious doubts continue to be raised about the ability of the retirement income system to provide adequate replacement wages for the next generation of Canadians.

New USDA study shows extent of land degradation and recovery on western rangelands
The US Department of Agriculture today released a new study by scientists and conservationists showing that non-federal rangelands in the western United States are productive, but that non-native grasses and shrubs pose a potential threat to the rangelands' productivity.

LLNL contributes computational technologies for building energy efficiency to Philadelphia Innovation Cluster
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's expertise in integrated multiphysics modeling will be an integral part of a new national effort in energy efficient building research.

Genetically altered trees, plants could help counter global warming
An article in a special section of the October 2010 issue of BioScience evaluates the prospects for enhancing biological carbon sequestration through a variety of policy and technical approaches, including the deployment of genetically engineered trees and other plants.

Growth of biofuel industry hurt by GMO regulations
Faster development of the promising field of cellulosic biofuels -- the renewable energy produced from grasses and trees -- is being significantly hampered by a

Multipronged intervention treated persistent fatigue effectively in breast cancer survivors
A group-based, holistic, mind-body intervention was equally effective in treating persistent fatigue and improving quality of life for breast cancer survivors, regardless of their race.

TWAS to meet in India
TWAS, the academy of sciences for the developing world, will hold its 21st General Meeting in Hyderabad, India, on October 19-22, 2010.

Protein provides link between calcium signaling in excitable and non-excitable cells
A calcium-sensing protein, STIM1, known to activate store-operated calcium channels has been found to also inhibit voltage-operated calcium channels.

Low socioeconomic status linked with more severe colorectal cancer
People living in economically deprived neighborhoods were more likely to be diagnosed with late-stage, nonlocalized colorectal cancer, even after researchers controlled for known colorectal cancer risk factors, according to data presented at the Third American Association for Cancer Research Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities, being held Sept.

Neuralstem chief scientific officer to take part in World Stem Cell Summit plenary session
Neuralstem CSO Dr. Karl Johe is scheduled to participate in a panel on stem cells and the FDA at World Stem Cell Summit.

Gene variations that alter key enzyme linked to prostate cancer
Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have found that variations in a gene for an enzyme involved in cell energy metabolism appear to increase the risk for prostate cancer.

Boston Medical Center receives 2 grants for integrative medicine research
Two Boston Medical Center researchers have each been awarded grants from the NIH National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine to study the effectiveness of integrative medicine in underserved patients.

Think saturated fat contributes to heart disease? Think again
For the past three decades, saturated fat has been considered a major culprit of cardiovascular disease and as a result dietary advice persists in recommending reduced consumption of this macronutrient.

Innovative Web-based tool helps doctors improve care
A Web-based tool that extracts information from the electronic medical record helps primary care physicians improve care and manage their entire panel of patients.

Vitamin D levels lower in African-Americans
African-American women had lower vitamin D levels than white women, and vitamin D deficiency was associated with a greater likelihood for aggressive breast cancer, according to data presented at the Third AACR Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities.

State and national leaders join together to address novel approaches to improving health literacy
Women & Infants Hospital and Latino Public Radio today announced the results of ESCUCHE -- Evaluating the Spanish Radio Community's Understanding of Clinical Research and Health Topics -- at a summit titled

SNM sharpens focus on molecular imaging innovation and translation
SNM's Molecular Imaging Center of Excellence is changing its name effective Oct.

Methylation of chromatin and noncoding RNA featured in Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
The October issue of

Computer-aided detection is increasingly being used in screening and diagnostic mammography
The use of computer-aided detection, or CAD, is increasing, in both screening and diagnostic mammography, according to a study in the October issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

Flow of empty calories into children's food supply must be reduced
With over 23 million children and adolescents in the US overweight or obese, the risks for many chronic diseases continue to increase.

Newly discovered planet may be first truly habitable exoplanet
A team of planet hunters has announced the discovery of an Earth-sized planet orbiting a nearby star at a distance that places it squarely in the middle of the star's

Is photoscreening the best way to catch 'lazy eye'?
Amblyopia, known as

Experts urge making cigarettes non-addictive a research priority
After a major review of scientific information, six leading tobacco research and policy experts have concluded that a nicotine reduction strategy should be an urgent research priority because of its potential to profoundly reduce the death and disease from tobacco use.

New league table of Spanish savings banks created
Researchers from the Polytechnic University of Valencia have produced a new league table of Spanish savings banks based on economic, financial and social criteria.

Evaluation of targeted therapy in ovarian cancer
Research reported in the October issue of the Journal of Nuclear Medicine shows that a molecular imaging technique may prove useful in early assessment of treatment response for cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer.

Strategies for overcoming cancer health disparities through communication highlighted at AACR meeting
As part of the Third AACR Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities, Olveen Carrasquillo, M.D., M.P.H., chief of the division of general medicine at the University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine in Florida, will host a press conference on Friday, Oct.

