Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 12, 2010
Key player in detoxification pathway isolated after decades of searching
We know P450s are important to life of all kinds because they have been found in animals, plants, fungi and bacteria, but they are of special interest to humans because they are responsible for metabolism of about 75 percent of known pharmaceuticals.

Visitor satisfaction, experience in state parks examined
A study of Virginia state parks will assess all major dimensions of visitors' experiences.

New genetic marker makes fruit fly a better model for brain development and diseases
VIB researchers attached to the K.U. Leuven have improved the fruit fly as model for studying the connections between brain cells.

Myocarditis can attack hearts without warning
Young father receives leading-edge intervention prior to undergoing heart transplant after a harrowing experience spurred by a severe case of myocarditis -- a little-known condition causing inflammation of the heart muscle.

Sleep apnea linked to cognitive difficulties and deficits in gray matter
Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may blame their daytime difficulties on simple sleepiness, but new research suggests that their brains may be to blame.

Nature honors outstanding faculty mentor
Canadian biologist Chris Wood was presented with the Lifetime Achievement Award for Mentoring in Science by Nature.

Mathematical model of the life cycle of red blood cells may predict risk of anemia
A Massachusetts General Hospital physician-researcher and a Harvard University mathematician have collaborated to develop a mathematical model reflecting how red blood cells change in size and hemoglobin content during their four-month lifespan.

Montana State University researchers more than double oil output from algal for biofuels
Montana State University researchers have discovered that baking soda can dramatically increase algae's production of the key oil precursors for biodiesel.

Vaccine for urinary tract infections is 1 step closer
Scientists from the University of Michigan are one step closer to a vaccine that could prevent a majority of urinary tract infections, which are caused by E. coli bacteria.

Aeras awarded €11.7 million ($16 million) grant from Dutch government
The Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs has renewed its funding to Aeras with a pledge of €11.7 million ($16 million) over four years (2011-2014) to further its efforts to develop new vaccines to help combat the global epidemic of tuberculosis.

Addex highlights strength of allosteric modulation technology platform
Allosteric modulation company Addex Pharmaceuticals presents data on nine therapeutic programs during Neuroscience 2010, highlighting the strength of its allosteric modulation technology platform.

NIH scientists explore 1510 influenza pandemic and lessons learned
History's first recognized influenza pandemic originated in Asia and rapidly spread to other continents 500 years ago, in the summer of 1510.

Arizona State receives Gates Foundation Grant for prevention of malaria
ASU has just announced that it has received a Grand Challenges Explorations grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Rivers, fires, storms on Jupiter, oil, mucus and other fluid flows
The 63rd Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society's Division of Fluid Dynamics takes place this month from Nov.

Catastrophic drought looms for capital city of Bolivia
Catastrophic drought is on the near-term horizon for the capital city of Bolivia, according to new research into the historical ecology of the Andes.

UBC researcher, industry partners win NSERC award for turning wastewater into fertilizer
University of British Columbia researcher Don Mavinic and industry partners have been recognized with a prestigious award from Canada's leading science and engineering funding agency for developing a technology that turns wastewater into valuable fertilizer for food crops.

Breaking the ice before it begins
Engineers from Harvard University have designed and demonstrated ice-free nanostructured materials that literally repel water droplets before they even have the chance to freeze.

Tufts University chemist earns prestigious award for promising research on drug development
Joshua Kritzer, assistant professor of chemistry at Tufts University, received NIH Director's New Innovator Award for research into developing a rapid drug-screening process that may help scientists identify new drugs to treat diseases.

NIST releases draft report on South Carolina furniture fire study
Major factors contributing to a rapid spread of fire at the Sofa Super Store in Charleston, S.C., on June 18, 2007, included large open spaces with furniture providing high fuel loads, the inward rush of air following the breaking of windows, and a lack of sprinklers, according to a draft report released Oct.

Hospital certification program for cardiovascular, stroke care needed
The American Heart Association/American Stroke Association is exploring the development of a comprehensive hospital certification program for heart and stroke care.

Yerkes researchers present at 40th Annual Society for Neuroscience Conference
Neuroscience researchers from the Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, will present a wide range of research topics at the Society for Neuroscience's 40th annual meeting in San Diego.

