Brightsurf Science News & Current Events

April 22, 2011
Columbia Business School hosts American Healthcare Landscape in 2014 Leadership Forum
The Social Enterprise Program at Columbia Business School will host a Leadership Forum that features speakers and discussants with an insider's perspective on health-care reform and the current dynamics of health care in New York.

Effect of cloud-scattered sunlight on earth's energy balance depends on wavelength of light
Atmospheric scientists trying to pin down how clouds curb the amount of sunlight available to warm the earth have found that it depends on the wavelength of sunlight being measured.

Virginia Tech researcher seeks to improve emergency hospital, community evacuations
When a hurricane or another major threat requires an emergency evacuation of a hospital, or an entire coastal community, the logistics can be a nightmare fraught with dangers, missed cues, and the likelihood of traffic congestion and other problems that can halt or slow an evacuation.

Signaling pathway reveals mechanism for B cell differentiation in immune response
An article in Science Signaling by researchers at the RIKEN Research Center for Allergy and Immunology (RCAI) has clarified for the first time the mechanism governing differentiation of B cells into antibody-producing plasma cells.

New approach to defeating flu shows promise
New research on mice has shown that pulmonary administration of granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) significantly reduces flu symptoms and prevents death after a lethal dose influenza virus.

Over range of ADHD behavior, genes major force on reading achievement, environment on math
Researchers found that genes and environment both play a role in ADHD behavior and troubles with reading and math.

IADR/AADR Journal of Dental Research releases studies on oral health inequalities in older people
The International and American Associations for Dental Research (IADR/AADR) have published two studies about oral health inequalities in older people and low income individuals.

Seafloor recovery from fishing gear impacts in Stellwagen Bank Marine Sanctuary slow, unstable
The University of Connecticut and California State University researchers found that seafloor communities in a restricted fishing area in NOAA's Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary showed indications of recovery from chronic fishing gear impacts but is not fully stable.

TGen findings contribute to understanding of diabetic kidney disease
A gene called PVT1 may help reduce the kidneys ability to filter blood, leading to kidney disease, kidney failure and death, according to a study published today by researchers at the Translational Genomics Research Institute.

The ultimate camo: Team to mimic camouflage skill of marine animals in high-tech materials
Camouflage expert Roger Hanlon of the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) is co-recipient of a $6 million grant from the Office of Naval Research to study and ultimately emulate the exquisite ability of some marine animals to instantly change their skin color and pattern to blend into their environment.

Renowned glaucoma researcher receives University of Houston's highest honor
One of the world's foremost glaucoma researchers, Ronald S. Harwerth, is the recipient of the 2011 Esther Farfel Award, the highest distinction bestowed upon faculty by the University of Houston.

SDSC to venture capitalists: Data-intensive supercomputing is here
The exponentially increasing amount of digital information, along with new challenges in storing valuable data and massive datasets, are changing the architecture of today's newest supercomputers as well as how researchers will use them to accelerate scientific discovery, said Michael Norman, director of the San Diego Supercomputer Center at the University of California, San Diego.

Penn research using frog embryos leads to new understanding of cardiac development
During embryonic development, cells migrate to their eventual location in the adult body plan and begin to differentiate into specific cell types.

Risk of accelerated aging seen in PTSD patients with childhood trauma
Adults with post-traumatic stress disorder and a history of childhood trauma had significantly shorter telomere length than those with PTSD but without childhood trauma, in a study by researchers at the San Francisco VA Medical Center and the University of California, San Francisco.

Columbia Business School's Frank Lichtenberg awarded by the Emerald Literati Network
Frank R. Lichtenberg, Courtney C. Brown Professor of Business of Finance and Economics and the Healthcare and Pharmaceutical Management program, was awarded a 2011 Outstanding Author Contribution Award by the Emerald Literati Network.

Scotland's first marine reserve already producing benefits
Scotland's first fully protected marine reserve, and only the second in the UK, is already providing commercial and conservation benefits, according to new research.
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