Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 20, 2010
'Lubricin' molecule discovered to reduce cartilage wear
A team of researchers in North Carolina has discovered that lubricin, a synovial fluid glycoprotein, reduces wear to bone cartilage, a result that has implications for the treatment of osteoarthritis.

Mount Sinai researchers find potential therapeutic target across a range of cancer types
Researchers from Mount Sinai School of Medicine, in collaboration with investigators of the National Institute of Health and Medical Research of France led by Nicolae Ghinea, Ph.D., have found a common link among several malignant tumor types in all grades of cancer.

Women fight the effects of chemotherapy long after treatment ends
For some women, the effects of breast cancer, the most common cancer affecting women, do not end when they leave the hospital.

Devastating impact of spinal osteoporotic fractures revealed on World Osteoporosis Day
A new report issued by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) for World Osteoporosis Day puts the spotlight on the severe impact of spinal fractures and calls on health professionals to recognize the signs of these fractures in their patients.

Philippines may have more unique bird species: CCNY biologist
Recent work by Dr. David Lohman, assistant professor of biology at The City College of New York, suggests the Philippines, considered by biologists to be a

CSIRO 'hot rods' old telescope
CSIRO has helped transform the University of Sydney's radio telescope into a world-class instrument, and along the way has learned lessons for its own ASKAP (Australian SKA Pathfinder) telescope.

Psychologists at the forefront of weight management
Over the last few decades, the dramatic rise in pediatric obesity rates has emerged as a public health threat requiring urgent attention.

French society for emergency medicine to publish official journal with Springer
La Societe francaise de medecine d'urgence has chosen Springer to publish its scientific research in a new French journal Annales francaises de medecine d'urgence.

Traveling by car increases global temperatures more than by plane, but only in long term
Driving a car increases global temperatures in the long run more than making the same long-distance journey by air according to a new study.

Harm reduction cigarettes can be more harmful than conventional brands, researchers report
Harm reduction cigarettes are often marketed as safer than conventional brands.

Yorkshire gets £4 million ($6.3 million) electron lithography facility
One of the highest resolution electron-beam lithography systems in Europe will soon be helping scientists in Yorkshire break new ground in nanotechnology.

ACS Webinars focus on chemists in the community during National Chemistry Week
News media and others interested in the chemical sciences are invited to join the next in a series of American Chemical Society Webinars focusing on ways chemists can volunteer in their communities especially in connection with National Chemistry Week.

Frontal lobe of the brain is key to automatic responses to various stimuli, say scientists
Some people may excel at riding a bike, tying a tie, or playing the piano, but those same people may find it difficult to explain or teach those skills to someone else.

UT MD Anderson scientists show TAp63 suppresses cancer metastasis
Long overshadowed by p53, its famous tumor-suppressing sibling, the p63 gene does the tougher, important job of stifling the spread of cancer to other organs, researchers at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center report in the Oct.

New regulator of circadian clock identified
Daily sleeping and eating patterns are critical to human well-being and health.

Measuring changes in rock
Researchers in Washington State have developed a way to study the effects of super-critical carbon dioxide on minerals commonly found in potential underground storage sites, helping to evaluate one strategy for minimizing the impacts of greenhouse gases on global warming.

New search method tracks down influential ideas
Princeton computer scientists have developed a new way of tracing the origins and spread of ideas, a technique that could make it easier to gauge the influence of notable scholarly papers, buzz-generating news stories and other information sources.

Rare but deadly virus reveals potential weakness in new study
A new study of the JC polyomavirus, a devastating pathogen that attacks brain cells in patients with compromised immune systems, has revealed how it binds to its targets, providing a basis for developing drugs to interrupt that process.

Researchers analyze student grief online after campus shootings
After the campus shootings at Virginia Tech and Northern Illinois University, hundreds of affected students turned to social media websites to share their grief and search for solace.

Dad's weight and diet linked to offspring's risk of diabetes
Medical researchers at the University of New South Wales have for the first time shown a link between a father's weight and diet at the time of conception and an increased risk of diabetes in their offspring.

