Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

October 29, 2010
Malaria elimination will require greater and more predictable financing; the economic benefits of elimination may justify this increased cost
In the fourth and final paper in the Lancet Series on Malaria Elimination, Oliver Sabot and colleagues examine the financial feasibility of eliminating malaria.

Malaria elmination, worthy, challenging and just possible: But only with a vaccine
When the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation announced in 2007 that global eradication of malaria was a goal they would like to see within their lifetimes, some commentators thought their proposition was naive.

Spice in curry could prevent liver damage
Saint Louis University findings suggest the chemical in curry could prevent or treat liver fibrosis.

High-dose, short-course radiation for prostate cancer does not increase side effects
When treating prostate cancer with radiation therapy, side effects such as urinary problems and rectal pain and bleeding are a concern, as is impact on the patient's overall quality of life.

Latin America in best position to elimate malaria while elimination is least feasible in sub-Saharan Africa
The second paper in the Lancet Series on Malaria Elimination ranks each malaria endemic country by their current feasibility for achieving elimination of both P. falciparum and P. vivax malaria relative to others, and is written by Dr.

Newly discovered gene enables fish to 'disappear'
Researchers led by Vanderbilt's Roger Cone, Ph.D., have discovered a new member of a gene family that has powerful influences on pigmentation and the regulation of body weight.

Breast density, no lobular involution increase breast cancer risk
Women with dense breasts and no lobular involution were at a higher risk for developing breast cancer than those with non-dense breasts and complete involution, according to a study published online in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

2010 Vanderbilt Prize awarded to Duke University researcher
Nancy Andrews, M.D., Ph.D., a groundbreaking researcher and the first woman dean of Duke University School of Medicine, has been awarded the 2010 Vanderbilt Prize in Biomedical Science.

AACR announces new journal, Cancer Discovery
The American Association for Cancer Research announces the launch of its newest journal, Cancer Discovery, which will publish high-impact, peer-reviewed articles describing major advances in basic and clinical research.

Effects of low testosterone in young type 2 diabetics to be studied
An endocrinologist in the University at Buffalo's School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences has received a three-year $400,000 Junior Faculty Award from the American Diabetes Society to study the effects of low testosterone levels in young men with type 2 diabetes.

Parents' effort key to child's educational performance
A new study by researchers at the University of Leicester and University of Leeds has concluded that parents' efforts towards their child's educational achievement is crucial -- playing a more significant role than that of the school or child.

Advance could change modern electronics
Researchers at Oregon State University have solved a quest in fundamental material science that has eluded scientists since the 1960s, and could form the basis of a new approach to electronics.

Wartime urologic injuries require different mindset
Saving a soldier's life takes precedence over treating traumatic urologic injuries on the battlefield, a Medical College of Georgia researcher says.

New NSF grant for interactive community computer simulation to restore watersheds
Researchers from the School of Science at Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis have received a $410,000, three-year award from the National Science Foundation to study and improve watershed management practices.

New insights into the development of epithelial cells
Scientists of the Max Delbrück Center Berlin-Buch have gained new insights into the development of epithelial cells and their molecular repertoire.

Imperial and NTU's new medical school aspires to be global health care role model
Nanyang Technological University and Imperial College London will jointly establish Singapore's third medical school.

Shuttle mice to boost disease research
When the space shuttle Discovery lifts off on its final flight Nov.

With scientific ingenuity, political will, coordination and leadership, elimination from the margins inward will continue
In the call to action comment led by professor Richard Feachem that accompanies the series, authors say that with scientific ingenuity, political will, coordination and leadership elimination from the margins inwards will continue, bringing immediate benefit to millions and hope to many more.

Raising giant insects to unravel ancient oxygen
The giant dragonflies of ancient Earth with wingspans of up to 70 centimeters (28 inches) are generally attributed to higher oxygen atmospheric levels in the atmosphere in the past.

Is the shape of a genome as important as its content?
According to researchers at the Wistar Institute, the complex associations between genes may be defined in part by the three-dimensional structure of the all of the chromosomes form together: the shape of the genome.

Discus fish parent young like mammalian mothers
Most fish abandon their young at hatching, but not discus fish.

Is the ice at the South Pole melting?
The change in the ice mass covering Antarctica is a critical factor in global climate events.

Biologists, educators recognize excellence in evolution education
The National Association of Biology Teachers will recognize W. Jason Niedermeyer, a biology teacher at South Salem High School in Salem, Oregon, with the 2010 Evolution Education Award during the NABT annual professional development conference to be held Nov.

