Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 04, 2011
Relationship violence reported by young women linked to overly controlling male partner
For women, having a male partner who exhibits controlling behaviors such as limiting contact with friends and insisting on knowing one's whereabouts at all times, may be associated with increased physical and sexual relationship violence.

John Theurer Cancer Center first in New Jersey to offer complete capabilities of Provenge
The John Theurer Cancer Center at Hackensack University Medical is the only cancer center in New Jersey where advanced prostate cancer patients can receive a cell collection process and infusion of Provenge (Sipuleucel-T).

18th International Academy of Astronautics Humans in Space Symposium
The 18th International Academy of Astronautics Humans in Space Symposium, hosted by the University of Houston and NASA, comes to Houston's Westin Galleria Hotel, April 11-15 to consider

Patient's journey format drives new edition of vital student nurse manual
The eighth student edition of

Potassium channel gene modifies risk for epilepsy
Vanderbilt University researchers have identified a new gene that can influence a person's risk for developing epilepsy.

Early work indicates drug used to treat alcoholism may help those with Fragile X and autism
In small, early clinical trials, adults and children with autism and Fragile X syndrome have shown improved communication and social behavior when treated with acamprosate, according to Craig Erickson, M.D., assistant professor of psychiatry at the Indiana University School of Medicine and chief of the Riley Hospital for Children Christian Sarkine Autism Treatment Center at Indiana University Health.

Scientists discover a way to kill off tumors in cancer treatment breakthrough
Scientists from the School of Pharmacy at Queen's University Belfast and Almac Discovery Ltd have developed a new treatment for cancer which rather than attacking tumors directly, prevents the growth of new blood vessels in tumors, starving them of oxygen and nutrients, thereby preventing their growth.

Caterpillars aren't so bird brained after all
Caterpillars that masquerade as twigs to avoid becoming a bird's dinner are actually using clever behavioural strategies to outwit their predators, according to a new study.

A GPS to locate missing Alzheimer's patients and battered women
The Universidad Carlos III de Madrid is studying the development of a system based on satellite localization which can be used to find missing Alzheimer's patients and monitor battered women, as well as for inmate management in prisons.

Chest pain med is effective for refractory angina, but adherence problematic
Ranolazine (Ranexa, Gilead) is an effective anti-anginal therapy in patients with refractory angina; however, at one year only 59 percent of patients remained on the drug, according to a scientific poster that will be presented at the American College of Cardiology Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, April 1-3.

Genes an important factor in urinary incontinence
Much of the risk of developing incontinence before middle age is determined by our genes.

Low income associated with mental disorders and suicide attempts
Low levels of household income are associated with several lifetime mental disorders and suicide attempts, and a decrease in income is associated with a higher risk for anxiety, substance use, and mood disorders, according to a report in the April issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Aspirin may lower the risk of pancreatic cancer
The use of aspirin at least once per month is associated with a significant decrease in pancreatic cancer risk, according to results of a large case-control study presented at the AACR 102nd Annual Meeting 2011, held here April 2-6.

U-M scientists find potential driver of some aggressive prostate cancers
Researchers at the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center have identified a genetic anomaly that may drive the aggressive spread of a rare subset of prostate cancers.

NASA's Aqua Satellite catches brief life of season's first NW Pacific tropical depression
Tropical Depression 1W formed on April 2 and was dissipating by April 4 a couple of hundred miles east southeast of Vietnam and NASA's Aqua satellite captured its brief life.

New study: Infections after cardiac device implantation produce excess costs and mortality
A study of 200,000 Medicare beneficiaries, with and without infections, found that surgical infections associated with pacemakers and defibrillators led to 3-fold increases in hospital stay, 55-118 percent higher hospitalization costs, 8 to 11 fold increase in mortality rates, and double the mortality after 1 year compared to pacemaker and defibrillator implantations where no infection occurred.

