Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 21, 2011
New research from Psychological Science
This is a sampling of the exciting research just published in Psychological Science.

Montrealers are feeding fish Prozac
Around one in four Montrealers take some kind of anti-depressant, and according to new research, the drugs are passing into the waterways and affecting fish.

Johns Hopkins scientists crack genetic code for form of pancreatic cancer
Scientists at Johns Hopkins have deciphered the genetic code for a type of pancreatic cancer, called neuroendocrine or islet cell tumors.

CT scanning aids rapid diagnosis, treatment planning for abdominal pain
The use of CT scanning to evaluate abdominal pain in emergency departments can help physicians arrive at a diagnosis quickly and decisively.

Case Western Reserve receives $7.8M to study manic symptoms in children
The department of psychiatry at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine has received a $7.8 million renewal grant from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) for the long-term study of manic symptoms in children.

Defense mechanism against bacteria and fungi deciphered
To defend microbial attacks, the human body naturally produces a group of antibiotics, called defensins.

Dow AgriSciences, MU researcher develop a way to control 'superweed'
Researchers at Dow AgroSciences, LLC, who have been collaborating with a University of Missouri researcher, may have a new weapon on the horizon to eliminate superweeds.

Preventing tooth decay in the youngest American Indians
A study conducted in four American Indian communities in the Pacific Northwest presents an effective strategy to convince mothers to switch young children from drinking sweetened soda to water and shows that eliminating these sugary drinks from the diets of the youngest members of the tribe significantly decreased tooth decay.

2 bacterial enzymes confer resistanceto common herbicide, say MU researchers
Researchers with Dow AgroSciences and the University of Missouri report on two bacterial enzymes that, when transformed into corn and soybeans, provide robust resistance to the herbicide 2,4-D.

Researchers discover how to tame hammering droplets
A water hammer can occur when a valve is suddenly opened or closed in a pipe carrying water or steam, causing a pressure wave to travel down the pipe with enough force that it can sometimes cause the pipes to burst.

Independent study declares Jefferson Lab 'huge economic engine'
The Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, a US Department of Energy nuclear physics research laboratory, generates more than $271 million in economic output and 2,200 jobs in the Commonwealth of Virginia, according to an economic impact study just completed for Jefferson Science Associates, LLC.

Mindfulness meditation training changes brain structure in 8 weeks
Participating in an 8-week mindfulness meditation program appears to make measurable changes in brain regions associated with memory, sense of self, empathy and stress.

New Anglo-Swiss research questions impact of GM wheat on insects
An Anglo-Swiss research project has found that the impact of disease-resistant genetically-modified wheat plants on insects may be negligible.

With cloud computing, the mathematics of evolution may get easier to learn
An innovative, educational computing platform developed by University at Buffalo faculty members and hosted by the cloud (remote, high-capacity, scalable servers) is helping UB students understand parts of evolutionary biology on an entirely new level.

Scientists find industrial pollutants in Eastern Lake Erie carp
Researchers from Upstate New York institutions, including the University at Buffalo, have documented elevated levels of two industrial pollutants in carp in eastern Lake Erie, adding to the body of scientific work demonstrating the lasting environmental effects of human activity and waste disposal on the Great Lakes.

memsys-NTU partnership to enhance water desalination technology
memsys clearwater Pte Ltd (memsys) and Nanyang Technological University (NTU) are collaborating to enhance a patented technology to allow treatment of water contaminated with oil.

Aquatic food web tied to land
Lead author and Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies limnologist Dr.

Cell binding discovery brings hope to those with skin and heart problems
A University of Manchester scientist has revealed the mechanism that binds skin cells tightly together, which he believes will lead to new treatments for painful and debilitating skin diseases and also lethal heart defects.

NFL linemen recover from back surgery, and so can you
If NFL linemen can recover from back surgery and return to their spine-bruising careers, so can you get back into your

Monk seal and hump-backed dolphin are threatened by fishing activities off coast of Mauritania
Catalan researchers have studied the marine trophic network in Mauritania, on the northwest coast of Africa, which is an extremely heavily exploited fishing area, as well as being home to two of the world's most threatened species of marine mammal -- the monk seal and the Atlantic hump-backed dolphin.

Nanoworld in color
Microscopically small nanostructured arrays of lenses that can record or project amazingly sharp images in brilliant colors are being demonstrated by Fraunhofer research scientists at the nano tech 2011 trade show in Tokyo Feb.

Study of nutrition, Alzheimer's links hampered by research approach
Research is trying to determine whether Alzheimer's disease might be slowed or prevented with nutritional approaches, but a new study suggests those efforts could be improved by use of nutrient

New study of environmental contaminants in breast milk
The levels of environmental contaminants in a mother's body decrease during breast-feeding.

Mars Express close flybys of martian moon Phobos
The Mars Express has returned images from the Jan. 9, 2011, Phobos flyby.

New melt record for Greenland ice sheet
New research shows that 2010 set new records for the melting of the Greenland Ice Sheet, expected to be a major contributor to projected sea level rises in coming decades.

Why do some diabetics escape complications?
Much research has been carried out on why diabetics develop complications.

HEPA filters reduce cardiovascular health risks associated with air pollution
Using inexpensive air filters may help reduce cardiovascular disease risk that results from exposure to air pollution, according to researchers from Canada, who studied healthy adults living in a small community in British Columbia where wood burning stoves are the main sources of pollution.

University of Missouri professor elected to American Association for the Advancement of Science
The American Association for the Advancement of Science has awarded the distinction of Fellow to Arun Chatterjee, a professor emeritus of plant sciences in the College of Agricultural, Food and Natural Resources at the University of Missouri.

Researchers reveal function of novel molecule that underlies human deafness
New research from the University of Sheffield has revealed that the molecular mechanism underlying deafness is caused by a mutation of a specific microRNA called miR-96.

Cancer Research Institute invests $450k in Oncovir to manufacture powerful immune stimulant
The Cancer Research Institute, a nonprofit organization, has partnered with the biotechnology company Oncovir, Inc., to produce clinical grade poly-ICLC (Hiltonol), a powerful immune stimulant, for testing in trials of cancer vaccines and other immunotherapies.
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