Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 14, 2010
Push and pull get eyes to work together
Researchers appear to have found a better way to correct sensory eye dominance, a condition in which an imbalance between the eyes compromises fine depth perception.

New report reveals two-thirds of spinal fractures remain undiagnosed and untreated
A new report issued by the International Osteoporosis Foundation for World Osteoporosis Day puts the spotlight on the severe impact of spinal fractures and calls on health professionals to recognize the signs of these fractures in their patients.

DFG establishes 4 new research units
The Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft is establishing four new research units to facilitate cross-regional, interdisciplinary cooperation among researchers.

Not all doctors follow cancer screening guidelines
Only one-fifth of primary care physicians in the US follow practice guidelines for colorectal cancer screening for all the tests they recommend, according to Dr.

$10 million NIH quantum grant awarded to interoperability team led by Dr. Julian Goldman
A Boston-based team of clinicians, biomedical and software engineers, and healthcare device companies has won one of the National Institute of Health's

Kidney disease patients require individualized care
Kidney disease patients require individualized care, according to two upcoming studies in JASN.

From handwritten CAPTCHAs to 'smart rooms,' tech solutions start with pattern recognition
Buy something online, enter your credit card number and mailing address.

This little light of mine: Changing the color of single photons emitted by quantum dots
Researchers at NIST have demonstrated for the first time the conversion of single photons produced by a true quantum source to a near-visible wavelength.

ESC to extend its scientific activities beyond Europe and into the emerging regions of the world
On the opening day of today's Great Wall International Congress of Cardiology in Beijing, the European Society of Cardiology will take its first step in a new program of global scientific activities.

New small business law could have big effect on retirement accounts
Law professor Richard L. Kaplan says an obscure provision in the recently enacted Small Business Jobs Act could have major consequences for anyone with a retirement savings account at work.

Cyberwars: Already underway with no Geneva Conventions to guide them
Cyber attacks of various sorts have been around for decades.

Scientists find signals that make cell nucleus blow up like a balloon
The size of a cell's nucleus varies from one species to another, in different cell types and at different stages of development, and even with disease: many cancer cells develop larger nuclei as they become more malignant.

Charcoal biofilter cleans up fertilizer waste gases
Removing the toxic and odorous emissions of ammonia from the industrial production of fertilizer is a costly and energy-intensive process.

New method is found for accurate diagnosis of gall bladder cancer, 1 of the most deadly
Scientists at the University of Granada applied successfully a new technique called FDG positron emission tomography scanning, which allows more accurate diagnosis and treatment of gall bladder cancer.

The risks and benefits of using poplars for biofuels
A potential solution for global energy demands is the use of poplar, a fast-growing tree with high yields, for biofuels.

OCTANE study influences revision of WHO guidelines for treating some HIV-infected women
Findings from a study, which appear in the Oct. 14, 2010, New England Journal of Medicine, helped influence the World Health Organization (WHO) to change its guidelines this year for the treatment of HIV-infected women who receive a single dose of the antiretroviral drug nevirapine to prevent HIV transmission to their babies.

Orchid tricks hoverflies
Scientists have discovered the trick the orchid Epipactis veratrifolia uses to attract pollinating hoverflies.

Insight gained into age-related hearing loss
Researchers at the University of Minnesota Medical School have gained insight into how different types of age-related hearing loss may occur in humans.

Rensselaer researcher wins prestigious American Cancer Society award for work on cancer
A recent Research Scholar Grant from the American Cancer Society acknowledges the potential of Rensselaer researcher Lee Ligon's work on breast cancer.

National Institutes of Health awards $1.2 million to GSU for collaborative study on discharge decisions at hospitals
A Georgia State University professor and an Emory University surgeon have received a $1.2 million grant from the National Institutes of Health for a joint research project to study discharge decisions at hospitals.

UCLA study links immune protein to abnormal brain development
UCLA scientists have discovered that exposing fetal neurons to higher than normal levels of a common immune protein leads to abnormal brain development in mice.

NIST mini-sensor traces faint magnetic signature of human heartbeat
Researchers from NIST and the German national metrology institute have used NIST's miniature atom-based magnetic sensor to successfully track a human heartbeat, confirming the device's potential for biomedical applications.

Research on the balance of bacteria in women's bodies holds key to improving women's health
A team of Canadian researchers are examining the delicate balance of bacteria and viruses in women's bodies in order to optimize women's health through their lives.

Young children are especially trusting of things they're told
Little kids believe the darnedest things. For example, that a fat man in a red suit flies through the air on a sleigh pulled by reindeer.

