Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 08, 2010
Were our tetrapod ancestors deaf?
A research group led by Jakob Christensen-Dalsgaard, University of Southern Denmark, have shown that the closest living relatives of the tetrapods, the lungfish, are insensitive to sound pressure, but sensitive to vibrations.

Scientists pinpoint key defense against parasite infection
Scientists have made a significant discovery about how the body defends itself against snail fever, a parasitic worm infection common in developing countries.

New ocean acidification study shows added danger to already struggling coral reefs
University of Miami Rosenstiel School study suggests that over the next century recruitment of new corals could drop by 73 percent, as rising CO2 levels turn the oceans more acidic.

Massachusetts Institute of Technology IDs new cancer drug target
In studies of mice, the researchers found that slowing down a specific system for tolerating DNA damage not only prolonged survival but also prevented relapsed tumors from becoming resistant to chemotherapy, and made tumors much less likely to spread to other parts of the body.

The many faces of the shear Alfvén wave
Scientists show that 3-D movies are no longer just for Hollywood blockbusters.

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center scientist receives Presidential Early Career Award
Muneesh Tewari, M.D., Ph.D., an oncologist and cancer researcher at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, has been awarded the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers -- the nation's highest honor for scientists at the beginning of their independent research careers.

Fusion makes major step forward at MIT through studies of the plasma edge
Researchers at MIT have taken steps toward practical fusion energy through better understanding of the physics that governs the interaction between plasmas and the material walls of the vessels that contain them.

Single parenthood doesn't pay off for plants
Many plants can pollinate themselves and reproduce without the aid of a mate, thanks to having both male and female parts.

Fearless children show less empathy, more aggression
Preschool-aged children who demonstrate fearless behavior also reveal less empathy and more aggression towards their peers.

K-State research team receives patent to control destructive parasite
A recently patented invention from a Kansas State University research team aims to control a devastating parasite that causes millions of dollars in soybean crop damage each year.

Strong China has meant peace in East Asia, not conflict
As China's economic ascendancy and military expansion has prompted fears of a more aggressive China, a timely new book recasts the prevailing understanding of East Asian relations, showing how a strong China has historically created stability in East Asia, not conflict.

Linnaean Legacy Award winners call for boost in species exploration
Biodiversity crusaders Peter H. Raven and Edward O. Wilson received Linnaean Legacy Awards Nov.

Researchers to explore why there is a high risk of second stroke
Neurological researchers at Rush University Medical Center are part of a multicenter, National Institutes of Health study to determine the levels of stroke risk and stroke recurrence in patients with narrowed brain arteries.

GOES-13 satellite sees cold front stalking remnant low of Tomas
The GOES-13 satellite is watching a flurry of activity in the Atlantic Ocean today as a cold front approaches the remnants of Hurricane Tomas and threatens to swallow it in the next couple of days.

Discovery of an anti-inflammatory substance
The messenger interleukin-27 plays an important role when the human body blocks inflammations.

Discovery could reveal secrets of ancient Martian and terrestrial atmospheres
Chemists at UC San Diego have uncovered a new chemical reaction on tiny particulates in the atmosphere that could allow scientists to gain a glimpse from ancient rocks of what the atmospheres of the Earth and Mars were like hundreds of millions years ago.

Georgia Tech engaged in $100 million next-generation high-performance computing initiative
Georgia Tech researchers are engaged in a $100 million DARPA program to fit a high performance petaflop computer into a single rack just 24 inches wide and power it by a fraction of the electricity consumed by comparable current machines.

Ben-Gurion University nano researcher to receive prestigious award for laser science and quantum physics
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev's Prof. Ron Folman has been named as a recipient of the prestigious 2011 Willis E.

Frequency of foot disorders differs between African-Americans and whites
Common foot disorders such as flat feet, corns and bunions are more prevalent among African-Americans than in whites, a new study by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researchers has found.

Statins did not reduce colorectal cancer in WHI analysis
The use of statins among a group of postmenopausal women did not reduce the risk for colorectal cancer, according to the results of a prospective analysis of data from the large population-based Women's Health Initiative.

Study examines risk of heterosexual HIV transmission in China
A new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health examines the burden of HIV and sexually transmitted disease among male clients of the commercial sex industry in China's Sichuan province.

