Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

March 31, 2011
Charge it: Neutral atoms made to act like electrically charged particles
Completing the circuit they started by creating synthetic magnetic fields, scientists from the Joint Quantum Institute have made atoms act as if they were charged particles in electric fields.

Why stem cells don't just want to make neurons
Research being presented April 1 at the UK National Stem Cell Network annual science conference provides another piece in the puzzle of why it can be so hard to produce large numbers of the same type of cell in the lab -- a process that is vital for scaling up stem cell production for therapeutic use.

Some populations of Fraser River salmon more likely to survive climate change: UBC study
Populations of Fraser River sockeye salmon are so fine-tuned to their environment that any further environmental changes caused by climate change could lead to the disappearance of some populations, while others may be less affected, says a new study by University of British Columbia scientists.

Green toad inhabited Iberian Peninsula 1 million years ago
Although the green toad (Bufo viridis) can today be found all over Central Europe, Asia, Africa, and even on the Balearic Islands, it became extinct in the Iberian Peninsula at the end of the Early Pleistocene (1.1 million years ago).

Getting the point: Real-time monitoring of atomic-microscope probes adjusts for wear
NIST scientists have developed a way to measure the wear and degradation of the microscopic probes used to study nanoscale structures in situ and as it's happening.

More organs for transplant when icu docs help take care of brain dead donors, says UPMC
More than twice as many lungs and nearly 50 percent more kidneys could be recovered for transplant operations if intensive care physicians were to work with organ procurement organization coordinators to monitor and manage donor bodies after brain death has occurred, according to an analysis by UPMC and University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine physicians that appears today in the early online version of the American Journal of Transplantation.

Archaeologists investigate Iraqi marshes for origins of Mesopotamian cities
Three National Science Foundation-supported researchers recently undertook the first non-Iraqi archaeological investigation of the Tigris-Euphrates delta in nearly 20 years.

SIAM names 2011 Fellows
The Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics today named 34 academics and professionals to its 2011 Class of Fellows for their outstanding contributions to applied mathematics and computational science through research in the field and service to the larger community.

Study identifies promising target for AIDS vaccine
A section of the AIDS virus's protein envelope once considered an improbable target for a vaccine now appears to be one of the most promising, new research by Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists indicates.

Celebrating superconductivity: NIST debuts online museum of quantum voltage standards
On April 8, 2011, the scientific community will celebrate the centennial of the discovery of superconductivity, the ability of certain materials to conduct electricity without resistance when sufficiently cold.

US cancer death rates in decline, national report finds
A report from the nation's leading cancer organizations shows rates of death in the United States from all cancers for men and women continued to decline between 2003 and 2007.

Case Western Reserve receives $1.6M to study tumor cells and immune cell detection
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine has received a $1.6 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to study how tumor cells avoid detection by the body's immune system, allowing cancer to develop and spread.

Lymphocyte-hepatocyte interactions: hepatitis C virus changes the rules
New data presented at the International Liver Congress today show the existence of novel interactions between T cells and hepatocytes that are regulated by HCV infection, providing a novel understanding of how HCV persists in the liver.

Advance toward making biodegradable plastics from waste chicken features
In a scientific advance literally plucked from the waste heap, scientists today described a key step toward using the billions of pounds of waste chicken feathers produced each year to make one of the more important kinds of plastic.

Overscheduled children and adolescents
The Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) will host a symposium during its Biennial Meeting that tackles questions about the effects of extracurricular activities on children and adolescents.

Latest hands-free electronic water faucets found to be hindrance, not help, in infection control
A study of newly installed, hands-free faucets at The Johns Hopkins Hospital shows they were more likely to be contaminated with one of the most common and hazardous bacteria in hospitals compared to old-style fixtures with separate handles for hot and cold water.

Ants and termites boost dryland wheat yields
Ants and termites have a significant positive impact on crop yields in dryland agriculture, according to a paper published today in the journal 'Nature Communications' by scientists at CSIRO and the University of Sydney.

Electronic faucets unsafe for use in high-risk patient hospital settings
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine have determined that electronic faucets are more likely to become contaminated with unacceptably high levels of bacteria, including Legionella spp., compared with traditional manually operated faucets.