University of East Anglia makes cancer breakthrough
Scientists at the University of East Anglia have made an important breakthrough in the way anti-cancer drugs are tested.

A river ran through it
Humans and nature itself are making it tough on rivers to continue in their central role to support fish species, according to new research by a team of scientists, including one from Arizona State University.

Researchers report advances vs. preeclampsia, including potential prediction
Preeclampsia, a sudden-onset and sometimes fatal prenatal disease, may strike up to 8 percent of pregnant women worldwide.

Gene identified that prevents stem cells from turning cancerous
Researchers identify gene that regulates apoptosis in stem cells. The work is the first to connect the death of stem cells to a later susceptibility to tumors in mice.

The AACR congratulates its members elected to the Institute of Medicine
The American Association for Cancer Research congratulates 12 of its members on their election into the Institute of Medicine.

New look at multitalented protein sheds light on mysteries of HIV
New insights into the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection process, which leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), may now be possible through a research method recently developed in part at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), where scientists have glimpsed an important protein molecule's behavior with unprecedented clarity.

In childhood obesity, gene variants raise risk
A new study by pediatric researchers has added to the evidence that genes have a strong influence on childhood obesity.

CR Magazine sheds light on the burden of cancer on the streets
An article published in the fall 2010 issue of CR, the AACR's magazine for cancer survivors and their families and caregivers, details the immense challenges faced by those who suffer with cancer and lack the necessary resources for proper treatment and care -- the homeless.

Flexing their muscles helps kidney disease patients live longer
Kidney disease patients are healthier and live longer if they've beefed up their muscles, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Clinical Journal of the American Society Nephrology.

UBC gains $5.4 million for microbiome research from CIHR, Genome BC
The University of British Columbia today welcomed the announcement of $5.4 million in funding from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and Genome British Columbia for research into how micro-organisms affect human health.

Is anxiety contagious?
Professors David Eilam and Rony Izhar of Tel Aviv University are investigating the anxieties experienced by an entire social group using the natural predator-and-prey relationship between the barn owl and the vole.

Researcher find fats galore in human plasma
Human blood is famously fraught with fats; now researchers have a specific idea of just how numerous and diverse these lipids actually are.

'Incoherent excitations' govern key phase of superconductor behavior: UBC research
New research by University of British Columbia physicists indicates that high-temperature superconductivity in copper oxides is linked to what they term

OHSU research suggests yoga can counteract fibromyalgia
According to new research conducted at Oregon Health & Science University, yoga exercises may have the power to combat the chronic pain caused by fibromyalgia -- a medical disorder characterized by chronic widespread pain.

Need a study break to refresh? Maybe not, say Stanford researchers
The researchers' findings challenge the long-held theory that willpower is a limited resource that needs to be replenished.

Study: Belief in rumors about proposed NYC mosque linked to opposition to all mosques
People who believe false rumors about the proposed Islamic cultural center and mosque near Ground Zero in New York City not only are more likely to oppose that project -- they are more likely to oppose building of a mosque in their own neighborhood.

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology
Helicobacter pylori, the bacterium largely associated with gastritis and peptic ulcers in humans, may invade and replicate in gastric epithelial cells say researchers from China.

Study uncovers genetic variations linked with common childhood obesity
A new study uncovers multiple genetic variations associated with common childhood obesity.

Large gaps found in public understanding of climate change
Sixty-three percent of Americans believe that global warming is happening, but many do not understand why, according to a national study conducted by researchers at Yale University.

Faster CARS, less damage: NIST chemical microscopy shows potential for cell diagnostics
A paper by NIST researchers may breathe new life into the use of a powerful -- but tricky -- diagnostic technique for cell biology.

Yoga alleviates pain and improves function in fibromyalgia patients
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a debilitating condition affecting 11 million individuals in the US alone.

A reinvention of agriculture is needed to meet global challenges
World renowned scientists speaking at the World Food Prize Borlaug Dialogue have called for a radical transformation in the agriculture sector to cope with climate change, food security and to transition towards sustainability.

Asteroid collision forensics
Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research use the unique perspective from the Rosetta spacecraft to put a date on impact.

JILA unveils improved 'molecular fingerprinting' for trace gas detection
Scientists at JILA have demonstrated an improved laser-based

Biomarker shows potential for early diagnosis of lung cancer
A collaboration between physicians and scientists at UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center and the University of Texas M.D.

NSF grant to study national energy policy and technology impacts
The Ohio State University and the Ohio Supercomputer Center have received a four-year, $1.675 million federal grant to develop a computer tool called the Integrated Computational System for Energy Pricing and Policy, which models the national power grid.

