Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

November 15, 2010
New tech to help protect bridges, other infrastructure from scour
New technology allows engineers to assess the scour potential of soils at various depths and on-site for the first time -- which will help evaluate the safety of civil infrastructure before and after storm events.

Internal body clock controls fat metabolism, UCI study shows
UC Irvine researchers have discovered that circadian rhythms -- the internal body clock -- regulate fat metabolism.

Reaching the AHA 2020 goals: Strategies for success -- news tips
This release features summaries from four presentations at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2010.

Racetrack memory
Imagine a computer equipped with shock-proof memory that's 100,000 times faster and consumes less power than current hard disks.

Reducing salt in teen diet could have big impact on future health
Cutting back on salt in teenagers' diets by as little as one-half teaspoon, or three grams, a day, could reduce the number of young adults with high blood pressure by 44 to 63 percent, according to new research at UCSF.

Research examines key qualities that voters expect in their presidential candidates
The findings follow two decades of research that took place during the New Hampshire presidential primaries.

Monday news tips, Nov. 15, 2010
This release features summaries from several presentations at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2010.

US scientists significantly more likely to publish fake research
US scientists are significantly more likely to publish fake research than scientists from elsewhere, finds a trawl of officially withdrawn (retracted) studies, published online in the Journal of Medical Ethics.

Umbilical cord cells may treat arthritis
Umbilical cord stem cells may be useful in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

ASU's Public Health Law Network awarded national grant
The Public Health Law Network -- Western Region at Arizona State University has been awarded a $95,000 grant to develop a public health legal training curriculum and exercises for the National Association of County and City Health Officials.

Biomedical and health professionals converge in D.C. to absorb new findings in science of informatics
The 34th Annual Symposium on Biomedical and Health Informatics opened this week with keynote speaker Susan Dentzer, editor in chief of Health Affairs, addressing a crowd of more than two thousand professionals who are central to modernizing the nation's health sector by applying the science of informatics to a variety of specialized health domains, including public health, clinical practice, clinical research, and translational bioinformatics.

Some kids with spinal cord injury may be overlooked for walking rehabilitation
The traditional way to predict whether children can regain movement after spinal cord injuries may exclude a small subset of patients who could benefit from therapy.

Brain scans detect autism's signature
An autism study by Yale School of Medicine researchers using functional magnetic resonance imaging has identified a pattern of brain activity that may characterize the genetic vulnerability to developing autism spectrum disorder.

DHS report on risks of proposed Kansas biocontainment lab is incomplete
A new National Research Council report requested by Congress finds

Stanford study suggests alternative to using preservatives in nasal spray
A preservative-free alternative to standard nasal sprays -- which routinely use preservatives that can cause unwanted side effects, such as allergies or damage to the mucosal lining of the nose -- was found to be both safe and well-tolerated, in a short-term study from the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Indian honor for York's Vice-Chancellor
The Indian Institute of Metals is to confer honorary membership on the Vice-Chancellor of the University of York Professor Brian Cantor.

Analysis of teeth suggests modern humans mature more slowly than Neanderthals did
A sophisticated new examination of teeth from 11 Neanderthal and early human fossils shows that modern humans are slower than our ancestors to reach full maturity.

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about four articles being published in the Nov.

Change in temperature uncovers genetic cross talk in plant immunity
Researchers at the University of Missouri recently

Important brain area organized by color and orientation
A brain area known to play a critical role in vision is divided into compartments that respond separately to different colors and orientations, Vanderbilt University researchers have discovered.

Appearance not always enough to identify species
Linnaean taxonomy is still a cornerstone of biology, but modern DNA techniques have erased many of the established boundaries between species.

Hearing loss common following radiation therapy for head and neck cancer
Patients who undergo radiation therapy for head and neck cancer appear more likely to experience hearing loss and to be more disabled by its effects than those who do not receive such treatment, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

American College of Medical Informatics inducts 8 Fellows
Eight new Fellows have been inducted into the American College of Medical Informatics, an academic and professional association that is growing parallel to the informatics discipline in health and biomedicine.