Lifestyle intervention improves risk factors in type 2 diabetes
An intensive lifestyle intervention program designed to achieve and maintain weight loss improves diabetes control and cardiovascular disease risk factors in overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes, according to four-year results of the Look AHEAD study, funded by the National Institutes of Health and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Women who get dental care have lower risk of heart disease, says study
A new study led by a UC Berkeley health researcher suggests that women who get dental care reduce their risk of heart attacks, stroke and other cardiovascular problems by at least one-third.

Ocean conditions likely to reduce Colorado River flows during this winter's drought
The combination of La Nina with two less commonly known ocean conditions tends to result in drought in the upper reaches of the Colorado River, finds a new UCLA study.

October 2010 Geosphere highlights
This month's themed issue,

Plutonium, plasmonics, nanomaterials and future devices
This month in Albuquerque, New Mexico, scientists and engineers from around the world will convene to discuss some of the latest breakthroughs in nanotechnology, alternative energy, materials research and medicine at the AVS 57th International Symposium & Exhibition, from Oct.

Vigorous exercise reduces breast cancer risk in African-American women
Vigorous exercise of more than two hours per week reduces the risk of developing breast cancer in postmenopausal African-American women by 64 percent, compared to women of the same race who do not exercise, according to researchers at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center.

UCI gets major funding to study ways of preventing drug-resistant staph infections
A UC Irvine infectious disease specialist has received a three-year, $10 million grant to explore the effectiveness of new methods to prevent staph infections in people who harbor MRSA bacteria when they're discharged from the hospital.

TRUST study data confirms safety and efficacy of erlotinib for advanced lung cancer
Featured in the October edition of the Journal of Thoracic Oncology, data from the Tarceva Lung Cancer Survival Treatment, or TRUST, confirms the safety and efficacy profile of erlotinib, a highly potent oral active, reversible inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine-kinase activity in a large heterogeneous non-small cell lung cancer population.

Measuring productivity helps radiology department improve efficiency
Researchers working in a radiology department at a mid-sized hospital were able to increase productivity and improve efficiency by developing a simple method for measuring general technologist productivity, according to a study in the October issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

Malaria funding worldwide 60 percent short of figure required, but 21 countries, including 12 in Africa, are now receiving adequate or near-adequate funds
While financing for malaria control has increased as part of international commitments to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, new research shows total global funding is 60 percent short of the $4.9 billion needed for comprehensive control in 2010.

Memory impairment common in people with a history of cancer
People with a history of cancer have a 40 percent greater likelihood of experiencing memory problems that interfere with daily functioning, compared with those who have not had cancer, according to results of a new, large study.

Proposed dietary guidelines for Americans sharply debated
A peer-reviewed article appearing in the journal Nutrition disputes the Report of the 2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee.

Breast cancer linked to environmental smoke exposure among Mexican women
Mexican women who do not smoke but are exposed to smoking, known as environmental smoke exposure, are at three times higher risk for breast cancer than nonsmoking women not exposed to passive smoking, according to findings presented at the Third AACR Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities.

DNA repair capacity identified those at high risk for non-melanoma skin cancer
DNA repair capacity measurements effectively identified individuals who were at high risk for non-melanoma skin cancer, and may be a useful method to evaluate the efficacy of preventive therapies, according to study results presented at the Third AACR Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities.

Language delays found in siblings of children with autism
Siblings of children with autism have more frequent language delays and other subtle characteristics of the disorder than previously understood.

Adjunctive rufinamide reduces refractory partial-onset seizures
Researchers from the Arkansas Epilepsy Program found treatment with rufinamide results in a significant reduction in seizure frequency compared with placebo, for patients with uncontrolled partial-onset seizures.

NASA's Webb telescope MIRI instrument takes one step closer to space
A major instrument due to fly aboard NASA's James Webb Space Telescope is getting its first taste of space in the test facilities at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in the United Kingdom.

Johns Hopkins researchers turn off severe food allergies in mice
Johns Hopkins scientists have discovered a way to turn off the immune system's allergic reaction to certain food proteins in mice, a discovery that could have implications for the millions of people who suffer severe reactions to foods, such as peanuts and milk.

Thesis studies atmospheric PM contaminant in the Basque Autonomous Community
PM or particulate matter is a type of contaminant in the atmosphere, considered very harmful for health, ecosystems, climate change, conservation of materials and visibility.

NIH award goes to UT MD Anderson imaging innovator Guerrero
Digging more data out of lung CT scans to improve treatment of lung cancer and diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease has earned a physician-scientist at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center a New Innovator Award from the National Institutes of Health.

University of Nevada, Reno's earthquake lab gets $12 million from Commerce Department
The University of Nevada, Reno, has been awarded $12.2 million from the US Department of Commerce's National Institute of Standards and Technology, it was announced Wednesday.
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