Ming Hsieh donates $50 million to establish a USC institute for research on engineering medicine for cancer
USC trustee and alumnus Ming Hsieh, founder of Cogent Inc., has announced a gift of $50 million to establish an interdisciplinary research institute at the University of Southern California

New ratings of American hospitals released with quality study by HealthGrades
A new independent study by HealthGrades of patient outcomes at America's hospitals found that patients at 5-star rated hospitals had a 72 percent lower risk of dying compared with patients at 1-star-rated hospitals -- an enormous gap that has held steady over the past years even as overall mortality rates have improved.

Hormone therapy increases invasive breast cancer and mortality, WHI 11-year follow up finds
Results of a new Women's Health Initiative report show that hormone therapy is associated with an increased the risk of death from breast cancer, as well as an increased risk of developing invasive breast cancer in postmenopausal women.

Biodegradable foam plastic substitute made from milk protein and clay
Amid ongoing concern about plastic waste accumulating in municipal landfills, and reliance on imported oil to make plastics, scientists are reporting development of a new ultra-light biodegradable foam plastic material made from two unlikely ingredients: The protein in milk and ordinary clay.

A forest of nanorods
Just as landscape photographs shot in low-angle light dramatically accentuate subtle swales and mounds, depositing metal vapors at glancing angles turns a rough surface into amazing nanostructures with a vast range of potential properties.

Obsessing over strep throat in kids
While scientists have speculated on a link between OCD and childhood infections like strep for more than two decades, Prof.

Coral algae (symbiodinium) discovered in black corals at never seen before depths
Scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Marine Biology at the University of Hawaii examined 14 black coral species collected between 10 and 396 m from around Hawai'i for the presence of algae using molecular and histological (tissue studies) techniques.

LSUHSC awarded $12 million for cancer, infectious diseases research & research pipeline
LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans has been awarded $12 million over five years by the National Institutes of Health to conduct research on diseases like prostate and stomach cancers, lymphoma and leukemia, dengue fever, tuberculosis and herpes infections, as well as to support the development of academic research scientists.

Scripps Clinic nurse to receive 2010 ASTRO Nurse Excellence Award
ASTRO recently selected Elizabeth A. Brunton, R.N., M.S.N., O.C.N., of Scripps Clinic in La Jolla, Calif., as the recipient of the 2010 ASTRO Nurse Excellence Award.

Energy revolution key to complex life
The evolution of complex life is strictly dependent on mitochondria, the tiny power stations found in all complex cells, according to a new study by Dr.

UNH scientists get $827K from NSF to assess impacts on Asian water cycle
Scientists from the University of New Hampshire's Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space have been awarded an $827,492 contract from the National Science Foundation to lead a multidisciplinary, multi-institutional project that will assess the impacts of climate- and human-driven changes in hydrology on agricultural production and land use in Central, South, East, and Southeast Asia.

Exploring Africa's success stories
The world needs more researchers thinking about what's working in African economic development, and what isn't, says Brown economist David Weil.

NTU researchers develop world's smallest on-chip low-pass filter
A research team from Nanyang Technological University has successfully designed the world's smallest on-chip low-pass filter which is 1,000 times smaller than existing off-chip filters.

New space research settles years of scientific debate
New space research published this week in the journal Nature, has settled decades of scientific debate.

Burn injuries rapidly deplete vitamin E
Severe burn injuries in children have been shown to rapidly deplete the levels of vitamin E in their body's adipose, or fat tissues, a new clinical study has found.

Small is beautiful in hydroelectric power plant design, and good for the environment
Imagine a hydroelectric power plant barely visible above water that eases the passage of fish in both directions; so simple and cost-efficient that it makes economic sense in sites with a one- or two-meter drop in water height; that could therefore subsidize ecologically motivated dam modifications with local, renewable energy; and which could bring economical, ecological hydroelectric power to developing regions.

Eating mostly whole grains, few refined grains linked to lower body fat
People who consume several servings of whole grains per day while limiting daily intake of refined grains appear to have less of a type of fat tissue thought to play a key role in triggering cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes, a new study from the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University suggests.

3 NASA satellites capture Typhoon Megi strengthening again
Three NASA satellites are keeping tabs on Typhoon Megi and noticed that it was strengthening in the South China Sea today, but increasing wind shear may again weaken the system over the next couple of days.

Colorful brains, cooling lasers, disease-detecting lights and more
Scientists and engineers from around the world will gather on the shores of Lake Ontario in Rochester, N.Y., next week to discuss some of the latest breakthroughs in lasers and optics and their applications to cutting-edge science, the development of new materials and medicine.