Prostate cancer treatment linked to higher rate of colon cancer, study finds
Men treated with hormone-based therapy for prostate cancer faced a 30 percent to 40 percent higher risk of colorectal cancer, compared to patients who did not receive this treatment, according to a new study.

Stem cell patch may result in improved function following heart attack
University of Cincinnati researchers have found that applying a stem cell-infused patch together with overexpression of a specific cell instruction molecule promoted cell migration to damaged cardiac tissue following heart attack and resulted in improved function in animal models.

NSU researcher makes breakthrough discovery to curb heart failure
A Nova Southeastern University (NSU) researcher has announced a breakthrough discovery to block a protein that can contribute to heart failure.

Disruptive behaviour disorders in male teenagers associated with increased risk of road crashes
Disruptive behavior disorders in male teenagers, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, and oppositional defiant disorder are associated with about a one-third increase in the risk of being seriously injured in a road traffic crash -- either as driver or pedestrian.

New way of predicting dominant seasonal flu strain
Rice University scientists have found a way to predict rapidly whether a new strain of the influenza virus should be included in the annual seasonal flu vaccine.

Study examines surgeons' stress related to surgery and night duty
A small study of Japanese surgeons suggests that duration of surgery and the amount of blood loss are associated with increased stress scores, and that night duty is associated with reduced stress arousal scores, according to a report posted online today that will be published in the March print issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

New blood test may help predict heart failure in apparently healthy older adults
Researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine in Baltimore report that a new, highly sensitive investigative blood test may help predict the risk of heart failure and cardiovascular death much earlier than previously possible in older people who do not have symptoms of heart failure.

Regular exercise reduces large number of health risks including dementia and some cancers
People who take regular exercise could reduce their risk of developing around two dozen physical and mental health conditions -- including some cancers and dementia -- and slow down how quickly their body deteriorates as they age.

University launches iPhone app to access HIV drug expertise
The University of Liverpool has launched an iPhone application, HIV iChart,that provides health care professionals and HIV patients with instant and easy access to information about drug interactions.

Hemostatic drug less effective than originally predicted
The use of recombinant activated factor 7 -- a drug used to treat bleeding in hemophiliacs -- in patients without hemophilia is not recommended because of the potential for adverse events, found a study published in Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Use of omega-3 does not appear to reduce recurrence of atrial fibrillation
Although some data have suggested that omega-3 fatty acid supplements, such as from fish oil, may improve treatment of atrial fibrillation, a randomized trial with more than 600 patients finds that treatment with high-dose prescription omega-3 did not reduce the recurrence of atrial fibrillation over six months, according to a study that will appear in the Dec.

11 University of Miami grad students receive recognition in marine and atmospheric science
The University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science presented 11 graduate students for their scholarly achievement and provided fellowships to help further their education at the Rosenstiel School.

Clinical science: Special reports II news tips
This release features summaries from five presentations at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2010.

Palliative care for patients with dementia more available but still not adequate
A new national survey conducted by researchers from Indiana University and the Regenstrief Institute has found that while palliative care may be available for those with dementia, there are significant barriers to providing or receiving services to relieve the pain, eating difficulties and other symptoms associated with dementia.

Active management of the third stage of labor reduces risk of bleeding
Active management of the third stage of labor means that women lose less blood than with a more expectant approach, reveals a thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, in conjunction with Sahlgrenska University Hospital.

Surgical instruments left in children rarely fatal, but dangerous
Surgical items, such as sponges and small instruments, left in the bodies of children who undergo surgery are quite uncommon and rarely fatal but decidedly dangerous and expensive mistakes, according to a Johns Hopkins Children's Center study to be published in the November issue of JAMA-Archives of Surgery.

When pride in achievement leads to a large order of fries
Sometimes pride in an achievement can lead people to indulge in unhealthy choices, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Shopping religiously
Professor Ron Shachar of Tel Aviv University's Leon Recanati Graduate School of Business Administration says that a consumer's religiosity has a large impact on his likelihood for choosing particular brands.

