Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 05, 2011
Maternal depression adversely affects quality of life in children with epilepsy
A study by Canadian researchers examined the prevalence of maternal depression and its impact on children newly diagnosed with epilepsy.

Household sewage: Not waste, but a vast new energy resource
In a finding that gives new meaning to the adage,

NTU Mayors' Class students 'adopt' village in China to showcase sustainable development
Nanyang Technological University's Mayor's Class will

January-February 2011 GSA Bulletin highlights
The January-February 2011 GSA Bulletin focuses on river geomorphology; submarine landslides and submarine uplift; the Sangamon paleosol in the Lower Mississippi Valley; the nature and formation of basins, plateaus, cratons, and mountains around the world, including continent building, plate tectonics, and subduction zones, and magmatism; charcoal accumulation rates and teleconnections among regional climates; zircon dating of Amazon River sand; the Messinian salinity crisis; and characteristics of the Sierra Madera impact structure.

Gesturing while talking helps change your thoughts
Sometimes it's almost impossible to talk without using your hands.

Elsevier is the new publisher of Value in Health
Elsevier, the world's leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information, announced today that it has become the new publisher of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research's journal Value in Health.

Newly developed cloak hides underwater objects from sonar
Led by mechanical science and engineering professor Nicholas Fang, Illinois researchers have demonstrated an acoustic cloak, a technology that renders underwater objects invisible to sonar and other ultrasound waves.

Study confirms 2 vaccine doses protect children from chickenpox
Two doses of the varicella, or chickenpox, vaccine provide excellent protection in children against this highly contagious and, in some cases, severe disease.

Mayo Clinic determines lifetime risk of adult rheumatoid arthritis
Mayo Clinic researchers have determined the lifetime risk of developing rheumatoid arthritis and six other autoimmune rheumatic diseases for both men and women.

Graphene grains make atom-thick patchwork 'quilts'
Artistry from science: Cornell University researchers have unveiled striking, atomic-resolution details of what graphene

Widespread ancient ocean 'dead zones' challenged early life
Biogeochemists at the University of California-Riverside have found evidence that the oceans went back to being

Research led by Cedars-Sinai shows antibiotic treatment effective in treating common G.I. disorder
A ground-breaking antibiotic therapy developed at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center is the first potential drug treatment to provide irritable bowel syndrome patients with long-lasting relief of their symptoms even after they stop taking the medication, according to a study published in the Jan.

Helicopter transport increases survival for seriously injured patients
Severely injured patients transported by helicopter from the scene of an accident are more likely to survive than patients brought to trauma centers by ground ambulance, according to a new study published in the Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection and Critical Care.

Carbon taxes are the answer to the stalled climate negotiations
For global warming policy, the 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference was a major disappointment.

Tecnalia leads the integration of energy efficiency in sports facilities
Tecnalia Research and Innovation and Emtesport are leading in Spain the European project within the VII Framework Program

Pennsylvania state parks draw $818 million in sales, support 10,000 jobs
Pennsylvania state parks draw an estimated 33.6 million visitors who spend more than $738 million annually, according to a recent economic impact report released by the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources.

'Smart grid' would save energy, cut costs for US consumers
Momentum is building for a new energy

BMJ declares MMR study 'an elaborate fraud' -- autism claims likened to 'Piltdown man' hoax
Today, the BMJ declares the 1998 Lancet paper that implied a link between the MMR vaccine and autism

Catfish study reveals multiplicity of species
An extensive investigation of South American Corydoras catfish, reveals that catfish communities, although containing almost identically colored and patterned fish, could actually contain three or more different species.

Oxygen's challenge to early life
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside report that the transition from a generally oxygen-rich ocean during the Cambrian to the fully oxygenated ocean we have today was not a simple turn of the switch, as has been widely accepted.

VISTA stares deeply into the blue lagoon
This new infrared image of the Lagoon Nebula was captured as part of a five-year study of the Milky Way using ESO's VISTA telescope at the Paranal Observatory in Chile.

