Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 01, 2010
Racial and ethnic disparities impact care for children with frequent ear infections
Racial and ethnic disparities among children with frequent ear infections significantly influence access to affordable health care, according to new research published in the November 2010 issue of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery.

When considering both harm to self and harm to others, alcohol is the most harmful drug, followed by crack and heroin
In an article published online first and in an upcoming Lancet, drug experts present a new scale of drug harm that assesses both harm to the individual and harm to others.

King crab distributions limited by temperature in the Southern Ocean
Invasions of voracious predatory crabs due to global warming could threaten the unique continental-shelf ecosystems of Antarctica, according to newly published findings.

Nearly all depressed adolescents recover with treatment, but half relapse
A study of adolescents who had a major depressive disorder found that nearly all recovered from their episode after treatment.

AAN: Any athlete suspected of having concussion should be removed from play
The American Academy of Neurology is calling for any athlete who is suspected of having a concussion to be removed from play until the athlete is evaluated by a physician with training in the evaluation and management of sports concussion.

Intentional swallowing of foreign bodies and its impact on the cost of health care
A new study from Rhode Island Hospital found that 33 individuals were responsible for 305 cases of medical intervention to remove foreign bodies that were intentionally swallowed, resulting in more than $2 million in estimated hospital costs.

Voting-machine-allocation method could reduce voters' wait time by 36 percent
Too many voters have waited in extremely lengthy lines to cast ballots while voters at other precincts within the same county have had only minimal waits.

Screening test validated for depression in adolescents
Doctors know teen depression is common but have lacked a reliable screening test.

Canada can learn from circumpolar neighbours to improve health care in the north
To improve health care in Canada's north, Canada would benefit from enhanced relationships with other circumpolar regions, states an analysis published in CMAJ.

Non-medical prescription drug use more common among rural teens than city dwellers
Rural teens appear more likely than their urban peers to use prescription drugs for non-medical purposes, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the March 2011 print issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

X-ray crystallography reveals structure of precursor to blood-clotting protein
The inactive form of the blood-regulating protein thrombin and its molecular structure are the focus of ground-breaking research from Saint Louis University.

JCI online early table of contents: Nov. 1, 2010
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Nov.

Rochester spearheads FDA initiative to speed development of new pain therapies
While scientists have made great strides in understanding the physical and chemical processes that occur when people feel pain, new treatments with improved safety and effectiveness are still needed for the more than 76 million Americans with acute and chronic pain.

MRI contrast agents change stem cell proliferation
When three different labeling agents were tested on three different stem cell populations to determine what effect labeling agents had on stem cell phenotype, biological behavior and migration abilities, researchers found changes in stem cell proliferation depending on the type of contrast agent used.

New mutation linked to non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Some patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) -- a cancer of B cells -- harbor a particular mutation in the gene encoding the receptor for B cell activating factor (BAFF), according to a paper published online on Nov.

New drug may provide more cost-effective stroke prevention than warfarin, Stanford/VA study shows
A newly approved drug may be a cost-effective way to prevent stroke in patients with an irregular heart rhythm -- and may also offer patients better health outcomes than the commonly prescribed, but potentially risky, blood thinner warfarin.

High-calorie beverages still widely available in elementary schools
High-calorie beverages not allowed by national guidelines are still available in a majority of US elementary schools, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the March 2011 print issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Management science guru, surviving cancer, offers hope to fellow sufferers, doctors
When Stephen Barrager was diagnosed in 2007 with acute multiple myeloma, a form of bone marrow cancer, he endured the same anxiety that troubles all those who receive an upsetting diagnosis.

UV light nearly doubles vacuum's effectiveness in reducing carpet microbes
New research suggests that the addition of ultraviolet light to the brushing and suction of a vacuum cleaner can almost double the removal of potentially infectious microorganisms from a carpet's surface when compared to vacuuming alone.

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about four articles being published in the Nov.

Researchers develop successful method for extracting and archiving patient radiation dose info
Researchers have developed an efficient method for extracting and archiving CT radiation dose information that can enable providers to keep track of estimated radiation dose delivered to each patient at a given facility, help providers make more informed health care decisions and improve patient safety, according to a study in the November issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology (www.jacr.org).