Season, time of day appear to predict higher UV levels, need for sun safety measures among skiers
Ultraviolet radiation levels may remain high during winter months, and conditions can change rapidly, suggesting that adults participating in outdoor sports should rely on the season and time of day when judging the need for protective clothing and sunscreen, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Robo-op marks new world first for heart procedure
The world's first remote heart procedure, using a robotic arm alongside 3-D mapping, is due to take place at Glenfield Hospital in Leicester.

Health professionals need to take action on water and sanitation issues
The active involvement of health professionals in hygiene, sanitation and water supply is absolutely crucial to accelerating and consolidating global health progress, says a new series of papers in PLoS Medicine by a leading group of public health academics and water advocates.

Study identifies risk factors for foreign bodies left in children after surgery, outcomes
Few children leave surgery with a foreign body left inside them, but such events appear most likely to occur during gynecologic operations, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Strengthening health systems research to achieve health-related Millennium Development Goals
A major obstacle to achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals is the weakness of the health systems in many low and middle income countries, and their struggle to effectively provide health care to populations in need.

Major prize for Southampton oceanographer
Physical oceanography expert Dr. Alberto Naveira Garabato has been awarded a 2010 Philip Leverhulme Prize.

Time to prepare for climate change
The glaciers of the greater Himalayan region are slowly melting, giving development agencies time to help the region's residents prepare for the many ways that glacier melt will impact their lives, according to a new report coordinated by a Battelle sociologist for USAID.

AAPS presents awards to exemplary researchers
Following the plenary session of the 2010 International Pharmaceutical Federation Pharmaceutical Sciences World Congress in association with the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists Annual Meeting and Exposition, President Danny D.

NSU receives a $2.87 million Title V grant from federal government
Nova Southeastern University (NSU) recently received a $2.87 million Title V grant from the US Department of Education to increase academic opportunities for Hispanic students and other minorities.

Novel ocean-crust mechanism could affect world's carbon budget
The Earth is constantly manufacturing new crust, spewing molten magma up along undersea ridges at the boundaries of tectonic plates.

Rensselaer team shows how to analyze raw government data
The Rensselaer team has figured out how to find relationships among the literally billions of bits of government data, pulling pieces from different places on the Web, using technology that helps the computer and software understand the data, then combine it in new and imaginative ways as

Researchers 'grow Rett syndrome' in a Petri dish
A groundbreaking study published Friday in the leading scientific journal, Cell, revealed that a team of investigators had successfully generated nerve cells using skin cells from four individuals with Rett syndrome.

Tiny RNA molecules control labor, may be key to blocking premature birth
Tiny molecules called microRNAs act together with hormones to control the onset of labor, raising the prospect that RNA-based drugs might be able to prevent premature labor, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have discovered in a preclinical study.

Size of hippocampus may indicate early dementia
The size of the part of the brain known as the hippocampus may be linked to future dementia, reveals a thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Binge-drinking teens may be risking future depression
Binge-drinking teenagers may be putting themselves at higher risk in adulthood for mood disorders such as anxiety and depression, Loyola University Health System researchers report.

Happiness slides across Europe as speculation mounts on new UK government happiness index
Emotional prosperity in Europe is falling, and this troubling fact needs to be faced by the European governments.

New standard proposed for supercomputing
A new supercomputer rating system will be released at Supercomputing Conference 2010 on Nov.

American Chemical Society announces speakers for inaugural Kavli Foundation lectures
A chemist who has developed synthetic biomaterials that could revolutionize medicine and a scientist who helped institute a global ban on the chemicals that destroy atmospheric ozone will inaugurate the Kavli Foundation Innovations in Chemistry Lecture program in 2011.

T. rex's big tail was its key to speed and hunting prowess
Tyrannosaurus rex was far from a plodding Cretaceous era scavenger whose long tail only served to counterbalance the up-front weight of its freakishly big head.

