Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 08, 2010
Mars: How low can you go?
There are few places on Mars lower than this. On the left of this image, the floor of Melas Chasma sinks nine kilometers below the surrounding plains.

UNH awarded $487,000 from NASA for high school climate change curriculum
As part of a growing national effort to get teachers and students schooled in the fundamental elements of climate change, researchers from the University of New Hampshire's Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space have been awarded a $487,000 two-year grant from the NASA Global Climate Change Education Program.

'Hot Stove Economics -- Understanding Baseball's Second Season'
The real and anticipated transactions of baseball's off-season generate excitement among fans who discuss the merit of moves in the arena informally known as the

UCSD cardiologist receives National Institutes of Health New Innovator Award
The National Institutes of Health has chosen Neil Chi, MD, PhD, assistant professor of medicine in the division of cardiology at the University of California, San Diego, as one of its 2010 NIH Director's New Innovator Award recipients.

UT-Battelle United Way campaign tops $1 million 3rd straight year
UT-Battelle has contributed more than $1 million to the United Way campaign for the third consecutive year.

Studying illnesses caused by worms: Scientists are learning how immune cells communicate
Irah King and Markus Mohrs, biomedical researchers at the Trudeau Institute, are investigating illnesses caused by these gut-dwelling worms in an effort to decipher how immune cells send and receive signals that determine the specific immune response to mount.

MU establishes National Botanical Research Center
Americans spend $25 billion a year on dietary supplement products such as herbs and other botanicals, yet scientists still don't know the precise properties that make certain plants helpful or harmful to humans.

Webb Telescope sunshield passes launch depressurization tests to verify flight design
NASA's James Webb Space Telescope continues to make significant progress, successfully completing a series of sunshield vent tests that validate the telescope's sunshield design.

Front-of-package symbols and systems: IOM phase 1 report
Nutrition rating systems and their accompanying symbols are intended to help consumers make healthy choices.

OncologyPRO: Unique portal for cancer specialists
The European Society for Medical Oncology and Thomson Reuters partner to create a state-of-the-art oncology website.

TUM Institute for Advanced Study hosts 'Energy and Electromobility' symposium
BMW, Daimler, GM, Siemens and E.ON Energie are among industry leaders joining university researchers for the symposium

Clue to unusual drug-resistant breast cancers found
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine have found how gene expression that may contribute to drug resistance is ramped up in unusual types of breast cancer tumors.

USDA awards grant to GSU professor to study childhood obesity dynamics
A Georgia State University professor has received a US Department of Agriculture grant to look at the obesity trends from childhood to adolescence.

Virginia Bioinformatics Institute to model immune responses to gut pathogens
Virginia Bioinformatics Institute researchers and collaborators are using mathematical modeling to study immune responses to gut pathogens.

Bloodstream infection surveillance inconsistent between institutions, U-M study shows
A U-M study shows that institutions use different methods to measure bloodstream infections.

Chronic Disease Alliance receives European Health Award 2010
The European Society of Cardiology is delighted to see the European Health Award 2010 handed to the Chronic Disease Alliance at the 13th European Health Forum held in Gastein October 6-9, 2010.

European Society of Intensive Care Medicine launches 'linking intensive care to family experience' (LIFE) campaign
A comment linked to the series says that in the US, attempts to meet the increasing challenges of intensive care medicine are based on the creation of a new class of physician extenders, nursing practitioners, and telemedicine.

Plants kick-start evolutionary drama of Earth's oxygenation
An international team of scientists, exploiting pioneering techniques at Arizona State University, has taken a significant step toward unlocking the secrets of oxygenation of the Earth's oceans and atmosphere.

Alienated youths are more likely to lash out
When people are rejected by peers, they often lash out.

Menssana Research Inc. gets $4.2M BARDA contract to develop breath test for radiation
Menssana Research Inc., a company with research facilities in the NJIT Enterprise Development Center, receives $4.2 million contract to develop a breath test for radiation exposure.

Stem cells repair damaged spinal cord tissue
Researchers at the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet have shown how stem cells, together with other cells, repair damaged tissue in the mouse spinal cord.

University of Miami receives grant to increase the number of family nurse practitioners
The University of Miami School of Nursing and Health Studies will receive over $704,000 to increase the pool of primary care nurse practitioners in Miami-Dade County.

La Jolla Institute to develop San Diego's first center for RNAi genomics research
The La Jolla Institute for Allergy and Immunology will develop San Diego's first Center for RNAi screening -- a breakthrough genomics technology that will further enhance San Diego's reputation as a national research leader and provide the local biomedical community ready access to the Nobel-Prize-winning technology.

UT Southwestern researchers create experimental vaccine against Alzheimer's
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have created an experimental vaccine against beta-amyloid, the small protein that forms plaques in the brain and is believed to contribute to the development of Alzheimer's disease.

ONR grant contributes to work of Nobel Laureate
An Office of Naval Research grantee has been awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in physics for research into the properties of a 2-D material that could one day replace computer chips.

