Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 04, 2010
Food allergies raise risk of asthma attacks
Food allergies are more common among people with asthma and may contribute to asthma attacks, according to one of the most comprehensive surveys of food allergies ever undertaken.

Hebrew University research holds promise for development of new osteoporosis drug
Researchers at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have discovered a group of substances in the body that play a key role in controlling bone density, and on this basis they have begun development of a drug for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis and other bone disorders.

New report on managing university intellectual property
The Bayh-Dole Act of 1980 gave universities significant control of the intellectual property associated with technologies that result from their federally funded research, allowing them wide latitude to license these discoveries to companies that can commercialize them.

An intelligent system for maritime surveillance has been created
Researchers at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid have designed a real application for maritime surveillance that is able to integrate and unify the information from different types of sensors and data in context through artificial intelligence and data fusion techniques.

Vaccinations should continue as influenza pandemics epidemics wane
Influenza pandemics often come in multiple waves. As the one wave subsides, public health officials have to decide whether continuing vaccination programs is warranted to prevent or reduce a subsequent wave.

O. Marion Burton, M.D., F.A.A.P., addresses American Academy of Pediatrics in new term as president
Dr. Marion Burton will address attendees on at 12:30 p.m.

Interactive media improved patients' understanding of cancer surgery by more than a third
Patients facing planned surgery answered 36 percent more questions about the procedure correctly if they watched an interactive multimedia presentation, or IMP, rather than just talking to medical staff.

New approaches needed to gauge safety of nanotech-based pesticides
Nanotechnology is about to emerge in the world of pesticides and pest control, and a range of new approaches are needed to understand the implications for public health, ensure that this is done safely, maximize the potential benefits and prevent possible risks, researchers say in a new report.

Researchers study sleep apnea and lack of oxygen
A team of University of Missouri researchers is exploring the changes in distinct brain regions that contribute to these symptoms in hopes of combating sleep apnea.

Technology transfer and postdoc entrepreneurs
Post-doctoral researchers see their role as being vital in technology transfer where scientific findings become useful to the local economy, but most have little interest in running their own business once their research fellowship ends.

Interactive video games can cause a broad range of injuries
Interactive gaming devices can cause a broad range of injuries, from abrasions and sprains to shoulder, ankle and foot injuries, according to research presented Monday, Oct.

Surprise: Scientists discover that inflammation helps to heal wounds
A new research study published in the FASEB Journal may change how sports injuries involving muscle tissue are treated, as well as how much patient monitoring is necessary when potent anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed for a long time.

Ancient Colorado river flowed backwards
Geologists have found evidence that some 55 million years ago a river as big as the modern Colorado flowed through Arizona into Utah in the opposite direction from the present-day river.

FSU researchers examine how bacteria become resistant to antibiotics
A study by two Florida State University biochemists makes an important contribution to science's understanding of a serious problem causing concern worldwide: the growing resistance of some harmful bacteria to the drugs that were intended to kill them.

IBM, Delft University of Technology collaborate on smarter water research
Together with IBM (NYSE: IBM), Delft University of Technology (TU Delft, the Netherlands) is researching how technology and analytics can be applied to complex water systems to minimize the risk of flooding.

Effective methods for detecting early signs of tremor
Sensitive new quantitive methods could be used to detect small signs of increased tremor and impaired motor skills caused by exposure to certain metals, and to follow up the treatment of neurological disorders, reveals a thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Gem of an idea: A flexible diamond-studded electrode implanted for life
Two Case Western Reserve University researchers are building implants made of diamond and flexible polymer that are designed to identify chemical and electrical changes in the brain of patients suffering from neural disease, or to stimulate nerves and restore movement in the paralyzed.

UBC, Max Planck formalize partnership among world's top quantum physicists
The University of British Columbia today forged a formal partnership with the Max Planck Society, Germany's foremost basic research institution and home to 32 Nobel prizes.

Blind inventors revolutionize computer access
A Queensland University of Technology graduate and his business partner have developed free, open-source software to enable blind people to use computers.

New approaches for collaboration between science and industry
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft is taking new approaches for collaboration between science and industry.

Study focuses on mephedrone use in Northern Ireland post-ban
Researchers at Queen's University Belfast have completed one of the first studies of mephedrone use in Northern Ireland since the drug was outlawed earlier this year.