Federal nanotechnology renewal grant awarded to ASU faculty
Professors at Arizona State University's Sandra Day O'Connor College of Law and the Center for Nanotechnology in Society at ASU have received a federal grant to pursue their research of nanotechnology regulation.

NYU Courant researchers develop algebraic model to monitor cellular change
Researchers at New York University's Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences have developed a novel algebraic model of DNA

Inhaled steroids increase diabetes risk, say Lady Davis Institute researchers
Patients taking inhaled corticosteroids are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, and more so with higher doses, say researchers at the Jewish General Hospital's Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research in Montreal.

National Jewish Health receives patent for diagnostic method of autoimmune chronic urticaria
National Jewish Health has received a US patent for a method of detecting autoimmune chronic urticaria, which will help assure many patients that dramatic changes in lifestyle are not needed to treat the condition.

Very large protected areas preserve wilderness but ignore rare species
A study published in the November issue of BioScience analyzes the contribution to conservation of the 63 largest protected areas.

Anger makes people want things more
Anger is an interesting emotion for psychologists. On the one hand, it's negative, but then it also has some of the features of positive emotions.

Radically simple technique developed to grow conducting polymer thin films
Oil and water don't mix, but add in some nanofibers and all bets are off.

New strain of 'high-runner' rats uniquely resistant to disease -- all disease!
A new research paper published in the November 2010 print issue of the FASEB Journal started out as a study to explain the strong statistical link between low aerobic exercise capacity and common diseases, but ultimately led to an animal model that breaks through the limitations of current systems that target single disease pathways.

Studies assess complications and deaths from 2009 H1N1 influenza among children
More than one-fourth of children hospitalized with 2009 novel influenza A (H1N1) in California required intensive care or died, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Self-awareness can help people navigate rocky seas of relationships
Knowing something about the way you communicate attraction says something about challenges you might have had in your past dating life, says University of Kansas researcher.

Adding monounsaturated fats to a low-cholesterol diet can further improve levels
The addition of monounsaturated fat to a cholesterol-lowering dietary portfolio in patients with mild to moderate elevated cholesterol levels increased HDL by 12.5 percent and lowered LDL levels by 35 percent, found a study published in CMAJ.

Typists' errors and intention theories
New research published today in the journal Science says people think about things they think they don't think about.

Arthritis drugs could help prevent memory loss after surgery, study suggests
Anti-inflammatory drugs currently used to treat diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis may also help prevent cognitive problems after surgery, according to a new study by researchers at Imperial College London and University of California, San Francisco.

Expanding croplands chipping away at world's carbon stocks
Nature's capacity to store carbon, the element at the heart of global climate woes, is steadily eroding as the world's farmers expand croplands at the expense of native ecosystem such as forests.

Majority of community facilities performing breast MRI exams meet ACRIN and EUSOBI technical requirements
An overwhelming majority of Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium facilities performing breast magnetic resonance imaging in the US are up-to-par with American College of Radiology Imaging Network and European Society of Breast Imaging technical standards and requirements, according to a study in the November issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

Extraverts are more vulnerable to effects of sleep deprivation after social interaction
A study in the Nov. 1 issue of the journal Sleep found that vulnerability to sleep deprivation is influenced by the interaction between waking social activity and individual personality traits.

Race may influence uterine cancer recurrence, despite treatment
African Americans are more likely to have their uterine cancer return despite undergoing a total hysterectomy and/or radiation therapy, according to researchers at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

Pivoting hooks of graphene's chemical cousin could revolutionize work of electron microscopes
The single layer material graphene was the subject of a Nobel prize this year but research led by a team of researchers at the University of Warwick has found molecular hooks on the surface of its close chemical cousin, graphene Oxide, that will potentially provide massive benefits to researchers using transmission electron microscopes.

At great expense, railroad bypassed first black-founded town in the US
Ignoring topography, efficiency, expense and even their own surveyors' recommendations, regional railroad officials in the mid-19th century diverted a new rail line around New Philadelphia, Ill.,

Time for a rain dance?
Recent research from Tel Aviv University reveals that the common practice of cloud seeding with materials such as silver iodide and frozen carbon dioxide may not be as effective as it had been hoped.