Scientists perfect new nanowire technique
Scientists at the University of Leeds have perfected a new technique that allows them to make molecular nanowires out of thin strips of ring-shaped molecules known as discotic liquid crystals.

Astronomer leverages supercomputers to study black holes, galaxies
Ohio State astronomer Stelios Kazantzidis leveraged the powerful resources of the Ohio Supercomputer Center to simulate and study several cosmological phenomena.

Study: Waist circumference, not BMI, is best predictor of future cardiovascular risk in children
A new long-term study suggests that waist circumference, rather than the commonly used body mass index measure, is the best clinical measure to predict a child's risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes later in life.

The kids are all right: Few negative associations with moms' return to work after having children
Children whose mothers return to work before their offspring turn 3 are no more likely to have academic or behavioral problems than kids whose mothers stay at home, according to a review of 50 years of research.

New oral direct-acting antiviral drug combination offers new hope for treating patients with hepatitis C
For patients with the most common and difficult-to-treat form of hepatitis C, a new oral, direct-acting, experimental drug combination is safe and well tolerated, and shows promising antiviral activity.

Mayo Clinic finds early success with laser that destroys tumors with heat
Physicians at Mayo Clinic's Florida campus are among the first in the nation to use a technique known as MRI-guided laser ablation to heat up and destroy kidney and liver tumors.

Of worms and women: Common causes for reproductive decline with age
In worms as in women, fertility declines at a rate that far exceeds the onset of other aging signs.

Planet hunters no longer blinded by the light
UA astronomers have developed a way to see faint planets in faraway solar systems previously invisible to Earthly eyes.

New materials could replace costly gold in electrical applications
Researchers at UConn and the United Technologies Corp. have modeled and developed new classes of materials with contact properties near those of pure gold.

UF to help sequence genome of flowering plants' ancient living relative
University of Florida researchers are part of a nationwide team preparing to open a door into better understanding plant evolution by sequencing the genome of the single living sister species to all other flowering plants.

Overseas nurses feel their skills are underused and they aren't valued or respected
Since 1997, 100,000 overseas nurses from 50 countries -- led by the Philippines, India, South Africa and Australia -- have registered in the UK.

Using discards, scientists discover different dinosaurs' stomping grounds
By examining the type of rock in which dinosaur fossils were embedded, scientists have determined that different species of North American dinosaurs from the Late Cretaceous period 65 million years ago occupied different environments separated by just a few miles.

Genetic data related to sodium-regulating hormone may help explain hypertension risk
New research points to the existence of a gene on chromosome 5 that influences how much aldosterone is produced -- which may be excessive in African-descended populations.

Biologists identify influence of environment on sexual vs. asexual reproduction
Evolutionary biologists at the University of Toronto have found that environment plays a key role in determining whether a species opts for sexual over asexual reproduction.

New research results change the understanding of atmospheric aerosol properties and climate effects
Terrestrial vegetation and atmospheric photochemistry produce large amounts of fine particles in the atmosphere, thereby cooling Earth's climate.

UCSB physicists detect and control quantum states in diamond with light
Physicists at UC Santa Barbara have succeeded in combining laser light with trapped electrons to detect and control the electrons' fragile quantum state without erasing it.

Scientists assess new vaccines to improve health of African children
Scientists at the University of Liverpool, in partnership with the Malawi Ministry of Health, are investigating the effectiveness of new vaccines developed to protect children from pneumonia and diarrhoea.

PiggyBac joins armory in fight against cancer
Researchers have developed a genetic tool in mice to speed the discovery of novel genes involved in cancer.

Carnegie's Winslow Briggs elected Einstein Professor, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Director Emeritus of Carnegie's Department of Plant Biology, Winslow Briggs, has been elected an Einstein Professor by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS).

Corning, GE Healthcare to receive Technical Achievement Award from Ceramic Society
The American Ceramic Society today announced that Corning Inc. and GE Healthcare have been selected to receive the organization's 2010 Corporate Technical Achievement Award for their landmark developments of Gorilla Glass and the Gemstone CT Scan Scintillator, respectively.

'Handbook of Cloud Computing' presents comprehensive view of cloud computing trend
Cloud computing is reshaping information technology, helping drive new cost efficiencies, accelerating time to market, providing access to greater computing resources and increasing their availability and scalability.

NYU, Princeton biologists find genetic explanation for evolutionary change: Location
A gene's location on a chromosome plays a significant role in shaping how an organism's traits vary and evolve, according to findings by genome biologists at New York University's Center for Genomic and Systems Biology and Princeton University's Lewis-Sigler Institute for Integrative Genomics.

