Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

January 28, 2011
Surf's up: New research provides precise way to monitor ocean wave behavior, shore impacts
Engineers have created a new type of

Cold cases gone hot: Montreal researchers solve decades-old medical mysteries using genetics
The mystery began in 1976. Adolfo Pampena was diagnosed with a rare form of cancer associated with the occurrence of multiple tumours in his stomach and colon.

Cedars-Sinai Medical Genetics Institute director honored with lifetime achievement award
The Western Society of Clinical Investigation has honored David L.

Genetic clues to compulsive, self-injurious behavior in rare childhood disorder
Research from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine provides new clues for the compulsive behavior and cognitive defects associated with a rare childhood neurological disease called Lesch-Nyhan Disease (LND).

Retired NFL players misuse painkillers more than general population
Retired NFL players use painkillers at four times the rate of the general population, according to new research conducted by investigators at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

Vitamin D deficiency alters lung growth and decreases lung function
Previously linked to the severity of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in humans, vitamin D deficiency has now been shown to alter lung structure and function in young mice.

Seeing kidney injury, as it happens
A team of basic scientists and physicians led by Dr.

Exposure to worm infection in the womb may protect against eczema, study suggests
Exposure to worm infections in the womb may protect a newborn infant from developing eczema, a study funded by the Wellcome Trust suggests.

Ben-Gurion U. and PTT Chemical sign R&D agreement to commercialize green algae strain
The agreement is for the production of dihomo gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA- Omega 6) using BGU's mutant strain of the green microalgae Parietochloris incise.

Pre-surgical stress management boosts immune function, lowers mood disturbance in prostate cancer patients
Practicing stress management techniques before prostate cancer surgery may help activate the body's immune response leading to quicker recovery, as well as aid in lowering mood disturbance, according to a new study by researchers at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.

Learn more quickly by transcranial magnetic brain stimulation
What sounds like science fiction is actually possible: thanks to magnetic stimulation, the activity of certain brain nerve cells can be deliberately influenced.

Voice-saver: Light therapy for early-stage laryngeal cancer
A new study from researchers at Henry Ford Hospital finds light, or photodynamic therapy, can help preserve the voice in patients with early stage laryngeal cancer.

Antibiotic offers potential for anti-cancer activity
An antibiotic known for its immunosuppressive functions could also point the way to the development of new anti-cancer agents.

Novel surgery removes rare tumor, rebuilds trachea
Using a novel surgical approach, it's possible to rebuild the trachea and preserve a patient's voice after removing an invasive throat tumor, according to a new report from Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit.

More frequent drought likely in eastern Africa
The increased frequency of drought observed in Eastern Africa over the last 20 years is likely to continue as long as global temperatures continue to rise, according to UC Santa Barbara scientist Park Williams.

More frequent drought likely in eastern Africa
The increased frequency of drought observed in eastern Africa over the last 20 years is likely to continue as long as global temperatures continue to rise, according to new research published in Climate Dynamics.

Cancer drug aids the regeneration of spinal cord injuries
After a spinal cord injury a number of factors impede the regeneration of nerve cells.

Study finds presence of peers heightens teens' sensitivity to rewards of a risk
Teenagers take more risks when they are with their friends.

Hormone therapy begun at menopause may pose risk for breast cancer
Starting hormone therapy at around the time of menopause is associated with a greater risk of breast cancer compared to starting after a longer gap, according to a study published online Jan.

'Old' information theory makes it easier to predict flooding
Many different aspects are involved in predicting high water and floods, such as the type of precipitation, wind, buildings and vegetation.

Fast growth, low defense -- plants facing a dilemma
Ecologists and plant biologists of the University of Z├╝rich demonstrate together with American researchers that fast plant growth is achieved at the expense of natural defense mechanisms.

City Tech research team casts light on asteroid deflection
Lasers aimed from a space probe positioned near an NEO could help determine its surface composition.

Initiative to tackle malnutrition in Africa
The European Commission has given the green light to an ambitious research project called SUNRAY: the acronym for 'Sustainable Nutrition Research for Africa in the Years to come'.

Smoking habits are transmitted from mother to daughter and father to son
A European research group has studied how smoking habits are transmitted within the home.

U of M computer science researchers provide insight into how we understand social networking
A new paper by University of Minnesota computer scientists in the College of Science and Engineering provides insights into how the analysis of our social networking interactions could discover things like the emergence or decline of leadership, changes in trust over time, and migration and mobility within particular communities online.

Island-scale study reveals climate-change effects
A large-scale UC Davis experiment with ants, lizards and seaweed on a dozen Caribbean islands shows that predicting the effects of environmental change on complex natural ecosystems requires a large laboratory.

Helping others helps alcoholics stay on the road to recovery, Case Western Reserve shows
Participating in community service activities and helping others is not just good for the soul; it has a healing effect that helps alcoholics and other addicts become and stay sober, a researcher from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine reports.

New research traces evolutionary path of multidrug-resistant strep bacteria
Scientists from Rockefeller University and the Sanger Institute have used full genome sequencing to identify the precise steps in the molecular evolution of Streptococcus pneumoniae.

A new appreciation of the ecology-evolution dynamic
Ecology drives evolution. In today's issue of the journal Science, UC Davis expert Thomas Schoener describes growing evidence that the reverse is also true, and explores what that might mean to our understanding of how environmental change affects species and vice-versa.

DNA caught rock 'n rollin'
DNA, that marvelous, twisty molecule of life, has an alter ego, research at the University of Michigan and the University of California, Irvine reveals.

A dash of disorder yields a very efficient photocatalyst
A little disorder goes a long way, especially when it comes to harnessing the sun's energy.

UMMS and Lundbeck to explore potential targeted therapy for Huntington's disease
The University of Massachusetts Medical School and Lundbeck Inc. today announced a research collaboration aimed at further development of a targeted therapy to slow or halt the progression of Huntington's disease.

Study: African-American men say doctor visits are often a bad experience
A majority of African-American men said they do not go to the doctor because visits are stressful and physicians don't give adequate information on how to make prescribed behavior or lifestyle changes, a new University of Michigan study shows.

The Oscar curse? Study says that Oscar win for best actress increases the risk of divorce
Will Academy Award nominees Nicole Kidman and Annette Bening be at higher risk for a divorce if they win the Oscar for best actress next month?

Researchers discover age of onset of puberty predicts adult osteoporosis risk
A team of researchers led by Vicente Gilsanz, M.D., Ph.D., director of clinical imaging at the Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles, determined that the onset of puberty was the primary influence on adult bone mineral density, or bone strength.

Researchers discover root cause of blood vessel damage in diabetes
Diabetes researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.

'Air laser' may sniff bombs, pollutants from a distance
Princeton University engineers have developed a new laser sensing technology that may allow soldiers to detect hidden bombs from a distance and scientists to better measure airborne environmental pollutants and greenhouse gasses.

Powerful 3-D X-rays for kids in braces should be the exception, not the rule
Some orthodontists may be exposing young patients to unnecessary radiation when they order 3-D X-ray imaging for simple orthodontic cases before considering traditional 2-D imaging, suggests a paper published by University of Michigan faculty.
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