New tool helps surgeons predict patients' risk of complications after bariatric operations
A new risk calculator can predict the risk of postoperative complications occurring for individual bariatric surgery patients, according to a study published in the March issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

Innovation forum for people interested in electromobility
To talk to each other, to communicate the current state of the art in research, identify where research has to fill gaps and to facilitate technological transfer -- all these are the goals of an interdisciplinary association founded at the initiative of Annette Schavan, the German Federal Minister of Education and Research.

Nationwide utilization of virtual colonoscopy triples, study suggests
Medicare coverage and nationwide utilization of computed tomographic colonography (CTC), commonly referred to as virtual colonoscopy, has tripled in recent years, according to a study in the April issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology.

MicroRNA variations associated with earlier prostate cancer diagnosis in African-American men
Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death among American men.

Teenagers who feel like they don't fit in less likely to attend college, sociologist finds
High school students who feel they do not fit in are less likely to attend college -- particularly girls who are gay or obese -- according to new research from The University of Texas at Austin.

University of Cincinnati team to track tumor DNA through bloodstream
In a novel effort to unravel the multiple identities of glioblastoma, a team of University of Cincinnati researchers has begun sequencing individual glioblastoma genomes and tracking abnormalities through the bloodstream.

Study finds leptin restores fertility, may improve bone health in lean women
Women with extremely low body fat, including runners and dancers, as well as women with eating disorders, are prone to develop hypothalamic amenorrhea, a condition in which their menstrual periods cease, triggering such serious problems as infertility and osteoporosis.

New books by UC Civil War historian shed new light on secret societies and a 'lost' campaign
Two new Civil War histories by a UC Civil War historian are due out soon.

New information provides sustainable options for greenhouse operations
The widespread use of plastic containers creates significant waste disposal problems for the greenhouse industry and end consumers.

Stronger alcohol 'buzz' predicts future binge drinking problems
For some people, alcohol is a social lubricant. For others, it's an unpleasant downer.

Resistance to anti-estrogen therapy in breast cancer due to natural cell response
Most breast cancers are fueled by estrogen, and anti-estrogenic agents often work for a time to control the cancers.

T cells outpace virus by getting a jump-start on division
Killer T cells begin to divide en route to virus-infected tissue, allowing them to hit the ground running when they arrive, according to a study published online on April 4 in the Journal of Experimental Medicine.

Researchers link common variant of p53 tumor suppressor gene to increased inflammatory responses
New findings by Fox Chase Cancer Center researchers link a common variant of the powerful anticancer gene p53 to increased inflammatory responses following DNA damage.

Russian Tanya Rautian to be honored with top seismology prize, the Reid Medal
A heavyweight in the field of seismology who drove research efforts in the former Soviet Union, Tanya Glebovna Rautian will be honored with the Seismological Society of America's Reid Medal, which recognizes contributions to science and society, at the organization's annual meeting held April 13-15 in Memphis, Tenn.

Cocaine images capture motivated attention among users
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and Stony Brook University have conducted the most comprehensive study to date of how cocaine users respond to drug-related and other emotional stimuli, making use of comparisons with a matched control group and exploring the effects of recent cocaine use and abstinence.

First polymer solar-thermal device heats home, saves money
A new polymer-based solar-thermal device is the first to generate power from both heat and visible sunlight -- an advance that could shave the cost of heating a home by as much as 40 percent.

American Cancer Society awards new research and training grants
The American Cancer Society, the largest non‑government, not‑for‑profit funding source of cancer research in the United States, has awarded 132 national research and training grants totaling $ 51,473,000 to 85 institutions nationwide in the second of two grants cycles for 2011.

Researchers identify new role for cilia protein in mitosis
Researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical School have described a previously unknown role for the cilia protein IFT88 in mitosis, the process by which a dividing cell separates its chromosomes containing the cell's DNA into two identical sets of new daughter cells.

Severe psoriasis linked to major adverse cardiovascular events
New research from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine has revealed an increased incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with severe psoriasis.

