Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

February 08, 2011
Cell Press wins prestigious PROSE Award for Article of the Future
Elsevier and Cell Press are proud to announce that

Medication education key to successful adherence in patients with diabetes
Researchers at the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at the University of California, San Diego say that medication education is a key factor in helping patients with diabetes better stick to their drug treatments plans.

CeBIT 2011: Electronic fitness trainer
Only people who get a lot of exercise and eat a healthy diet stay fit even in old age.

Not just for raincoats
Northwestern University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology researchers have studied individual water droplets and discovered a miniature version of the

The great tonsil dilemma
Without fanfare, hundreds of thousands of children surrender their tonsils to a surgeon's scalpel each year, usually to alleviate recurring infections and obstructive sleep problems.

Growing population of adult survivors of congenital heart disease requires specialized care
For the one in 200 adults in Western societies born with congenital heart disease, adult survivors face a lifelong process of medical interactions.

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory February 2011
Proposals to install hydrokinetic turbines in rivers across the US are prompting questions about the environmental impacts.

Language may play important role in learning the meanings of numbers
New research conducted with deaf people in Nicaragua shows that language may play an important role in learning the meanings of numbers.

Study shows delayed-enhancement MRI may predict, prevent strokes
Researchers at the University of Utah's Comprehensive Arrhythmia and Research Management Center have found that delayed-enhancement magnetic resonance imaging holds promise for predicting the risks of strokes, the third leading cause of death in the US.

Turning bacteria against themselves
Bacteria often attack with toxins designed to hijack or even kill host cells.

Study: Neighborhood natives move out when immigrants move in
Native residents of a neighborhood are more likely to move out when immigrants move in, according to new research by three American sociologists.

Educational astronomy project awarded grant of 1.9 million euros ($2.6 million)
The European Union has granted 1.9 million euros ($2.6 million) to support the 6-country educational program EUNAWE, based on Universe Awareness (UNAWE).

Quality varies in social networking websites for diabetics
In one of the first formal studies of social networking websites targeting patients, researchers in the Children's Hospital Boston Informatics Program performed an in-depth evaluation of ten diabetes websites and found large variations in quality and safety across sites, with room for improvement across the board.

Study suggests why HIV-uninfected babies of mothers with HIV might be more prone to infections
Babies whose mothers have HIV, but who are not HIV-infected themselves, are born with lower levels of specific proteins in their blood called antibodies, which fight infection, compared with babies not exposed to HIV, a new study has found.

UT Study: Charismatic leadership can be measured, learned
How do you measure charisma? Much has been written in business management textbooks and self-help guides about the role that personal charisma plays in leadership.

Getting to the scientific heart of what makes romantic relationships succeed or fail
Columbia University psychiatrist and neuroscientist Amir Levine says each of us has a distinct attachment style: anxious, secure, or avoidant.

MU researcher says the next large central US earthquake may not be in New Madrid
This December marks the bicentennial of the New Madrid earthquakes of 1811-12, which are the biggest earthquakes known to have occurred in the central US.

Limited lymph node removal for certain breast cancer does not appear to result in poorer survival
Among patients with early-stage breast cancer that had spread to a nearby lymph node and who received treatment that included lumpectomy and radiation therapy, women who just had the sentinel lymph node removed (the first lymph node to which cancer is likely to spread from the primary tumor) did not have worse survival than women who had more extensive axillary lymph node dissection (surgery to remove lymph nodes found in the armpit), according to a study in the Feb.

Increased levels of cardiac enzymes after heart bypass associated with increased mortality
Researchers at Mount Sinai School of Medicine have found that even small amounts of damage to heart muscle during coronary artery bypass grafting is associated with an increased risk of death, even among patients who initially do well following surgery.

Income inequalities are increasing the occurence of depression during financial crisis
This study showed clear existence of significant pro-rich inequalities in the prevalence of depression, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts.

Why leatherback turtles linger in South Pacific Gyre, and why it matters
Tagging and tracking leatherback sea turtles has produced new insights into the turtles' behavior in a part of the South Pacific Ocean long considered an oceanic desert.

Major step taken toward an open and shared digital brain atlasing framework
Modern brain research generates immense quantities of data across different levels of detail using a wide array of methods.

The international digital divide
The developed nations must invest in information and communications technologies in the developing world not only the close the so-called digital divide but to encourage sustainable economic development and to create new markets for international commerce.