IU informaticists uncover online security flaws, receive free products
Researchers have exploited software flaws in leading online stores that use third-party payment services PayPal, Amazon Payments and Google Checkout to receive products for free or at prices far below the advertised purchase price.

Microreactors: Small scale chemistry could lead to big improvements for biodegradable polymers
Using a small block of aluminum with a tiny groove carved in it, a team of researchers from NIST and New York University is developing an improved

First study in decade provides hope for patients suffering from primary biliary cirrhosis
Results from an international study presented today at the International Liver Congress have shown Obeticholic Acid (OCA) is a safe and effective treatment in patients suffering from Primary Biliary Cirrhosis (PBC) as demonstrated by substantial decreases in the levels of alkaline phosphatase (AP) enzyme in the blood, a key marker for PBC.

REDD+, Technical, Socioeconomic and Political Dimensions
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation 'Plus' (REDD+) is a climate change mitigation strategy to encourage land stewards to

Poop reveals an immigrant in Isle Royale wolves' gene pool
Until recently scientists studying the wolves of Isle Royale National Park thought they'd been totally isolated on the Lake Superior island for more than half a century.

Congress Hears Testimony in Support of IEEE-USA's High-Tech Immigration Position
Bruce Morrison, a former member of Congress, testified in support of IEEE-USA's high-tech immigration position on Capitol Hill on Thursday.

NIH investigators find link between DNA damage and immune response
Researchers offer the first evidence that DNA damage can lead to the regulation of inflammatory responses, the body's reaction to injury.

Patients with severe non-inflammatory respiratory disease face anemia risk
The links between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and anemia are already well known, but now a study of nearly 600 patients has found that anemia is also frequently found in patients with severe non-inflammatory respiratory diseases.

Older and stronger: Progressive resistance training can build muscle, increase strength as we age
It's often thought that older adults must tolerate the strength and muscle loss that come with age.

New insight into 'aha' memories
Weizmann Institute scientists have found a clue to explain why things we learn in a flash of sudden insight stick better in our memory.

Different genes influence smoking risk during adolescence and adulthood
There is growing evidence that the risk factors for addiction change throughout the lifespan.

Climate change and evolution of Cross River gorillas
Two species of gorillas live in central equatorial Africa. Divergence between the Western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla) and Eastern Gorillas (G. beringei) began between 0.9 and 1.6 million years ago.

Misreading faces tied to child social anxiety
Children suffering from extreme social anxiety are trapped in a nightmare of misinterpreted facial expressions: They confuse angry faces with sad ones, a new Emory University study shows.

Human embryonic stem cells provide new insight into muscular dystrophy
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 is the most common inherited muscular dystrophy in adults.

Sleep during adolescence
The Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) will host a symposium during its Biennial Meeting at which researchers will consider the effects of sleep on adolescents.

Scientists call for more robust measures to identify and protect endangered species
Conservationists may need to change their approach to protecting animals and plants from extinction if they are to successfully shield key species and habitats from the effects of global climate change, according to a new review in the journal Science.

Pilot study examines stress, anxiety and needs of young women with a unique breast cancer
Unlike older breast cancer survivors, young women 40 and under with breast cancer face different psychological and social burdens: Newer careers, newer couple relationships, younger families, and a peer group that's by-and-large healthy, says psychologist Georita Frierson, Southern Methodist University, Dallas.

Teaching old genomes new tricks
What are transposable elements, what role do they play, and what percentage of the genome of organisms do they comprise?

EarthScope seismic sensors head east of the Mississippi
After a six-year march eastward from the U.S. West Coast, the EarthScope Transportable Array seismic network has reached a major milestone: installation of the first Transportable Array station east of the Mississippi River.

Fluvastatin enhances HCV response in combination with interferon and ribavirin
New data presented today at the International Liver CongressTM confirm the antiviral activity of fluvastatin -- commonly used as a cholesterol-lowering treatment -- in patients with chronic hepatitis C (HCV).

Report charts destination sustainability for North American freight transportation
Cross-border cooperation to improve environmental performance of the North American freight system is urgently needed -- not just to enhance environmental sustainability, but to safeguard regional economic competitiveness -- according to a new report from the Secretariat of the Commission for Environmental Cooperation.

