Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 30, 2011
Diet-exercise combo best for obese seniors
For obese seniors, dieting and exercise together are more effective at improving physical performance and reducing frailty than either alone.

What the brain saw
The moment we open our eyes, we perceive the world with apparent ease.

Study reveals no impact of age on outcome in chronic myeloid leukemia patients treated with imatinib
While the median age at diagnosis for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is over 60 years old, limited data are available about the long-term outcome for older patients treated with imatinib, the standard first-line therapy used to treat CML.

Adding protein, like lean pork, may help dieters curb late-night munchies
According to new research published in this month's journal, Obesity, researchers found that including protein such as lean pork, in three daily meals could reduce late-night desires to eat, increase feelings of fullness, and decrease distracting thoughts about food.

Navy announces 2011 Young Investigator Program Awards
The Department of the Navy announced today the award of $10.8 million to scientists and engineers at 18 academic institutions as part of the Office of Naval Research (ONR) 2011 Young Investigator Program (YIP).

US earthquake resilience needs strengthening, says new report
A new National Research Council report presents a 20-year road map for increasing US resilience to earthquakes, including a major earthquake that could strike a highly populated area.

UT Southwestern researchers discover how brain's memory center repairs damage from head injury
Researchers from UT Southwestern Medical Center have described for the first time how the brain's memory center repairs itself following severe trauma.

Attacking bowel cancer on 2 fronts
Stem cells in the intestine, which when they mutate can lead to bowel cancers, might also be grown into transplant tissues to combat the effects of those same cancers, the UK National Stem Cell Network annual science meeting will hear today.

UCSF researchers identify promising new treatment for childhood leukemia
An experimental drug lessens symptoms of a rare form of childhood leukemia and offers significant insight into the cellular development of the disease, according to findings from a new UCSF study.

The rose-red glow of star formation
The vivid red cloud in this new image from ESO's Very Large Telescope is a region of glowing hydrogen surrounding the star cluster NGC 371.

Smithsonian scientists find declining rainfall is a major influence for migrating birds
Instinct and the annual increase of daylight hours have long been thought to be the triggers for birds to begin their spring migration.

Hidden elm population may hold genes to combat Dutch elm disease
Two US Department of Agriculture (USDA) scientists may have discovered

New approach to leukemia chemotherapy -- is a cure in sight?
Speaking at the UK National Stem Cell Network conference in York on March 31, Professor Tessa Holyoake from the University of Glasgow will discuss a brand new approach to treating chronic myeloid leukemia in which a small number of cancer cells persist despite effective therapy thus preventing cure.

Newly discovered natural arch in Afghanistan one of world's largest
Researchers from the Wildlife Conservation Society have stumbled upon a geological colossus in a remote corner of Afghanistan: a natural stone arch spanning more than 200 feet across its base.

NOAA scientists find killer whales in Antarctic waters prefer weddell seals over other prey
NOAA's Fisheries Service scientists studying the cooperative hunting behavior of killer whales in Antarctic waters observed the animals favoring one type of seal over all other available food sources, according to a study published in the journal Marine Mammal Science.

Scientists unlock mystery of how the 22nd amino acid is produced
The most recently discovered amino acid, pyrrolysine, is produced by a series of just three chemical reactions with a single precursor -- the amino acid lysine, according to new research.

Trained midwives and nurses can provide early medical abortion as safely and effectively as doctors
Properly trained auxiliary nurse midwives and nurses can provide early medical abortions as safely and effectively as doctors in developing countries, concludes an Article published online first in the Lancet.

Whale and dolphin death toll during Deepwater disaster may have been greatly underestimated
The Deepwater Horizon oil spill of 2010 devastated the Gulf of Mexico ecologically and economically.

New research reveals insight into lignin biosynthesis
A study published in the Plant Cell furthers our understanding of lignin formation in the model plant Arabidopsis.

Combination of 2 hormones increases height in girls with Turner syndrome
Giving girls with Turner syndrome low doses of estrogen, as well as growth hormone, years before the onset of puberty, increases their height and offers a wealth of other benefits, say a team of researchers led by Thomas Jefferson University.

Scientists reach beyond the clouds with mobile phone app to explore the outer atmosphere
Engineering scientists at the University of Southampton have reached above the clouds in a first-of-its-kind experiment to develop new technologies that probe the stratosphere using an unmanned vehicle.

UCLA study finds cholesterol regulator plays key role in development of liver scarring, cirrhosis
UCLA researchers have demonstrated that a key regulator of cholesterol and fat metabolism in the liver also plays an important role in the development of liver fibrosis -- the build-up of collagen scar tissue that can develop into cirrhosis.