Children's Hospital of Philadelphia collaborates in gene therapy success in an immune disorder
A pediatric immunologist at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia collaborated with European gene therapy researchers who achieved marked clinical improvements in two young children with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, a very rare but often severe immunodeficiency disorder.

Understanding consumer behavior: Make them think it was their idea or decision?
Consumers value goals they've chosen on their own more than those that are imposed on them, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research.

Does the wisdom of crowds prevail when betting on football?
Point spreads -- the number of points by which a strong team can be expected to defeat a weaker team -- are supposed to reflect the

Iron in coronary artery plaque is a marker of heart attack risk, say Mayo Clinic researchers
Plaque in a heart artery looks threatening, but cardiologists know that many of these buildups will not erupt, dislodge and block a vessel, causing a heart attack that can be fatal.

New treatment to overpower drug resistance in ovarian cancer
New research from the Centenary Institute has discovered a treatment that kills ovarian cancer cells in a way that can break the resistance mechanism -- even in those resistant to cisplatin.

New study affirms handwriting problems affect children with autism into the teenage years
The handwriting problems that affect children with autism spectrum disorders are likely to continue into their teenage years, according to a study from the Kennedy Krieger Institute in Baltimore, Md.

Research shows behavior greatly impacts recovery from brain injury, addiction and other conditions
New research is providing a deeper understanding of how individual actions -- such as exercising, sensory stimulation, or drinking -- influence brain health and outcomes.

Preservative-free nasal spray appears safe, remains sterile
In a small, short-term study, a preservative-free, acidified nasal spray appears safe and well tolerated and maintained its sterility in an applicator used multiple times, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

AAPS and FIP announce 2010 research award winners
At the opening session of the 2010 International Pharmaceutical Federation Pharmaceutical Sciences World Congress in association with the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists Annual Meeting and Exposition, AAPS President Danny D.

Targeted therapy reactivates 'guardian of the genome' in resistant cancer
A study demonstrating pharmacological rescue of a key tumor suppressor may lead to new therapeutic strategies for human cancer and significantly broaden the types of tumors that respond to targeted therapy, including those that have been resistant to current treatments.

New research reveals danger of combining warfarin with herbal and dietary supplements
Herbal and dietary supplements are popular. People claim they make their joints feel better, their bones stronger and their hearts healthier.

Study examines relationship between autoimmune skin disease and neurologic disorders
Individuals with the autoimmune skin disease bullous pemphigoid appear more likely to have a diagnosis of neurologic disease, such as dementia and cerebrovascular disease, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

New research changes understanding of C4 plant evolution
A new analysis of fossilized grass-pollen grains deposited on ancient European lake and sea bottoms 16-35 million years ago reveals that C4 grasses evolved earlier than previously thought.

Heavy smoking during pregnancy linked to kids becoming repeat offenders as adults
Mums who smoke heavily while pregnant run the risk of having kids who grow up to become repeat criminal offenders, suggests research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

Robotic-assisted surgery appears safe for complicated pancreatic procedures
A study involving 30 patients suggests that robotic-assisted surgery involving complex pancreatic procedures can be performed safely in a high-volume facility, according to a report posted online today that will be published in the March print issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Tools to create avatars that preserve same identity and manner of interacting on any visual support
Unlike simple instructions or an automatic answering machine, an avatar or virtual person carrying out the tasks as an assistant enables its user to have

Technology developed at Queen's University allows medical workers to better assess brain injuries
A Queen's University neuroscientist is launching a medical tool at the world's largest neuroscience conference next week in San Diego.

Biochemistry of how plants resist insect attack determined
Many plants, including crops, release volatiles in response to insect attack.

Do consumers prefer 1 percent interest over 0 percent interest or is zero simply confusing?
Why would someone choose a credit card with a one percent interest rate over another with a zero percent rate?

Study seeks new way to enhance neuron repair in spinal cord injury
If researchers could determine how to send signals to cells responding to a spinal cord injury, they might be able to stop one type of cell from doing additional damage at the injury site and instead, coax it into helping nerve cells grow.

