Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 22, 2010
How H1N1 differs from other viruses as a respiratory illness
The 2009/2010 Influenza A (H1N1) is one of several viruses responsible for respiratory-related infections.

Studies: Pneumonia is misdiagnosed on patient readmissions
Patients were misdiagnosed with pneumonia at an alarming rate when they were readmitted to the hospital shortly after a previous hospitalization for the same illness, according to two Henry Ford Hospital companion studies.

Category 4 Cyclone Giri hits Burma, NASA satellite sees heavy rainfall
Tropical Storm 04B grew quickly into powerful Cyclone Giri and was making landfall in Burma today as a powerful Category Four Cyclone on the Saffir-Simpson scale.

Scorpion has welcome sting for heart bypass patients
A toxin found in the venom of the Central American bark scorpion (Centruroides margaritatus) could hold the key to reducing heart bypass failures, according to research from the University of Leeds.

What do managers really do at work? Health care managers shadowed in their daily work
What managers feel they should be doing at work differs from what they really do.

Parents experience difficulty with consent process in pediatric cancer trials
Compared with adult cancer patients, parents of children with cancer were more likely to be dissatisfied with the informed consent process for participating in clinical trials, according to a study from Dana-Farber/Children's Hospital Cancer Center.

UCSF stem-cell based-neurological, liver therapy strategies advanced
UCSF scientists have received two grants from the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine to refine their human embryonic stem cell-based strategies for treating neurological diseases and liver failure.

Practice-changing studies on how oncologists treat cancer to be presented at ASTRO Annual Meeting
The following are highlights of new cancer research being released at the American Society for Radiation Oncology's 52nd Annual Meeting to be held Oct.

Dealing with the unexpected
To regain balance when slipping on ice or adjust breathing while eating or speaking doesn't require conscious thought.

Combining stem-cell and gene-therapy techniques to tackle a deadly blood disease
The National Institutes of Health has awarded a three-year, $3.9 million grant to Children's Hospital Boston researchers and their colleagues to develop a therapy to treat Fanconi anemia, a fatal genetic blood disease.

From obscurity to prime time: Viral political videos can spring from non-political sites
A team led by Karine Nahon, an associate professor in the UW Information School, found that two elite blogs -- The Huffington Post and the Daily Kos -- are often the first to trigger distribution of particularly interesting videos.

NIH funding reaches nearly $200 million as Einstein releases new strategic research plan
Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University has updated its Strategic Research Plan, the guidepost by which research priorities for the College of Medicine are set and measured.

AFOSR-supported YIP research leads to algorithms
The Air Force Office of Scientific Research's Young Investigator Research Program is enabling new scientists and engineers with exceptional ability to do creative basic research, enhance their career development and develop tools and techniques.

Bankers got a kick out of the Crunch, says academic
A study by Dr. Paul Crosthwaite of Cardiff University draws on psychoanalysis, anthropological studies of investor behaviour and literary novels to suggest that bankers may have subconsciously desired the recent financial collapses.

UH engineering professors featured in consecutive issues of Science
Researchers can spend entire careers producing outstanding work but still not see their efforts featured in the pages of Science, one of the world's most prestigious scientific journals.

Tropical Storm Richard born in the Caribbean, GOES-13, TRMM watching
The GOES-13 satellite is watching Tropical Storm Richard work its way through the western Caribbean, and residents of eastern Honduras, Guatemala, Belize and Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula are bracing for its impacts as it is forecast to strengthen to hurricane status this weekend.

Personalized treatment may help some liver cancer patients
A more personalized treatment for people with a type of metastatic liver cancer -- hepatocellular carcinoma -- may be possible by targeting the protein c-Met, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

Falkland islands radar study impacts climate research
Physicists and engineers at the University of Leicester and the British Antarctic Survey have installed a radar system on the Falkland Islands to monitor the upper atmosphere activity which creates the

UC San Diego researchers identify factor boosting leukemia's aggressiveness
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia cells survive and thrive not just by their own innate wiles, but by also acquiring aid and support from host cells in their surrounding environment.

LSUHSC study IDs proteins regulating water retention in salt-sensitive hypertension
Research conducted by scientists at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans has found that two proteins in the brain act as valves to turn the hormone that regulates water retention in the body on and off.

New approaches to skin cancer prevention
The annual

Mount Sinai researchers discover origin of immune cells in the brain
Mount Sinai researchers have discovered that microglia, the immune cells that reside in the brain, have a unique origin and are formed shortly after conception.

Springer partners with Chinese Meteorological Society
Springer, one of the leading publishers in the fields of science, technology and medicine, will publish the official journal of the Chinese Meteorological Society Acta Meteorologica Sinica as of January 2011.