Study suggests rare genetic variants most likely to influence disease
New genomic analyses suggest that the most common genetic variants in the human genome aren't the ones most likely causing disease.

Public Forum: Japan and Early Lessons for the Nuclear Industry
A panel discussion with prominent figures in the nuclear industry will be led by Maurie Cohen, PhD, assistant professor in the department of environmental sciences at NJIT.

Repulsive smell could combat bed bugs
Bed bugs are an increasingly common pest that necessitates extensive decontamination of homes.

Annual report to the nation focuses on brain tumors
Lung cancer death rates in women have fallen for the first time in four decades, according to an annual report on the status of cancer published online March 31 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

IBEX scientists isolate mysterious 'ribbon' of energy and particles that wraps around heliosphere
In a paper to be published in the April 10, 2011, issue of The Astrophysical Journal, scientists on NASA's Interstellar Boundary Explorer mission, including lead author Nathan Schwadron and others from the University of New Hampshire, isolate and resolve the mysterious

Fossil is best look yet at an ancestor of buttercups
Scientists from the United States and China have discovered the first intact fossil of a mature eudicot, a type of flowering plant whose membership includes buttercups, apple trees, maple trees, dandelions and proteas.

Biomedical engineers develop computational model to better understand genomes
Biomedical engineers have developed a computational model that will help biological researchers clearly identify the significance of variations between different genomes -- the complex sequences of DNA and RNA at the foundation of all living organisms.

STUDY: 3 square meals a day paired with lean protein help people feel full during weight loss
Eating fewer, regular-sized meals with higher amounts of lean protein can make one feel more full than eating smaller, more frequent meals, according to new research from Purdue University.

Superwoman: A hard act to follow
Exposure to attractive, aggressive, female leads in films affects how men and women think about who women ought to be in real life.

School experiences of sexual-minority adolescents
The Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) will host a symposium during its Biennial Meeting that brings together researchers to consider the school experiences of sexual-minority adolescents from a number of perspectives.

New therapeutic target for lung cancer
A new therapeutic target for lung cancer has been discovered by researchers at Seoul National University.

Meeting in Montreal focuses on major issues for children
The Society for Research in Child Development will hold its biennial meeting in Montreal, March 31-April 2, 2011, at the Palais des congrès de Montréal.

The brain against words in the mirror
Human beings understand words reflected in a mirror without thinking about it, just like those written normally, at least for a few instants.

In hungry flies, sense of smell grows keener
When fruit flies are hungry, they become especially attuned to the scent of their next good meal, according to a report in the April 1 issue of Cell, a Cell Press publication.

European-wide study confirms benefits of D-penicillamine and trientine for Wilson disease
Results from the first ever European-wide retrospective analysis presented today at the International Liver CongressTM have shown both D-penicillamine and trientine continue to be effective treatments, providing positive survival rates in patients with Wilson disease free from a liver transplant.

Fruit fly's response to starvation could help control human appetites
Biologists at UC San Diego have identified the molecular mechanisms triggered by starvation in fruit flies that enhance the nervous system's response to smell, allowing these insects and presumably vertebrates -- including humans -- to become more efficient and voracious foragers when hungry.

Long lost cousin of T. rex identified by scientists
Scientists have identified a new species of gigantic theropod dinosaur, a close relative of T. rex, from fossil skull and jaw bones discovered in China.

Intelligent design: Engineered protein fragment blocks the AIDS virus from entering cells
In what could be a potential breakthrough in the battle against AIDS and a major development in the rational design of new drugs, scientists have engineered a new protein that prevents the virus from entering cells.

Understanding fathering
At a symposium during the Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) Biennial Meeting, researchers will use different and complementary methodologies to present findings related to fathering across a variety of contexts and cultures.

2nd International Conference on Immune Tolerance
Interest in the immune tolerance field continues to grow. Following the successful First International Conference, held in Boston in October 2009, the Second International Conference on Immune Tolerance will bring together international delegates to share their latest research and insights into the mechanisms and treatment of many conditions, most notably in transplantation, autoimmune diseases, inflammation and cancer.

NJIT professor uses math analytics to project 2011 Major League Baseball winners
For over a decade, Bruce Bukiet, an associate professor and associate dean, has applied mathematical analysis to compute winning games for each Major League Baseball Team.