Huge decline in HIV rates in Zimbabwe driven by fear of infection, says study
The big drop in the numbers of people infected with HIV in Zimbabwe is because of mass social change, driven by fear of infection, according to an international study reported today in the journal PLoS Medicine.

Fingerprint makes chips counterfeit-proof
Product counterfeiters are increasingly targeting chips and electronic components, with attacks on hardware modules becoming commonplace.

Trial and error: The brain learns from mistakes
The process of establishing a neuronal network does not always prove precise or error free.

Single-cell marine predator's unique survival mechanisms revealed: UBC research
University of British Columbia researchers have uncovered the unique survival mechanisms of a marine organism that may be tiny, but in some ways has surpassed sharks in its predatory efficiency.

Dutasteride not a cost-effective way to prevent prostate cancer in some men
The popular drug dutasteride may not be a cost-effective way to prevent prostate cancer in men who are at elevated risk of developing the disease, according to findings by a UT Southwestern Medical Center researcher.

Elevated levels of cardiac biomarkers following CABG surgery associated with increased risk of death
Patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery and had elevated levels of the cardiac enzymes creatine kinase or troponin in the 24 hours following surgery had an associated intermediate and long-term increased risk of death, according to a study in the Feb.

Hydrogels used to make precise new sensor
Researchers are developing a new type of biological and chemical sensor that has few moving parts, is low-cost and yet highly sensitive, sturdy and long-lasting.

Salk professor Terrence Sejnowski elected to National Academy of Engineering
Salk Institute professor Terry J. Sejnowski, Ph.D., has been elected a member of the National Academy of Engineering, an honor considered one of the highest accolades in the engineering world.

AGI announces winner of 2011 Edward C. Roy Award
Greer Lynn Harvell, a teacher at Clifford C. Meigs Middle School in Shalimar, Florida, has been named the 2011 recipient of the Edward C.

Figuring out fetal alcohol syndrome in fruit flies
Drinking excess alcohol while pregnant can harm an unborn baby, often causing fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) or even death.

Former ASPB president leading sustainable bioenergy education project
Richard Amasino, former president of the American Society of Plant Biologists, has received a nearly $4.7 million grant from the U.S.

Detecting pathogens in waterways: An improved approach
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists have come up with a way to detect pathogenic Escherichia coli and Salmonella bacteria in waterways at lower levels than any previous method.

Infants exposed to HIV at birth but not infected may have lower antibody levels
In a study that included infants from South Africa, those who were exposed to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) at birth but did not become infected had lower levels of antibodies to diseases such as pertussis, tetanus and pneumococcus, compared to infants of non-HIV infected mothers, according to a study in the Feb.

Using pharmacist-directed service improves quality of care for patients
A Henry Ford Hospital study has found that a pharmacist-directed anticoagulation service improves the way medication is managed for patients with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, a common but life-threatening thromboembolic disorder.

Paper archives reveal pollution's history
A new source of climate records is as close as the nearest university library: Back issues of magazines reveal the rise in atmospheric CO2 from burning fossil fuels.

Tool makes search for Martian life easier
PNNL-developed ion funnel technology could make finding life on Mars's surface easier when coupled with a laser and a mass spectrometer that are placed directly on the robotic arm of a space rover.

Speedy generic approval may not benefit consumers as much as expected, Rotman model shows
Faster approval times for generic drugs will get them into consumers' hands quicker, but may not make the price any better, a pricing and marketing researcher has found.

University of South Florida and Draper team to create advanced devices for testing malaria drugs
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has awarded two grants totaling $5.45 million to the University of South Florida for research to create new devices for testing malaria drugs.

New works by UofL professors provide latest oncology reference guides
Two University of Louisville School of Medicine professors recently authored reference works in the field of oncology; one focusing on the use of radiation treatment for childhood cancers and the other on hepatocellular carcinoma, or liver cancer.

NRL researchers view the sun in 3-D
Beginning on Feb. 6, 2011, the two STEREO spacecraft are 180 degrees apart providing Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) scientists with a 360-degree view of the sun.

March 2011 Geology highlights
Highlights of articles set for the March issue of Geology (posted online on Feb.

National Academy of Engineering elects 68 members and 9 foreign associates
The National Academy of Engineering has elected 68 new members and nine foreign associates, announced NAE President Charles M.

Male cancer survivor offspring slightly higher risk of congenital birth abnormalities
The incidence of major congenital birth abnormalities was slightly higher in the offspring of male cancer survivors compared with children of fathers with no history of cancer, according to a study published online Feb.