Why are people with stroke more likely to die if hospitalized on a weekend?
People admitted to the hospital on a weekend after a stroke are more likely to die compared to people admitted on a weekday, regardless of the severity of the stroke they experience, according to new research published in the Nov.

Anti-obesity program for low-income kids shows promise, Stanford/Packard study finds
An approach that attempted to prevent childhood obesity in African-American girls produced beneficial changes in cholesterol, diabetes risk and depressive symptoms but had little effect on youths' weight, in a trial conducted by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children's Hospital.

Research explores lung cancer among pediatric cancer patients
Because primary lung adenocarcinoma is exceedingly rare in the pediatric population, it is difficult to properly classify certain lung tumors in children and adolescents.

81 percent of hospital patients at high risk for sleep apnea
Eighty-one percent of hospital patients are at high risk for obstructive sleep apnea, a Loyola University Health System study has found.

Imaging in depth: 3-dimensional microscopy featured in Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
The November issue of Cold Spring Harbor Protocols features articles detailing three-dimensional imaging techniques.

How lead gets into urban vegetable gardens
If you're a vegetable gardener in a lot of older cities, there's a fair chance you have a significant amount of lead in your soil.

Comprehensive nutrition services vital to children's health
School meal programs play a significant role in keeping children healthy and are

Mayo researchers find mortality rates from liver diseases underestimated
Statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention rank mortality related to chronic liver disease and cirrhosis as the 12th most common cause of death in adults in the US.

UC research: Rabbit's food brings luck in decreasing estrogen levels in wastewater
University of Cincinnati experiments published in the November issue of Environmental Pollution show that rabbit's food (comprised of organic vegetable matter) decreases estrogen levels in wastewater.

Quantum computing with braids in flatland
Exotic anyon quasiparticles trapped in two dimensional sheets can entangle into braided structures that are less susceptible to the disturbances that disrupt individual quasiparticles in quantum computations.

APA gives LSUHSC psychiatry gold award for program in St. Bernard schools after Katrina
The Department of Psychiatry at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans has been given the 2010 Gold Achievement Award by the American Psychiatric Association for a program credited by the St.

What happens after traumatic brain injury occurs?
Results from a study published in the November issue of the Journal of Nuclear Medicine show that powerful imaging techniques -- positron emission tomography fused with magnetic resonance imaging -- are helping researchers better understand the long-term functional and structural changes that take place after traumatic brain injury.

Scientists uncover a genetic switch that turns immune responses on and off
A new discovery published in the FASEB Journal explains what causes some genes to go out of control.

'Training away stereotypes'
Researchers at the University of Missouri have found that people conditioned to think in opposition to racial stereotypes are more receptive to people from minority groups starring in commercial advertising.

Of 50,000 small molecules tested to fight cancer, 2 show promise
A class of compounds that interferes with cell signaling pathways may provide a novel approach to cancer treatment, according to a new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences early edition.

Virginia Tech computer scientist, student design award winning software to combat hacking
One of the serious threats to a user's computer is a software program that might cause unwanted keystroke sequences in order to hack someone's identity.

Earth's first great predator wasn't
The meters-long, carnivorous

Antibiotics have long-term impacts on gut flora
Short courses of antibiotics can leave normal gut bacteria harboring antibiotic resistance genes for up to two years after treatment, say scientists writing in the latest issue of Microbiology, published on Nov.

1 egg yolk worse than a KFC Double Down when it comes to cholesterol
Three leading physicians have published a review in the Canadian Journal of Cardiology warning about the danger of dietary cholesterol for those at risk of a heart attack or stroke.

Cancer drug linked to quantum dots increases drug uptake, reduces inflammation
Researchers at the University at Buffalo have developed a novel technology using quantum dots that is expected to have major implications for research and treatment of tuberculosis, as well as other inflammatory lung diseases.

Diverse surgeons initiative effectively increases underrepresented minorities in academic surgery
According to a report published in the October issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons, a grant-funded program tailored to provide advanced minimally invasive surgery skills to young, underrepresented minority surgeons, is helping address shortages of minority faculty members at US medical institutions.