Elsevier releases image search
Elsevier, a leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information, today announced the availability of Image Search, a new SciVerse ScienceDirect feature that enables users to quickly and efficiently find images and figures relevant to their specific research objectives.

No difference in nonsuicide mortality between 2 anti-psychotic drugs
A study published online this month in the American Journal of Psychiatry in advance of print publication in February 2011 showed no difference in nonsuicide mortality between people taking ziprasidone and another second-generation anti-psychotic in real-world use.

Satellites provide up-to-date information on snow cover
ESA GlobSnow project led by the Finnish Meteorological Institute uses satellites to produce up-to-date information on global snow cover.

Cystic fibrosis gene typo is a double whammy
Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine have demonstrated that the gene mutated in cystic fibrosis not only controls traffic on the chloride highway, but also keeps the sodium highway from being overused.

Tests show bright future for gadonanotubes in stem cell tracking
Gadonanotubes developed at Rice University are beginning to show positive results in a study funded by a federal stimulus grant through the National Institutes of Health last year.

New grant paves the way for transformative science at magnet lab
Scientists at the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory at the Florida State University are working to open a new frontier in chemistry, biology and materials studies, thanks to a recent $1.3 million grant from the National Science Foundation.

Cell Press delivers the news
To enable scientists to easily keep up-to-date with life science focused news and information, Cell Press is delighted to announce the launch of Cell DNA (Daily News Aggregator).

How diving leatherback turtles regulate buoyancy
Virtually nothing is known about leatherback turtle diving strategies, but on Nov.

Tracking $40 billion in commitments for maternal and child health
This year, governments, foundations, businesses, multilateral organizations, non-governmental organizations and health care professional associations publicly pledged more than $ 40 billion to improve maternal and child health and save million of lives.

30 years on in the epicenter of the African AIDS epidemic
The impact of 30 years of HIV on an area once described as the epicenter of the African AIDS epidemic will be discussed at a lecture hosted by the University of East Anglia in London this month.

2010 ICO Prize is awarded to TUM physicist Reinhard Kienberger
Attoseconds are the time interval of electron movement in atoms.

Don Detmer, M.D., receives 2010 Morris F. Collen Award
Don E. Detmer, M.D., M.A., is to receive the 2010 Morris F.

Rapid, low-cost test for multi-drug resistant TB gains WHO endorsement
A rapid, low cost test for diagnosing tuberculosis -- including multi-drug resistance -- has been endorsed by the World Health Organization for use in resource-poor settings.

New equation calculates cost of walking for first time
Why do tall people burn less energy per kilogram when walking than shorter ones do, and how much energy does walking require?

Virus component helps improve gene expression without harming plant
A virus that normally deforms or kills plants like tomatoes, peppers and eggplants isn't all bad: A gene within the virus has been found useful for allowing foreign genes to be introduced into a plant without harmful effects, according to Texas AgriLife Research scientists.

Small assist device used in emergency case as twin, heart booster pumps for first time in US
The Bluhm Cardiovascular Institute of Northwestern Memorial Hospital recently implanted a patient with two of the smallest experimental ventricular assist devices currently available for study in humans.

Anesthetics and Alzheimer's disease
A supplement to the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease on

5 avoidable causes account for nearly 1.5 million child deaths in India
An article published online first by the Lancet shows that five avoidable causes accounted for nearly 1.5 million child deaths in India throughout the year 2005 with substantial differences between regions and sexes.

Sleep makes your memories stronger
Scientists have found that sleep helps consolidate memories, fixing them in the brain so we can retrieve them later.

Recognition given for ground-breaking advancements in digitalizing health data and information
AMIA, the association for informatics professionals, honors four leaders in biomedical and health informatics on Nov.

Fertility or powdery mildew resistance?
Powdery mildew is a fungus that infects both crop and ornamental plants.

Nobel-Prize-winning graphene research highlights AFOSR-funded physicists
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences in Stockholm, Sweden, announced recently the 2010 Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded to Professor Andre Geim and Dr.

NIMH's Dr. Mortimer Mishkin to be awarded National Medal of Science
National Institutes of Health intramural researcher Mortimer Mishkin, Ph.D., will be awarded the National Medal of Science at a White House ceremony later this month.
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