Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 03, 2011
Wastewater treatment lowers pathogen levels
A recent study by a team of researchers at the University of Arizona has tracked the incident of pathogens in biosolids over a 19-year period in one major US city.

January 2011 Geology and GSA Today highlights
Geology studies ancient rain to understand uplift in the North American Cordillera; synchronous colonization of magnetotactic bacteria in four freshwater lakes in Norway; the role of ocean islands and coastal mountain ranges in organic carbon retention; the 4-million-year-old Godzilla megamullion; ice-free oases on Snowball Earth; rock hyrax middens as palaeoenvironmental archives; and levee failures along the Mississippi River corridor.

Call for truth in trans fats labeling by the FDA
An article by Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine student Eric Brandt, published in the January/February 2011 issue of the American Journal of Health Promotion, reveals that misleading labeling practices can result in medically significant intake of harmful trans fat, despite what you read on Food and Drug Administration-approved labels.

Experimental drug more potent, longer lasting than morphine
A little-known morphine-like drug is potentially more potent, longer lasting and less likely to cause constipation than standard morphine, a study has found.

Einstein-Montefiore researcher will test nanoparticles against pancreatic cancer
A $16-million grant from the National Cancer Institute will utilize specialized expertise developed by Steven Libutti, M.D., professor and vice chair of surgery at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University and Montefiore, the University Hospital and Academic Medical Center for Einstein.

Adopting healthy habits in youth associated with more favorable cholesterol levels in adulthood
Lifestyle changes between childhood and adulthood appear associated with whether an individual will maintain, improve or develop high-risk cholesterol levels, according to a report in the January issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Universal standards proposed for prescription container labels to help reduce medication misuse
For the first time, universal standards to guide the content, language, format and appearance of prescription medication labels to reflect how patients read and understand medication instructions are being proposed on a national level.

Penn Medicine researcher receives $6 million grant for cardiovascular disease study
An international team of researchers led by Daniel J. Rader, M.D., associate director of Penn Medicine's Institute for Translational Medicine and Therapeutics, has received a $6 million grant from the Paris-based Fondation Leducq to study the molecular genetics of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease.

Protein wields phosphate group to inhibit cancer metastasis
By sticking a chemical group to it at a specific site, a protein arrests an enzyme that may worsen and spread cancer, an international research team led by scientists at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center reports in the January issue of Nature Cell Biology.

Tonsillectomy in children
A multidisciplinary clinical practice guideline,

Mass. General enters collaboration to develop new approach to capturing circulating tumor cells
Massachusetts General Hospital has entered into a collaborative agreement with Veridex LLC to establish a center of excellence in research on circulating tumor cell (CTC) technologies.

With proper planning, selective rather than mass vaccination can provide immunity against flu, say Hebrew U., US scientists
With the current outbreak of the flu season in Israel, hospitals are reporting overcrowding, and doctors are advising people who have not yet been vaccinated against flu to get their shots.

Lee Foundation makes $150 million gift to NTU's new medical school
Nanyang Technological University today announced a gift of $150 million by the Lee Foundation towards the new medical school with half of the sum going directly to needy students.

Parallels between immunity and cancer reported
Tiny parasitoid wasps can play an important role in controlling the populations of other insect species by laying their eggs inside the larvae of these species.

Child and youth victimization less hidden from authorities
Almost half of US youth who experience violence, abuse or crime have had at least one of their victimizations known to school, police or medical authorities, according to a report in the January issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

2 University of Houston students receive Hogg Foundation Bilingual Scholarship
Maria Cano and Yuliana Medina, first-year students at the University of Houston Graduate College of Social Work, received the Hogg Foundation for Mental Health Bilingual Scholarship.

Resurrecting the so-called 'depression gene'
University of Michigan researchers have found new evidence that our genes help determine our susceptibility to depression.

Women with both diabetes and depression at higher risk of dying from heart disease, other causes
Depression and diabetes appear to be associated with a significantly increased risk of death from heart disease and risk of death from all causes over a six-year period for women, according to a report in the January issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Impregnating plastics with carbon dioxide
Everyone has heard that carbon dioxide is responsible for global warming.

Brain imaging studies examine how anti-smoking medications may curb cravings
The smoking cessation medications bupropion and varenicline may both be associated with changes in the way the brain reacts to smoking cues, making it easier for patients to resist cravings, according to two reports posted online today that will appear in the May print issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

The ecosystem engineer: Research looks at beavers' role in river restoration
When engineers restore rivers, one Kansas State University professor hopes they'll keep a smaller engineer in mind: the North American beaver.

Care of late-preterm preemies may be insufficient
Late-preterm infants who are at 36 weeks gestational age and receive no more care than full-term infants are almost twice as likely as infants born at 34 or 35 weeks who receive care in the neonatal intensive care unit to have an emergency room visit in the first month of life.

Risk of breast cancer recurrence may depend on treating surgeon
Ductal carcinoma in situ, or non-invasive breast cancer, is typically treated with either breast-conserving surgery -- with or without follow-up radiation -- or mastectomy.

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about articles being published in the Jan.

Research demonstrates that education programs can increase parent-child interactions
Parent education programs delivered through pediatric primary care offices increased parent-child play and reading activities critical for child development and school readiness during infancy in at-risk families, according to two concurrent reports in the January issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

US soldiers with post-traumatic stress disorder more likely to feel long-term psychological effect
Combat-related post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms appear to be associated with longer-term physical (headache, tinnitus), emotional (irritability) and cognitive (diminished concentration or memory) symptoms, according to a report in the January issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

A toast to history: 500 years of wine-drinking cups mark social shifts in ancient Greece
University of Cincinnati research examines a timeline of wine-drinking cups over a 500-year period in ancient Athens.