A paperweight for platinum
A new combination of nanoparticles and graphene results in a more durable catalytic material for fuel cells, according to work published today online at the Journal of the American Chemical Society.

Study: Consumers value safer food more than current analyses suggest
Government regulators could more realistically assess the value of improving food safety if they considered the fact that consumers typically want to avoid getting sick -- even if it means they have to pay a little extra for safer food, researchers say.

Hope for stroke victims
Two new studies from Spain provide conclusive evidence that an approach developed at the Weizmann Institute could speed recovery from stroke and head trauma.

Elder law expert: Health care reform act a mixed bag for seniors
Although the effects of the controversial health care reform act will be somewhat muted for many older Americans, it will inevitably have enough of an impact that seniors will discover that there is plenty to like and dislike about the law, a University of Illinois expert on elder law cautions in published research.

Pollution controls used during China Olympics could save lives if continued
The air pollution control measures that were put in place in Beijing during the 2008 Olympic Games -- if continued -- would cut almost in half the lifetime risk of lung cancer for the area's residents from certain inhaled pollutants, a new study concludes.

VTT to study one of world's oldest beers
In the summer of 2010 in the Aland archipelago, divers retrieved well-preserved bottles of champagne and five bottles of beer from the wreck of a ship that likely sank during the first half of 1800s.

Dramatic improvement in Parkinson disease symptoms
Successful intranasal delivery of stem cells to the brains of rats with Parkinson disease yielded significant improvement in motor function and reversed the dopamine deficiency characteristic of the disease.

MDA awards $13.5 million in grants for research treatments for neuromuscular diseases
MDA has awarded $13.5 million in 44 research grants to advance understanding of neuromuscular diseases in search of treatments and cures.

Electronic cigarettes hold promise as aid to quitting
A study led by Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) researchers reports that electronic cigarettes are a promising tool to help smokers quit, producing six-month abstinence rates nearly double those for traditional nicotine replacement products.

Eggs are now naturally lower in cholesterol
According to new nutrition data from the United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Research Service, eggs are lower in cholesterol than previously thought.

New study to use smart phones to track air pollution exposure
University at Buffalo researchers are creating a new and unusual

The success of male bustards is measured by their 'beards'
Up until now it was unknown whether males of the great bustard (Otis tarda), an emblematic bird in Spain and endangered at a global level, transmit information on their weight, size, and age through their plumage.

The most genes in an animal? Tiny crustacean holds the record
Scientists have discovered that the animal with the most genes -- about 31,000 -- is the near-microscopic freshwater crustacean Daphnia pulex, or water flea.By comparison, humans have about 23,000 genes.

Lack of sleep found to be a new risk factor for colon cancer
An inadequate amount of sleep has been associated with higher risks of obesity, heart disease, diabetes, and death.

Heavy drinking in older teenagers has long- and short-term consequences
In a systematic review of current evidence published in this week's PLoS Medicine, the authors -- Jim McCambridge from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK, and colleagues -- conclude that there is enough evidence to recommend that reducing drinking during late adolescence is likely to be important for preventing long-term adverse consequences of drinking, as well as protecting against more immediate harms.

Scientists develop method to identify fleetingly ordered protein structures
A team of scientists from the Scripps Research Institute and the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) have developed a novel technique to observe previously unknown details of how folded structures are formed from an intrinsically disordered protein.

Gene protects lung from damage due to pneumonia, sepsis, trauma, transplants
Washington University School of Medicine researchers report they have identified a gene that limits damage to the lung during acute stress from illness, trauma or transplant.

Combining brain imaging, genetic analysis may help identify people at early risk of Alzheimer's
A new study from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health has found evidence suggesting that a variation of a specific gene may play a role in late-onset Alzheimer's, the disease which accounts for over 90 percent of Alzheimer's cases.

Wolverines threatened by climate change, earlier springs
The aggressive wolverine may not be powerful enough to survive climate change in the contiguous United States, new research concludes.

Behavioral health research stimulates policy changes for care of Iraq, Afghanistan veterans
AcademyHealth today recognized research that improves access to behavioral health care for returning US service members with the 2011 Health Services Research (HSR) Impact Award.

Popular kids more likely to bully peers
UC Davis study finds that popularity increases aggression among adolescents, except for those at the very top and bottom of the social hierarchy.

Experimental approach may improve healing of diabetic wounds and bed sores
Researchers are reporting on a promising new approach to treating diabetic wounds, bed sores, chronic ulcers and other slow-to-heal wounds.