Simpler woodland strawberry genome aids research on more complex fruits
The complete genome sequence of the woodland strawberry will allow researchers to conduct comparative genomics to investigate similarities and/or differences between strawberry and apple or strawberry and peach and other more complex fruits in the same family.

Researchers mimic body's own healing potential to create personalised therapies for inflammation
Scientists at Barts and the London School of Medicine and Dentistry and Harvard Medical School, Boston have found a way of mimicking the body's natural mechanism of fighting inflammation.

Voices from covered faces
In the public debate on a possible ban on the wearing of the niqab (face veil) and burqa (garment covering entire body) in schools, workplaces and in public places, we have rarely heard from the women who actually wear these garments.

In fireflies, flightless females lose out on gifts from males
Research by Tufts biologists shows that wingless

Vitamin D can decrease -- or increase -- breast cancer development and insulin resistance
In mice models of breast cancer, researchers at the Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, a part of Georgetown University Medical Center, found that vitamin D significantly reduced development of estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer both in lean and obese mice, but had no beneficial effect in estrogen receptor-negative (ER-) cancer.

Clumsy kids who don't 'grow out of it'
Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) lack refined motor skills and are reluctant to take part in group activities.

Bad mix: Heavy beer drinking and a gene variant increases gastric cancer risk
Heavy beer drinkers who have a specific genetic variant in the cluster of three genes that metabolize alcohol are at significantly higher risk of developing non-cardia gastric cancer, according to research presented at the AACR 102nd Annual Meeting 2011, held here April 2-6.

High dose of oxygen enhances natural cancer treatment
An environment of pure oxygen at three-and-a-half times normal air pressure adds significantly to the effectiveness of a natural compound already shown to kill cancerous cells.

System aims to improve teachers and teacher training programs
A system that aims to compare, assess and improve teacher candidates and teacher training programs will be the subject of three papers presented by the University of California -- Riverside's director of teacher education at a national education conference during the next week.

Rare alpine insect may disappear with glaciers
Loss of glaciers and snowpack due to climate warming in alpine regions is putting pressure on a rare aquatic insect, the meltwater stonefly, according to a study recently released in Climatic Change Letters.

Formaldehyde: Poison could have set the stage for the origins of life
Formaldehyde, a poison and a common molecule throughout the universe, is likely the source of the solar system's organic carbon solids -- abundant in both comets and asteroids.

Underage binge drinking can create lasting brain changes
New research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill shows that binge-drinking teens risk lasting brain changes that could affect their lives as adults.

Study provides first link between 2 major Parkinson's genes
As Parkinson's Awareness Month gets underway, a Canadian-led international study is providing important new insight into Parkinson's disease and paving the way for new avenues for clinical trials.

New research explains autistic's exceptional visual abilities
Researchers directed by Dr. Laurent Mottron at the University of Montreal's Centre for Excellence in Pervasive Development Disorders have determined that people with autism concentrate more brain resources in the areas associated with visual detection and identification, and conversely, have less activity in the areas used to plan and control thoughts and actions.

AIDS associated with an increased risk of some stomach, esophageal cancers
AIDS patients have nearly a seven-fold increased risk of malignancies of the stomach compared to the general population.

Study offers first look at Asian Americans' glaucoma risk
Little was known about glaucoma risks for Asian Americans until a National Eye Institute funded study published recently in Ophthalmology journal (online).

Serum test could identify lung cancer in people who never smoked
A panel of biomarkers appears to be able to identify the presence of lung cancer in the blood samples of people who have never smoked, according to data presented at the AACR 102nd Annual Meeting 2011, held here April 2-6.

Embargoed news from Annals of Internal Medicine
Below is information about articles being published in the April 5 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine.

Safer CT scanning for children developed at the Queen Silvia Children's Hospital
A research team at the Queen Silvia Children's Hospital has developed a method that allows the lowest possible dose of radiation for children having a CT scan while still obtaining good image quality, reveals a thesis from the Sahlgrenska Academy.