The economic causes and consequences of envy
There are powerful evolutionary reasons for being envious. This is what a study analyzing the economic causes and consequences of the envy, carried out by a Universidad Carlos III de Madrid researcher has revealed.

TB-drugome provides new targets for anti-tuberculosis drug discovery
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and the University of Leeds have linked hundreds of federally approved drugs to more than 1,000 proteins in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis (TB), opening new avenues to repurpose these drugs to treat TB.

Fish gelatin: Ultra-high-tech biomedical uses ahead?
Natural gelatin, extracted from the shiny skin of a seagoing fish called Alaskan pollock, may someday be put to intriguing new biomedical uses, according to a US Department of Agriculture chemist.

JCI online early table of contents: Nov. 8, 2010
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Nov.

Jefferson researchers receive W.W. Smith Charitable Trust
Thomas Jefferson University researchers have been awarded a W.W. Smith Charitable Trust medical research grant.

Researchers in Bonn find an 'altruism gene'
Do you like to do good things for other people?

Potential drug therapy for diabetic retinopathy under study
One drug's startling ability to restore retinal health in the eyes of diabetic mice has researchers wanting to learn more about how it works and whether it might do the same for people.

Scientists use light signatures to track merging supermassive black holes
Using computer models, astrophysicists from Rochester Institute of Technology and Johns Hopkins University are creating a detailed blueprint that will guide scientists searching for supermassive black holes using ordinary visible light and existing telescopes.

A comparison of severe outcomes during the waves of pandemic (H1N1) 2009
The second wave of the pandemic (H1N1) was substantially greater than the first with 4.8 times more hospital admissions, 4.6 times more deaths and 4 times more ICU cases, according to a study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal).

White House Honors NYU's Amodio with Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers
New York University's David Amodio, an assistant professor in the Department of Psychology and Center for Neural Science, has been awarded a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers.

UC Santa Cruz leads work on first major upgrade for LHC
US physicists have begun work on a new particle detector that will be the first major upgrade for the Large Hadron Collider, the world's most powerful particle accelerator.

PPIs and antiplatelet drugs can be used together after careful consideration of risks and benefits
Using proton pump inhibitors and antiplatelet drugs (thienopyridines) together is an appropriate way of treating patients with cardiovascular disease who are at high risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeds, despite recent concerns about an adverse interaction between these two types of drugs, according to an Expert Consensus Document released jointly today by the American College of Cardiology Foundation, the American College of Gastroenterology and the American Heart Association.

Experts present new testing methods at international meeting in New Orleans, Nov. 14-18
International experts and scientists will present new testing tools ranging from extending the shelf life of stockpiled drugs to identifying unlabeled substances in popular slimming products.

AAAS/Science family of e-Resources now indexed in Ex Libris Primo Central
AAAS, publisher of the journal Science, has partnered with Ex Libris Group to provide integrated access to its online content via Ex Libris' Primo Central Publisher Program.

Zebrafish reveal exquisite workings of the brain
A tiny, translucent juvenile zebrafish, on the hunt for even littler prey, has offered up a big insight into how a specific circuit of nerve cells functions in the brain.

Low vitamin D while pregnant or breastfeeding may not be associated with multiple sclerosis relapse
A small study suggests women with multiple sclerosis have lower vitamin D levels during pregnancy and breastfeeding, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the March 2011 print issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Engineered plants make potential precursor to raw material for plastics
Scientists report engineering a plant that produces industrially relevant levels of compounds that could potentially be used to make plastics.

American Chemical Society launches C&EN Archives online
The American Chemical Society announced the launch of Chemical and Engineering News (C&EN) Archives are now available online.

Psychologists identify influence of social interaction on sensitivity to physical pain
Psychologists at the University of Toronto have shown that the nature of a social interaction has the ability to influence an individual's sensitivity to physical pain.

Research into adolescent sexual habits reveals surprising findings
Females are more likely to have an unprotected first sexual encounter than their male counterparts.

Anti-gout drug may decrease risk for colorectal adenoma progression
Allopurinol, a relatively inexpensive anti-gout medication that has been on the market for more than 20 years, may have some activity against colorectal adenomas, according to data presented at the Ninth Annual AACR Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research Conference, held here Nov.

Study sheds light on aromatase inhibitor joint pain syndrome
Breast cancer patients are more likely to have joint pain from taking aromatase inhibitors (AIs) if they have advanced stage cancer, according to a study presented at the American College of Rheumatology's annual meeting.

