Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 11, 2011
New GSA special paper takes us to the moon
Lunar missions over the past 15 years have brought to Earth data that is greatly improving geoscientists' understanding of the stratigraphic features and characteristics of Earth's Moon.

Extra iron doesn't help many pregnant women
Although universal prenatal supplementation with iron is recommended, an extra intake of iron does not noticeably benefit pregnant women, except when they are anemic.

'The Dose Makes the Poison: A Plain-Language Guide to Toxicology,' 3rd Edition
A straightforward guide to a closer understanding of toxins in our daily lives is published by Wiley (March 2011).

New measurement into biological polymer networks
The development of a new measurement technology under a research project funded by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research and the National Science Foundation is probing the structure of composite and biological materials.

Geology highlights: New science posted online March 8, 2011
Highlights of articles scheduled for Geology (posted online March 8, 2011) are provided below.

Pushing HIV out the door: How host factors aid in the release of HIV particles
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat in Munich researchers, together with colleagues at Heidelberg University Hospital and McGill University, have shown how host enzymes contribute to the release of HIV particles from infected cells.

CSI reality: What they don't show you on TV is ACS Webinars topic
Forensic science as a career is the next topic in the American Chemical Society Webinars series for scientists and chemical professionals.

70 percent of prostate cancer patients on ADT gain significant weight in first year
70 percent men who received androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) after surgery to remove their prostate gland gained significant weight in the first year, putting on an average of 4.2kg.

Fritz London Memorial Prize goes to 2 Springer authors
Springer editorial board member and author Humphrey Maris as well as Springer editor and author Gerd Schön have been awarded the 2011 Fritz London Memorial Prize for outstanding contributions to the field of low temperature physics.

More molecules for tuberculosis
Scientists are collaborating on a new international research project to identify antibiotics that can kill tuberculosis and fight resistant strains.

Simple blood test detects early emphysema in smokers before symptoms appear
During a regular annual physical exam, blood is usually drawn to check the health of a person's heart, kidneys and liver.

Colonic stenting no more effective than emergency surgery in patients with malignant bowel obstruction
The largest randomized trial to examine the effectiveness of two surgical interventions for treating acute malignant bowel obstruction, a common symptom of patients with colorectal cancer, suggests that preoperative colonic stenting offers no clear benefit over emergency surgery.

DCIS patients who get invasive breast cancer have higher mortality
Women with ductal carcinoma in situ -- DCIS -- who later develop invasive breast cancer in the same breast are at higher risk of dying from breast cancer than those who do not develop invasive disease, according to a study published online March 11 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

TUM researchers recommend new EU standards for machine strength grading of timber
To ensure that wooden constructions are sufficiently stable, timber must first be graded according to its strength.

Keys to long life
Cheer up. Stop worrying. Don't work so hard. Good advice for a long life?

Nanoscale whiskers from sea creatures could grow human muscle tissue
Minute whiskers of nanoscale dimensions taken from sea creatures could hold the key to creating working human muscle tissue, University of Manchester researchers have discovered.

Around 40 percent of hake is mislabeled
Researchers from the University of Oviedo have studied the DNA of hake sold whole or in pieces in Spain, and have found that the labels on 38.9 percent of the samples gave the wrong information on the name of the species or its geographic origin.

NRL position unique elliptic-orbit TacSat-4 satellite for launch
Traveling nearly 4,000 miles nestled on board an Air Force Globemaster, Tactical Microsatellite, TacSat-4, arrives in Alaska for launch preparation.

WHOI experts stress lessons From Japan earthquake
While Japan's 8.9-magnitude earthquake and accompanying tsunami represent a devastating natural disaster for the country's residents, scientists should also seize upon the massive temblor as an important learning tool for future quakes around the world, including the Pacific Northwest coast of the United States, according to experts from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.

New technology to predict future appearance
A Concordia graduate student has designed a promising computer program that could serve as a new tool in missing-child investigations and matters of national security.

Chinese perspective offers optimism for the future of oil and gas
One of China's foremost petroleum geologists Professor Li Guoyu presents a rare analysis of the industry from the perspective of the country whose demand for oil and gas is set to become the largest in the decades ahead.

U of A researcher questions whether genius might be a result of hormonal influences
A longstanding debate as to whether genius is a byproduct of good genes or good environment has an upstart challenger that may take the discussion in an entirely new direction.

