Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 03, 2010
Researchers create new high-performance fiber
Researchers at Northwestern University have nanoengineered a new kind of fiber that could be tougher than Kevlar.

Graptolite fauna indicates the beginning of the Kwangsian Orogeny
Our research at the State Key Laboratory of Palaeobiology and Stratigraphy, Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, has shown, based on a refined division and correlation of the graptolite-bearing strata in southern Jiangxi, China, that the Kwangsian Orogeny commenced in the early Katian Age of the Late Ordovician.

New clue in leukemia mystery: Researchers identify 'poison' employed by deadly enzyme mutations
There is new hope for people with acute myelogenous leukemia (AML), a fast-growing cancer of the blood and bone marrow.

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The Web surfing history saved in your Web browser can be accessed without your permission.

New observations of exploding stars reveal pauses, flickers and flares not reliably seen before
Astronomers have traced the waxing and waning light of exploding stars more closely than ever before and seen patterns that aren't yet accounted for in our current understanding of how these eruptions occur.

Onconova to present clinical trials update on ON 01910.Na at American Society of Hematology Meeting
Onconova Therapeutics announces its late-stage anticancer agent, Estybon (ON 01910.Na), will be featured in three presentations at the 52nd American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting in Orlando, Fla., Dec.

Breast CT imaging system marches forward as pain-free tool to aid mammograms
While questions persist about the best ways to detect breast cancer early, a CT imaging system developed at the University of Rochester Medical Center and first unveiled five years ago is in a better position today to enter the fray -- at least in a supporting role to conventional mammography.

Polymeric porous framework of a bismuth citrate-based complex: A potential vehicle for drug delivery
A new polymeric framework of bismuth citrate may serve as a

Nicotine exposure in pregnant rats puts offspring at risk for learning disabilities
Exposure to nicotine during pregnancy leads to a decrease in adult stem cells and a change in synaptic plasticity in the hippocampus of the offspring, according to new research from the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Improvement needed for mastectomy outcome reporting
Improved standards for outcome reporting in breast reconstruction are needed, according to a review published online Dec.

Smashing fluids: The physics of flow
Hit it hard and it will fracture like a solid...

Effect of 6 mT SMF on phagocytosis depends on macrophage differentiation degree
A paper from researchers of the University of Salento led by Luciana Dini offers evidence that the exposure to 6 mT SMF field affects removal of dying cells.

Gold and silver nano baubles
They might just be the smallest Christmas tree decorations ever.

WHOI website will take viewers deep into the Gulf
Utilizing the human-occupied submersible Alvin and the autonomous underwater vehicle Sentry, researchers are about to investigate -- and view first-hand -- the possible effects of the oil spill at the bottom of the Gulf.

Drug discovery programs boosted
Institut Pasteur Korea has signed an agreement with sanofi-aventis Research and Development of Toulouse, France, to continue research on the identification of new medicines.The partnership, extending an agreement drawn up in the fall of 2009, illustrates the value of IP-K's PhenomicScreen to the pharmaceutical industry.

Bredesen dedicates joint research facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Governor Phil Bredesen today joined officials from the University of Tennessee and the Department of Energy in dedicating a new state-funded research facility at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.

UBC/CFRI project receives $7 million to reduce maternal, fetal and newborn deaths
The University of British Columbia has received a $7 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Smoking widespread among youth with diabetes, raising heart disease risk
A study found cigarette smoking is widespread among children and young adults with diabetes yet few health care providers are counseling children and young adults with diabetes to not smoke or stop smoking.

India launch of food security report focuses on rice
The International Rice Research Institute and the Asia Society launched a new food security report for Asia in Mumbai today, calling for increased investment in rice research.

Dynamics of chaperone protein critical in rescuing brains of Alzheimer's mice from neuron damage
Dynamic regulation of the chaperone protein Hsp27 was required to get rid of abnormally accumulating tau in the brains of mice genetically modified to develop the memory-choking tau tangles associated with Alzheimer's disease, a University of South Florida-led study found.

Fear of being envied makes people behave well toward others
It's nice to have success -- but it can also make you worry that the jealous people will try to bring you down.

New public health goals tackle obstacles to breastfeeding success
For the first time, the barriers to breastfeeding are being addressed at the highest level of government.

Conference goals include better surgery and better surgeons
A two-day conference at the University of Chicago Medical Center is designed to offer surgeons a peek at the profession's future.

Decreased physician reimbursement for hormone therapy may reduce over-treatment of prostate cancer
The use of androgen suppression therapy (AST) in prostate cancer for low-risk cases declined following a decrease in physician reimbursement, according to a study published online Dec.

Farmers slowed down by hunter-gatherers: Our ancestors' fight for space
Research published today, Friday, Dec. 3, 2010, in New Journal of Physics (co-owned by the Institute of Physics and the German Physical Society), details a physical model, which can potentially explain how the spreading of Neolithic farmers was slowed down by the population density of hunter-gatherers.

UT Southwestern researchers uncover culprits in life-threatening clotting disorder
Thanks to findings by UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers, individuals with a potentially life-threatening condition predisposing them to blood clots, or thrombosis, might someday receive therapy to prevent the condition.

Electronic cigarettes are unsafe and pose health risks, UC Riverside study finds
How safe are electronic cigarettes or

VCU Massey discovery could lead to breakthrough for non-small cell lung cancer
Research at Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center led by Charles E.

Snow from space: University of Leicester releases satellite images of snow-bound UK
Earth observation scientists at the University of Leicester have recorded stunning images of the UK's winter landscape by orbiting satellites.

What can ice reveal about fire?
Scientists studying a column of Antarctic ice spanning 650 years have found evidence for fluctuations in biomass burning -- the consumption of wood, peat and other materials in wildfires, cooking fires and communal fires -- in the Southern Hemisphere.

Assessing positive outcomes of phase III trials
Randomized phase III studies should be designed to find out whether a new drug or treatment makes a meaningful difference in patients' survival or quality of life, according to a commentary published online Dec.

Virtual training gets real
Computerized training systems are getting an extra dose of reality, thanks to an EU-funded research project led by the University of Leeds.

Network will speed, streamline mental health research
The National Institute of Mental Health has awarded $10.5 million to create the Mental Health Research Network.

Researchers create high performance infrared camera based on type-II InAs/GaSb superlattices
Researchers at Northwestern University have created a new infrared camera based on Type-II InAs/GaSb superlattices that produces much higher resolution images than previous infrared cameras.

Preventing physician medication mix-ups by reporting them
The most frequent contributors to medication errors and adverse drug events in busy primary care practice offices are communication problems and lack of knowledge, according to a study of a prototype web-based medication error and adverse drug event reporting system.

Anesthetic gases heats climate as much as 1 million cars
One kilo of anesthetic gas affects the climate as much as 1620 kilos of CO2.

Faulty gene linked to disorders of sexual development
Scientists have discovered that the alteration of a single gene could cause some male embryos to develop as females.

New report summarizes key themes in American doctoral education
A new report recently released by the National Science Foundation, titled

The gene-environment enigma
Personalized medicine centers on being able to predict the risk of disease or response to a drug based on a person's genetic makeup.

Albert Einstein College of Medicine helps address need for improved cancer care in rural America
Nearly a quarter of Americans live in rural areas, which consistently report higher cancer mortality rates than urban and suburban areas.

AGU journal highlights -- Dec. 3, 2010
Featured in this release are research papers on the following topics:

Data mining depression
Could information technology and data mining techniques be used to improve the diagnosis and treatment of depression?
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