New study shows you can have your candy and eat it too -- without adverse health effects
Good news for candy and chocolate lovers: they tend to weigh less, have lower body mass indices and waist circumferences, and have decreased levels of risk factors for cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome, according to a new study published in Nutrition Research.

Brain scientists offer medical educators tips on the neurobiology of learning
The lead article in the April 4 issue of the journal Academic Medicine connects research on how the brain learns to how to incorporate this understanding into real world education, particularly the education of doctors.

KIT presents innovations at the 2011 Hannover Messe
Innovations relating to mobility, energy, bionics, and nano- and microtechnologies will be presented by KIT at the 2011 Hannover Messe from April 4-8.

Mathematician by day, novelist by night
Joseph Rosenblatt, the protagonist of a new novel, Inverse Images, is no ordinary Montreal Hasidic Jew.

Using live worms as bait: Voters swayed by interactive 'worm' graph during election debate
Research from the University of Bristol and Royal Holloway, University of London calls into question people's ability to form their own judgments about their preferred election candidate after finding voters could be heavily swayed by

Warm water causes extra-cold winters in northeastern North America and northeastern Asia
Average winter temperatures in northern Europe are at least 10 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than similar latitudes on the northeastern coast of the United States and the eastern coast of Canada.

Bariatric surgery reduces long-term cardiovascular risk in diabetes patients
In the longest study of its kind, bariatric surgery has been shown to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke in patients with diabetes.

A new method to localize the epileptic focus in severe epilepsy
The neurosurgery department of HUCH (Helsinki University Central Hospital) has started to utilize stereo-EEG method for localizing the epileptic focus in severe epilepsy for epilepsy surgery purposes.

Kepler spacecraft gives Iowa State's Kawaler, astronomers a look inside red giant stars
Iowa State University's Steve Kawaler is part of research collaborations that have used data from NASA's Kepler spacecraft to see into the core of red giant stars.

SIR Foundation, Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology announce research awards
The Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology -- the Society of Interventional Radiology's flagship publication -- together with the Society of Interventional Radiology Foundation, announced the inaugural JVIR Editor's Awards for Best Research Papers, a joint awards program.

Paid access to journal articles not a significant barrier for scientists
They say the best things in life are free, but when it comes to online scientific publishing, a new research report in the FASEB Journal suggests otherwise.

URI scientist discovers 54 beneficial compounds in pure maple syrup
A University of Rhode Island researcher has discovered 34 new beneficial compounds in pure maple syrup and confirmed that 20 compounds discovered last year in preliminary research play a key role in human health.

New clinical practice guidelines developed for juvenile idiopathic arthritis
The American College of Rheumatology has developed new guidelines for starting and monitoring treatments for children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

Queen's scientists' 'space mission' to unlock secrets of the Universe
Scientists at Queen's University have won almost £2 million ($3.2 million) in grants for a range of world-leading projects to unlock the secrets of the Universe.

GSA Bulletin highlights: New research posted March 2- April 1, 2011
The following are highlights from new GSA Bulletin research.

Blood simple circuitry for cyborgs
Could electronic components made from human blood be the key to creating cyborg interfaces?

Being in a good mood may lead to poor memory
Most people have had trouble remembering something they just heard.

IOVS publishes consensus findings on meibomian gland dysfunction
The first global consensus report on meibomian gland dysfunction -- a major cause of lid disease and evaporative dry eye -- has been published in a special issue of the Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science journal.

Study finds surprising gender differences related to sexual harassment
Sexual harassment may have become so commonplace for women that they have built up resistance to harassing behavior they consider merely

Managing municipal waste: Experts discuss options for converting our solid waste to energy
A new series of events at the New York Academy of Sciences explores options for managing municipal solid waste that may offer large cities sustainable alternatives to landfill disposal and conventional incineration.

Could HIV-infected organs save lives?
If Congress reversed its ban on allowing people with HIV to be organ donors after their death, roughly 500 HIV-positive patients with kidney or liver failure each year could get transplants within months, rather than the years they currently wait on the list, new Johns Hopkins research suggests.

OHSU Doernbecher discovers new approach to drug resistance in aggressive childhood cancer
Researchers at Oregon Health & Science University Doernbecher Children's Hospital have identified a promising new approach to overcoming drug resistance in children with an extremely aggressive childhood muscle cancer known as alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma.

Getting to know the strong force, 1 of the 4 fundamental forces of the universe
In new work, high-energy physicists have observed two long-sought quantum states in the bottomonium family of sub-atomic particles.

