Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 06, 2010
High risk of acute mountain sickness on Mount Kilimanjaro
Climbers of high peaks such as Mount Kilimanjaro are at high risk for acute mountain sickness, or AMS.

Einstein researchers find osteoporosis drug may help women with kidney disease
The osteoporosis drug raloxifene may be useful in treating kidney disease in women, suggests a new study led by Michal Melamed, M.D., M.H.S., assistant professor of medicine and epidemiology & population health at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University.

GOES-13 on top of new seventeenth Atlantic (sub) tropical depression
The GOES-13 satellite keeps a vigilant eye on the Atlantic Ocean and eastern US and this morning at 5 a.m.

Doctors evaluating heart problems should consider checking fat deposits around the heart
Cardiac imaging researchers at Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute are recommending that physicians not overlook fatty deposits around the heart when evaluating patients for risk of major heart problems.

BLADE software eliminates 'drive-by downloads' from malicious websites
Researchers have developed a new tool that eliminates drive-by download threats.

Competing motivational brain responses predict costly helping
A new study reveals that brain signals elicited by the sight of someone suffering pain differ as a function of whether we identify positively or negatively with that person and that these differential brain signals predict a later decision to help or withdraw from helping.

VTT printed hemoglobin test on paper
VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a method of using printing technology to produce simple tests related to health, well-being and the environment.

First clinical trial of gene therapy for muscular dystrophy lends insight into the disease
A clinical trial designed to replace the genetic defect causing the most common form of muscular dystrophy has uncovered an unexpected aspect of the disease.

Study: Fish near coal-fired power plants have lower levels of mercury
A new study finds that fish located near coal-fired power plants have lower levels of mercury than fish that live much further away.

VISTA reveals the secret of the unicorn
A new infrared image from ESO's VISTA survey telescope reveals an extraordinary landscape of glowing tendrils of gas, dark clouds and young stars within the constellation of Monoceros (the Unicorn).

When the right suit matters
When a bomb technician inspects a potential explosive device, the bulky protective suit might be the only defense he or she has.

Gene therapy reveals unexpected immunity to dystrophin in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy
An immune reaction to dystrophin, the muscle protein that is defective in patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, may pose a new challenge to strengthening muscles of patients with this disease, suggests a new study appearing in the Oct.

Reproductive health: Checkerboard of infertility treatment in Europe
During the European Health Forum Gastein, the most important conference on health care policy in the EU, ESHRE highlighted the problems in medically assisted reproduction, or MAR, regulation in Europe.

UD Professor Emeritus wins Nobel Prize in Chemistry
Richard F. Heck, the Willis F. Harrington Professor Emeritus at the University of Delaware, has been awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

Earth science reaches new peaks in Denver
A robust geoscience program will draw thousands of curious minds to the Colorado Convention Center, Denver, Colo., for the 122nd Annual Meeting & Exposition of the Geological Society of America, Oct.

Study to reveal link between climate and early human evolution
Geologists at the University of Liverpool are excavating a 2-million-year-old World Heritage Site in Tanzania to understand how climate variations may have contributed to early human evolution.

$5 million NSF grant will upgrade and expand NJIT radio telescope array
A $5 million National Science Foundation grant to upgrade and expand a set of radio frequency antennas at Owens Valley Solar Array has been awarded to NJIT.

Female Cantabrian bears and their young do not hibernate
A team of Spanish scientists followed the brown bear population through the mountains of the Cantabrian Cordillera between 1998 and 2007 in order to find out about their hibernation habits, which had been questioned in historical documents.

University of Colorado gets federal award for Cord Blood Bank
University of Colorado Cord Blood Bank wins a $6.3 million award to collect umbilical cord blood with an emphasis on minority donors.

MJFF announces over $10 million in funding for clinical and pre-clinical PD research
The Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research announced awards totaling approximately $10.1 million for five new clinical studies and 14 pre-clinical therapeutic development projects.

Blood pressure breakthrough holds real hope for treatment of pre-eclampsia
Scientists have discovered a mechanism which raises blood pressure in pre-eclampsia, a potentially deadly condition which occurs during pregnancy.