Great similarities in the art of improvisation then and now
Modern jazz records have more in common with old organ manuscripts from the 17th century than was previously realized.

Falling in love 'more scientific than you think,' according to Syracuse University professor
A new meta-analysis study,

UT professor finds economic inequality is self-reinforcing
Nate Kelly, assistant professor of political science at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, has found that as the rich become richer and the poor become poorer, both sides reduce their support for government programs such as welfare.

Green Carbon Center takes all-inclusive view of energy
Rice University has created a Green Carbon Center to bring the benefits offered by oil, gas, coal, wind, solar, geothermal, biomass and other energy sources together in a way that will not only help ensure the world's energy future but also provide a means to recycle carbon dioxide into useful products.

70-year-olds smarter than they used to be
Today's 70-year-olds do far better in intelligence tests than their predecessors.

Swine flu variant linked to fatal cases might have disabled the clearing mechanism of lungs
A variant of last year's pandemic influenza linked to fatal cases carried a mutation that enabled it to infect a different subset of cells lining the airway, according to new research.

Discovery may help scientists boost broccoli's cancer-fighting power
A University of Illinois study has shown for the first time that sulforaphane, the powerful cancer-fighting agent in broccoli, can be released from its parent compound by bacteria in the lower gut and absorbed into the body.

Major acoustical science and technology conference: Nov. 15-19
Experts in acoustics (the

Making school lunchrooms smarter
Don't ban it, move it. This is one conclusion of a new Cornell University study.

Space telescopes reveal previously unknown brilliant X-ray explosion in our Milky Way galaxy
Astronomers in Japan, using an X-ray detector on the International Space Station, and at Penn State University, using NASA's Swift space observatory, are announcing the discovery of an object newly emitting X-rays, which previously had been hidden inside our Milky Way galaxy in the constellation Centaurus.

UMMS biomedical researchers develop more reliable, less expensive synthetic graft material
With a failure rate as high as 50 percent, bone tissue grafts pose a significant obstacle to orthopedic surgeons attempting to repair complex fractures.

2 researchers from MDC and Charite receive million euro starting grants from ERC
Two European Research Council Starting Grants worth almost one and a half million euros each over the next five years have been awarded to two researchers from the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine Berlin-Buch and the Charite -- Universitätsmedizin, Berlin in Germany.

Communicating through interpreters -- a challenge for health care
The health care system faces a challenge in overcoming communication barriers when treating non-Swedish-speaking patients, reveals a thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Popular Mechanics breakthrough awardees announced
Popular Mechanics has recognized three NSF-funded projects with innovation Breakthrough Awards: an artificial retina returning sight to those who have lost it; a system that uses

Last sample collected for one of the world's 'deepest' biobanks
This week, the last questionnaire was filled out and the final vial of blood was drawn, closing CARTaGENE's first ambitious goal of collecting samples and data from 20,000 Quebecers.

Succimer found ineffective for removing mercury
Succimer, a drug used for treating lead poisoning, does not effectively remove mercury from the body, according to research supported by the National Institutes of Health.

Energy saving lamp is eco-winner
In a new study, Empa researchers have investigated the ecobalances of various household light sources.

ONR lecture focuses on Brazil's growth in global science and technology
Brazil's efforts to increase government investment in science and technology, as well expand its global presence, were the focus of the third Office of Naval Research-sponsored International Lecture Series held Oct.

Vaccines could help what's ailing fish
US Department of Agriculture scientists are developing vaccines to help protect healthy farm-raised catfish against key diseases.

Fraunhofer in Chile
The Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, Europe's largest applied research organization, is setting up its first research center in South America.

NASA satellites see Typhoon Megi poised for southeastern China landfall
Typhoon Megi has run into winds that are weakening the storm, but it is forecast to make landfall in southeastern China late at night (EDT) on Oct.

Rapid rise in Medicaid expenditures for autism spectrum disorder treatment
Autism was described as early as 1940, but a marked increase in the prevalence for the broader class of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) during the past decade highlights the demand for treatment of affected individuals.

Genetics work could lead to advances in fertility for women
Princeton scientists have identified genes responsible for controlling reproductive life span in worms and found they may control genes regulating similar functions in humans.

UC San Diego receives 2 major biomedical informatics grants
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, led by Lucila Ohno-Machado, M.D., Ph.D., chief of the Division of Biomedical Informatics in the Department of Medicine, have received two federal grants totaling more than $25 million to develop new ways to gather, analyze, use and share vast, ever-increasing amounts of biomedical information.

Mathematical model may result in better environment measures for the Baltic
Eutrophication of the Baltic Sea has clear negative effects, such as dead bottoms and massive blooms of cyanobacteria.
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