Mount Sinai researcher finds unexpected temperature sensation for a light detector
New research from Mount Sinai School of Medicine has discovered that rhodopsin, a pigment of the retina that is responsible for the first events in the perception of light, may also be involved in temperature sensation.

Oxford Nanopore announces licence agreement with Harvard University for graphene DNA sequencing
Oxford Nanopore will collaborate with Harvard University for the development of graphene for DNA sequencing.

Stem cells take cues from fluid in the brain
Proteins in fluids bathing the brain are essential for building the brain, discover scientists in a report published March 10 in the journal Neuron.

Research suggests HIV-infected patients at higher risk for bone fractures
Low bone mineral density in HIV-infected patients is common and raises concerns about increased risks of fracture.

Creativity is an upside to ADHD
Study finds that adults with ADHD enjoy more creative achievement than adults without the disorder.

Getting organized: Berkeley Lab study shows how breast cell communities organize into breast tissue
A Berkeley Lab study has shown how communities of different types of breast cells self-organize into breast tissue.

FASEB president Dr. William T. Talman, testifies on behalf of increased funding for the National Science Foundation
William T. Talman, M.D., president of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB), testified today in support of increased funding for the National Science Foundation (NSF) before the House Appropriations Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies.

Revitalizing Cancer Clinical Trials -- March 21 symposium
Cancer clinicians, patients, insurers, industry representatives, and federal agency officials will discuss how to revitalize the nation's flagging cancer clinical trials system at a March 21 workshop hosted by the Institute of Medicine and American Society of Clinical Oncology.

InDevR awarded $3 million grant from NIH for influenza-related research
InDevR announced today that it has been awarded a Phase II Small Business Innovation grant from the National Institutes of Health in the amount of $3 million over the next 3 years for influenza-related research.

Finding shows potential way to protect neurons in Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, ALS
Neurons lacking a substance called caspase-2 were better able to withstand pesticide-induced damage to energy centers known as mitochondria, Texas scientists reported.

Host change alters toxic cocktail
Larvae of the leaf beetle Chrysomela lapponica attack two tree species: willow and birch.

Mouse nose nerve cells mature after birth, allowing bonding, recognition with mother
For rodent pups, bonding with mom isn't hard-wired in the womb.

New study shows government spending preferences of Americans
In its 27th survey of American spending priorities since 1973 conducted as part of its General Social Survey (GSS), NORC at the University of Chicago today released a report on its most recent findings.

How incentives can hurt group productivity and shared resources
A study by a Columbia Business School faculty member and a Ph.D. candidate at Harvard reveals that monetary incentives can cause free riders to abuse environments that follow informal norm enforcement.

Hannover Messe: Smart materials for high-tech products
Flexible and independently operating

UCI's Dr. Bang H. Hoang, colleagues recognized for bone cancer research
UC Irvine's Dr. Bang H. Hoang and colleagues have been presented the 2011 Kappa Delta Ann Doner Vaughan Award for their work advancing the understanding of how bone cancer spreads.

Science Cafe centers on enhancing children's learning
Education and cognitive neuroscience researchers will share the head table Thursday, March 24, at a Science Cafe that centers on enhancing children's learning and provides insights from cognitive, education and neuroscience research.

Researchers link novel biomarkers to asthma and COPD
Four novel biomarkers have been identified which may aid in the diagnosis and management of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, according to a study conducted by researchers in Australia, who determined the biomarkers may be used in different combinations to successfully identify patients with either of the airway diseases.

Contrary to popular belief, not all cases of chronic pancreatitis are alcohol-induced
The relative rate of alcohol-related chronic pancreatitis is lower when compared to other causes.

New method could improve economics of sweetening natural gas
Battelle's Antisolvent Swing Regeneration system could make tapping extremely sour gas reserves more economically friendly by drastically reducing the amount of heat needed to remove rotten-egg smelling hydrogen sulfide from natural gas sweetening process.

Less than one-third of children ages 5-15 will wake up to home smoke alarms
An Australian study to determine the likelihood of school-aged children waking up to their home smoke alarm found that 78 percent of children slept through a smoke alarm sounding for 30 seconds.

'Microparticles' useful in identifying earliest signs of emphysema
Monitoring blood for tiny particles released by cells lining the lungs may help clinicians diagnose emphysema in its earliest stages, according to researchers from Weill Cornell Medical College.

Why are the elderly so vulnerable to pneunomia?
A study featured on the cover of the March 15 Journal of Immunology is providing insight into why the elderly are so vulnerable to pneumonia and other bacterial infections.
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