Family ties bind desert lizards in social groups
Researchers at UC Santa Cruz have found that a species of lizard in the Mojave Desert lives in family groups and shows patterns of social behavior more commonly associated with mammals and birds.

NASA loosens GRIP on Atlantic hurricane season
NASA wrapped up one of its largest hurricane research efforts ever last week after nearly two months of flights that broke new ground in the study of tropical cyclones and delivered data that scientists will now be able to analyze for years to come.

Hormone acting as 'molecular glue' could boost plant immune systems
The discovery of a hormone acting like molecular glue, featured in the Oct.

Elsevier introduces article-based publishing to increase publication speed
Final and citable articles are published without needing to wait until a journal issue is complete, speeding the publication process by an average of seven weeks.

Research identifies the herbal supplements that are effective in treating anxiety
A systematic review of research into the use of nutritional supplements for the treatment of anxiety disorders has found strong evidence for the use of extracts of passionflower or kava and combinations of L-lysine and L-arginine.

Novel approach yields new insights into the causes of pre-eclampsia
An exciting collaboration between the Universities of Cambridge and Nottingham has resulted in new insights into the hypertension that frequently blights pregnancy.

Scientists give extinct passenger pigeon a place on the family tree
With bits of DNA extracted from century-old museum specimens, researchers have found a place for the extinct Passenger Pigeon in the family tree of pigeons and doves, identifying this unique bird's closest living relatives for the first time.

Vitamin D-ficiency common among orthopaedic surgery
Forty-three percent of patients scheduled to undergo orthopaedic surgery have insufficient levels of vitamin D and two out of five of those patients had levels low enough to place them at risk for metabolic bone disease.

Nano drugs
Researchers in India have demonstrated that producing nanoscopic crystals of a pharmaceutical product can allow the medication to be absorbed by the gut even if the drug is not soluble in water.

Vultures use face flushing technique for instant status updates
Tech savvy humans who use social media sites to instantly update their

Stressed-out mums may worsen their child's asthma
Mums who are often angry or irritated and those who suppress their emotional expressions can worsen the severity of their children's asthma symptoms, especially when the children are younger.

GUMC researchers find the blind use visual brain area to improve other senses
People who have been blind from birth make use of the visual parts of their brain to refine their sensation of sound and touch, according to an international team of researchers led by neuroscientists at Georgetown University Medical Center.

Novel reference material to standardize gene therapy applications
The introduction of a new, fully characterized viral vector for use as reference material to help standardize gene therapy protocols in research applications and human clinical trials is described in an article in Human Gene Therapy, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert Inc.

From eye to brain
By comparing a clearly defined visual input with the electrical output of the retina, researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies were able to trace for the first time the neuronal circuitry that connects individual photoreceptors with retinal ganglion cells, the neurons that carry visuals signals from the eye to the brain.

UT-Battelle gives $5,000 to benefit Appalachian families
Low-income families under stress from high utility bills can find relief through a new energy savings program supported by UT-Battelle.

Keeping blood pressure in check may benefit some African-Americans with kidney disease
Keeping blood pressure at a low level in African-Americans with kidney disease may slow the progression of the condition in patients with proteinuria, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers found in a national study published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

UD researcher on project team for NASA's first visit to the sun
A University of Delaware researcher is helping to design instruments for a robotic space probe that will go where no other has gone before: the sun.

Scripps Research scientists develop novel test that identifies river blindness
Scientists from the Scripps Research Institute have developed the first screening method that rapidly identifies individuals with active river blindness, a parasitic disease that afflicts an estimated 37 million people.

Patient-provider language barriers linked to worse diabetes control
Patients who cannot discuss their diabetes with a doctor in their own language may have poorer health outcomes, even when interpreter services are available, according to a new study by researchers at UCSF and the Kaiser Permanente Division of Research.

Study provides data that can inform Atlantic sturgeon recovery efforts
A first-of-its-kind study that tracked the oceanic migrations of adult Atlantic sturgeon that were caught and tagged in the Hudson River discovered that these fish move vast distances in the Atlantic Ocean, traveling as far south as Georgia and as far north as Nova Scotia, Canada.

Drug that helps adults addicted to opioid drugs also relieves withdrawal symptoms in newborns
A team of researchers at Thomas Jefferson University has tested a semi-synthetic opioid they say has the potential to improve the treatment of these newborns, which could save hundreds of millions in health care costs annually if future tests continue to show benefit.