Researchers measure quality of care in oral anticoagulation
Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine and the Bedford VA Medical Center believe that risk-adjusted percent time in therapeutic range should be used as part of an effort to improve anticoagulation control and thus improve patient outcomes.

Hair color of unknown offenders is no longer a secret
The hair color of an unknown perpetrator who has committed a crime will soon no longer be a secret for forensic investigators.

Large-scale study reveals major decline in bumble bees in the US
The first in-depth national study of wild bees in the US has uncovered major losses in the relative abundance of several bumble bee species and declines in their geographic range since record-keeping began in the late 1800s.

Virginia Tech diversity program wins national honors
Virginia Tech's Center for the Enhancement of Engineering Diversity is a 2010 winner of the Accreditation Board of Engineering and Technology's national Claire L.

A body temperature sensor, TRPM2, promotes insulin secretion
The research group led by professor Makoto Tominaga and Dr.

PET scans provide insight into fever-induced epilepsy in children
Sudden, catastrophic childhood epilepsy is a parent's worst nightmare, especially in the case of fever-induced refractory epileptic encephalopathy in school-age children (FIRES).

Eating low-fat, thanks to lupin proteins
Food should be delicious, healthy and sustainably produced. Researchers are working on new methods to use as many parts of plants as possible for nutrition.

Some banks help keep mortgage holders out of default, studies find
While the nation's foreclosure crisis has focused blame on bad loan practices by some lenders, new research shows how some banks may have actually reduced the default risk of their homebuyers.

FSU researchers helping electric-wheelchair users move more easily
Thick gravel, mud, snow, steep ramps or hills ... They might get a pedestrian a little dirty or out of breath, but to someone in an electric wheelchair, they could mean terrain that's simply too difficult to cross alone.

Education programs could increase parent-child interactions in at-risk families
Parent education programs delivered through pediatric primary care offices appeared to increase parent-child interactions during infancy in at-risk families, according to a report in the January issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Peptide delivers 1-2 punch to breast cancer in pre-clinical study
Researchers at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center have discovered what may become a new weapon in the fight against breast cancer.

Clostridium bacteria infecting increasing numbers of hospitalized children
Hospitalized children in the United States are more frequently becoming infected with the bacteria Clostridium difficile, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the May print issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Anti-bullying program reduces malicious gossip on school playgrounds
Elementary school students who participated in a three-month anti-bullying program in Seattle schools showed a 72 percent decrease in malicious gossip.

Mothers key to college-age women receiving HPV vaccine
Even after young women reach adulthood, their mothers can play a key role in convincing them to receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, new research suggests.

American Association of Anatomists announces young investigator award winners
The American Association of Anatomist's (AAA) will present its 2011 Young Investigator Awards to four researchers who have already made important contributions in their respective fields and show remarkable promise of future accomplishments.

CHOP-led study detects dozens of genes for adult height
A new meta-analysis of data from more than 100,000 people has identified novel variants in over two dozen genes associated with adult height.

Use of amniotic membrane may cause complications in strabismus surgery
Postoperative adhesions are a major complication in strabismus surgery. Amniotic membrane has been used in the hopes of preventing these adhesions by forming a biological barrier during healing.

Authorities often aware of previous incidents of victimization among children and adolescents
Almost half of US youth who experience violence, abuse or crime have had at least one of their victimizations known to school, police or medical authorities, according to new research from the University of New Hampshire Crimes against Children Research Center.

Advancements in fertility preservation provide oncology patients new options
Many young people who've just learned that they have cancer also are told that the therapies that may save their lives could rob them of their ability ever to have children.

Hassan Aref receives the G. I. Taylor Medal for research
Virginia Tech Professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics Hassan Aref has been named the recipient of the G.

New research reveals unexpected biological pathway in glaucoma
In a study published today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a team of researchers from the Kennedy Krieger Institute and four collaborating institutions, identified a new and unexpected biological pathway that appears to contribute to the development of glaucoma and its resulting vision loss.

Transcriptome analysis, organ culture methods featured in Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
The January issue of Cold Spring Harbor Protocols features a method for transcriptome analysis with limited quantities of RNA, as well as a method for studying organogenesis in mouse kidneys.

ATS issues statement on the treatment of pulmonary fungal infections
The American Thoracic Society has released a new official clinical policy statement on the treatment of fungal infections in adult pulmonary and critical care patients.

CTO summit and left main coronary interventions course will feature latest research and techniques
The 8th Annual Chronic Total Occlusion Summit and Left Main Coronary Interventions Course is a three-day conference featuring state-of-the-art technologies, research findings and new developments in therapeutic procedures essential for interventional cardiologists to optimize success in chronic total coronary occlusions and left main coronary interventions.

Infant hydrocephalus, seasonal and linked to farm animals in Uganda
Hydrocephalus in Ugandan children and other developing countries is seasonal, linked to farm animals and in part, caused by previous bacterial infection, according to an international team of researchers from Uganda and the United States, who believe that the best approach to this problem is prevention.

U-M study: Kids frequently exposed to medical imaging procedures that use radiation
A new study led by University of Michigan researchers shows that kids frequently receive imaging procedures during their routine clinical care, and highlights the importance of initiatives to ensure that those tests being performed are necessary and use the lowest possible doses of radiation.
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