DNA art imitates life: Construction of a nanoscale Mobius strip
Scientists at the Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University Biodesign Institute, led by Hao Yan and Yan Liu, have reproduced a Möbius strip on a remarkably tiny scale, joining up braid-like segments of DNA to create structures measuring just 50 nanometers across -- roughly the width of a virus particle.

Onconova announces FDA agreement of a SPA for a pivotal phase 3 trial of Estybon in MDS
Onconova Therapeutics announced agreement with the US Food and Drug Administration regarding a Special Protocol Assessment for the design of a pivotal Phase 3 trial for Estybon as monotherapy in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes.

Medical home care approach improves efficiency and care at clinic for low-income families
Implementing a Medical Home practice model in a health clinic allows physicians to provide comprehensive care to more patients, according to research presented Monday, Oct.

Experts will meet to discuss how diet affects behavioral development of children
University of Granada professor Cristina Campoy Folgoso is the coordinator of a Nutrimenthe public event -- an international research project funded by the European Commission through its 7th Framework Programme titled

Maternal influenza vaccination may be associated with flu protection in infants
Babies whose mothers who receive influenza vaccines while pregnant appear less likely to be infected with flu or hospitalized for respiratory illnesses in their first six months of life, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the February 2011 print issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Family therapy for anorexia twice as effective as individual therapy, researchers find
Family-based therapy, in which parents of adolescents with anorexia nervosa are enlisted to interrupt their children's disordered behaviors, is twice as effective as individual psychotherapy at producing full remission of the disease, new research from the Stanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children's Hospital and the University of Chicago shows.

Radiation pharmacogenomics identifies biomarkers that could personalize cancer treatment
Radiation therapy is used to treat more than half of all cancer cases, but patient response to therapy can vary greatly.

Mechanism involved in addictions and some forms of obesity discovered in U of A lab
A researcher from the faculty of medicine & dentistry at the University of Alberta has discovered a mechanism underlying some forms of obesity and addictions which could lead to a treatment for both diseases.

Rensselaer professors Dordick and Interrante named ACS Fellows
Two Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute professors have been named 2010 fellows of the American Chemical Society.

Deep brain stimulation may help patients with treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder
Using electrodes to stimulate areas deep within the brain may have therapeutic potential for patients with obsessive compulsive disorder that is refractory to treatment, according to a report in the October issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Quantum computing research edges toward practicality in UCSB physics laboratory
An important step -- one that is essential to the ultimate construction of a quantum computer -- was taken for the first time by physicists at UC Santa Barbara.

ADHD more common in offspring of mothers with genetic serotonin deficiencies
Children whose mothers are genetically predisposed to have impaired production of serotonin appear more likely to develop attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder later in life, according to a report in the October issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Cluster helps disentangle turbulence in the solar wind
Surrounding the sun is a roiling wind of electrons and protons that shows constant turbulence at every size scale: long streaming jets, smaller whirling eddies, and even microscopic movements as charged particles circle in miniature orbits.

NIH awards $14.6M nanomedicine center created to detect and treat atherosclerosis
Georgia Tech and Emory University have received a five-year $14.6 million contract from NIH to continue the development of nanotechnology and biomolecular engineering tools and methodologies for detecting and treating atherosclerosis.

Children, males and blacks are at increased risk for food allergies
A new study estimates that 2.5 percent of the United States population, or about 7.6 million Americans, have food allergies.

Climate change affects horseshoe crab numbers
Having survived for more than 400 million years, the horseshoe crab is now under threat -- primarily due to overharvest and habitat destruction.

Saving tropical forests: Value their carbon and improve farming technology
In a warming 21st century, tropical forests will be at risk from a variety of threats, especially the conversion to cropland to sustain a growing population.

U-M Medical School creates joint institute with Peking University
The University of Michigan Medical School will establish a joint institute with the Peking University Health Science Center in a unique effort to promote research that can lead to breakthroughs in pulmonary, cardiovascular and liver diseases.

AgriLife Research scientists complete two-year study on short-day onions
Texas AgriLife Research plant-stress experts have recently completed a two-year study on the impact of deficit irrigation and plant density on short-day onion yield and quality.

A step toward lead-free electronics
Research published today by materials engineers from the University of Leeds could help pave the way toward 100 percent lead-free electronics.

McGill partners with leading Swiss neuroscience research group
Building on its worldwide reputation as a leader in neuroscience research, McGill University today joined with two leading Swiss research institutions -- the University of Zurich and the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology -- to enhance neuroscience research in a host of areas, in fields that include pain therapy, Alzheimer's disease, synapse modeling and repair, neuroimmunology and genetic mechanisms of brain diseases.