MFM researcher earns $3.7M NIH grant to study preterm birth
Dr. Edward Chien recently joined the

MARC travel awards announced for the ASBMR 2010 annual meeting
FASEB MARC (Minority Access to Research Careers) Program has announced the travel award recipients for The American Society for Bone & Mineral Research 2010 Annual Meeting in Toronto, Ontario, Canada from Oct.

Skin color linked to social inequality in contemporary Mexico, study shows
Despite the popular, state-sponsored ideology that denies the existence of prejudice based on racial or skin color differences in Mexico, a new study from the University of Texas at Austin provides evidence of profound social inequality by skin color.

Iowa State team calculates societal costs of five major crimes; finds murder at $17.25 million
An Iowa State University study of 654 convicted and incarcerated murderers calculated the costs to society of five crimes -- murder, rape, armed robbery, aggravated assault and burglary.

New soy-based natural S-equol supplement reduces menopausal hot flashes, muscle and joint pain in first study among US women
A new women's health, whole soy germ-based nutritional supplement containing Natural S-equol reduced the frequency of moderate to severe hot flashes and reduced muscle and joint pain in the first study of its kind among postmenopausal US women, according to peer-reviewed data presented at the North American Menopause Society Annual Meeting.

Scripps researchers, UCSD chemists to create center devoted to chemistry's influence on climate
Scientists in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego have won a grant to study prevailing mysteries about how chemistry influences climate and atmospheric processes.

American Cancer Society awards new research and training grants
The American Cancer Society, the largest nongovernment, not-for-profit funding source of cancer research in the United States, has awarded 94 national research and training grants totaling $46,633,000 to 70 institutions nationwide in the first of two grants cycles for 2011.

Long-extinct passenger pigeon finds a place in the family tree
With bits of DNA extracted from century-old museum specimens, researchers have found a place for the extinct passenger pigeon in the family tree of pigeons and doves, identifying for the first time this unique bird's closest living avian relatives.

Wistar researchers discover new class of objects encoded within the genome
Researchers at the Wistar Institute announce the discovery of the ability of long non-coding RNA, or ncRNA, encoded within our genome, to promote gene expression.

AACR hosts cancer prevention meeting in Philadelphia
This November, the American Association for Cancer Research will host its Ninth Annual International Conference on Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research at the Pennsylvania Convention Center, located in Philadelphia.

Tip sheet: Soy-based natural S-equol supplement data presented from 4 studies at the North American Menopause Society Annual Meeting
Four studies that add evidence about the use of a new nutritional supplement containing the whole soy germ-based ingredient Natural S-equol to improve health were presented at the North American Menopause Society annual meeting: a first-of-its-kind study in US women documenting effectiveness in reducing frequency of moderate to severe hot flashes and muscle and joint pain; the first clinical study about contributions to bone health; the effect on

New fish feeds made from fish byproducts
Fish byproducts may be a new source of fish feed, thanks to research by US Department of Agriculture-funded scientists in Hawaii.

UCLA engineering receives $6M to construct new state-of-the-art building
The US Commerce Department's National Institute of Standards and Technology has awarded the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science $6 million to support the construction of a new state-of-the-art building that will provide core research facilities to serve the school's

Michael J. Fox Foundation supports University of Helsinki scientists with $515,086 grant
The Michael J. Fox Foundation has awarded a research grant for supporting the research team headed by professor Mart Saarma at the Institute of Biotechnology, who together with HermoPharma Company is developing a new Parkinson's disease therapy.

Greatest warming is in the north, but biggest impact on life is in the tropics
New research adds to growing evidence that, even though the temperature increase associated with a warming climate has been smaller in the tropics, the impact of warming on life could be much greater there than in colder climates.

Mount Etna's mystery explained?
Internationally renowned geophysicist Dr Wouter Schellart has developed the first dynamic model to explain the mystery of the largest and most fascinating volcano in Europe, Mount Etna.