Pregnant women who eat peanuts may put infants at increased risk for peanut allergy
Researchers have found that allergic infants may be at increased risk of peanut allergy if their mothers ingested peanuts during pregnancy.

LSU researchers awarded 1 of the largest NSF grants in Louisiana history
Researchers at LSU, together with those at universities across the state, recently received one of Louisiana's largest grants ever from the National Science Foundation.

Common stomach bacteria may fight off inflammatory bowel disease caused by Salmonella
Helicobacter pylori, a common stomach bacterium, reduced the severity of inflammation of the colon caused by Salmonella in mice, according to research from U-M Medical School scientists.

Study: Race plays a minor role in forging Facebook friendships
Race may not be as important as previously thought in determining who befriends whom, suggests a new study of American college students' habits on Facebook.

Scarcity of new energy minerals will trigger trade wars
It's not hard to argue in favor of alternatives to fossil fuels these days, but one popular argument -- domestic energy security -- may be standing on very shaky legs.

Collecting your thoughts: You can do it in your sleep!
It is one thing to learn a new piece of information, such as a new phone number or a new word, but quite another to get your brain to file it away so it is available when you need it.

Some city trees may discourage 'shady' behavior
Along with energy conservation and storm-water reduction, scientists may soon be adding crime-fighting to the list of benefits that urban trees provide.

Successful mothers get help from their friends: Dolphin study
Female dolphins who have help from their female friends are far more successful as mothers than those without such help, according to a landmark new study.

The zebrafish's neural circuit prevents it from biting off more than it can chew
With a new technology and support from the National Science Foundation, Claire Wyart in Ehud Isacoff's lab at the University of California at Berkeley and Filo Del Bene at Herwig Baier's lab at the University of California at San Francisco have been able to follow entire populations of retinal and brain cells in their test animal: the zebrafish larva, and solve some of the mysteries of its neural circuit that underlies its vision.

ACP's response to the IOM's report the future of nursing: Leading change, advancing health
Below is the statement of the American College of Physicians (ACP) on the Institute of Medicine's Oct.

Zebrafish yield clues to how we process visual information
To a hungry fish on the prowl, the split-second neural processing required to see and gobble up prey is a matter of survival.

New American Chemical Society podcast: Stop wasting food and save energy
Moms and Grandmas have forever preached the virtues of not wasting food and now scientists are reporting a compelling new reason to follow this wisdom: It saves lots of energy, according to the latest episode in the American Chemical Society's award-winning podcast series,

New way of removing excess nitrogen from the environment
Excess nitrogen from agricultural and urban lands is contaminating groundwater, streams, lakes and estuaries, where it causes harmful algal blooms and contributes to fish kills.

E.O. Wilson and Peter Raven to receive Linnaean Legacy Award at NYAS public event
Biologist Edward O. Wilson and botanist Peter H. Raven will receive the 2010 Linnaean Legacy Award Saturday, Nov.

For elderly, even short falls can be deadly
While simple falls, such as slipping while walking off a curb, may seem harmless, they can lead to severe injury and death in elderly individuals, according to a new study published in the Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection and Critical Care.

Rutgers, Chilean astrophysicists discover new galaxy clusters revealed by cosmic 'shadows'
An international team of scientists led by Rutgers astrophysicists have discovered 10 new massive galaxy clusters from a large, uniform survey of the southern sky.

Microreactor speeds nanotech particle production by 500 times
Engineers at Oregon State University have discovered a new method to speed the production rate of nanoparticles by 500 times, an advance that could play an important role in making nanotechnology products more commercially practical.

Study improves accuracy of models for predicting ozone levels in urban areas
A team of scientists has, for the first time, completely characterized an important chemical reaction that is critical to the formation of ground-level ozone in urban areas.

New data from Phase 3 studies showed superior SVR (viral cure) rates achieved with telaprevir-based combination therapy in people with hepatitis C, regardless of race or stage of liver disease
Vertex Pharmaceuticals Incorporated today announced new data from its phase 3 studies of people with genotype 1 chronic hepatitis C who have not been treated previously.

