Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

December 29, 2010
Coma and general anesthesia demonstrate important similarities
The brain under general anesthesia isn't

UNC scientists pinpoint link between light signal and circadian rhythms
In a new paper published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Aziz Sancar, M.D., Ph.D., the Sarah Graham Kenan Professor of Biochemistry and Biophysics in the UNC School of Medicine, and his colleagues have taken an important step in understanding the underlying molecular signals that influence a broad array of biological processes ranging from the sleep-wake cycle to cancer growth and development.

Doctors should be required to disclose sleep deprived status to patients before elective surgeries
While regulations have been put in place to restrict the work hours of doctors in training, no such regulations exist for fully trained physicians.

Missouri Botanical Garden, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, announce the Plant List
The Missouri Botanical Garden and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, announce the completion of the Plant List.

Improving nitrogen use efficiency lessens environmental impact
Most agricultural crops require large quantities of nitrate-rich fertilizer to realize optimal yields.

Poor response to anti-anemia drug predicts higher risk of heart disease or death
Patients with diabetes, kidney disease and anemia who don't respond to treatment with an anti-anemia drug have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease or death, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found.

Turfgrass fertility, pesticide programs compared
Traditional turfgrass management programs rely heavily on the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers.

Protein involved in cystic fibrosis also plays role in emphysema, chronic lung disease
A team of Johns Hopkins Children's Center researchers has discovered that a protein involved in cystic fibrosis also regulates inflammation and cell death in emphysema and may be responsible for other chronic lung diseases.

Trace amounts of microbe-killing molecules predict chronic granulomatous disease survival
Investigators at the National Institutes of Health have observed that the survival rate of people with a rare immunodeficiency disease called chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is greatly improved when even very low levels of microbe-killing molecules are present.

Team-based approach to care shows success in fight against depression with diabetes, heart disease
In a randomized controlled trial, testing a primary care intervention called TEAMcare, nurses worked with patients and health teams to manage care for depression and physical disease together, using evidence-based guidelines.

Indoor plant intervention: New answers for health care design?
Could a plant

Children in areas with few pediatricians at higher risk for serious appendix ruptures
Children who live in areas with fewer pediatricians are more likely to suffer life-threatening ruptures of the appendix than those in areas with more pediatricians, even when accounting for other factors such as the number of hospitals, imaging technology, insurance coverage and the number of surgeons in an area, according to a study from the Johns Hopkins Children's Center.

April grafting optimal for Fraser fir
Christmas trees provide a significant source of revenue in southern Appalachia.

The amount of adipose tissue should be taken into account in the fight against obesity
Obesity is seen as the great pandemia of the 21st century.

Kew Gardens and Missouri Botanical Garden announce the completion of the Plant List
As the 2010 UN International Year of Biodiversity comes to a close, the Missouri Botanical Garden and the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, announce the completion of the Plant List.

Landscape tree disease from 12 wood decay fungi studied
One particularly devastating pathogen, wood-rotting fungi, can compromise the stability of urban trees, resulting in injuries to people and property.

The too many faces of war -- why the war in Afghanistan is so complex
Conflicting roles among military and civilian personnel is counterproductive to NATO's strategy for peace in Afghanistan, concludes PhD candidate Lillian Katarina Stene after six months in the country.

Can bedding plants thrive with recycled water?
To conserve dwindling water resources, municipalities are encouraging the use of

Easy to bully digitally
The Data Inspectorate in Norway launched in March 2010 the service slettmeg.no.

Hybrid string blossom thinner tested in peach orchards
Peach producers have traditionally relied heavily on hand thinning, a necessary but costly and labor-intensive field practice.

Uncovering the neurobiological basis of general anesthesia
A review article in the Dec. 30 New England Journal of Medicine brings together for the first time information from a range of disciplines, including neuroscience and sleep medicine, to lay the groundwork for more comprehensive investigations of processes underlying general anesthesia.

Genetic relationship between Hungarian and Turkish apricots confirmed
Apricots are important to Turkey, the country where more apricot crops are grown and exported than anywhere in the world.

Researchers discover potential solutions to New England roadside erosion
Erosion is a significant problem on highway embankments in New England.

Longevinex exhibits L-shaped safety curve for first time in resveratrol biology
Unlike red wine and the red wine molecule resveratrol, researchers report a resveratrol-based nutriceutical matrix (Longevinex) unexpectedly exhibits an L-shaped risk curve at all tested doses, a first in resveratrol biology.
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