Educational development stunted by teenage fatherhood
A new study from Economic Inquiry examines the negative educational and economic outcomes of teenage fatherhood.

Genes relate to level of alcohol consumption among Asians
In a study of 1,721 Korean male drinkers aged 40 years in an urban population-based cohort, and another sample of 1,113 male drinkers from an independent rural cohort, information on average daily alcohol consumption was collected and DNA samples were collected for genotyping.

Virtual reality, smells to help recovering war vets
Virtual reality explosions, anti-American insults and smells of smoke and foreign spices will be part of a new therapy program to help servicemen and women recover from their wartime experiences.

Death anxiety prompts people to believe in intelligent design, reject evolution: UBC research
Researchers at the University of British Columbia and Union College (Schenectady, N.Y.) have found that people's death anxiety can influence them to support theories of intelligent design and reject evolutionary theory.

Researchers find possible clues to tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer patients
Breast cancer patients who become resistant to tamoxifen may have low levels of a protein called Rho GDI-alpha, according to a study published online March 30 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

HIV protein unveils vaccine target
A new study describes how a component of a potential HIV vaccine opens like a flower, undergoing one of the most dramatic protein rearrangements yet observed in nature.

Research explores link between asthma and smoking
A new study highlights the association between asthma, smoking and nicotine dependence.

Frequent CT scanning for testicular cancer surveillance associated with secondary malignancies
UC Davis cancer researchers have found that older men with early-stage testicular cancer who opt for surveillance with regular CT scans over lymph node removal are at greater risk for secondary cancers.

Drug cocktail offers new hope for hepatitis C patients
A three-drug cocktail can eliminate the hepatitis C virus in patients far more effectively than the current two-drug regimen, according to researchers at Henry Ford Hospital.

Springer adds Brazilian Journal of Physics to publishing program
Springer and the Brazilian Physical Society will collaborate to publish the society's official publication, the Brazilian Journal of Physics, beginning in 2011.

Why do children with autism wander and bolt from safe places?
Today, the Interactive Autism Network, with support from leading autism advocacy groups, launches the first major survey to study the experience of wandering and elopement, or escaping, among individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD).

Greater versatility of adult stem cells thanks to 3-D lab experiments
A type of adult stem cell is now proving itself more versatile for research and therapies thanks to revolutionary 3-D experiments.

UT Southwestern research advances fight against kidney cancer
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have discovered genetic pathways to starve selectively kidney cancer cells.

First report on bioaccumulation and processing of antibacterial ingredient TCC in fish
In the first report on the uptake and internal processing of triclocarban (TCC) in fish, scientists today reported strong evidence that TCC -- the source of environmental health concerns because of its potential endocrine-disrupting effects -- has a

Fueling interventional radiology growth: SIR Foundation announces Navilyst Medical Pledge
The Society of Interventional Radiology Foundation's Discovery Campaign, which seeks to further the growth of minimally invasive medicine into new areas of discovery, announced a major corporate pledge to that initiative.

Using live worms as bait: Voters swayed by interactive 'worm' graph during election debate.
Research from Royal Holloway, University of London and the University of Bristol calls into question people's ability to form their own judgements about their preferred election candidate after finding voters could be heavily swayed by '

UC Riverside researcher receives $9 million USDA grant to study potato and tomato disease
Late blight, caused by a fungus-like microbe, is a plant disease that mainly attacks potatoes and tomatoes, and is difficult and economically challenging to eradicate.

Nature study shows common lab dye is a wonder drug -- for worms
Basic Yellow 1, a dye used in neuroscience labs around the world to detect damaged protein in Alzheimer's disease, is a wonder drug for nematode worms.

Astrophysicist: White dwarfs could be fertile ground for other Earths
Hundreds of planets have been discovered outside the solar system in the last decade.

Researchers make the leap to whole-cell simulations
Researchers have built a computer model of the crowded interior of a bacterial cell that -- in a test of its response to sugar in its environment -- accurately simulates the behavior of living cells.

Missouri Botanical Garden makes rare discovery of plant genus
Usually, when a new species is discovered it is associated with one species.

New GSA Field Guide ventures into Norway's spectacular Sognefjorden
This new field guide from the Geological Society of America is the first synthesis of the regional geology of southern Norway to include detailed locality descriptions.

Mucus: Fighting the war against pollutants
New Tel Aviv University research has found that mucus, which was thought to protect our bodies against harmful pollutants, in fact may leave our bodies more vulnerable to them.

Clinical trial success for Crohn's disease cell therapy
Speaking at the UK National Stem Cell Network annual science meeting later today (30 March), Professor Miguel Forte will describe research into a new cell therapy for chronic inflammatory conditions such as Crohn's disease.