GOES-13 sees system 99L organizing tropically
The GOES-13 satellite keeps a continuous eye over the eastern US, the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean, and noticed that System 99L is much better organized today, Oct.

A new way to weigh planets
An international CSIRO-led team of astronomers has developed a new way to weigh the planets in our solar system -- using radio signals from the small spinning stars called pulsars.

Surgical aortic valve replacement should remain the standard treatment for aortic stenosis
Despite the promising results of the

A redeeming role for a common virus
A common virus that can cause coughing and mild diarrhea appears to have a major redemptive quality: the ability to kill cancer.

Link between 2 forms of ALS suggests drug target
For the first time, researchers have discovered a disease mechanism that links hereditary amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and the more common

Berkeley Lab scientists open electrical link to living cells
Berkeley Lab scientists have designed an electrical link to living cells engineered to shuttle electrons across a cell's membrane.

Climate change may create tipping points for populations, not just species
As Earth's climate warms, species are expected to shift their geographical ranges away from the equator or to higher elevations.

Measuring sea-level rise in the Falklands
Sea levels around the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic have risen since the mid nineteenth century and the rate of sea-level rise has accelerated over recent decades, according to newly published research.

Neurogenetics research sheds light on the causes of neurological disease
The last two decades have seen tremendous progress in understanding the genetic basis of human brain disorders.

Discovery of a mechanism that controls the expression of a protein involved in numerous cancers
Researchers at the Institute for Research in Immunology and Cancer of the Université de Montréal have identified a new mechanism controlling the transmission of an abnormal signal at the origin of several cancers.

12 new epilepsy drugs usher in 'era of abundance'
A dozen new epilepsy drugs are giving doctors and patients more options, but making treatment decisions more complex, a Loyola epilepsy specialist reports in the journal Neurologic Clinics.

Going high-tech to probe deeper into oceans
Australian scientists are preparing to use the data from a new $22 million array of high-tech equipment to help them probe deeper into the nation's surrounding oceans.

Tecnalia develops environment-friendly and health-friendly pest control products
Tecnalia, through its Construction Unit, is participating in and coordinating a European FP7 research project for SMEs, called Bimosyn.

PBS-Bio works with 3 new firms to accelerate cancer drug development
In an industry that faces increasing challenges in delivering new drugs to patients, Predictive Biomarker Sciences today announced three new contracts aimed at bringing new medicines to the marketplace.

Covidien awards grant to continue work of Women & Infants' La Van
Realizing a need to transport some women to its Women's Primary Care Center for routine prenatal visits, Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island in 2002 created La Van.

New industrial application for revolutionary forensic metal fingerprinting technique
Groundbreaking research into fingerprint detection developed at the University of Leicester now has an industrial application, thanks to a new invention by the scientist who developed the technique.

Tomorrow's Internet: 1,000 times faster
Imagine if all the data traversing the world right now -- on long distance networks and between and within computers and other hardware -- could be sent through a single fiber the width of a human hair.

New tumor proteins may identify a range of cancers early
A new study describes a novel cancer-specific protein that is present in a broad range of cancer types and at all stages of tumor development, from premalignant cells to metastatic tumor cells.

Dopamine model could play role in treating schizophrenia and drug addiction
Researchers at the University of Copenhagen have succeeded in creating a model of the way the brain releases dopamine, an important chemical involved in transmitting signals between nerve cells.

Cancer: Discovery of a very promising biological marker
A molecule which is absent from the majority of normal human tissues has been discovered in 11 types of cancer.

Girls with ovarian germ-cell tumors can safely skip chemotherapy unless disease recurs
Researchers from Dana-Farber/Children's Hospital Cancer Center have found that as many as 50 percent of young girls treated for germ-cell ovarian tumors might safely be spared chemotherapy using a

LA BioMed honors 2 leaders
LA BioMed presents awards to Los Angeles county supervisor Mark Ridley-Thomas and businesswoman Anne-Merelie Murrell.

Microbes may consume far more oil-spill waste than earlier thought
Microbes living at the bottom of the Gulf of Mexico may consume far more of the gaseous waste from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill than previously thought, according to research carried out within 100 miles of the spill site.