Jackson Laboratory and Tufts University announce new Ph.D. track in mammalian genetics
The Jackson Laboratory, Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences at Tufts and Tufts University School of Medicine announce a new track for Ph.D. students in mammalian genetics.

How studded winter tires may damage public health, as well as pavement
Scientists are reporting new evidence on how studded tires -- wintertime fixtures in some areas but banned in others for causing damage to pavement -- may also damage the health of motorists and people living near highways.

Protective properties of green tea uncovered
A new study by scientists at Newcastle University, UK, has revealed that when green tea is digested it is even more effective at protecting the body against Alzheimer's and cancer than was previously thought.

Deaths from anesthesia during childbirth plummet
A new study shows the number of women dying from complications of anesthesia during childbirth have plummeted nearly 60 percent.

Yale researchers find double doses of chicken pox vaccine most effective
When vaccinating children against varicella (chicken pox), researchers at Yale School of Medicine have found, two doses are better than one.

ICU communication study reveals complexities of family decision-making
While a much hailed communication intervention works for families making decisions for chronically ill loved ones in medical intensive care units, Case Western Reserve University researchers found the intervention was less effective for surgical and neurological ICU patients.

Faster, scalable method for producing AAV-based gene transfer vectors
A new, simplified method for producing large amounts of viral vector cassettes capable of shuttling genes into host cells will help advance the promising field of gene therapy as applications move into large animal studies and human clinical trials.

Treating fractures: Children are not miniature adults
Treating fractures in children requires special knowledge of growth physiology.

New method for making large quantities of deuterium-depleted drinking water
Scientists in China are reporting development of a less expensive, more eco-friendly method for making deuterium-depleted drinking water, citing studies suggesting that it may be a more healthful form of water.

7th NIZO Dairy Conference to focus on flavor and texture, innovations in dairy
NIZO food research, in association with Elsevier, the leading publisher of scientific, technical and medical information products and services, announces the 7th NIZO Dairy conference, to be held on Sept.

Children in formal child care have better language skills
Fewer children who attend regular formal center- and family-based child care at 1.5 years and 3 years of age were late talkers compared with children who are looked after at home by a parent, child-carer or in an outdoor nursery.

Identity parade clears cosmic collisions of the suspicion of promoting black hole growth
What happens when galaxies crash together? For years, these cosmic collisions have been blamed for triggering violent outbursts at the hearts of galaxies.

University of Toronto seismic brace system headed to market
University of Toronto Engineering develops innovative new yielding brace system to protect buildings from earthquakes.

Agenda set for upcoming global conference on stem cell therapy to be held Jan. 20-21, 2011
The Sixth International Conference on Cell Therapy for Cardiovascular Disease is a one-and-a-half day comprehensive program dedicated to the evolving field of cell-based therapies for the repair and regeneration of cardiac and vascular disease, as well as related diseases such as diabetes and stroke.

Organic onions, carrots and potatoes do not have higher levels of healthful antioxidants
With the demand for organically produced food increasing, scientists are reporting new evidence that organically grown onions, carrots and potatoes generally do not have higher levels of healthful antioxidants and related substances than vegetables grown with traditional fertilizers and pesticides.

Prestigious journal validates Asian carp research
The use of environmental DNA (eDNA) by scientists from the University of Notre Dame and the Nature Conservancy to detect invasive Asian carp in the Chicago-area waterway has been validated in Conservation Letters, a new flagship peer-reviewed journal published by the Society for Conservation Biology.

Antibiotic resistance is not just genetic
Genetic resistance to antibiotics is not the only trick bacteria use to resist eradication -- they also have a second defense strategy known as persistence that can kick in.

Where MRSA colonizes on the human body
When methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) is carried in the nares, it is a risk factor for an invasive infection, including a surgical site infection.

This new year, how motivated are you?
Personal motivation may be the biggest factor in determining the length of time it takes for a patient to return to work following a total knee replacement, according to new research published in the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery.

Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation awards prestigious fellowships to 12 top young scientists
The Damon Runyon Cancer Research Foundation, a non-profit organization focused on supporting innovative early career researchers, named 12 new Damon Runyon Fellows at its fall Fellowship Award Committee review.

Rifaximin provides significant relief of irritable bowel syndrome symptoms
A pair of clinical trials, conducted in part at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, found that two weeks of treatment with rifaximin provides significant relief of irritable bowel syndrome symptoms including bloating, abdominal pain and loose or watery stools.

Study of UK TB patients shows that some recover more quickly if their antibiotics are supplemented with high-dose vitamin D
A new study of UK tuberculosis (TB) patients has shown that, for those with a certain genetic profile, supplementation of vitamin D to their standard antibiotic regimen reduces the time needed for TB bacteria to clear from sputum culture by almost a week for the population studied.

UTHealth studies cord blood stem cells for pediatric traumatic brain injury
The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston has begun enrollment for the first Phase I safety study approved by the Food and Drug Administration to investigate the use of a child's own umbilical cord blood stem cells for traumatic brain injury in children.

Tablet splitting is a highly inaccurate and potentially dangerous practice, says drug study
Medical experts have issued a warning about tablet splitting, after a study found that nearly a third of the split fragments deviated from recommended dosages by 15 percent or more.

Major advance in MRI allows much faster brain scans
UC Berkeley physicist David Feinberg, in collaboration with physicians at the University of Minnesota, has combined two new MRI techniques to reduce the time for a brain scan by a factor of 7 to 10.

Scientists now know why some cancers become malignant and others don't
Cancer cells reproduce by dividing in two, but a molecule known as PML limits how many times this can happen, according to researchers lead by Dr.

Violence against mothers linked to 1.8 million female infant and child deaths in India
The deaths of 1.8 million female infants and children in India over the past 20 years are related to domestic violence against their mothers, according to a new study led by researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health.

Different sources, same result
Induced pluripotent stem cells from fetal skin cells and embryonic stem cells display comparable potential for derivation of hepatocytes.

How to look younger without plastic surgery
Jena psychologists were able to prove that the volunteer testers were systematically wrong at estimating other people's age after having adapted to the faces of people of a specific age group by intensely looking at them.

IDSA announces first guidelines for treatment of MRSA infections
Physicians now have help in their battle against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), a potentially deadly infection that initially was limited to hospitals and health care facilities but has become a growing problem in healthy children and adults.

Biological joints could replace artificial joints soon
A team of University of Missouri and Columbia University researchers have found a way to create these biological joints in animals, and they believe biological joint replacements for humans aren't far away.

Extreme obesity associated with higher risk of death for 2009 H1N1 patients
For those infected with the 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) virus, extreme obesity was a powerful risk factor for death, according to an analysis of a public health surveillance database.

U of Minnesota center releases nation's first long-term framework for statewide water sustainability
The University of Minnesota's Water Resources Center has authored a first-ever, comprehensive report designed to protect and preserve Minnesota's lakes, rivers and groundwater for the 21st century and beyond.

Syracuse University team develops functionally graded shape memory polymers
A team of researchers from Syracuse University has succeeded in applying the concept of functionally graded materials to shape memory polymers.

Is the hornet our key to renewable energy?
The brown and yellow parts of the Oriental hornet's body are able to harvest solar energy, and if that function can be mimicked, a novel way of achieving high-efficiency solar energy collection might be just around the corner, says professor David Bergman of Tel Aviv University.

OU researchers developing shale gas reservoir simulator
University of Oklahoma researchers are developing a new simulator for shale gas reservoirs that will provide oil and gas companies with an essential tool for managing production and choosing drilling locations to lower costs and increase production.