Mangroves among the most carbon-rich forests in the tropics
Coastal mangrove forests store more carbon than almost any other forest on Earth, according to a study conducted by a team of US Forest Service and university scientists.

Babies born earlier in areas near busy road junctions
A study of 970 women and their babies in South-east Queensland Australia found that living near a large number of road junctions increased the risk of pre-term birth.

Researchers say children need horticultural interventions
A new study recommends horticultural interventions in schools, especially in urban areas.

Dangerous blood pressure increases during exercise can be blocked, UT Southwestern researchers find
UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers have identified one reason people with hypertension experience an even greater increase in their blood pressure when they exercise, and they've learned how to prevent the rise.

Facial structure of men and women has become more similar over time
Research from North Carolina State University shows that they really don't make women like they used to, at least in Spain.

Studies underestimate Mexican Americans' economic progress, new research shows
Descendants of Mexican immigrants in the U.S. may be making better socioeconomic progress than many studies indicate, according to research published in the April issue of The Journal of Labor Economics.

Key guideline-recommended therapies improve survival for heart failure patients
A UCLA-led study has found that adherence to national guideline-recommended therapies for heart failure in an outpatient practice setting significantly lowered the mortality rate of heart failure patients.

More women medical students select general surgery and continue to close the gender gap
The gender gap among United States Medical Graduates in the traditionally male-dominated specialty of general surgery is shrinking, according to study results published in the March issue of the Journal of the American College of Surgeons.

New leads on the causes of alcoholism
In order to develop new medications for alcoholism, researchers need to understand how alcohol acts on the brain's reward system.

Study confirms genetic differences in breast tissue among races
Scientists from Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine are working on a series of genetic analyses that suggest the underlying differences among racial groups are present not just in tumors, but in normal tissue as well.

Prevalence of "flattened head" in infants and young children appears to be increasing
The prevalence of plagiocephaly, a condition marked by an asymmetrical, flattening of the skull, appears to be increasing in infants and young children, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the August issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Vietnamese villagers show that social influences affect willingness to cooperate
Vietnamese farmers were invited to voluntarily contribute to the construction of a bridge that everybody would be able to use regardless of contribution.

ACC/AHA/HFSA release 2011 Heart Failure Programs Staffing Profile survey results
The American College of Cardiology Foundation, American Heart Association and the Heart Failure Society of America today released results of a recently conducted survey to determine the current staffing environment of heart failure clinics and offices focused on heart transplants.

Radial and femoral access for coronary angiography yield similar results in large multicentre trial
A study to be published Online First in The Lancet to coincide with its presentation at the American Society of Cardiology meeting in New Orleans, reports that radial access for coronary angioplasty in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) does not reduce death, heart attack, stroke, or major bleeding compared with femoral access.

Researcher receives lectureship for lifetime achievements
Cleveland Clinic biochemist George R. Stark, Ph.D., has been awarded the American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology's 2011 Herbert Tabor/Journal of Biological Chemistry Lectureship.

Protein test detects early-stage, asbestos-related pulmonary cancer
Researchers investigating a novel biomarker test believe it is the most accurate yet in detecting proteins secreted from tumors caused by exposure to asbestos.

Twitter analysis provides stock predictions
Economists at the Technical University of Munich (Technische Universitaet Muenchen, TUM) have developed a website that predicts individual stock trends.

Protocol-driven heart attack care proves effective and contagious
The implementation of acute heart attack or ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) guidelines, protocols and standing orders in Minnesota community hospitals without cardiac catheterization labs has dramatically improved since 2003, according to a scientific poster that will be presented at the American College of Cardiology (ACC) Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, April 1-3.

Pitt, CMU Engineering Sustainability 2011 Conference April 10-12 puts green ideas into action
More than 100 of the top thinkers and young entrepreneurs leading the transition from green thinking to green living will come to Pittsburgh for the Engineering Sustainability 2011 conference hosted by Pitt and CMU to discuss the latest endeavors to bring sustainable ideas to fruition, from electric vehicles to reusing the nation's stock of old buildings.