John Theurer Cancer Center to present innovative research at 2 surgical meetings
James C. Wittig, M.D., and colleagues will conduct a total of eight research presentations at the upcoming 96th Annual Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons and the 65th Annual Meeting of the American Society for Surgery of the Hand.

Pain of shingles (herpes zoster) significantly interferes with daily life
Acute herpes zoster, or shingles, interferes with all health areas for people with the condition, including sleep, enjoyment of life and general activities, according to a study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

International agreement on the FAIR international accelerator facility
Today in Wiesbaden, Germany, nine countries signed the international agreement on the construction of the accelerator facility FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research), which will be located at the GSI Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion Research in Darmstadt, Germany.

School-based program reduces risky sexual behaviors in South African teens
A school-based, six-session program targeting sexual risk behaviors appeared to reduce rates of unprotected sex and sex with multiple partners among South African sixth-graders, according to a report in the October issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Bioenergy choices could dramatically change Midwest bird diversity
Ambitious plans to expand acreage of bioenergy crops could have a major impact on birds in the Upper Midwest, according to a study published Oct.

Bonn researchers use light to make the heart stumble
Scientists at the University of Bonn have altered cardiac muscle cells to make them controllable with light.

New clues on why some people with Parkinson's die sooner
New research shows how old people are when they first develop Parkinson's disease is one of many clues in how long they'll survive with the disease.

TRMM satellite sees tropical moisture bring heavy rain, flooding to US East Coast
A deep, stationary trough of low pressure parked over the Ohio and Tennessee valleys west of the Appalachians drew a steady stream of tropical moisture, including the remnants of Tropical Storm Nicole, up the East Coast.

Protecting embryos against microbes
Headed by the Kiel zoologist professor Thomas Bosch, a team of scientists from Germany and Russia succeeded in deciphering the mechanisms, for the first time, with which embryos of the freshwater polyp Hydra protect themselves against bacterial colonization.

First-of-its-kind study finds alarming increase in flow of water into oceans
Freshwater is flowing into Earth's oceans in greater amounts every year, a team of researchers has found, thanks to more frequent and extreme storms linked to global warming.

Women executives twice as likely to leave their jobs as men
A new study has determined that female executives are more than twice as likely to leave their jobs -- voluntarily and involuntarily -- as men.

X-rays linked to increased childhood leukemia risk
Diagnostic X-rays may increase the risk of developing childhood leukemia, according to a new study by UC Berkeley researchers.

UCLA-led consortium gets $9.9M to reduce hospital readmission of heart failure patients
A UCLA-led consortium of five University of California medical schools, plus Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, has received $9.9 million from the US Department of Health and Human Services' Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to research the use of wireless and telephone care management to reduce hospital readmissions for heart failure patients.

Have you ever seen a pink Batman?
Whether you're a boy or a girl doesn't really matter when it comes to being allowed to join in -- what really counts is your haircut, clothes and gender markers, reveals a thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, that examines how gender is created during everyday life at preschool.

Walnuts, walnut oil, improve reaction to stress
A diet rich in walnuts and walnut oil may prepare the body to deal better with stress, according to a team of Penn State researchers who looked at how these foods, which contain polyunsaturated fats, influence blood pressure at rest and under stress.

Using cassava to address vitamin A deficiency
Cassava is an important food source in many poverty-stricken regions of the world, including sub-Saharan Africa, but the low levels of micronutrients in commercial varieties do little to address hidden hunger.

UNC scientist receives NIH director's New Innovator Award
Ben Major, Ph.D., assistant professor of cell and developmental biology, has been awarded one of 33 National Institutes of Health Director's New Innovator Awards, one of the NIH's most prestigious grants.

Life threatening breathing disorder of Rett syndrome prevented
A group of researchers at the University of Bristol have sequestered the potentially fatal breath holding episodes associated with the autistic-spectrum disorder Rett syndrome.

Robert Edwards, a founder of ESHRE, honored as Nobel laureate
ESHRE, the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology, warmly and proudly welcomes today's announcement that the Cambridge reproductive biologist Robert Edwards has been awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine.

Powerful supercomputer peers into the origin of life
Supercomputer simulations at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are helping scientists unravel how nucleic acids could have contributed to the origins of life.

