Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 15, 2011
The watched pot and fast CMEs
If you've ever stood in front of a hot stove, watching a pot of water and waiting impatiently for it to boil, you know what it feels like to be a solar physicist.

Drinking energy beverages mixed with alcohol may be riskier than drinking alcohol alone
A new laboratory study compares the effects of alcohol alone versus alcohol mixed with an energy drink on a cognitive task, as well as participants' reports of feelings of intoxication.

SLU neurosurgeon pushes brain bypass to new heights
A leader in neurosurgery innovation, Abdulrauf's high-flow procedure means improved outcomes for patients.

FDA approves the NovoTTF-100A system for the treatment of patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) brain tumors
Novocure today announced that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the NovoTTF-100A System (NovoTTF) for the treatment of adult patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) brain tumors, following tumor recurrence after receiving chemotherapy.

Non-cardiac surgery: Safe for patients with heart device
Non-cardiac surgery can be performed safely in patients with a heart device typically implanted into patients waiting for a transplant, according to a study at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit to be presented on April 15.

Introducing the world's first intubation robot
First there was McSleepy. Now it's time to introduce the first intubation robot operated by remote control.

Human rules may determine environmental 'tipping points'
A new paper appearing in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences suggests that people, governments, and institutions that shape the way people interact may be just as important for determining environmental conditions as the environmental processes themselves.

NRL scientists demonstrate novel ionic liquid batteries
Limits imposed by using corrosive electrolytes often result in severe restrictions to battery geometry and the need for special corrosive-resistant battery containers.

First miniature sensors to measure the temperature of the world's oceans
The first miniature sensors designed to measure saltiness and temperature across the world's oceans will be put in use later this week on an ambitious expedition.

Award for leading geologist
A University of Manchester geologist has been given a prestigious award for outstanding achievement in the field of Earth Sciences.

Preserving a world favorite flavour
It's one of the world's two best-loved flavors and demand for it is increasing all the time but now its future in the global food industry could be more secure, thanks to research at the University of Nottingham's Malaysia campus.

Safety of stored blood among chief concerns for transfusion medicine community
In light of recent studies that suggest the use of stored blood during transfusions may cause adverse effects in patients, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute funded a number of research projects to examine the safety of transfusing older red cells and the impact of stored blood on respiratory gases.

Small businesses look to fill Navy's technology gaps
More than 700 attendees joined the Navy's Small Business Innovation Research/Small Business Technology Transfer team to seek out entrepreneurial opportunities at an industry event April 10-13 in Madison, Wisc.

Wistar researchers follow a path to a potential therapy for NF2, a rare tumor disorder
The proteins that provide cells with a sense of personal space could lead to a therapeutic target for Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2), an inherited cancer disorder, according to researchers at the Wistar Institute.

Large study finds ICS therapy reduces pneumonia mortality
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who are hospitalized for pneumonia and treated with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) have decreased mortality when compared to those who are not treated with ICS, according to a retrospective analysis of almost 16,000 COPD patients admitted to VA hospitals.

A safer treatment could be realized for millions suffering from parasite infection
A safer and more effective treatment for 10 million people in developing countries who suffer from infections caused by trypanosome parasites could become a reality thanks to new research from Queen Mary, University of London published April 15.

When it comes to carbon footprints, location and lifestyle matter
A UC Berkeley analysis of the carbon footprints of households around the country shows that consumers need different strategies in different cities to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

The way has been cleared for mega wind turbines of 20 MW
The present largest wind turbines have a capacity of 5-6 MW.

Study examines new treatment for recurrent urinary tract infections
Urinary tract infections are common in women, costing an estimated $2.5 billion per year to treat in 2000 in the United States alone.

NASA sees Australian newborn Tropical Storm Errol's strongest T-storms off-shore
The low pressure area formerly known as System 92S has strengthened overnight and developed into Tropical Storm Errol today, April 15.

Crash rates may be higher for teen drivers who start school earlier in the morning
A study in the April 15 issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine shows increased automobile crash rates among teen drivers who start school earlier in the morning.

Population-based study confirms parental alcoholism carries risk for offspring to develop the same
Researchers know that there is a strong link between parental alcohol use disorders (AUDs) and the risk for developing an AUD among their offspring.

Health care-associated infections are exacerbated by alcohol use disorders
Health care-associated infections (HAIs) are infections that patients acquire during their hospitalization and that were not present at the time of admission to the hospital.

Genital herpes more virulent in Africa than in US
Strains of genital herpes in Africa are far more virulent than those in the United States, researchers at Harvard Medical School report, a striking insight into a common disease with important implications for preventing HIV transmission in a region staggered by the HIV/AIDS epidemic.