Mayo Clinic Sports Medicine to host concussion summit
On Oct. 19-20, 2010, Mayo Clinic's Sports Medicine Center will host

Evidence shows that, overall, mass media campaigns have beneficial effects on health
Many areas of health have been targeted by mass media campaigns, and a review published online first and in this week's Lancet shows that overall, these campaigns have had a beneficial effect -- although not in every scenario.

Experts advocate realigning type 2 diabetes treatments with disease's natural history
A new consensus statement published in the September 2010, issue of the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism finds that the increasing recognition that beta-cell failure occurs much earlier and severely than commonly believed suggests that regular glycemia screening, early identification of patients at metabolic risk and prompt and aggressive intervention deserves greater emphasis.

Provocative new Montreal study probes link between breast cancer and air pollution
Air pollution has already been linked to a range of health problems.

Louisiana Tech professor partners with local schools to study menu nutrition
Dr. Mary Murimi, professor of nutrition and dietetics at Louisiana Tech University, has partnered with Lincoln Parish Schools (Louisiana) to improve the nutritional value of food offered to students throughout the parish school system.

Reviving the FDA: NEJM perspective
In a perspective piece published online today in the New England Journal of Medicine, Georgetown University School of Medicine family medicine physician Susan Okie gives a comprehensive overview of change, and planned change, within the US Food and Drug Administration.

Informative satellite symposia to enhance scientific program at Singapore meeting
A stimulating scientific program of plenary lectures and Meet the Expert sessions will be enhanced by five informative Satellite Symposia.

In Parkinson's disease, brain cells abandon mitochondria, researchers report
In a study that sheds new light on the causes of Parkinson's disease, researchers report that brain cells in Parkinson's patients abandon their energy-producing machinery, the mitochondria.

Neighborhoods can have depressing effect on health, according to Iowa State study
The nation's poverty rate climbed to 14.3 percent -- the highest level since 1994 -- according to the Census Bureau's annual report on the economic well-being of US households.

Immune system linked with accumulation of toxic tau protein
Cells that help to protect the central nervous system may also contribute to pathological changes in the brain.

Gut microbes promote cell turnover by a well-known pathway
Microbes matter -- perhaps more than anyone realizes -- in basic biological development and, maybe, they could be a target for reducing cancer risks, according to University of Oregon researchers.

Psychologist finds 'shocking' impact on name recall
Temple psychologist Ingrid Olson has found a way to improve the recall of proper names.

Call to heal the world's coral reefs
There is still time to save the world's ailing coral reefs, if prompt and decisive action can be taken to improve their overall health, leading marine researchers say.

UF study: Emotional effects of heavy combat can be lifelong for veterans
The trauma from hard combat can devastate veterans until old age, even as it influences others to be wiser, gentler and more accepting in their twilight years, a new University of Florida study finds.

Number of synapses shown to vary between night and day in Stanford study of zebrafish
With the help of tiny, see-through fish, Stanford University School of Medicine researchers are homing in on what happens in the brain while you sleep.

New ACS Journal Publishing Agreement expands author rights and clarifies responsibilities
The American Chemical Society's Publications Division will begin rolling out a new publishing agreement in mid-October that expands author rights and clarifies author responsibilities.

Vitamin D deficiency rampant in patients undergoing orthopedic surgery, damaging patient recovery
Almost 50 percent of patients undergoing orthopedic surgery have vitamin D deficiency that should be corrected before surgery to improve patient outcomes, based on a study by researchers at Hospital for Special Surgery in New York City.

Disability and Health Journal critically examines Americans with Disabilities Act
In recognition of the 20th anniversary of the enactment of the Americans with Disabilities Act, the October issue of Disability and Health Journal has brought together a series of articles to examine whether the ADA has in fact improved the health of people with disabilities.

New findings pull back curtain on relationship between iron and Alzheimer's disease
Massachusetts General Hospital researchers say they have determined how iron contributes to the production of brain-destroying plaques found in Alzheimer's patients.

Swedish Research Council to bar cheaters
Researchers can be barred for up to 10 years from receiving research grants from the Swedish Research Council.

Study sheds new light on how the sun affects the Earth's climate
The sun's activity has recently affected the Earth's atmosphere and climate in unexpected ways, according to a new study published today in the journal Nature.

One lock, many keys
Max Planck researchers discover how immune system B-cells can react to very different substances.
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