Bacteria eyed for possible role in atherosclerosis
Dr. Emil Kozarov and a team of researchers at the Columbia University College of Dental Medicine have identified specific bacteria that may have a key role in vascular pathogenesis, specifically atherosclerosis, or what is commonly referred to as

Brain scans show children with ADHD have faulty off-switch for mind-wandering
Brain scans of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have shown for the first time why people affected by the condition sometimes have such difficulty in concentrating.

UConn cardiologists uncover new heart attack warning sign
Research led by University of Connecticut Health Center cardiologists identifies a protein fragment that is a likely biomarker for heart attack.

At South Pole, world's most extreme scientific construction project
IceCube, the world's largest neutrino observatory, has just been completed in the crystal clear ice at the South Pole.

Thermostatic mixer valves could significantly reduce the risk of scalding in children, study finds
Using a thermostatic mixer valve to control the maximum temperature of children's bath water can significantly reduce the temperature of hot bath water and should reduce the risk of scalding, according to researchers at the University of Nottingham.

Women with MS more likely to have MS-related gene than men
Women who have multiple sclerosis (MS) are more likely to have a gene associated with multiple sclerosis than men with the disease and it is this gene region where environment interacts with the genetics, according to a study published in the Jan.

Globally sustainable fisheries possible with co-management
The bulk of the world's fisheries -- including the kind of small-scale, often non-industrialized fisheries that millions of people depend on for food -- could be sustained using community-based co-management.

Malfunctioning gene associated with Lou Gehrig's disease leads to nerve-cell death in mice
In a study published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation, a team led by Virginia M.-Y.

Oil spill symposium to convene scientists, media, policymakers and community leaders
Scientists, government officials, Gulf Coast community leaders and journalists from across the nation will gather at the University of Georgia Jan.

Hepatitis C: In 2011, a predictive marker for response to therapy
Scientists at Inserm and Institut Pasteur have performed biomarker discovery on patients being treated for chronic hepatitis C infection.

Consumers prefer products with few, and mostly matching, colors
Most people like to play it safe when combining colors for an article of clothing or outfit, a new study suggests.

Co-management holds promise of sustainable fisheries worldwide
Encouraging new evidence suggests that the bulk of the world's fisheries -- including small-scale, often non-industrialized fisheries on which millions of people depend for food -- could be sustained using community-based co-management.

Andromeda's once and future stars
Two ESA observatories have combined forces to show the Andromeda Galaxy in a new light.

International consortium to examine the impact of medical devices on health and retirement
The Institute for Health Technology Studies has awarded a grant of $240,000 to an international consortium of researchers, for a study that will assess the effects of hip replacement therapy on the employment and retirement decisions of older adults.

Key plant hormone and its roles in plant biology is focus of new book
A new book,

Scripps Research chemist devises new method to quantify protein changes
A scientist from the Florida campus of the Scripps Research Institute has devised a new method of analyzing and quantifying changes in proteins that result from a common chemical process.

IVF breakthrough to hit the world market
A University of Adelaide reproductive biologist has achieved a major breakthrough in IVF technology that is expected to help millions of women around the world who have suffered previous miscarriages after IVF treatment.

Filtering kitchen wastewater for plants
Water is a precious commodity, so finding ways to re-use waste water, especially in arid regions is essential to sustainability.

Mount Sinai develops first screening tool for war veterans to assess traumatic brain injury
A team of researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine has developed the first web-based screening tool for traumatic Bbain injury (TBI).

Mother's milk improves the physical condition of future adolescents
Breast feeding new born babies has lots of advantages in the short and in the long-term for babies.

EARTH -- OPEC and oil: The next 50 years
Over the past five decades, OPEC has earned a reputation for being a powerful cartel that controls the world's oil production and prices -- but there are limits to OPEC's influence and wealth.

Exercise may lower risk of death for men with prostate cancer
A new study of men with prostate cancer finds that physical activity is associated with a lower risk of overall mortality and of death due to prostate cancer.

New findings show vitamin D accelerates recovery from TB
New research findings which show that vitamin D can speed up antibiotic treatment of tuberculosis have been revealed by scientists at Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry.
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