IOF-ISCD collaboration to create courses setting highest standards in diagnostic training
The International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) and the International Society for Clinical Densitometry (ISCD) will develop an exciting new series of training courses.

Childhood eczema and hay fever leads to adult allergic asthma
Children who have eczema, particularly when occurring with hay fever, are nine times more likely to develop allergic asthma in their 40s, a new study reveals.

Brain bypass surgery sparks restoration of lost brain tissue
Neurosurgeons at the Krembil Neuroscience Centre, Toronto Western Hospital, have for the first time, initiated the restoration of lost brain tissue through brain bypass surgery in patients where blood flow to the brain is impaired by cerebrovascular disease.

Ride-sharing for road freight
Around 20 percent of trucks on German roads are traveling empty, at a huge cost to the transportation companies concerned.

Molecular messages from the antennae
Insects use their antennae for smelling and thus for locating resources in their environment.

Israeli media increase division between people
The power that the Israeli media once used to create a sense of community is increasingly separating groups, according to a Penn State Altoona political scientist.

Researchers link alcohol-dependence impulsivity to brain anomalies
Alcohol dependence (AD) is strongly associated with impaired impulse control.

European space scout
The growing quantity of space debris is a serious threat to satellites and other spacecraft, which risk being damaged or even destroyed.

How beliefs shape effort and learning
If it was easy to learn, it will be easy to remember.

Blood test could predict metastasis risk in melanoma
Scientists at Yale University have identified a set of plasma biomarkers that could reasonably predict the risk of metastasis among patients with melanoma, according to findings published in Clinical Cancer Research, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research.

Mortality rate is increased in persons with autism who also have epilepsy
A comprehensive investigation of brain tissue donated to the Autism Speaks Autism Tissue Program (ATP), a postmortem brain tissue donation program, determined that one-third of the brain donors with autism also had epilepsy, and co-morbidity data from the California State Department of Developmental Services revealed a higher than expected rate of mortality in individuals with both autism and epilepsy than for individuals with autism alone in a study published in Journal of Child Neurology.

NIH researchers complete whole-exome sequencing of skin cancer
A team led by researchers at the National Institutes of Health is the first to systematically survey the landscape of the melanoma genome, the DNA code of the deadliest form of skin cancer.

AADR applauds IOM report: Advancing oral health in America and the call to prioritize oral health research
The AADR applauds the IOM report,

Another reason not to binge drink
A study has found that binge drinking could change the body's immune system response to orthopedic injury.

Jefferson researchers unlock key to personalized cancer medicine using tumor metabolism
Identifying gene mutations in cancer patients to predict clinical outcome has been the cornerstone of cancer research for nearly three decades, but now researchers at the Kimmel Cancer Center at Jefferson have invented a new approach that instead links cancer cell metabolism with poor clinical outcome.

Nationwide study finds US meat and poultry is widely contaminated
Drug-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus, a bacteria linked to a wide range of human diseases, are present in meat and poultry from US grocery stores at unexpectedly high rates, according to a nationwide study by the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen).

MU, Texas A&M receive $14 million to study food efficiency in cattle, bovine respiratory disease
With the help of two grants totaling more than $14 million from the National Institute of Food and Agriculture, part of the US Department of Agriculture, research teams from the University of Missouri and Texas A&M University will combine their resources to battle bovine respiratory disease and

'The Last Great Plant Hunt': The story of Kew's Millennium Seed Bank
Kew Publishing brings you the fascinating story of Kew's Millennium Seed Bank which has been described by Sir David Attenborough as,

Ag firms outperform S&P 500
While the general economy has underperformed in the past several years, the crop farming sector has been not just stable, but profitable.

Twitter and natural disasters
Adam Acar and Yuya Muraki of the Kobe City University of Foreign Studies surveyed and questioned Twitter users and tracked updates from people in the disaster-struck area on the social media site two weeks after the Tohoku earthquake and devastating tsunami of March 11.

Breast cancer prognosis goes high tech
Using a mathematical computer program developed at the U of C , Mauro Tamabsco, Ph.D., and his team used fractal dimension analysis to quantitatively assess the degree of abnormality and aggressiveness of breast cancer tumors obtained through biopsy.

Secrets of a precision protein machine
The structure of the DNA-slicing protein FEN1, an essential player in human DNA replication, has been solved by an international team of life scientists led by researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the Scripps Research Institute.

Search for dark matter narrowed by new data from XENON100
On April 14, scientists from the XENON collaboration announced the result from their search for the elusive component of our universe known as dark matter. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to