Study suggests a relationship between migraine headaches in children and a common heart defect
Roughly 15% of children suffer from migraines, and approximately one-third of these affected children have migraines with aura, a collection of symptoms that can include weakness, blind spots, and even hallucinations.

Brain scans reveal differences in brain structure in teenagers with severe antisocial behavior
Brain scans of aggressive and antisocial teenage boys with conduct disorder (CD) have revealed differences in the structure of the developing brain that could link to their behavior problems.

Being a good mum: Teens have their say
Just in time for Mother's Day teens have spoken out on what they consider makes a good mother.

Archaeologists explore Iraqi marshes for origins of urbanization
The first non-Iraqi archaeological investigation of the Tigris-Euphrates delta in 20 years was a preliminary foray by three women who began to explore the links between wetland resources and the emergence and growth of cities last year.

Results show benefits in using acute kidney injury criteria in the diagnosis of cirrhosis
The first clinical study investigating the use of the AKIN criteria (Acute Kidney Injury Network) in cirrhosis has shown significant benefits that have the potential to change future diagnosis, according to results from a Spanish study presented today at the International Liver Congress.

McMaster vaccine has pet owners feline groovy
Mark Larché and his research team have developed a cat allergy vaccine which is effective and safe with almost no side effects.

Pitt-Stanford research suggests aimless proteins crucial to disease
Pitt and Stanford researchers report in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences that a supposedly inactive protein actually plays a crucial role in the ability of one the world's most prolific pathogens to cause disease and could also be important to other such pathogen-based diseases as malaria.

Research to enable human space missions -- new report
The report also examines the role of the International Space Station in this research.

Immune therapy can control fertility in mammals
Researchers at Weill Cornell Medical College have shown that it is possible to immunize mammals to control fertility.

Out of work? Your resume is no good here
Through a series of simple experiments, researchers at UCLA and State University of New York-Stony Brook found that unemployed Americans face discrimination that is unrelated to their skills or conditions of departure.

Screening does not reduce prostate cancer deaths
Screening does not significantly reduce prostate cancer deaths, but the risk of overdetection and overtreatment is considerable, concludes a 20-year study published on bmj.com today.

Are we really communicating uncertain climate risks?
Explaining climate change risk to non-scientists -- citizens and politicians -- has not been as effective as it should be, according to a new collaborative research paper published in the journal Nature Climate Change this week.

ALSPAC/Children of the 90s: 20 years old today
The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Young Children (ALSPAC)/Children of the 90s has been awarded £6 million ($9.6 million) to continue its vital research into the health and well-being of thousands of young people and their parents in and around Bristol.

New strategic plan for NIH obesity research seeks to curb epidemic
To combat the obesity epidemic, the National Institutes of Health is encouraging diverse scientific investigations through a new Strategic Plan for NIH Obesity Research.

NIST, ASTM land a one-two punch to fight explosives terrorism
Trace-explosives detectors (TEDs) are an increasingly common sight at airports and on loading docks.

Importance of policy action to help reduce HCV-related deaths across Europe by 2025
New findings from two modeling studies presented at the International Liver Congress support the call to action from medical experts and patients in relation to the challenge health inequalities represent in the diagnosis and access to HCV treatment.

Regular breakfast helps reduce lead poisoning in children
It is known that fasting increases lead absorption in adults and consequently regular meals and snacks are recommended for children to prevent lead poisoning.

Getting a grasp on memory
After showing how blocking a protein in the brain can erase memories, Weizmann Institute scientists have now applied the same protein to boost memory in rats.

Good vibrations?
The study of work-vibrations exposure is a relatively new in North America, although it has been a subject of extreme significance in Europe.

Expanding the degrees of surface freezing
As part of the quest to form perfectly smooth single-molecule layers of materials for advanced energy, electronic, and medical devices, researchers at Brookhaven National Laboratory have discovered that the molecules in thin films remain frozen at a temperature where the bulk material is molten.

First broad-scale maps of life on the sea-shelf
Marine scientists from five research agencies have pooled their skills and resources to compile a directory of life on Australia's continental shelf.

Ground broken for new green technology and fire safety facilities
On March 25, NIST held a groundbreaking ceremony at its Gaithersburg, Md., campus for three new facilities, a Net-Zero Energy Residential Test Facility, an expanded National Fire Research Laboratory, and the installation of more than 2,500 new solar energy modules to supply electricity to the NIST campus.