What mimicking one's language style may mean about the relationship
People match each other's language styles more during happier periods of their relationship than at other times, according to new research from psychologists at the University of Texas at Austin.

Teen drunkenness levels converge across cultures, by gender
In the past decade, cultural and gender-based differences in the frequency of drunkenness among adolescents have declined, as drunkenness has become more common in Eastern Europe and among girls and less common in Western countries and among boys, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the February 2011 print issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Challenges and opportunities for improving community college student success
As public concern heightens over current completion rates for students at America's community colleges, a University of Wisconsin-Madison researcher has systematically examined 25 years of rigorous research in search of explanations of success and remedies for dropouts.

ADHD in childhood may be associated with adolescent depression
Young children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder appear to be at greater risk for adolescent depression and/or suicide attempts five to 13 years after diagnosis, according to a report in the October issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Mental health courts appear to shorten jail time, reduce re-arrest for those with psychiatric illness
Special mental health courts appear to be associated with lower post-treatment arrest rates and reduced number of days of incarceration for individuals with serious psychiatric illnesses, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the February 2011 print issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

The sky is falling (less) onto Puget Sound
Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have found that the rates of pollution falling from the sky onto Washington state's Puget Sound are far lower -- some by as much as 99 percent -- than earlier estimates.

Duke vaccine extends survival for patients with deadly brain cancers
A new vaccine added to standard therapy appears to offer a survival advantage for patients suffering from glioblastoma, the most deadly form of brain cancer, according to a study from researchers at Duke University Medical Center and the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Improving end-of-life care
Better psychological and spiritual support, better planning of care and stronger relationships with physicians are necessary to improve end-of-life care in Canada, states a study published in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Aeras-led research consortium receives FDA support
The Aeras Global TB Vaccine Foundation is pleased to announce receipt of a grant from the US Food and Drug Administration to develop new biological and immunological biomarkers for TB vaccine development.

Feminine sympathy and masculine distaste in German
The German language uses gender-inclusive personal nouns to express closeness and sympathy with the people under discussion and to ensure that all readers feel included when addressed.

NASA awards 3 Robert H. Goddard Awards for Science
Three employees of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., received the 2010 Robert H.

How the anti-vaccine movement threatens America's children
Paul Offit, M.D., F.A.A.P., a noted vaccine expert and vocal critic of the anti-vaccine movement, will trace the history of vaccine fears in America during a plenary address at the American Academy of Pediatrics National Conference & Exhibition in San Francisco Monday, Oct.

An eye for an eye
Revenge cuts both ways in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Scientists of the University of Zurich, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Tel Aviv and Quinnipiaq Universities show that attacks by either side lead to violent retaliation from the other.

Reducing CO2 emissions by photochemical recycling to useful chemicals
Starting in October 2010, Dr. Jennifer Strunk will lead a new junior research group in the Laboratory of Industrial Chemistry lead by Prof.

New study highlights sexual behavior, condom use by US individuals ages 14 to 94
Findings from the largest nationally representative study of sexual and sexual-health behaviors ever fielded, conducted by Indiana U. sexual health researchers, provides an updated snapshot of Americans' sexual behaviors, including a description of more than 40 combinations of sexual acts often performed, condom use patterns by adolescents and adults, and the percentage of Americans participating in same-sex encounters.

Researchers find possible biomarker to identify seizure-related stress
New research from Rhode Island Hospital found that reduced levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, a protein in the brain that encourages growth of neurons, may be a trait marker for individuals with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (seizures that are psychological in origin).

Children with ADHD at increased risk for depression and suicidal thoughts as adolescents
Greater numbers of depression, anxiety, oppositional defiant disorder, and conduct disorder symptoms at ages 4 to 6 among children with ADHD robustly predicted risk for depression during adolescence.

American Chemical Society co-hosts briefings on new scientists and basic research on Oct. 7
The American Chemical Society Science & the Congress Project invites news media to attend two luncheon briefings exploring the challenges and opportunities for early career researchers and the importance of government-supported basic research in advancing new technologies.

What lies beneath: Study examines sediment movement during floods in rivers
Innovative combination of measurements to be used for the first time to assess how the flow of a river affects sediment erosion and deposition, channel stability and the integrity of bridges and other infrastructure.

Breakthrough allows multifunctional smart sensors and high-power devices on a computer chip
Researchers from North Carolina State University have patented technology that is expected to revolutionize the global energy and communications infrastructure -- and create US jobs in the process.