Peptide being tested to treat atherosclerosis inhibits ovarian cancer growth
A drug in testing to treat atherosclerosis significantly inhibited growth of ovarian cancer in both human cell lines and mouse models, the first such report of a peptide being used to fight malignancies, according to a study by researchers at UCLA's Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center.

Having oral sex increases likelihood of intercourse among teens
Half of teens who have oral sex during the ninth grade will have intercourse by the end of the 11th grade, and most sexually active teenagers will begin engaging in oral sex and sexual intercourse within the same six-month period, according to findings from a new survey conducted by researchers at UCSF and UC Merced.

Study finds fat hormone's long-sought link to heart protection
This paper hows how the hormone adiponectin, long known to be cardio-protective, actually provides this benefit.

Depression returns in about half of treated teens
Most depressed teens who receive treatment appear to recover, but the condition recurs in almost half of adolescent patients and even more often among females, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the March 2011 print issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

New potential drug combination for most common form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
Diffuse large B cell lymphoma is the most common form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Scientists find that evergreen agriculture boosts crop yields
A unique acacia known as a

Arthritis drugs could help prevent memory loss after surgery
Anti-inflammatory drugs currently used to treat diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis may also help prevent cognitive decline after surgery, according to a new study led by researchers at UCSF and colleagues at Imperial College, London.

Utah researchers discover how brain is wired for attention
University of Utah medical researchers have uncovered a wiring diagram that shows how the brain pays attention to visual, cognitive, sensory, and motor cues.

Physical fitness curbs frequency and severity of colds
People who are physically fit and active have fewer and milder colds, indicates research published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Grasses have potential as alternate ethanol crop, Illinois study finds
Money may not grow on trees, but energy could grow in grass.

Pitt study finds NSAIDs cause stem cells to self-destruct, preventing colon cancer
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) prevent colon cancer by triggering diseased stem cells to self-destruct, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute (UPCI) and the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.

Home visit program for at-risk first-time mothers associated with delaying their next pregnancy
After a three-year implementation period, home visits by nurses to high-risk mothers appear to increase their likelihood of waiting at least two years to have a second child, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the March 2011 print issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Microfluidics-imaging platform detects cancer growth signaling in minute biopsy samples
UCLA researchers have developed an in vitro method to assess kinase activity in minute patient samples.

NPL builds long range alpha detector
The UK's National Physical Laboratory has developed a new portable radiation detector that can assess the safety of potentially contaminated areas far quicker than current methods.

Childhood sexual abuse may be a risk factor for later psychotic illness
An Australian study suggests that children who are sexually abused, especially if it involves penetration, appear to be at higher risk for developing schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Morrison Natural History Museum discovers baby sauropod tracks
Staff at the Morrison Natural History Museum have again discovered infant dinosaur footprints in the foothills west of Denver, Colorado, near the town of Morrison.

'Gold standard' tool cuts needless serious eye problem referrals
A tool, widely regarded as the

Scientists turn a new leaf to discover a compound in daffodils that targets brain cancer
When looking for new ways to treat aggressive brain cancers, an international team of scientists turned a new leaf and

UCI non-small cell lung cancer study highlights advances in targeted drug therapy
A UC Irvine oncologist's work with a targeted therapy is showing great promise in patients with a deadly form of lung cancer.

PNNL's Richard Smith named 2010 Scientist of the Year
Parkinson's disease, cancer and biofuels production are just a few problems that biochemist Dick Smith has helped untangle in his long career of technological innovation and scientific insight.

Study of babies' brain scans sheds new light on the brain's unconscious activity and how it develops
Full-term babies are born with a key collection of networks already formed in their brains, according to new research that challenges some previous theories about the brain's activity and how the brain develops.

After good or bad events, people forget how they thought they'd feel
People aren't very accurate at predicting how good or bad they'll feel after an event -- such as watching their team lose the big game or getting a flat-screen TV.

Einstein launches SuperAgers.com to spotlight aging research
Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University has launched SuperAgers.com, a new website that features the latest information on more than a decade of aging research.