New center looks at how human systems function or fail
A new center called the National Resource for Network Biology (NRNB), based at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, will help clinicians analyze an ever-growing wealth of complex biological data and apply that knowledge to real problems and diseases.

Dracula orchids and goblin spiders
Observation of fruit flies pollinating dracula orchids and discovery of over two dozen new goblin spiders: two recent publications from invertebrate zoologists at the American Museum of Natural History provide a timely bit of natural history.

Precisely targeted radiation controls sinus cancer with fewer side effects
Treating paranasal sinus cancer with three-dimensional radiation that conforms to the shape of the tumor -- a technique that minimizes side effects such as severe dry mouth and vision problems -- is safe and effective, research at Fox Chase Cancer Center shows.

Animal evolution springs from 'Snowball Earth'
Biogeochemists have found new evidence linking

Scientists seek urgent treatment for fatal sleeping sickness
Urgently-needed new treatment for sleeping sickness is being investigated in research led at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland.

New report underlines the threat to universal access to HIV prevention, treatment and care due to a slow-down in treatment scale-up and waning political will
A report issued today by the International AIDS Society, Universal Access: Right Here, Right Now documents the principal debates around universal access during the XVIII International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2010).

Papyrus research provides insights into the 'modern concerns' of the ancient world
A University of Cincinnati-based journal devoted to research on papyri is due out Nov.

Women with anorexia nervosa more likely to have unplanned pregnancies
A new study by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Norwegian researchers has found that women with anorexia nervosa are much more likely to have both unplanned pregnancies and induced abortions than women who don't have the serious eating disorder.

AFOSR awards grants to 43 scientists and engineers through its Young Investigator Research Program
The Air Force Office of Scientific Research today announced it will award approximately $16.5 million in grants to 43 scientists and engineers who submitted winning research proposals through the Air Force's Young Investigator Research Program.

Surrogate decision makers wish to retain authority in difficult decision
The decision to stop life-support for incapacitated and critically ill patients is, for surrogate decision makers, often fraught with moral and ethical uncertainty, and long-term emotional consequences.

Elimination cannot be business as usual: All interventions need scale-up, reservoirs of infections must be drained and emphasis placed on prevention of cases imported from other countries
The third paper in the Lancet Series on Malaria Elimination addresses operational strategies to achieve and maintain malaria elimination, and is written by Dr.

OHSU Doernbecher Children's Hospital conducts second phase of landmark Batten study
Oregon Health & Science University Doernbecher Children's Hospital will lead the next phase of a landmark clinical trial to further assess the safety and preliminary effectiveness of purified human neural stem cells as a potential treatment for infantile or late-infantile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, a rare and currently fatal neurodegenerative disorder that affects infants and children.

Scripps Research team 'watches' formation of cells' protein factories for first time
A team from the Scripps Research Institute has revealed the first-ever pictures of the formation of cells'

Shrinking the malaria map
Over the last 150 years, the

Atlantic sea turtle population threatened by egg infection
An international team of Mycologists and Ecologists studying Atlantic sea turtles at Cape Verde have discovered that the species is under threat from a fungal infection which targets eggs.

University of Houston gets $1.2 million grant for alternative energy research
The University of Houston has received a $1.2 million grant from the Office of Naval Research to help design the next generation of technologies for the alternative energy industry.

Researchers use math, maps to plot malaria elimination plan
Two University of Florida researchers and their international colleagues have used mathematical models and maps to estimate the feasibility of eliminating malaria from countries that have the deadliest form of the disease.

Stereotactic radiotherapy slows pancreatic cancer progression for inoperable patients
For pancreatic cancer patients unable to undergo surgery -- the only known cure for this form of cancer -- a highly targeted cancer radiation therapy may help slow cancer progression and lessen disease symptoms, according to researchers at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

Charges of political corruption have little impact on voter opinion
Republican claims of political corruption in North Carolina's Democratic Party have made little impact on public opinion among potential voters in the state, according to new polling data analyzed by North Carolina State University researchers.

Troubled islands: Hurricanes, oil spill and sea level rise
The islands flanking the outlet of the Mississippi River are not only facing losses due to sea level rise and local subsidence, according to one study, but new unknown impacts from oil recovery operations, say researchers working on another project.

Women's unique connection to nature is explored in special issue of Ecopsychology
Women experience and interact with their natural surroundings in ways that differ from men.
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