Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 17, 2010
Novel drug offers hope for early intervention in cystic fibrosis patients
Cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with normal to mildly impaired lung function may benefit from a new investigational drug designed to help prevent formation of the sticky mucus that is a hallmark of the disease, according to researchers involved in a phase 3 clinical trial of the drug.

Effect of college on volunteering greatest among disadvantaged college graduates
In a new study, a UCLA sociologist has found that that a college education has a much greater impact on volunteering rates among college graduates from an underprivileged background than those who grew up under more fortunate circumstances.

Northwestern Memorial maintains top status in nursing hospital renewed for Nurse Magnet®
Northwestern Memorial Hospital, long recognized for its high standards in nursing quality, today announced the renewal of its Magnet status, the gold standard for nursing excellence.

Computer games and science learning
Computer games and simulations are worthy of future investment and investigation as a way to improve science learning, says a new report from the National Research Council.

K-State research looks at pathogenic attacks on host plants
Two Kansas State University researchers focusing on rice genetics are providing a better understanding of how pathogens take over a plant's nutrients.

Psychology for medicine -- a brand new outlook
Psychology for medicine, published today by SAGE, is the first comprehensive textbook on psychology for medical students that is relevant to all of their undergraduate studies.

How plants counteract against the shade of larger neighbors
Plants that

Samples of vital human tumor tissue irradiated with ions for the first time
For the first time, scientists at GSI Helmholtzzentrum fur Schwerionenforschung have irradiated samples of vital human tumor tissue in the scope of their systematical and fundamental research.

How do you cut a nanotube? Lots of compression
Researchers at Brown University and in Korea have described the dynamics behind cutting single-walled carbon nanotubes, cylindrical structures just 1/50,000th the width of a human hair.

Into the ice: Completing the IceCube Neutrino Observatory
With the sinking of the last of 86 strings carrying over 5,000 photodetectors a mile and a half deep in the Antarctic ice, IceCube, the world's most sensitive neutrino detector, is now complete.

NRL launches nano-satellite experimental platforms
Deployed in low Earth orbit, two NRL designed and built nano-satellites will be evaluated as platforms for future experimentation and technology development.

550 million years ago rise in oxygen drove evolution of animal life
Researchers funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council at the University of Oxford have uncovered a clue that may help to explain why the earliest evidence of complex multicellular animal life appears around 550 million years ago, when atmospheric oxygen levels on the planet rose sharply from 3 percent to their modern day level of 21 percent.

Beetroot juice could help people live more active lives
New research into the health benefits of beetroot juice suggests it's not only athletes who can benefit from its performance enhancing properties -- its physiological effects could help the elderly or people with heart or lung-conditions enjoy more active lives.

USDA awards $5.5 million to tackle childhood hunger
The US Department of Agriculture has awarded $5.5 million to fund research that will help alleviate childhood hunger in the United States.

You only live once: our flawed understanding of risk helps drive financial market instability
Our flawed understanding of how decisions in the present restrict our options in the future means that we may underestimate the risk associated with investment decisions, according to new research by Dr.

German federal government bolsters neutron research in Garching
A cooperation agreement signed today at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM) commits more than 300 million euros to support scientific use of the TUM-operated research neutron source Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (FRM II) in Garching.

Ben-Gurion U. researchers: High resistance rates among acute otitis media pathogens in children
As middle ear infections increase during the winter months, researchers from Ben-Gurion University of the Negev suggest that in many cases the most appropriate treatment is

Study reveals major shift in how eczema develops
In eczema patients the skin barrier is leaky, allowing pollen, mold, pet dander and other irritants to be sensed by the skin and subsequently wreak havoc on the immune system.

University of Utah: No. 1 for startups
The University of Utah overtook MIT to become America's No.

Typically Italian, isn't it?
The accent someone talks in plays a crucial role in the way we judge this person, psychologists of the Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany, found out recently.

Electric current moves magnetic vortices
Setting a lattice of magnetic vortices in motion using electric current almost a million times weaker than in earlier studies, physicists observed the coupling between electric current and magnetic structure -- through measurements at the research neutron source FRM II in Garching, Germany.

NASA's LRO creating unprecedented topographic map of moon
NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter is allowing researchers to create the most precise and complete map to date of the moon's complex, heavily cratered landscape.

4 ORNL scientists named American Physical Society Fellows
Four researchers from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been elected to fellowship in the American Physical Society.

NASA satellite tracks soaking System 91S in western Australia
NASA's Aqua satellite captured a series of images from its Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) instrument over the last two days and saw the low pressure area known as System 91S make landfall in Australia.

A total lunar eclipse and winter solstice coincide on Dec. 21
With frigid temperatures already blanketing much of the United States, the arrival of the winter solstice on Dec.

Efficient phosphorus use by phytoplankton
Rapid turnover and remodelling of lipid membranes could help phytoplankton cope with nutrient scarcity in the open ocean.

The high price of sleep disorders
Danish sleep researchers at the University of Copenhagen and the Danish Institute for Health Services Research have examined the socio-economic consequences of the sleep disorder hypersomnia in one of the largest studies of its kind.

Master's student takes top thesis competition while tackling prostate cancer research
The future of cancer treatment and a University of Alberta graduate student's personal career prospects are looking bright.

Study: Customers who participate in eBay's 'community' become better buyers and sellers
A new study from Rice University's Jones Graduate School of Business finds that customers of eBay who participate in the company's online communities become more conservative buyers and more selective and efficient sellers.

Ion channel responsible for pain identified by UB neuroscientists
University at Buffalo neuroscience researchers conducting basic research on ion channels have demonstrated a process that could have a profound therapeutic impact on pain.

Ancient raindrops reveal a wave of mountains sent south by sinking Farallon plate
Analyzing the isotope ratios of ancient raindrops preserved in soils and lake sediments, Stanford researchers have shown that a wave of mountain building began in British Columbia, Canada about 49 million years ago and rolled south to Mexico. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to