Cancer experience worse for young adults in spite of better survival odds
They start out healthier and their chances of beating cancer are better, but younger adult cancer patients have the most difficulty coping with the pain and emotional issues of cancer, according to a University of Michigan Health System study.

Although less prevalent, physician-industry relationships remain common
A new survey finds that, while the number of physicians who report having relationships with pharmaceutical manufacturers or other industrial companies has dropped in recent years, the vast majority of them still maintain such relationships.

APHA 2010: Study finds funding for substance abuse in Indiana lacking
A study by an Indiana University health policy expert found that the state of Indiana spends less on substance abuse prevention initiatives than do surrounding states.

Canola-type rapeseed oil reduces the level of fibrinogen, a cause of thrombosis and inflammation
According to research on fatty acids conducted at the universities of Helsinki and Tampere, the consumption of canola-type rapeseed oil decreases the level of fibrinogen detrimental to health in the body.

Getting to know the sun advances fusion research
A method known as coaxial helicity injection could eliminate an expensive component in tokamaks, leading to a more economical fusion reactor.

Survey suggests that many physicians still have relationships with industry
Relationships with drug manufacturers, device companies and other medical companies appear to be have decreased since 2004 but remain common among physicians, according to a report in the Nov.

UNC scientists identify cellular communicators for cancer virus
A new discovery by UNC scientists describes how cells infected by the Epstein-Barr virus produce small vesicles or sacs called exosomes, changing their cellular

Greater food insecurity from recession poses increased risk to low income individuals with diabetes
The economic recession impacts many aspects of our lives including an increase incidence of food insecurity.

Graphene gets a Teflon makeover
University of Manchester scientists have created a new material which could replace or compete with Teflon in thousands of everyday applications.

DHA improves memory and cognitive function in older adults
A study published in the November edition of Alzheimer's and Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association suggests that taking docosahexaenoic acid may improve memory and learning in older adults with mild cognitive impairments.

Quantum memory for communication networks of the future
Researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen have succeeded in storing quantum information using two 'entangled' light beams.

Gefitinib may have chemopreventive benefits in pancreatic cancer
Gefitinib may be a promising chemoprevention agent for pancreatic cancer, according to a study published in Cancer Prevention Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Play with your kid, for their mental health's sake
Learning a hobby or other complex task in childhood with assistance from a trusted adult may help guard against the emergence of a personality disorder later on in life, reports a study in the current issue of the journal, Development and Psychopathology.

Brain bleeding is common with aging, UCI study finds
A small amount of bleeding in the brain seems to be common among older individuals, according to a UC Irvine study.

'Sweet 16' tool may be useful for detecting cognitive impairment
A new cognitive assessment tool with 16 items appears potentially useful for identifying problems in thinking, learning and memory among older adults, according to a report posted online today that will be published in the March 14 print issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Improvements within 1 hour of stroke treatment associated with better outcomes
Patients with stroke who experience improvement within one hour of receiving the clot-dissolving medication tissue plasminogen activator appear more likely to do well three months later, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Alternative treatment for preventing relapse of certain type of vasculitis appears less effective
In a comparison of treatments for maintaining remission of a certain type of vasculitis (inflammation of blood vessels), the immunosuppressant mycophenolate mofetil, regarded as an alternative to the drug often used to prevent relapse, azathioprine, was less effective, according to a study that will appear in the Dec.

March of Dimes honors scholar in perinatal bioethics
March of Dimes honored Anna R. Brandon, Ph.D., M.S., for her work examining the ethical issues of involving pregnant women in research trials.

Breast cancer: Reducing the risk of unnecessary chemo
Published in Nature Communications, NRC researchers have developed a tool to determine which breast cancer patients have little risk of their disease recurring.

Growth factor regenerates tooth supporting structures: Results of a large randomized clinical trial
In an article titled

Obesity not linked to breast cancer in Mexican-American women
Obesity was not associated with breast cancer risk in Mexican-American women, even when measured at numerous ages throughout a woman's lifetime, according to data presented at the Ninth Annual AACR Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research Conference, held here Nov.

Prolonged maternal separation increased breast cancer risk in neonatal mice
Young mice that experienced the psychosocial stress of prolonged separation from their mothers had a higher incidence and faster onset of breast tumors compared with young mice who did not experience this stressful life event.