Physicists detect low-level radioactivity from Japan arriving in Seattle
Physicists are detecting radioactivity arriving in Seattle from Japanese nuclear reactors damaged in a tsunami following a mammoth earthquake, but the levels are far below what would pose a threat to human health.

A woman's blues bring a relationship down
Depression erodes intimate relationships. A depressed person can be withdrawn, needy, or hostile -- and give little back.

Study: Emissions trading doesn't cause pollution 'hot spots'
Critics worry that trading emissions allowances will create heavily polluted

Scripps Research scientists: Sensory wiring for smells varies among individuals
If, as Shakespeare's Juliet declared, a rose by any other name smells as sweet -- to you and to me and to anyone else who sniffs it -- then one might assume that our odor-sensing nerve cells are all wired in the same way.

'Spincasting' holds promise for creation of nanoparticle thin films
Researchers from North Carolina State University have investigated the viability of a technique called

From law to business and back
Two Quebec universities have launched a new exchange program to provide graduate business education to law students and graduate law courses to business students.

US troops exposed to polluted air in Iraq, researchers report
Military personnel and contractors stationed in Iraq risk not only enemy gunfire, suicide bombers, and roadside bombs, but the very air they breathe often is polluted with dust and other particles of a size and composition that could pose immediate and long-term health threats, scientists reported today at the 241st National Meeting of the American Chemical Society.

How do we know if innovations in developing countries help fight against poverty?
Ever since widespread defaults on microloans in India thrust the microfinance industry into crisis, a compelling and fundamental question has been renewed: How do we determine what impact financial innovations and financial policy changes will have on the economies of developing countries?

West Runton Elephant helps unlock the past
Researchers from the Universities of York and Manchester have successfully extracted protein from the bones of a 600,000 year old mammoth, paving the way for the identification of ancient fossils.

Tet further revealed: Studies track protein relevant to stem cells, cancer
In two new studies, A UNC research team takes a broad look at the Tet 1 protein's location in the mouse genome, revealing a surprising dual function and offering the first genome-wide location of the protein and its product, 5-hydroxymethylcytosine -- dubbed the

Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine commends FDA on makena announcement
The Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM) weighed in on today's FDA announcement to continue to allow pharmacies to compound hydroxyprogesterone caproate, also known as 17P.

Case study reports singing lowers patient's blood pressure prior to surgery
Doctors report that singing reduced the blood pressure of a 76-year-old woman who had experienced severe preoperative hypertension prior to total knee replacement surgery for osteoarthritis.

Game changer: Hepatitis C drug may revolutionize treatment
The drug boceprevir helps cure hard-to-treat hepatitis C, offering a brighter outlook for patients who have not responded to standard treatment.

Fatal respiratory infections in endangered gorillas are linked to human contact
In a study published online this week in the journal Emerging Infectious Diseases, an international team of researchers report that a virus that causes respiratory disease in humans infected and contributed to the deaths of mountain gorillas in Virunga National Park.

Alzheimer's-like brain changes found in cognitively normal elders with amyloid plaques
Researchers using two brain-imaging technologies have found that apparently normal older individuals with brain deposits of amyloid beta -- the primary constituent of the plaques found in the brains of Alzheimer's disease patients -- also had changes in brain structure similar to those seen in Alzheimer's patients.

Lack of motivation, equipment main barriers for exercise for boys
A lack of equipment and venues - and a lack of motivation even if those were available - are the main barriers to physical activity for adolescent boys, according to recently published research from a Michigan State University nursing researcher.

Having trouble achieving work-life balance? Knowing your strategies is key
Essays are being written, final exams are looming and classes are reaching their busy conclusion.

SDSC's Ross Walker wins Outstanding Junior Faculty Award
Ross C. Walker, an assistant research professor with the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at UC San Diego, has been named a recipient of the 2011 Outstanding Junior Faculty Awards presented by Hewlett-Packard and the American Chemical Society's division of Computers in Chemistry (COMP).

Fast-recharge, lithium-ion battery could be perfect for electric cars
The next-generation battery, like next-generation TV, may be 3-D, scientists reported here today at the 241st National Meeting and Exposition of the American Chemical Society.

Researchers publish molecular disease model for melanoma
Cancer Commons, an initiative of CollabRx, a provider of information technology to personalize cancer treatments and accelerate research, announces the publication of a molecular disease model of melanoma which classifies the disease into molecular subtypes, rather than traditional histological or cellular subtypes, and describes treatment guidelines for each subtype, including specific assays, drugs, and clinical trials.
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