Sleep loss limits fat loss
Cutting back on sleep reduces the benefits of dieting, according to a new study.

Best drug development results from computer/test tube combination
While computer simulations of how the body metabolizes drugs save both time and money, the best results when developing new drugs come from combining such simulations with laboratory experiments, reveals a researcher from the University of Gothenburg.

New report examines university management of intellectual property
The system put in place by the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980 -- which gives universities significant control over intellectual property associated with the results of federally funded research at their institutions -- has been more effective than the pre-1980 system in making research advances available to the public and spurring innovation, says a new report from the National Research Council.

Census of Marine Life celebrates 'decade of discovery'
The Census of Marine Life, a 10-year initiative to describe the distribution and diversity of ocean life, draws to a close today with a celebration, symposium and press conference in London.

Mayo Clinic finds upper, lower body gain weight differently
Using ice cream, candy bars and energy drinks to help volunteers gain weight, Mayo Clinic researchers have discovered the mechanisms of how body fat grows.

Elsevier launches new journal: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
Elsevier, a world-leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information products and solutions, is pleased to announce the launch of a new journal, Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience.

University Hospitals Case Medical Center's neuroscience intensive care unit earns Beacon Award
University Hospitals Case Medical Center's Reinberger Neuroscience Intensive Care Unit has earned the prestigious Beacon Award for Critical Care Excellence.

Researcher awarded $2.27 million to study environmental effects on gene copy number
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences has awarded $2.27 million to Indiana University researcher Joseph Shaw for a five-year study of how the environment alters genetic information through mutation and natural selection.

Disappearing glaciers enhanced biodiversity
Biodiversity decreases towards the poles almost everywhere in the world, except along the South American Pacific coast.

Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center earns top honor for nursing excellence
The Magnet Recognition Program of the American Nurses Credentialing Center has redesignated Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center as a Magnet hospital -- one of only 372 hospitals worldwide to achieve this prestigious distinction for excellence in nursing services.

Girls with autism or ADHD symptoms not taken seriously
When girls with symptoms of autism or ADHD seek professional medical help, their problems are often played down or misinterpreted, and there is a real risk that they will not get the help or support they need.

Discovery of a cell that suppresses the immune system
Researchers at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston have identified a new type of cell in mice that dampens the immune system and protects the animal's own cells from immune system attack.

PAL-MED CONNECT partners with Briefings in Palliative, Hospice and Pain Medicine & Management
Briefings in Palliative, Hospice and Pain Medicine & Management, the e-newsletter companion to Journal of Palliative Medicine published by Mary Ann Liebert Inc., is pleased to announce a collaboration with the Institute for Palliative Medicine's PAL-MED CONNECT hotline to create a new monthly feature for the e-newsletter.

Professor Dr. Alexander (Sandy) Lawson is awarded the 2011 Herman Skolnik Award
Elsevier Properties SA today congratulated its Research and Development Director, Dr.

Incentives studied to align care, coverage and wellness
The effectiveness of Total Health, a unique benefits program for Group Health Cooperative employees, is the subject of a four-year study that the federal Agency for Health Research and Quality recently funded.

Depression and distress not detected in majority of patients seen by nurses -- new study
New research from the University of Leicester reveals that nursing staff have

Family-based treatment may be better for teens with anorexia
Individual therapy and family-based treatments both appear effective in treating anorexia nervosa in teens, although adolescents in family-based programs may be more likely to achieve full remission six or 12 months after treatment, according to a report in the October issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Montana State team finds rare oasis of life on floor of Yellowstone Lake
Montana State University researchers have discovered a rare oasis of life in the midst of hundreds of geothermal vents at the bottom of Yellowstone Lake.

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about four articles being published in the Oct.

It's time to phase out codeine
It is time to phase out the use of codeine as a pain reliever because of its significant risks and ineffectiveness as an analgesic, states an editorial in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Study finds foreclosure crisis had significant racial dimensions
Although the rise in subprime lending and the ensuing wave of foreclosures was partly a result of market forces that have been well-documented, the foreclosure crisis was also a highly racialized process, according to a study by two Woodrow Wilson School scholars published in the October 2010 issue of the American Sociological Review.

Mayo researchers find biomarkers for personalizing radiation cancer treatment
Mayo Clinic researchers have discovered biomarkers that could lead to personalized radiation treatments for cancer patients.