Starting dialysis earlier may be harmful for some patients
Beginning dialysis therapy earlier in the development of advanced kidney disease appears to be associated with a greater risk of death for some patients in the following year, according to a report posted online today that will be published in the March 14 print issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Breast cancer patients prefer silicone over saline implants after mastectomy
A new study has found that women who receive silicone implants after a double mastectomy are more satisfied with their breasts than women who receive saline implants.

Substandard and counterfeit antimalarial drugs discovered in Ghana
Substandard and counterfeit versions of thirteen key antimalarial medicines were uncovered in multiple locations across Ghana by the Medicines Quality Monitoring surveillance program.

Researcher who linked fetal nutrition to adult disease honored by March of Dimes
Dr. Jennifer Howse, president March of Dimes president, recognized the 30th anniversary of the Agnes Higgins Award and presented it to Dr.

November/December 2010 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
This tip sheet features highlights from the November/December 2010 Annals of Family Medicine research journal.

Do not abandon new cigarette warning labels
Health Canada's cancellation of plans to renew tobacco warning labels on cigarette packages may lead to increased smoking rates and smoking-related illnesses and deaths, states an editorial in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) (pre-embargo link only).

Could lung cancer in smokers vs. 'never-smokers' be different diseases?
Lung tumors in those who smoke and those who never smoked have different DNA alterations in the tumor genomes, according to results of a pilot study presented at the Ninth Annual AACR Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research Conference, held Nov.

Indian school children to test new, low-cost electronic notepad
Prototypes of the I-slate, a low-cost, solar-powered electronic tablet designed for village schools in India, will undergo more classroom tests in near Hyderabad later this month.

NASA sees Tropical Depression Jal's remnants entering and leaving India
Jal was a tropical storm when it made landfall this weekend on the east coast of India and tracked across the country while weakening into a remnant low pressure area.

Bilingualism delays onset of Alzheimer's symptoms
A Canadian science team has found more dramatic evidence that speaking two languages can help delay the onset of Alzheimer's symptoms by as much as five years.

Many patients having heart attacks still wait more than 2 hours to go to the hospital
Long delays between developing symptoms and going to the hospital are common among patients with a certain type of heart attack, according to a report in the Nov.

Silent vascular disease accompanies cognitive decline in healthy aging
Older people who are leading active, healthy lifestyles often have silent vascular disease that can be seen on brain scans that affect their ability to think, according to a new study led by UC Davis researchers and published online today in the Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA Archives journals.

Dangerous chemicals in food wrappers likely migrating to humans: U of T study
University of Toronto scientists have found that chemicals used to line junk food wrappers and microwave popcorn bags are migrating into food and being ingested by people where they are contributing to chemical contamination observed in blood.

Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center research shows fish oil component given up to 5 hours after stroke limits brain damage
Research led by Dr. Nicolas Bazan, Director of the Neuroscience Center of Excellence at LSU Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, has shown that a component of fish oil is a powerful therapeutic agent that can protect brain tissue in a model of stroke, even when treatment is delayed by five hours.

Study identifies factors that increase risk of falls among orthopedic inpatients
Patients who undergo total hip replacements are more at risk for having a serious fall while recovering in the hospital than patients undergoing other orthopedic procedures, according to a recent study.

Soy isoflavones may modify risk of breast cancer
Increased phytoestrogens commonly found in dietary soy may modify the risk of some types of breast cancer, according to findings presented at the Ninth Annual AACR Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research Conference, held Nov.

Fat cells reach their limit and trigger changes linked to type 2 diabetes
Scientists have found that the fat cells and tissues of morbidly obese people and animals can reach a limit in their ability to store fat appropriately.

Brookhaven chemist Jacob Hooker receives Presidential Early Career Award
Jacob Hooker, an assistant chemist at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and Director of Radiochemistry at the Athinoula A.

Common corneal condition associated with increased eye pressure
Corneal arcus, a condition in which a ring of lipids builds up around the cornea, appears common among middle-age and older adults and may be associated with elevated eye pressure, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

New research shows genetic test for lung cancer risk prompts smokers to quit
Eighty percent of smokers were motivated to quit or cut down after taking a gene-based test for lung cancer risk assessment.

CERN completes transition to lead-ion running at the LHC
Four days is all it took for the LHC operations team at CERN to complete the transition from protons to lead ions in the LHC.