The first non-trivial atom circuit: Progress toward an atom SQUID
Researchers from NIST and the University of Maryland have created the first non-trivial

EPIDEMICS(3) The Third International Conference on Infectious Disease Dynamics
We are pleased to announce that the Third International Conference on Infectious Disease Dynamics -- EPIDEMICS(3) -- will take place in Boston, Mass., in November 2011

Assessing the value of treatments to increase height
In a New England Journal of Medicine editorial, Drs. Leona Cuttler of UH Rainbow and Babies Children's Hospital and Dr.

Bats worth billions to agriculture
Pest-control services provided by insect-eating bats in the United States likely save the U.S. agricultural industry at least $3 billion a year, and yet insectivorous bats are among the most overlooked economically important, non-domesticated animals in North America, according to an analysis published in this week's Science.

New nanomaterial can detect and neutralize explosives
Scientists today described development and successful initial tests of a spray-on material that both detects and renders harmless the genre of terrorist explosives responsible for government restrictions on liquids that can be carried onboard airliners.

Probiotic bacteria could help treat Crohn's disease
New research suggests that infection with a probiotic strain of E. coli bacteria could help treat an reduce the negative effects of another E. coli infection that may be associated with Crohn's disease.

Biological molecules select their spin
Molecules with a twist -- double stranded DNA -- can discern between two quantum states.

TGen and Scottsdale Healthcare researchers discover microRNA role in brain metastasis
Conducting genetic profiles using microRNA can help doctors predict which lung cancer patients are likely to also develop brain metastasis (BM), according to a study published today by Scottsdale Healthcare and the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen).

NHLBI funds 9 organizations to improve awareness of COPD
Nine state and local organizations will receive a total of $383,000 for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease education initiatives, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, part of the National Institutes of Health, announced today.

Human impacts on the marine ecosystems of Antarctica
A team of scientists in the United Kingdom and the United States has warned that the native fauna and unique ecology of the Southern Ocean, the vast body of water that surrounds the Antarctic continent, is under threat from human activity.

Researcher to help low-income mothers improve health with $3.3 million grant
A Michigan State University nursing researcher has been awarded $3.3 million to help low-income mothers who are overweight or obese improve their health by eating well, being active and dealing with stress.

Identifying the origin of the fly
Some may think that the mosquito and the house fly are worlds apart when it comes to common ancestry but new research published this week by an international team of scientists puts them much closer together in evolutionary history.

Healthcare Reform in China and the US: Forum examines similarities, differences and challenges
More than 250 leaders from Chinese and US academic and governmental institutions will gather April 10-12, 2011, at Emory University to examine and compare health care reform in the two countries, focusing on cost, quality and access to care.

Genetic alteration may represent early stage of smoking-induced cardiovascular damage
A new study uncovers a previously unrecognized link between tobacco smoking and a gene known to influence the cardiovascular system, possibly identifying an early stage of smoking-associated cardiovascular pathology.

Studies give growers tools to bring new tropical plant to Indiana
Purdue University researchers have developed a set of propagation and production protocols that will help Indiana greenhouse growers bring a tropical plant into flower for spring sales.

Scientists discover new drug target for inflammatory bowel disease: cytokine (IL-23)
A new discovery published in the April 2011 issue of Journal of Leukocyte Biology raises hope that new treatments for illnesses like Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are on the horizon.

Novel nanowires boost fuel cell efficiency
Engineers at the Yale School of Engineering & Applied Science have created a new fuel cell catalyst system using nanowires made of a novel material that boosts long-term performance by 2.4 times compared to today's technology.

Becoming a responsible citizen
The Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) will host a symposium during its Biennial Meeting at which researchers will consider civic development in adolescents from the perspective of four different countries.

Novel technique reveals how glaciers sculpted their valleys
How do you reconstruct the landscape that a glacier has obliterated?

2011 HFSP Nakasone Award for Michael Elowitz of Caltech
The Human Frontier Science Program Organization is pleased to announce that the 2011 HFSP Nakasone Award has been conferred upon Michael Elowitz of the California Institute of Technology for his pioneering work on the importance of noise in gene expression as a source of biological variation.