Nanoengineers aim to grow tissues with functional blood vessels
University of California, San Diego, nanoengineers won a grant from the National Institutes of Health to develop the tools to manufacture biodegradable frames around which heart tissues -- functional blood vessels included -- will grow.

How do neural stem cells decide what to be -- and when?
Researchers at Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School in Singapore have uncovered a novel feedback mechanism that controls the delicate balance of brain stem cells.

Epizyme identifies novel opportunity for treatment of genetically defined human B-cell lymphomas
Epizyme Inc., a company leading the discovery and development of first-in-class, targeted cancer therapeutics against epigenetic targets, today announced the publication of breakthrough new research in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Oxytocin medication often unnecessary in normal deliveries
It is standard practice in Swedish delivery rooms to use oxytocin to stimulate a labor that has been slow to start or has grind to a halt for a few hours.

Teen vulnerability: Drug exposure during adolescence has long-lasting consequences
New research shows teenagers respond differently to drugs than adults and explores the long-lasting effects of drug use on brain development.

AAPS announces 2010 Fellows
The American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists is pleased to announce its 2010 AAPS Fellows.

Do handwriting problems in autistic children continue into teen years?
A new study suggests that the handwriting problems that affect children with autism are likely to continue into their teenage years.

When video games get problematic so do smoking, drug use and aggression
A new study on gaming and health in adolescents, conducted by researchers at Yale School of Medicine, found some significant gender differences linked to gaming as well as important health risks associated with problematic gaming.

Erythropoietin counteracts breast cancer treatment with herceptin
Red-blood-cell-boosting drugs used to treat anemia may undermine breast cancer treatment with Herceptin, a targeted therapy that blocks the cancer-promoting HER2 protein, researchers from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center report in the Nov.

Common for patients to undergo multiple cardiac imaging tests, with high cumulative radiation dose
Multiple testing with the cardiac diagnostic imaging technique of myocardial perfusion imaging is common, and in many patients is associated with a high cumulative estimated radiation dose, according to a study in the Nov.

JCI online early table of contents: Nov. 15, 2010
This release contains summaries, links to PDFs, and contact information for the following newsworthy papers to be published online, Nov.

Dai named ORNL's top scientist by UT-Battelle
Sheng Dai, a researcher in the Chemical Sciences Division of the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, has earned the UT-Battelle Director's Award for Outstanding Individual Accomplishment in Science and Technology.

Use of AEDs in hospitals for cardiac arrest not linked with improved survival
While automated external defibrillators improve survival for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, an analysis of data indicates their use for cardiac arrest in a hospital does not result in an improved rate of survival, according to a study in the Nov.

NSU receives $1.35 million federal grant to improve patients' health literacy
Nova Southeastern University's (NSU) medical school, the College of Osteopathic Medicine, recently received a $1.35-million federal grant to create innovative methods to evaluate patients' health literacy.

Rational family structure dominates
Couples do not live together for traditional or romantic reasons.

Study takes first steps to improve the quality of health care for chronically ill children
Children with lifelong chronic conditions (LLCC) are costly, of low prevalence, and a high proportion of patients at children's hospitals.

Guiltless gluttony: Misleading size labels lead to overeating
People are easily fooled when it comes to food labels, and will eat more of something if they believe it's a

Is heart disease genetic destiny or lifestyle?
Is cardiovascular health in middle age and beyond a gift from your genes or is it earned by a healthy lifestyle and within your control?

Biomarker may be able to help predict risk of heart failure, cardiovascular death
Certain measures of the blood biomarker cardiac troponin T, a cardiac-specific protein, using a highly sensitive test, are associated with the development of heart failure or cardiovascular death in older adults, according to a study that will appear in the Dec.

New treatment for lung cancer shows promise
A new inhalable dry powder treatment for lung cancer shows a significant increase in survival rates and is far less invasive than current treatment options, which frequently include radiation and surgery.