A better understanding of the aging immune system
Our society gets older, people live longer. The price we pay: infectious diseases can easier overcome the immune system.

Breast milk may provide a personalized screen of breast cancer risk
Breast cancer risk can be assessed by examining the epithelial cells found in breast milk, according to preliminary study results presented at the AACR 102nd Annual Meeting 2011, held April 2-6.

TextOre license puts ORNL's Piranha in its tank
TextOre's licensing of Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Piranha is enabling the Virginia-based company to introduce a powerful search and mining tool capable of processing large amounts of text data from the Internet.

Less than one-third of painful procedures for children in hospital associated with documented pain relief
Less than one-third of painful procedures performed on children in hospital were associated with documentation of a specific strategy to help manage pain, according to an article in CMAJ.

Lung cancer risk rises in the presence of HPV antibodies
Researchers with the International Agency for Research on Cancer have found that people with lung cancer were significantly more likely to have several high-risk forms of human papillomavirus (HPV) antibodies compared to those who did not have lung cancer.

Hannover Messe: Don't coil it, pour it
For the electric car to roll, a lot of large and small components must function in a safe and reliable manner.

Study shows patient's own cells may hold therapeutic promise after reprogramming, gene correction
Scientists from the Morgridge Institute for Research, the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the University of California and the WiCell Research Institute moved gene therapy one step closer to clinical reality by determining that the process of correcting a genetic defect does not substantially increase the number of potentially cancer-causing mutations in induced pluripotent stem cells.

Michael S. Watson, Ph.D., receives Am College of Medical Genetics-ACMG Foundation Presidents' Award
The ACMG and ACMG Foundation Presidents' Award has been newly established to thank and honor the valuable contributions made by a member of the American College of Medical Genetics.

AtlantiCare selects MEDai's predictive analytics solutions
AtlantiCare, the largest health system in southeastern New Jersey, will allow its health-care providers to better manage patient populations and track clinical and financial objectives with quality-focused tools from Elsevier/MEDai, a leading provider of predictive analytic solutions.

Tumors resistant to radiation therapy may be controlled by the MET oncogene
Ionizing radiation treats many cancers effectively, but in some patients a few tumor cells become resistant to radiation and go on to cause relapse and metastasis.

Resource-friendly car manufacturing
Magnesium instead of steel -- this could be an option for lightweight car body parts.

Prix Galien winners published in Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Scholarly papers from the winners and finalists of the 2010 Prix Galien USA and Prix Galien International awards have been published as a special issue of Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.

New models may reduce seabird bycatch
Tens of thousands of albatrosses and other far-ranging seabirds are killed each year after they become caught in longline fishing gear.

Bone marrow cells that transform into skin cells could revolutionise approach to wound treatment
Researchers at King's College London and Osaka University in Japan have identified specific bone marrow cells that can transform into skin cells to repair damaged skin tissue, according to a study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

Unusual UC research project examines Abraham Lincoln's impact on musical compositions
Music communicates a lot regarding how we remember a person, place, thing or idea.

Repetitive, high-impact sports linked to stress fractures in girls
A study from Children's Hospital Boston finds that for preadolescent and adolescent girls, too much high-impact activity can lead to stress fractures.

Adult-sized ATVs are not safe for kids; statistics startling
All-terrain vehicles (ATVs) were introduced in this country in the 1970s.

Giant batteries for green power
In the future, the growing amounts of solar and wind energy will need to be stored for dark or low-wind periods.

Scientists find gene linked to alcohol consumption
Scientists have identified a gene that appears to play a role in regulating how much alcohol people drink, in a study of over 47,000 people published today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Algae that live inside the cells of salamanders are the first known vertebrate endosymbionts
A species of algae long known to associate with spotted salamanders has been discovered to live inside the cells of developing embryos, say scientists from the US and Canada, who report their findings in this week's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Climate change and evolution of Cross River gorillas
International team finds that the divergence of Western lowland gorillas and the critically endangered Cross River gorillas occurred about 17,800 years ago, during the Pleistocene era.