NASA's Mobile Mars Laboratory almost ready for flight
The Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) instrument suite has completed assembly at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., and is nearly ready for a December delivery to NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, Calif., where it will be joined to the Curiosity rover.

NASA sees Otto become eighth hurricane of the Atlantic season
On Oct. 8, Otto strengthened into a hurricane, becoming the eighth hurricane of the Atlantic Ocean season.

Taking a fresh look
Educational policy is controversial: positions on achievement gaps, troubled schools and class size are emotionally charged, and research studies often come to very different conclusions.

Using communities to find the answers to energy demand problems
How individuals and communities use energy, their understanding of energy use and effective, community management of energy and energy regulation will form the basis of seven new Energy and Communities initiative projects.

Obese workers cost workplace more than insurance, absenteeism
The cost of obesity among US full-time employees is estimated to be $73.1 billion, according to a new study by a Duke University obesity researcher, published today in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

Shift work and cancer
Shift work can cause cancer. In the new issue of Deutsches Aerzteblatt International, Thomas C.

Texas Tech researcher: Bee colony collapse associated with viral, fungal infection
Researchers may have a greater understanding of the mysterious colony collapse disorder.

Hajj pilgrimage provides research opportunity for management of global health security
Mass gatherings of people, such as the annual Hajj pilgrimage, present an extraordinary challenge to global health security.

Louisiana Tech researchers design, fabricate innovative energy harvesting device
Dr. Long Que, assistant professor of electrical engineering at Louisiana Tech University, has reported success in designing and fabricating a device that allows microscale electronic devices to harvest their own wasted energy.

Critical/intensive care: Huge investments needed for increasing demand in rich and poor countries; UK has one of lowest numbers of intensive care beds per head in developed world
Critical (intensive) care is a resource that many people assume will always be available in high-income countries, but is not given the priority it deserves by health-policy makers.

Got fish? Nutrition studies explore health benefits
Some of America's most popular fish -- salmon and albacore tuna, for example -- are rich in healthful natural compounds known as omega-3 fatty acids.

Oxidation mechanisms at gold nanoclusters unraveled
Researchers believe that the puzzle of catalytic gold is now partially solved.

Children's agitation after surgery may be preventable
Temporary combativeness after surgery -- a complication affecting up to half of anesthetized children -- may be preventable with drugs that decrease epinephrine production, according to a Medical College of Georgia pediatric anesthesiologist.

New report: How will the Affordable Care Act affect 15 million uninsured young adults?
Young adults are one of the largest groups of Americans without health insurance, with nearly 15 million people aged 19-29 uninsured in 2009 -- an increase of more than 1 million over 2008, according to a Commonwealth Fund report released today.

Risks in multiple pregnancies
The complication rate during pregnancy with twins is about 40 percent.

Women's race and class impact contraception recommendations, UCSF study shows
A woman's race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status impact whether health care providers recommend one of the most highly effective forms of contraception, a UCSF study confirms.

Large variations exist in end-of-life care in the intensive care unit; doctors must guard against subtle institutional pressures to withdraw life support
In the second paper in the Lancet series on critical care, the large variations in end-of-life care in the ICU are discussed, along with the dynamics of the doctor-family interactions that directly affect care.

Autistic children are not good at covering up their lies: Queen's University study
Children with autism will tell white lies to protect other people's feelings and they are not very good at covering up their lies, according to a Queen's University study.

Targeted therapy promising for HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer
A new type of breast cancer treatment has shown encouraging activity as a first-line therapy in HER2-positive metastatic disease, researchers reported at the 35th Congress of the European Society for Medical Oncology in Milan, Italy.

'The Doomsday Lobby -- Hype and Panic from Sputniks, Martians and Marauding Meteors'
As numerous politicians and pundits debate the current size and role of the federal government in the US, James T.

Neurons cast votes to guide decision-making
We know that casting a ballot in the voting booth involves politics, values and personalities.

Frequent inaccuracies in testosterone testing lead to call for standardization
The use of testosterone assays for patient care and research is on the rise as new research links testosterone to a variety of diseases and conditions.

Louis A. Cassel to receive AIAA Missile Systems Award
The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics is pleased to announce that Louis A.

Improving sonography requires improving sonography school admissions
Diagnostic ultrasounds are the most widely used medical tests in the world.

HSAN 1: Identification of new mutations, more accurate diagnosis and improved genetic counseling
VIB researchers at the University of Antwerp have identified several mutations that play an important role in the development of Hereditary Sensory and Autonomous Neuropathy Type 1 (HSAN 1).

Popular prostate cancer treatment associated with bone decay
Using novel technology allowing

Researchers discover a new class of highly electronegative chemical species
An international team of researchers has discovered a new class of highly electronegative chemical species called hyperhalogens, which use superhalogens as building blocks around a metal atom.

How will society handle the huge increase in demand for critical care services?
In the final paper of the Lancet series on critical care, the future of intensive care services is assessed, with the authors saying that governments face major challenges in rationing care in the face of ever-increasing demand.
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