Patients find computer imaging before rhinoplasty moderately accurate, useful
Computer imaging to predict how patients will look following plastic surgery involving the nose appears to be moderately accurate, and patients value its inclusion in the preoperative consultation, according to a report in the November/December issue of Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Elsevier announces the SciVerse ScienceDirect eBooks collection 2011 frontlist
Elsevier, the leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, announced today its 2011 eBook collections available for advance purchase and to be released on SciVerse ScienceDirect, its online scientific knowledge platform.

Where did you get those eyes and that brain?
A family history of Alzheimer's disease significantly increases the risk for developing this disorder, but a new study in Biological Psychiatry suggests that which of your parents has the disease is very important.

Synchrotron reveals human children outpaced Neanderthals by slowing down
Human childhood is considerably longer than chimpanzees, our closest-living ape relatives.

Brain-machine interfaces offer improved options for prosthetics and treatments after injury
Two experimental brain-machine technologies -- deep brain stimulation coupled with physical therapy and a thought-controlled computer system -- may offer new therapies for people with stroke and brain injuries, new human research shows.

Clinical science: Special reports I
This release features summaries from four presentations at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2010.

Community rallies to fight obesity in Cleveland's urban youth
Cleveland's childhood overweight and obesity rate is approximately 40 percent and show no sign of plateauing.

Homeopathy consultations can benefit arthritis patients, say scientists
In a study published in the journal Rheumatology, researchers found that arthritis patients significantly benefited when they received homeopathy alongside conventional treatment over a period of 6 months.

New task force in Leicester to combat asthma
A University of Leicester researcher spearheads campaign that could serve as a model for community health care across UK.

Scientists reveal criminal virus spreaders using evolutionary forensics
The source of HIV infection in two separate criminal cases in which men were convicted of intentionally infecting their female sexual partners was confirmed by scientists from the University of Texas at Austin and Baylor College of Medicine using evolutionary forensics.

Origin of cells associated with nerve repair discovered
Scientists have discovered the origin of a unique type of cell known for its ability to support regeneration in the central nervous system.

Donald M. Lloyd-Jones, M.D., recipient of the American Heart Association's 2010 Chairman's Award
On Nov. 14, Donald M. Lloyd-Jones M.D., received the 2010 Chairman's Award in Chicago at the opening sessions of the American Heart Associations Scientific Sessions 2010.

'Space-time cloak' to conceal events revealed in new study
Scientists have developed a recipe for manipulating the speed of light as it passes over an object, making it theoretically possible to

Natural compound shows promise against Huntington's disease
Fisetin, a naturally occurring compound found in strawberries and other fruits and vegetables, slows the onset of motor problems and delays death in three models of Huntington's disease, according to researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies.

Microsensors offer first look at whether cell mass affects growth rate
University of Illinois researchers are using a new kind of microsensor to answer one of the weightiest questions in biology -- the relationship between cell mass and growth rate.

Shortest-pulse X-ray beams could illuminate atomic, molecular interactions
Ultra-short X-ray beams produced at the University of Michigan could one day serve as more sensitive medical diagnostic tools, and they could work like strobe lights to allow researchers to observe chemical reactions that happen in quadrillionths of a second.

Brain size and a trip to Disneyland
Evidence from Disneyland suggests that human creativity may have evolved not in response to sexual selection as some scientists believe but as a way to help parents bond with their children and to pass on traditions and cultural knowledge, a new study published in the inaugural issue of the International Journal of Tourism Anthropology suggests.

More fat around internal organs may mean more complications after liver surgery
The amount of intra-abdominal fat appears to be associated with the risk of complications following major liver surgery, according to a report in the November issue of Archives of Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

We're used to windy conditions
Although female business owners in the Gothenburg archipelago in Sweden are often extremely bound to their duties, they also enjoy a great degree of freedom and independence.

The bitter breakup: What happens when consumers dump their brands?
It's just like a bad breakup: People get emotional when they end a relationship with a brand.

A variety of types of C. difficile are now common across European hospitals
Various types (known as PCR ribotypes) of Clostridium difficile are now prevalent in hospitals across Europe.