Smoking increased risk of death in women with breast cancer
Being a current smoker or having a history of smoking significantly increased the risk of breast cancer progression and overall death among a group of multiethnic women with breast cancer, according to the results of a large prospective cohort study.

Vacuum arcs spark new interest
Whenever two pieces of metal at different voltages are brought near each other, as when an appliance is plugged into a live socket, there is a chance there will be an arc between them.

Climate change: Water reservoir glacier
Glaciers of large mountain regions contribute, to some extent considerably, to the water supply of certain populated areas.

Mass. doctor invents product to curb hospital-acquired infections
Saints Medical Center is pleased to announce that Richard H.

Plasma as a fast optical switch
Laser uses relativistic effects to turn otherwise opaque plasma transparent, creating an ultra-fast optical switch useful in next-generation particle accelerators.

Chemoprevention biomarker for breast cancer identified
Researchers at Duke University Medical Center have identified a possible biomarker for measuring progress in breast cancer chemoprevention trials, according to data presented at the Ninth Annual AACR Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research Conference, held here Nov.

Hebrew University-developed method for control of malaria applied in Africa
Research carried out in Mali, West Africa, has demonstrated that a new, safe and uncomplicated insect control method, developed at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, can bring about a serious decline in malaria-bearing mosquitoes in afflicted regions in the world.

Imaging of Alfvén waves and fast ions in a fusion plasma
New techniques give scientists detailed images of processes critical for the development of fusion reactors.

New DNA repair pathway
UC Davis researchers have found a new, inducible pathway for repairing DNA damaged by oxygen radicals.

Children find their own way to solve arithmetic problems
Children with learning difficulties can benefit from being encouraged to find their own way to solve arithmetic problems, according to new research from the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, Scotland.

3 ORNL researchers receive presidential early career award
Three ORNL researchers are among 13 Department of Energy scientists to receive the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, or PECASE.

Boston College physics professor Willie Padilla receives PECASE award
Boston College Physics Professor Willie Padilla's research into light-bending metamaterials has earned him a 2011 Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers.

LA BioMed researcher to receive Courage to Teach Award
The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education will honor Christian de Virgilio, M.D., a principal investigator at LA BioMed, with its Parker J.

Nanogenerators grow strong enough to power small conventional electronics
Researchers have reached a significant milestone in their development of nanometer-scale generators that harvest mechanical energy from the environment using an array of tiny nanowires: the ability to power conventional electronic devices such as liquid-crystal displays.

Special skin keeps fish species alive on land
A new study shows how an amphibious fish stays alive for up to two months on land.

Mild painkillers in pregnancy are associated with an increased risk of male reproductive problems
New evidence has emerged that the use of mild painkillers such as paracetamol, aspirin and ibuprofen, may partly explain the recent increase in male reproductive disorders.

Annual medical ethics conference focuses on health disparities
The 22nd annual conference of the MacLean Center for Clinical Medical Ethics at the University of Chicago will be held on Fri., Nov.

Stevens and TNO conduct joint experiments in Dutch Harbor for maritime security
Stevens Institute of Technology and the Netherlands Organization for Applied Scientific Research have recently conducted joint experiments in the Dutch Navy Harbor of Den Helder, where passive acoustic systems from both parties were combined.

Scientists discover how the songbird's brain controls timing during singing
New research that reveals the activity of nerve cells in a songbird's brain as the bird sings a specific song is helping scientists to understand how birds string together sets of syllables -- and it also may provide insight into how the human brain learns language and produces speech.

Initiative to assist crop insurance program, provide weather and climate data
An innovative climate and weather monitoring system developed at Oregon State University will soon be used to help underwrite and verify claims of crop losses, both to improve services to farmers across the nation and prevent abuse in the $79 billion crop insurance program.

Scientists make advance in dementia research
The preservation of a protein found in particular synapses in the brain plays a key role in protecting against vascular dementia after a stroke, say researchers at King's College London.

Close up on hidden galaxies with new cosmic zoom lenses
Astronomers have discovered a new way of locating a natural phenomenon that acts like a zoom lens and allows astronomers to peer at galaxies in the distant and early universe.

Door-to-balloon time drops for heart attack patients, but mortality rates unchanged
Door-to-balloon time has dropped dramatically as hospitals rush heart attack patients into treatment, but a five-year study released today shows quicker hospital care has not saved more lives.