New test detects early-stage, asbestos-related pulmonary cancer
Researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center have investigated a novel protein test to detect early-stage, asbestos-related pulmonary cancer.

Student confidence correlated with academic performance
The psychological construct of

Resource scarcity is not a necessity
Economic theory assumes resource scarcity as an important premise, and there is a general consensus that scarce resources are best allocated by means of a market.

Partner controlling behaviors appear to be associated with relationship violence
Having a significant other who exhibits controlling behaviors appears to be associated with increased physical and sexual relationship violence, according to a report in the April issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

NYU School of Medicine researcher receives Pancreatic Cancer Action Network- AACR fellowship
NYU School of Medicine's Cosimo Commisso, PhD, a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Biochemistry, is the 2011 recipient of The Pancreatic Cancer Action Network-American Association for Cancer Research Fellowship, a one-year grant designed to support pancreatic cancer research.

Nicotine does not promote lung cancer growth in mouse models
Nicotine at doses similar to those found in most nicotine replacements therapies did not increase lung cancer tumor incidence, frequency or size, according to results of a mouse study presented at the AACR 102nd Annual Meeting 2011, held here April 2-6.

Heart surgery wait times down in Alberta and BC
New data from the University of Calgary's Faculty of Medicine shows that wait times for a number of heart surgeries have gone down close to 50 percent in Alberta and British Columbia.

Measuring oxidative stress can predict risk of atrial fibrillation
Measuring oxidative stress may help doctors predict the risk of developing atrial fibrillation, the most common heart beat irregularity.

UC San Diego chemists produce first high-resolution RNA 'nano square'
Chemists at UC San Diego have produced the first high resolution structure of a nano-scale square made from ribonucleic acid, or RNA.

Got up on the wrong side of the bed? Your work will show it
A new study of telephone customer service representatives shows just how important it is for employees to start the workday in a good mood.

Treatment of Barrett's esophagus may lower risk of esophageal cancer
Barrett's esophagus is the leading cause of esophageal cancer and affects an estimated two million Americans.

Mars in Spain
A study coordinated by Universitat Autonoma Barcelona on the origin and evolution of peculiar morphologies created by ancient subterranean springs in the central pre-Pyrenees of Catalonia pose new questions for planetary geomorphology research.

Researchers link herpes to Alzheimer's disease
Research published in PLoS ONE, using a new technique to observe herpes simplex virus type 1 infections inside cells, finds that re-activation and growth of HSV1 infections contribute to cognitive decline associated with Alzheimer's disease.

Alternate route to blocked arteries safe and effective for angioplasty
Researchers at McMaster University and Hamilton Health Sciences have found accessing blocked arteries through the forearm compared to groin led to fewer vascular complications and similar success rates for angioplasty.

BRCA2 mutations associated with improved survival for ovarian cancer
Women with ovarian cancer who have the BRCA2 gene mutation are more likely to survive the malignancy than women with the BRCA1 mutation, or women without either mutation.

Addressing the nuclear waste issue
Northwestern University researchers have an enhanced understanding of a common freshwater alga and its remarkable ability to remove strontium from water.

Sudden cardiac death affects about 1 in 44,000 NCAA athletes a year
About one in 44,000 college athletes each year suffers sudden cardiac death -- more than previous estimates.

Alfred B. Knight, M.D., Scott & White Healthcare, presents at 8th Annual World Health Care Congress
Alfred B. Knight, M.D., CEO, Scott & White Healthcare, will be a featured keynote presenter at the 8th Annual World Health Care Congress, April 4-6, 2011 in Washington, D.C.

