Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 05, 2010
New statistical model moves human evolution back 3 million years
Evolutionary divergence of humans from chimpanzees likely occurred some 8 million years ago rather than the 5 million year estimate widely accepted by scientists, a new statistical model suggests.

Infants' hemodynamic responses to happy and angry facial expressions
Japanese research group led by Prof. Ryusuke Kakigi and Dr.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, November 2010
A prototype charging system for electric and hybrid vehicles is helping demonstrate a technology that could one day play a key role in the electrification of America's highways.

German-Russian Otto Schmidt Laboratory in St. Petersburg funded for another 3 years
Prof. Karin Lochte, director of the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research in the Helmholtz Association, and Prof.

Springer author receives 2011 Croonian Lecture from the Royal Society
The 2011 Croonian Lecture has been awarded to John Ellis for his pioneering contributions to biochemistry, molecular cell biology and plant sciences.

Studies validate use of family health history as gold standard in disease risk assessment
November is National Family Health History Month, and the American Society of Human Genetics will be spreading awareness about this important public health topic by hosting a press briefing at the ASHG 60th Annual Meeting on Friday, Nov.

UNC team discovers promising target for new pancreatic cancer treatments
For almost three decades, scientists and physicians have known that a gene called the KRAS oncogene is mutated in virtually all pancreatic cancers, making it an important target for scientists looking for a way to stop the growth of pancreatic cancer tumors.

Should our biggest climate change fear be fear itself?
From apocalyptic forecasting to estimates of mass extinctions, climate change is a topic which is filled with fearful predictions for the future.

Looking older than your age may not be a sign of poor health: Study
Even though most adults want to avoid looking older than their actual age, research led by St.

Missouri Botanical Garden joins convention on biological diversity consortium of scientific partners
On Oct. 19, 2010, during the United Nations International Year of Biological Diversity, the Missouri Botanical Garden has signed a Memorandum of Understanding joining the Convention on Biological Diversity's Consortium of Scientific Partners.

GOES-13 Satellite sees Hurricane Tomas lashing Haiti and eastern Cuba today
Tomas strengthened to hurricane status and is currently lashing Hispaniola and eastern Cuba today and the GOES-13 satellite provided a visible image of its extensive cloud cover.

'Prima donna' protein doesn't work well in pairs
A new study by Rice University bioengineers finds that the workhorse proteins that move cargo inside living cells behave like prima donnas.

NASA extends TIMED mission for fourth time
Nine years after beginning its unprecedented look at the gateway between Earth's environment and space, not to mention collecting more data on the upper atmosphere than any other satellite, NASA's Thermosphere Ionosphere Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics mission has been extended again.

$2.7 million research award to aid nursery, floriculture industry
Virginia Tech researchers will search for biologically based control methods for the Phytophthora and Pythium pathogens and develop best management practices to recycle irrigation water safely to protect water quality and improve water use efficiency.

ERC advanced grant for Professor Zandbergen's 'nanolaboratory'
Henny Zandbergen, professor at the Kavli Institute of NanoScience, has been awarded an ERC Advanced Grant of 2.5 million euros ($3.5 million) for his research into improved microscopic technologies.

Overweight children have different eating patterns than normal weight children
Overweight children reported more frequent intake of healthy foods such as fruit, vegetables, fish, brown bread and potatoes as well as low-energy cheese and yogurt compared with normal weight children.

2008 Wenchuan earthquake: a landmark in China's history
The devastating 2008 Wenchuan earthquake marks a defining moment for China's earthquake science program.

Specialization builds trust among Web users
If you name it, they will use it, according to a team of international researchers who investigated how people perceive the trustworthiness of online technology.

Large Hadron Collider throws lead
UC Davis physicists are part of the team who will be smashing lead ions in the Large Hadron Collider this month.

A safety switch prevents a big bang
Three PTB scientists developed a new method to prevent explosions due to electrical sparks.

Unexpectedly small effects of mutations in bacteria bring new perspectives
Most mutations in the genes of the Salmonella bacterium have a surprisingly small negative impact on bacterial fitness.

Supercomputer makes it possible to develop a Brazilian Global Climate System Model
The Brazilian Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE, National Institute for Space Research), operating under the auspices of the Ministério da Ciencia e Tecnologia (MCT, Ministry of Science and Technology), began the installation of a supercomputer to be used for the development and implementation of the Brazilian Global Climate System Model.

Understanding diabetes at the molecular level
US and Japanese researchers have identified a key step in metabolic pathways linked to diabetes and cancer.

Stevens Professor Hongbin Li receives AFRL contract to develop MIMO Radar
Dr. Hongbin Li, professor of electrical engineering at Stevens Institute of Technology, has recently been awarded a three-year US Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) contract to study distributed radar systems and improve object detection.

ASHG 2010: New research on implications of direct-to-consumer and clinical genetic testing
The American Society of Human Genetics will host a press briefing at the ASHG 2010 Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C., to highlight three research abstracts on the impact and implications of using direct-to-consumer and clinical genetic testing in personal disease risk assessment on Friday, Nov.

Global Obesity Summit 2010 in Jackson addresses growing epidemic at ground zero
To take the lead in obesity prevention and research, the Greater Jackson Chamber Partnership and the University of Mississippi Medical Center partnered for the Global Obesity Summit 2010 to be held Nov.

Real-time physician electronic alerts reduce unnecessary blood testing in elderly patients
An electronic message sent to physicians the moment they ordered a blood test for elderly patients reduced unnecessary use of the test that is often false-positive for the elderly, according to a paper published in the November edition of American Journal of Managed Care.

Johns Hopkins researchers reshape basic understanding of cell division
By tracking the flow of information in a cell preparing to split, Johns Hopkins scientists have identified a protein mechanism that coordinates and regulates the dynamics of shape change necessary for division of a single cell into two daughter cells.

Chefs can create reduced-calorie restaurant foods
Restaurants could play an important role in helping to reduce the growing obesity epidemic by creating reduced-calorie meals, according to Penn State researchers.
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