Privacy safeguards in Canadian military insufficient: Updated rules needed
Privacy legislation and protocols to safeguard the health information of members of the military are lacking, and the head of Canada's military must take action to ensure health privacy for all staff, states an editorial in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

PIT(-1)ting good and bad outcomes against each other in breast cancer
The outlook for patients with breast cancer is determined in part by whether or not their tumor has spread to other sites in the body.

Clinical research doesn't do enough to study sex and gender differences
Potential gender differences in clinical management are under-researched. A systematic analysis of the incorporation of sex and gender into research design, published in the open access journal BMC Medicine, has found that, although there has been a progressive improvement since the 90s, there exists a striking under-representation of research about gender differences in patient management.

Fat sand rats are SAD like us
With her work on the Israeli desert inhabitant gerbil called the fat sand rat, professor Noga Kronfeld-Schor of Tel Aviv University has found new hope for the study of seasonal affective disorder and similar conditions.

Low blood levels of vitamin D linked to chubbier kids, faster weight gain
Kids who are deficient in vitamin D accumulated fat around the waist and gained weight more rapidly than kids who got enough vitamin D, a new University of Michigan study suggests.

Rensselaer professor honored with Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers
The White House has recognized Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Professor Matthew Oehlschlaeger with the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE).

Perfectly needled nonwoven
Hardly any other textile is as versatile as nonwoven: it keeps babies' bottoms dry and protects plants from the sun.

Scientist chronicle nanoparticles' journey from the lungs into the body
Using a novel, real-time imaging system, scientists have tracked a group of near-infrared fluorescent nanoparticles from the airspaces of the lungs, into the body and out again, providing a description of the characteristics and behavior of these minute particles which could be used in developing therapeutic agents to treat pulmonary disease, as well as offering a greater understanding of the health effects of air pollution.

Differences in human and Neanderthal brains set in just after birth
The brains of newborn humans and Neanderthals are about the same size and appear rather similar overall.

Vitamins E and C appear to have little effect on age-related cataract
Long-term, regular use of vitamins E and C has no apparent effect on the risk of age-related cataract in men, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of Ophthalmology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Vapor rub relieves cold symptoms for children, helps them sleep better
Applying a vapor rub is effective for treating children with night-time cough and congestion and improves sleep for children with cold symptoms, according to Penn State College of Medicine researchers.

Solar-powered device affordable, reliable tool to measure blood pressure
A new solar powered, automated blood pressure monitoring device was equally accurate as the standard device that measures systolic blood pressure.

Power grid of the future saves energy
Green energy too comes out of the electricity socket, but to get there it has to travel a long journey -- from wind turbines in the North Sea or regional solar, wind and biogas power plants.

Iron stimulates blooms of toxin-producing algae in open ocean, study finds
Marine scientists have found that toxin-producing algae once thought to be limited to coastal waters are also common in the open ocean, where the addition of iron from natural or artificial sources can stimulate rapid growth of the harmful algae.

Taming thermonuclear plasma with a snowflake
Physicists working on the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX) at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory are now one step closer to solving one of the grand challenges of magnetic fusion research -- how to reduce the effect that the hot plasma has on fusion machine walls (or how to tame the plasma-material interface).

Soy may stop prostate cancer spread
Northwestern Medicine researchers at the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center of Northwestern University have found that a new, nontoxic drug made from a chemical in soy could prevent the movement of cancer cells from the prostate to the rest of the body.

Simulating black hole radiation with lasers
Hawking radiation from black holes is very dim, and unlikely to be detected any time soon.

UCLA uses new hybrid, precision heart procedures to help stop deadly arrhythmias
New techniques now being used at UCLA allow doctors to more precisely target certain areas of the heart to stop ventricular arrhythmias -- serious abnormal rhythms in the heart's lower chambers -- in high-risk patients.

Future wind turbines go offshore -- deep and floating
Floating wind turbines producing at least 20 MW each: this is the vision that is to be explored in an exciting new collaboration between DTU and international partners from both industry and the research community.

California pistachios: Dietitian and Mother Nature approved
California pistachios took center stage at this year's American Dietetic Association's annual Food & Nutrition Conference & Expo, the industry's premier conference where thousands of registered dietitians gather to learn about innovative nutrition research and emerging health trends.
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