Possible crimes against humanity by Burmese military in Chin State, Burma
The health impacts of human rights violations in Chin State, home to the Chin ethnic minority in Burma, are substantial and the indirect health outcomes of human rights violations probably dwarf the mortality from direct killings.

Researchers predict nearly 1.3 million cancer deaths in Europe in 2011
There will be nearly 1.3 million deaths from cancer in Europe in 2011 according to predictions from a study published in the cancer journal, Annals of Oncology.

Lower mental health co-pays do not help seniors seek care
Parity legislation that equalizes co-pays for mental health care with co-pays for other medical care will have no effect on seniors in Medicare-managed care plans, based on an analysis by Brown community health researchers.

Washington Life Sciences Discovery Fund announces grants to commercialize promising technologies
The Life Sciences Discovery Fund (LSDF) today announced nearly $600,000 in awards to support commercial development of technologies to improve the diagnosis and management of major health conditions.

The hitch in the drug? The itch in the drug
Scratching deep beneath the surface, a team of researchers from the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and three South Korean institutions have identified two distinct neuronal signaling pathways activated by a topical cream used to treat a variety of skin diseases.

Late nights can lead to higher risk of strokes and heart attacks
New research from Warwick Medical School published today in the European Heart Journal shows that prolonged sleep deprivation and disrupted sleep patterns can be linked to strokes, heart attacks and cardiovascular disorders which often result in early death.

World Entrepreneurship Forum's White Paper brings entrepreneurs' recommendations to global village
The 2011 edition of the World Entrepreneurship Forum will take place in Singapore Nov.

Childhood cancer research in danger
At a time when the effects of pediatric oncology research have meant that more and more children survive cancer, its funding is too low and dependent on short-term grants to be able to sustain this improvement in the long-term, says a report supported by the EU-funded 7th Framework Programme project Eurocancercoms.

When worms stick together and swim on thin water, what happens and why does it matter?
Nematodes, microscopic worms, are making engineers look twice at their ability to exhibit the

Turning off stress
Weizmann Institute scientists reveal the actions of a family of proteins that

Polar bear births could plummet with climate change
University of Alberta researchers Peter Molnar, Andrew Derocher and Mark Lewis studied the reproductive ecology of polar bears in Hudson Bay and have linked declining litter sizes with loss of sea ice.

Brief diversions vastly improve focus, researchers find
A new study in the journal Cognition overturns a decades-old theory about the nature of attention and demonstrates that even brief diversions from a task can dramatically improve one's ability to focus on that task for prolonged periods.

Study: Popular kids -- but not the most popular -- more likely to torment peers
While experts often view aggressive behavior as a maladjusted reaction typical of social outcasts, a new study in the February issue of the American Sociological Review finds that it's actually popular adolescents -- but not the most popular ones -- who are particularly likely to torment their peers.

Malnutrition: A skeleton in the health care closet
Many elderly Australians are either admitted to hospital suffering malnutrition, or become malnourished while in hospital, which increases hospital length of stay and health care costs.

Thoughts of hopes, opportunities keep people from clinging to failing investments
It's a common problem in the business world -- throwing good money after bad.

New techniques for stapling peptides could spur development of drugs for cancer
Researchers at the University at Buffalo have devised two new ways of

New data obtained on liposomes employed in drug encapsulation and gene therapies
University of Granada scientists and the Spanish Higher Institute for Scientific Research have made significant progress in understanding phospholipid vesicles, which are colloidal systems arising considerable interest from the pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food industry.

JAMA features NJIT biomedical engineer helping stroke patients
The Journal of the American Medical Society featured the research of NJIT Associate Professor Sergei Adamovich, a biomedical engineer.

In February journal, UC and industry researchers predict future of electronic devices
In the first published critical review of technical developments related to electronic paper devices (i.e., e-readers like the Amazon Kindle), UC researcher Jason Heikenfeld and industry counterparts review the next generation of these devices.

Over 40 new titles added to Wiley-Blackwell's journals program in 2011
Wiley-Blackwell, the Scientific, Technical, Medical, and Scholarly publishing business of John Wiley & Sons Inc., is adding 42 new titles to its journals program in 2011, including 11 new launches and 35 journals published in collaboration with societies or other organizations.

Clemson University sociologist publishes research on religion and adolescents
Religion plays an important role in the lives of teenagers, according to the findings published in the book is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to