1st census shows life in planet ocean is richer, more connected, more altered than expected
After a decade of joint work and scientific adventure, marine explorers from more than 80 countries today deliver a historic first global Census of Marine Life.

African-Americans with high blood pressure need treatment sooner, more aggressively
An international medical group recommends African-Americans be treated for blood pressure at lower threshold levels than the general population.

Depression during pregnancy increases risk for preterm birth and low birth weight
Clinical depression puts pregnant women at increased risk of delivering prematurely and of giving birth to below-normal birth weight infants.

Europa's hidden ice chemistry
The frigid ice of Jupiter's moon Europa may be hiding more than a presumed ocean: it is likely the scene of some unexpectedly fast chemistry between water and sulfur dioxide at extremely cold temperatures.

New approach to underweight COPD patients
Malnutrition often goes hand in hand with COPD and is difficult to treat.

How to end suicide bombings: The problem is not Islam, but lengthy military occupations
To put an end to suicide bombings, the United States needs a new strategy that would reposition troops and work with local allies to boost their fighting capacity.

Black mothers cite lack of desire as top reasons for not breastfeeding
While more American mothers are breastfeeding today, non-Hispanic black/African-American women are less likely to initiate and continue breastfeeding, primarily due to a lack of desire and lack of self-efficacy, according to research presented Monday, Oct.

Research breakthrough hailed on the anniversary of gene discovery
In a study published today in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, an international team of researchers based in the US and UK revealed that they were able to halt the potentially lethal, breath holding episodes associated with the neurological disease Rett syndrome.

Guidelines on using artery-closing devices: devices are OK, but more research needed
Reopening a blocked heart artery isn't the only procedure that concerns doctors when they thread instruments through an opening in a thigh artery and into a heart artery.

MBL scientists reveal findings of World Ocean Microbe Census
After a decade of joint work and scientific adventure, marine explorers from more than 80 countries, including six scientists from the Marine Biological Laboratory, today delivered the first global Census of Marine Life revealing what, where, and how much lives and hides in the world's oceans.

New Medicare model guidelines for benefit years 2012-2014 in development
As the Medicare Model Guidelines -- a listing of therapeutic categories and pharmacologic classes that Medicare Part D plans can utilize when developing their formularies -- undergo revision for the first time in three years, the US Pharmacopeial Convention is announcing its revision schedule and the expanded opportunities for public input as it develops Version 5.0.

'Living Voters Guide' invites Washington voters to hash out ballot initiatives
Voters across the country are faced with confusing and contentious ballot measures.

A sing-song way to a cure for speech disorder
Hindustani singing, a North Indian traditional style of singing, and classical singing, such as the music of Puccini, Mozart and Wagner, vary greatly in technique and sound.

Child maltreatment investigations not associated with improvements in household risk factors
Household investigations for suspected child maltreatment by Child Protective Services may not be associated with improvements in common, modifiable risk factors including social support, family functioning, poverty and others, according to a report in the October issue of Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Mayo Clinic takes the lead in clinical research data management
Mayo Clinic is making it easier for industry sponsors and investigators at sites across the country to collaborate with Mayo on complex and groundbreaking research studies and clinical trials.

Einstein scientist awarded $4 million to develop genetic strategy to combat tuberculosis
William R. Jacobs, Jr., Ph.D., professor of microbiology & immunology and of genetics at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University, who is also a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator, has been awarded a three-year, $4 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop a novel genetic strategy for combating tuberculosis, or TB.

Can vigorous exercise curb drug abuse? UT Southwestern researchers want to find out
Can exercise reduce cravings for drugs? UT Southwestern Medical Center investigators are conducting a research study to find out.

Postpartum intervention/support prevents smoking relapse, extends breastfeeding duration
New mothers who quit smoking during or just prior to becoming pregnant were significantly more likely to remain smoke free and continue breastfeeding if they received support and encouragement during the first eight weeks following child birth, according to a study presented Monday, Oct.

When docs counsel weight loss, it's style that makes a difference
Most doctors are spending a good deal of time counseling their patients about diet and weight loss, but for the most part, it isn't making any difference, according to a new study appearing in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.

Family-based treatment found most effective for anorexia nervosa patients
An anorexia nervosa treatment strategy that promotes parental involvement in restoring an adolescent to healthy weight and eating habits is more effective than traditional individual-based anorexia nervosa therapy, according to new research.
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