A new signaling pathway of the immune system is elucidated
A new signaling pathway, which is important for the regulation of the immune response and inflammation, was discovered by an international team of scientists led by prof Ivan Dikic from the Goethe University, Frankfurt, Germany.

UT professor finds economic importance of bats in the billions
Gary McCracken, head of the Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, analyzed the economic impact of the loss of bats in North America in agriculture and found it to be in the $3.7 to $53 billion a year range.

University presidents, senators discuss importance of scientific research to economy
University presidents and US Senators held a roundtable discussion this morning about the significance of university-based scientific research in driving innovation and economic growth.

Age-related conditions develop faster in adults with diabetes
Middle-aged adults with diabetes are much more likely to develop age-related conditions than their counterparts who don't have diabetes, according to a new study by the University of Michigan Health System and VA Ann Arbor Healthcare System.

Genetic defect suggests high blood pressure may come from mom
A mitochondrial defect inherited from mothers is linked to high blood pressure in one Chinese family.

Columbia Business School's Sheena Iyengar awarded the Gold Axiom Business Book Award
Columbia Business School is proud to announce that Sheena Iyengar, S.T.

Researchers need to engage lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transginder populations in health studies
Researchers need to proactively engage lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people in health studies and collect data on these populations to identify and better understand health conditions that affect them.

Micro-RNA blocks the effect of insulin in obesity
Max Planck researchers have discovered a new mechanism that leads to the development of type 2 diabetes in obesity.

SCOR sets up Insurance Risk and Finance Research Centre at NTU
Global reinsurance company SCOR is establishing a research centre at Nanyang Technological University that will promote and conduct applied research in insurance risk and related issues specific to the Asia-Pacific.

Closer look at cell membrane shows cholesterol 'keeping order'
A team of scientists working at NIST and University of California, Irvine recently developed a way to magnify cell membranes dramatically and watch them move, revealing a surprising dependence on cholesterol within this boundary between the cell and the outside world.

Brain research reveals possible causes of sudden infant death syndrome
New research published today in the Journal of Physiology sheds light on areas of the brain thought to be the root cause of sudden infant death syndrome -- the poorly understood condition also known as

Hunger in North America: Risky environments for children and their families
The Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) will host a symposium during its Biennial Meeting that brings together researchers from a variety of disciplines -- including nutrition sciences, human development, public health, economics, family science, and public policy -- to consider this issue from a number of perspectives.

Carnegie Mellon researchers electrify polymerization
Scientists led by Carnegie Mellon University chemist Krzysztof Matyjaszewski are using electricity from a battery to drive atom transfer radical polymerization, a widely used method of creating industrial plastics.

A measurement first: NIST 'noise thermometry' system measures Boltzmann Constant
NIST researchers have for the first time used an apparatus that relies on the

American Chemical Society National Meeting, March 27-31, 2011, press conference schedule
The American Chemical Society (ACS) Office of Public Affairs is offering the news media the opportunity to join press briefings during ACS's 241st National Meeting, whether covering the meeting onsite or from a remote location.

Sequential treatment with entecavir and lamivudine results in rebound of hepatitis B virus
A two-year trial of entecavir followed by lamivudine in patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection resulted in a virologic rebound rate of 24 percent and 12 percent drug-resistance rate.

Getting closer to a better biocontrol for garden pests
US Department of Agriculture scientists have found strains of bacteria that could one day be used as environmentally friendly treatments to keep caterpillars and other pests out of gardens and cultivated fields.

Remove children's catheters as soon as possible to prevent bloodstream infections
Hospitals can reduce the risk of life-threatening bloodstream infections in children with peripherally inserted central venous catheters by assessing daily the patient's progress and removing the device as early as possible, according to a new Johns Hopkins Children's Center study published online March 31 in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases.

University of Minnesota licenses online tool that facilitates tech transfer operations to startup
The University of Minnesota finalized a license agreement for CaSTT (Commerce and Search for Technology Transfer), an e-commerce and marketing framework for technology transfer offices in universities and research institutions.

New tool makes programs more efficient without sacrificing safety functions
Computer programs are incorporating more and more safety features to protect users, but those features can also slow the programs down by 1,000 percent or more.
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