'Reaper' protein strikes at mitochondria to kill cells
Many billions of cells in the human body kill themselves every day, as the old and decrepit make way for the new and healthy.

TEEB report puts world's natural assets on the global political radar
The economic importance of the world's natural assets is now firmly on the political radar as a result of an international assessment showcasing the enormous economic value of forests, freshwater, soils and coral reefs, as well as the social and economic costs of their loss, was the conclusion of the Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) report launched today by TEEB study leader, Pavan Sukhdev.

New equation could advance research in solar cell materials
A groundbreaking new equation developed in part by researchers at the University of Michigan could do for organic semiconductors what the Shockley ideal diode equation did for inorganic semiconductors: help to enable their wider adoption.

The real 'mommy brain': New mothers grew
Motherhood may actually cause the brain to grow, not turn it into mush, as some have claimed.

Star, not so bright
Astronomers have puzzled over the oddities of the X-ray binary system M33 X-7, but no one could explain all of its features.

Progress toward treating infections by silencing microbes' 'smart phones'
So disease-causing bacteria in the body finally have multiplied to the point where their numbers are large enough to cause illness.

Gene therapy may be powerful new treatment for major depression
In a report published in the Oct. 20 issue of Science Translational Medicine, researchers at NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center say animal and human data suggest gene therapy to the brain may be able to treat patients with major depression who do not respond to traditional drug treatment.

Estrogen replacement therapy speeds ovarian cancer growth, new study reports
Estrogen therapy used by menopausal women causes a type of ovarian cancer to grow five times faster, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Colorado Cancer Center.

Magic tricks reveal surprising results about autism
Magicians rely on misdirection -- drawing attention to one place while they're carrying out their tricky business somewhere else.

JIPH accepted for MEDLINE indexing
Elsevier Middle East announces that the Journal of Infection and Public Health has been selected for inclusion in MEDLINE, the premier bibliographic database of the US National Library of Medicine.

Entomological Foundation names 2010 award winners
The Entomological Foundation, a nonprofit organization whose mission is to build a future for entomology by educating young people about science through insects, has announced the winners of its 2010 student and professional awards.

Black rice bran may help fight disease-related inflammation
Scientists are reporting evidence that black rice -- a little-known variety of the grain that is the staple food for one-third of the world population -- may help soothe the inflammation involved in allergies, asthma, and other diseases.

Study shows malaria deaths in India massively underestimated by WHO; figures for adult malaria deaths worldwide now need urgent revision
A new study published online first and in an upcoming Lancet shows that there are more than 13 times more malaria deaths (205,000) in India than currently estimated by WHO (15,000).

Behind-the-scenes advances underpin new super-strong plastics
Long-awaited advances in reducing the cost of certain catalysts -- substances that kick-start chemical reactions -- have quietly led to production of super-strong forms of the world's most widely used plastics, according to the cover story of the current issue of Chemical & Engineering News, ACS' weekly newsmagazine.

New research provides insights into space weather, could benefit satellites, aircraft
New space research published in the journal Nature has settled decades of scientific debate, with benefits for the satellite, power grid and aviation industries.

Study identifies barriers to successful treatment of children with sarcoma in low-income countries
Raising the survival rate of children with sarcoma in low-income countries will require steps to diagnose the disease sooner, train cancer pathologists, expand radiation therapy services, create multi-specialty teams to review each case, and other actions, according to an international study led by Dana-Farber/Children's Hospital Cancer Center researchers.

$7.5M grant to fund research on interaction of drinking and HIV infection
Individually, HIV and excessive alcohol consumption are international health crises, but when they intersect they can be uniquely troubling.

Measuring the electrical properties of nano-crystals
The UK's National Physical Laboratory is working to provide more reliable measurement of the electrical properties of materials used in nanotechnology, which could lead to much more accurate devices in the future.

Elsevier/MC Strategies and AORN launch perioperative nursing skills collection
Elsevier/MC Strategies, a pioneer in providing e-learning solutions to more than 1,300 health care organizations, has partnered with the Association of periOperative Registered Nurses to develop the latest module for Mosby's Nursing Skills: Perioperative Collection, the only perioperative-specific set of nursing skills approved by AORN to be consistent with the Standards and Recommended Practices.
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