Cardiovascular disease can be detected earlier during sleep
A specially customized pulse oximeter attached to the finger can be used to detect changes in heart and vessel function while you sleep, and this simple technique can even identify patients at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, reveals research from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Teens who choose music over books are more likely to be depressed
Adolescents who spend more time listening to music are far more likely to have major depressive disorder, while young people who spend more time reading books are far less likely to have such a diagnosis, according to a University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine study published in the April edition of the journal Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine.

Georgia Tech seismologist to be honored with Richter Early Career Award, by SSA
Zhigang Peng, assistant professor in the School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at the Georgia Institute of Technology, will be recognized for outstanding contributions to the goals of the Society by a member early in his or her career.

How natural disasters and political unrest affect the Internet
Using data from approximately 1.4 million users of Ono and NEWS, software programs developed by the research group of Fabian E.

Soybean germplasm evaluations give US a head start against soybean rust pathogen
When soybean rust first appeared in the United States in late 2004, many producers feared devastating yield losses similar to losses experienced in other parts of the world.

The future is now
Applications dominate today's smartphone market. In the future, Internet-capable televisions, tablet and desktop PCs, and cars will all run apps, which can, for example, help plan and book a ski trip.

MRSA eliminated by copper in live global broadcast
A live broadcast from the University of Southampton today highlighted the effectiveness of antimicrobial copper in preventing the spread of antibiotic-resistant organisms, such as MRSA, in hospitals.

Mobile with electricity
Electric cars are cleaner, quieter and more efficient than gasoline- or diesel-powered vehicles.

Study identifies neural activity linked to food addiction
Persons with an addictive-like eating behavior appear to have greater neural activity in certain regions of the brain similar to substance dependence, including elevated activation in reward circuitry in response to food cues, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the August print issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

High-impact sports associated with increased risk of stress fracture among adolescent girls
Adolescent girls participating in high-impact physical activity, specifically basketball, running and gymnastics/cheerleading, appear to be at increased risk for developing stress fractures, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the August print issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

'Epidemiological' tree study shows impacts of climate change on forests
Tree growth and fecundity -- the ability to produce viable seeds -- are more sensitive to climate change than previously thought, according to an 18-year study of 27,000 individual trees by Duke University researchers.

Mountain pine beetle marching east from Alberta
A University of Alberta-led research team has determined that the mountain pine beetle has invaded jack pine forests in Alberta, opening up the possibility for an infestation that could stretch across the Prairies and keep moving east towards the Atlantic.

Transmission lines for nanofocusing of infrared light
A joint cooperation between three research groups at nanoGUNE reports an innovative method to focus infrared light with tapered transmission lines to nanometer-size dimensions.

Tracking down the origin of leukemia relapse
The cancer cells that reign during relapses of an aggressive human leukemia are different from those that dominated the original disease, according to a paper published online on April 4 in the Journal of Experimental Medicine.

German-Japanese research team receives Eugen and Ilse Seibold Prize 2011
Two outstanding chemists have been selected to receive the Eugen and Ilse Seibold Prize 2011.

Migrants from Mexico have increased risk of depression and anxiety disorders
People who migrate to the United States from Mexico have a significantly higher risk of developing depressive or anxiety disorders than family members of migrants who remain in Mexico, according to a report in the April issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals.

Are ICDs up to par with patients living longer?
Most patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy and dilated cardiomyopathy who have an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) now live more than seven years and those ICD patients with hereditary heart disease can live for decades, based on a scientific paper that will be presented at the American College of Cardiology Scientific Sessions in New Orleans, April 1-3.

UNC Lineberger scientist receives Innovative Research Grant from Stand Up to Cancer
Angelique Whitehurst, Ph.D., assistant professor of pharmacology and a member of UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, has been awarded one of 13 Innovative Research Grants from Stand Up to Cancer, the scientific partner of the American Association of Cancer Research.

Men who lose their jobs at greater risk of dying prematurely
Research by McGill Sociology Professor Eran Shor, working in collaboration with researchers from Stony Brook University, has revealed that unemployment increases the risk of premature mortality by 63 percent.