Lead poisoning maps in R.I. reveal huge disparities, guide cleanup
Rhode Islanders under six years of age who lived in the state's lowest income areas or in neighborhoods with lots of pre-1950 housing faced a threat of lead poisoning several times higher than average, according to a new study of data from 1993 through 2005.

A discovery could be important for the therapy of lymphoma and leukemia
A recent scientific discovery made by researchers at the Institut de recherches cliniques de Montreal led by Dr.

Durham Energy Institute to advise government on green technology
Energy experts from Durham University are aiming to help the government cut through red tape and roll out greener and more sustainable energy networks: Smart Grids.

VIMS scientists help solve mystery of 'alien pod'
Researchers at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science identify an

Possible new drug targets for the genetic disorder Noonan syndrome
Noonan syndrome is a relatively common genetic disorder characterized by short stature, unique facial features, and heart defects.

In the job hunt, people do lie, but honesty pays off, study finds
Honesty pays off, according to a new study of job seekers.

Neuroprosthetics symposium to be webcast live from Worcester Polytechnic Institute Nov. 3
The plenary presentations at Neuroprosthetics 2010 will be webcast from Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI), beginning at 8:30 a.m.

Veterans with bipolar disorder may have increased risk of suicide
Veterans diagnosed with any psychiatric illness appear to have an elevated risk of suicide, and men with bipolar disorder and women with substance abuse disorders may have a particularly high risk, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Elderly women at higher risk for unnecessary urinary catheterization, study reports
Elderly women are at high risk for inappropriate urinary catheter utilization in emergency departments, according to a new study in the November issue of the American Journal of Infection Control, the official publication of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC).

Researchers developing real-time electronic monitoring for coastal waters
Researchers from North Carolina State University are developing a cost-effective electronic monitoring system that will enable researchers to advance our understanding of critical coastal ecosystems by allowing users to track water-quality data from these waters in real time, thanks to support from a National Science Foundation grant.

Autism Consortium 2010 Symposium: New therapeutics focus, family resource guide announced
The Autism Consortium, an innovative Boston area collaboration of researchers, clinicians, funders and families dedicated to catalyzing research and enhancing clinical care for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), announced at its fifth annual symposium a new initiative on Translational Medicine and Autism Therapeutics.

Mandatory curbs on food salt content 20 times more effective than voluntary curbs
Imposing statutory limits on the salt content of processed foods could be 20 times more effective than voluntary curbs by industry, finds research published online in the journal Heart.

Fox Chase researchers identify risk factors for the spread of breast cancer to lymph nodes
Some scientists argue that evidence of LVI does not necessarily mean that the disease will recur in the lymph nodes after radiation to the breast alone, but research from Fox Chase Cancer Center now shows that the appearance of LVI in the breast tissue does in fact predict recurrence of breast in the regional lymph nodes.

Toothache more common among minority and special needs children
Poor, minority and special needs children are more likely to be affected by toothache, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Males more considerate than imagined
Male worms plug females after copulation as a form of 'gift', rather than to prevent them from mating again, as had previously been thought.

Slight change in wind turbine speed significantly reduces bat mortality
Since turbine towers and non-spinning turbine blades do not kill bats, some scientists have proposed shutting off or reducing the usage of wind turbines during peak periods of migration in the late summer and early fall months when bat activity and fatalities are highest.

US nuclear safety claim is a 'dangerous fantasy'
In April 2010, the US government adopted a new nuclear strategy that depends on the conclusion that the current missile defense systems will reliably protect the continental United States in the extreme circumstances of nuclear-armed combat.

OGI invests in personalized medicine for age-related macular degeneration
Through its pre-commercialization business development fund, the Ontario Genomics Institute has invested in molecular diagnostics company, ArcticDx Inc.

If GMO genes escape, how will the hybrids do?
GMOs may raise concerns of genes escaping from crops and having unknown effects on natural, wild species.

Childhood stroke study identifies the contraceptive pill and smoking as risk factors
Researchers have identified that the combined effects of oral contraceptives and smoking or anemia are risk factors for childhood stroke and that 85 percent of children who survive a stroke have neurological dysfunction or limitations.
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