Perspectives on improving patient care: Genetics, personalized medicine, and behavioral intervention
Personalized medicine has become a major focus of behavioral research.

APIC honors Florida ambulatory surgery center executive
David G. Daniel (FACHE, FAAMA, Diplomate of Healthcare Administration), CEO of the Lakeland Surgical & Diagnostic Center in Lakeland, Fla., has been named the recipient of the second annual Healthcare Administrator Award, presented by the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology.

Researchers from Kent State University say practice tests improve memory
Although most people assume that tests are a way to evaluate learning, a wealth of research has shown that testing can actually improve learning, according to two researchers from Kent State University.

Code RED for biodiversity
While not an outright failure, a 2010 goal set by the Convention on Biological Diversity for staunching the loss of the world's species fell far short of expectations.

Temperature rhythms keep body clocks in sync, UT Southwestern researchers find
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found that fluctuations in internal body temperature regulate the body's circadian rhythm, the 24-hour cycle that controls metabolism, sleep and other bodily functions.

Carbon dioxide controls Earth's temperature
Water vapor and clouds are the major contributors to Earth's greenhouse effect, but a new atmosphere-ocean climate modeling study shows that the planet's temperature ultimately depends on the atmospheric level of carbon dioxide.

Researchers find nonprofit weight loss program beats obesity
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus researchers find low-cost, nonprofit weight loss program highly effective against obesity.

Emergency medical services should advise bystanders giving CPR to perform chest compression only, not mouth-to-mouth
When heart attacks occur out of a hospital setting, members of the public often step in to provide cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR).

I want to see what you see: Babies treat 'social robots' as sentient beings
Babies are curious about nearly everything, and they're especially interested in what their adult companions are doing.

New malware could steal users social media behavior and info -- Ben-Gurion U. researchers
Drs. Yaniv Altschuler and Yuval Elovici from BGU discuss malware threats that extract personal information about relationships in a real-world social network, as well as characteristic information about individuals in the network.

4 kinds of compulsive gamblers identified
Disorganized and emotionally unstable, poorly adapted, suffering from alcohol problems, impulsive, or with a

Molecular switch controls melanin production, may allow true sunless tanning
Discovery of a molecular switch that turns off the natural process of skin pigmentation may lead to a novel way of protecting the skin -- activating the tanning process without exposure to cancer-causing UV radiation.

UT Dallas researcher helps reveal more complete picture of Martian atmosphere
UT Dallas researcher publishes findings in the journal Science, revealing how carbon dioxide isotopes have reacted to volcanic activity, water and weathering - thus forming a more complete picture of the current Martian atmosphere.

Researchers develop method for curbing growth of crystals that form kidney stones
Researchers have developed a method for curbing the growth of crystals that form cystine kidney stones.

Anti-vomiting drug could prevent thousands of hospitalizations, save millions of dollars
An economic analysis led by Canadian researchers, in collaboration with UNC's Michael J.

Chest compression-only CPR improves survival in cardiac arrest patients
Heart attack patients whose hearts have stopped beating and who receive cardiopulmonary resuscitation from bystanders fare better if their resuscitators skip the rescue breaths and do only chest compression, according to a study led by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Mysterious pulsar with hidden powers discovered
Dramatic flares and bursts of energy -- activity previously thought reserved for only the strongest magnetized pulsars -- has been observed emanating from a weakly magnetized, slowly rotating pulsar.

New research helps clinicians predict treatment outcomes for children with OCD
New research from the Bradley Hasbro Children's Research Center may help clinicians better predict how a child with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) will respond to some of the most commonly used treatment approaches.

UCSB scientists discover inner workings of potent cancer drug
A potent drug derived from an evergreen tree may soon save the lives of some patients with the deadliest form of breast cancer.

Yale scientist helps pinpoint threats to life in world's rivers
The food chain -- the number of organisms that feed on each other -- in the world's streams and rivers depends more upon the size of the stream and whether the waterways flood or run dry than the amount of available food resources, Yale University and Arizona State University researchers report online in the Oct.

Key to blood-brain barrier opens way for treating Alzheimer's and stroke
While the blood-brain barrier (BBB) protects the brain from harmful chemicals occurring naturally in the blood, it also obstructs the transport of drugs to the brain.

Low beta blocker dose can put patients at risk for subsequent heart attacks
In a breakthrough study, a Northwestern Medicine cardiologist finds the majority of patients are putting their recovery from heart attacks into peril by taking an incorrect dose of beta blockers.
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