When African animals hit the hay
Fossil teeth of African animals show that during the past 10 million years, different plant-eating critters began grazing on grass at different times as many switched from a salad-bar diet of tree leaves and shrubs, says a University of Utah study.

Social isolation, stress-induced obesity increases breast cancer risk in mice
Stress from social isolation, combined with a high-fat diet, increases levels of a brain neurotransmitter -- neuropeptide Y, or NPY -- in mice that then promotes obesity, insulin resistance, and breast cancer risk, say researchers at Georgetown Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, a part of Georgetown University Medical Center (GUMC).

'Epidemiological' study demonstrates climate change effects on forests
An 18-year study of 27,000 individual trees by National Science Foundatiob-funded scientists finds that tree growth and fecundity -- the ability to produce viable seeds -- are more sensitive to climate change than previously thought.

Exercise may prevent stress on telomeres, a measure of cell health
UCSF scientists are reporting several studies showing that psychological stress leads to shorter telomeres -- the protective caps on the ends of chromosomes that are a measure of cell age and, thus, health.

Leatherback sea turtle nests increasing in Florida
The number of endangered leatherback sea turtle nests at 68 beaches in Florida has increased by 10.2 percent a year since 1979, according to a new Duke University-led study published in the current issue of the journal Ecological Applications.

Ecuador's Hugo Yepes to be honored by Seismological Society of America
The Seismological Society of America will award the Frank Press Public Service Award to Ecuadorian seismologist Hugo Yepes at its annual meeting, held April 13-15 in Memphis, Tenn.

Genetic changes behind sweet tooth
The substance ghrelin plays an important role in various addictions, such as alcoholism and binge-eating.

Dead midges reveal living conditions of fish
Microscopic remains of dead Phantom midge larvae may explain a few hundred years of history of the living conditions of fish, acidification and fish death in Swedish lakes.

Safety profile grows for natural S-equol supplement designed to manage menopause symptoms
A new study suggests there is no increased risk of estrogen-sensitive breast cancer from consuming the soy-based compound Natural S-equol, or SE5-OH, a dietary ingredient containing Natural S-equol.

Pneumonia death rate lower among people who take statins
Taking statins could help prevent people dying from pneumonia, according to a study by the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.

Oxygen sensor invention could benefit fisheries to breweries
Monitoring oxygen levels in water has applications for oil spills, fish farming, brewing beer and more -- and a professor at Michigan State University is poised to help supply that need.

Call of the riled
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine say a

Gene involved in predisposition to alcohol consumption identified
An international team of researchers has identified a novel gene involved in differences in alcohol consumption, according to a new study published online the week of April 4-8 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

CO2 capture: Health effects of amines and their derivatives
CO2 capture by amines is considered to be the best method to quickly begin with CO2 removal.

Giving teachers bonuses for student achievement undermines student learning
Recent efforts to improve teacher performance by linking pay to student achievement have failed because such programs often rely on metrics that were never intended to help determine teacher pay.

Protein adaptation shows that life on early earth lived in a hot, acidic environment
A new study reveals that a group of ancient enzymes adapted to substantial changes in ocean temperature and acidity during the last four billion years, providing evidence that life on Early Earth evolved from a much hotter, more acidic environment to the cooler, less acidic global environment that exists today.

Mexican migrants to the US risk 'clinically significant' mental-health problems, study finds
Mexicans who migrate to the United States are far more likely to experience significant depression and anxiety than individuals who do not immigrate, a new study published today in the Archives of General Psychiatry, a JAMA Archives journal, has found.

Research questions the educational possibilities of some TV and computer games
There is a considerable amount of interest among researchers, educationalists and from the games industry in the educational possibilities offered by video and computer games.

Can plant parables promote peace?
A study of the spiritual benefits of gardening and horticultural endeavors found a link between reading plant parables and people's beliefs that horticultural activities have spiritual benefits.
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