Most value-added impact from teachers fades within 1 year
Given the trend to evaluate teachers based on their students' test scores, a new study answers whether teachers rated as high

'Magic number' 695 opens up new areas for Alzheimer's research
The latest findings from University of Leeds biologists open up exciting new avenues for research into Alzheimer's and may help to explain why decades of study into the causes of the disease have so far failed to lead to a cure.

Passive smokers at increased risk of hearing loss
Non-smokers who regularly breathe in others' tobacco smoke are at increased risk of some degree of hearing loss, reveals research published online in Tobacco Control.

Prescribed medicines are responsible for over 3 percent of road traffic crashes in France
In France, the effect that all medicines have on driving performance has been classified into 4 levels of risk, from level 0 (no or negligible risk) to level 3 (major risk) and according to a study by Ludivine Orriols, from Universite Victor Segalen, Bordeaux, France, and colleagues, level 2 and 3 medicines are responsible for over 3 percent of road traffic crashes in France.

The color of medicine
According to recent research the color, shape, taste and even name of a tablet or pill can have an effect on how patients feel about their medication.

Newly discovered drumlin field provides answers about glaciation and climate
The landform known as a drumlin, created when the ice advanced during the Ice Age, can also be produced by today's glaciers.

Missed opportunities: Most heart attack patients are not taking preventive medications
Despite a high frequency of cardiac risk factors, patients without known coronary artery disease presenting with acute heart attacks, or ST-elevated myocardial infarction, are rarely on primary prevention medications, according to study findings to be presented Nov.

Boston University School of Medicine chair earns top primary care research award
Larry Culpepper, M.D., M.P.H., chair and professor of family medicine at Boston University School of Medicine and chief of family medicine at Boston Medical Center, is the recipient of the 2010 Maurice Wood Award for Lifetime Contribution to Primary Care Research.

Adding pharmacists to docs' offices helps patient outcomes, study shows
Adding pharmacists to the primary care team right in doctors' offices may help patients with chronic diseases such as diabetes better manage associated risks.

Challenges to traditional interpretations of the figure of Jesus in a post-Christian era
Popular culture plays an important role when young Swedes interpret the figure of Jesus in new ways.

Study: Teleworkers more satisfied than office-based employees
Employees who telecommute the majority of the work week are more satisfied with their jobs compared to those working mostly in the office because working remotely alleviates more stress than it creates, according to a new study by a communication researcher at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.

New test can screen all deafness genes simultaneously
University of Iowa researchers working with colleagues at Baylor College of Medicine have developed a test that can screen all of the genes known to cause deafness in a single run.

More evidence that melanoma does not conform to the cancer stem cell model
University of Michigan researchers have determined that most types of melanoma cells can form malignant tumors, providing new evidence that the deadliest form of skin cancer does not conform to the increasingly popular cancer stem cell model.

Child/teen sexual and physical abuse linked to fibroids in premenopausal women
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine have found that both physical and sexual abuse history were positively associated with a higher incidence of uterine fibroids later in life.

'At-TRIB(1)-uting' a gene a new function in the liver
Specific, relatively uncommon variations at a region of human chromosome 8 have recently been linked to fat (lipid) levels in the blood that decrease an individual's risk of atherosclerosis.

Scripps Research scientist selected for prestigious Jacob P. Waletzky Award
Paul Kenny, an associate professor in the Department of Molecular Therapeutics on the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute, has been selected as the 2010 winner of the Jacob P.

Mastermind steroid found in plants
Scientists have known how important plant steroids called brassinosteroids are for regulating plant growth and development.

Molecular evolution proves source of HIV infection in criminal cases
In 2009, a Texas jury sentenced Philippe Padieu to 45 years in prison for aggravated assault with a deadly weapon -- having sex with women and not telling them he had HIV.

Animal studies suggest new paths to treating depression
New animal research has identified factors, such as the stress response and immune system, that may play important roles in depression.
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